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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(八)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(八)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(八)1INPARTSOFAFRICA,THESKYISFILLEDWITHADARKCLOUDBUTTHISISNORAINCLOUDITISALIVINGCLOUDMADEOFBILLIONSOFLOCUSTSTHATARETRAVELINGACROSSTHECONTINENTEATINGEVERYTHINGINTHEIRPATHANDINTHEBATTLETOSTOPTHISDISASTER,ARADIOSTATIONINSENEGAL,WESTAFRICA,ISOFFERINGLISTENERS50KILOGRAMSOFRICEIFTHEYCANCATCHANDKILL50KILOGRAMSOFLOCUSTSTHERADIOSTATIONISINONEOFSENEGAL’SWORSTAFFECTEDREGIONSTHISISWESTAFRICA’SBIGGESTLOCUSTDISASTERIN15YEARS,ANDITISMOVINGEAST,CAUSINGHUGEDAMAGETOCROPSASTHEYMOVE,THEYBREED,ANDINCREASETHEIRNUMBERANDWILLSOONTHREATENSUDANINTHENORTHEASTOFAFRICASOMESAYITCOULDREACHASIAEXPERTSSAYTHEGREATDAMAGETOCROPSINAREASALREADYSUFFERINGFROMFOODSHORTAGESANDWARCOULDCAUSEMANYPEOPLETOGOHUNGRYGOVERNMENTSINTHEREGIONARENOTWELLEQUIPPEDTOFIGHTTHEPESTALTHOUGHLEADERSOF12COUNTRIESHAVEAGREEDONAPLAN,ITISNOTEXPECTEDTOBEENOUGH“WEARENOWTREATING6,000HECTARESPERDAYWITHPESTICIDE,BUTWENEEDTOTREAT20,000HECTARESPERDAYINORDERTOHAVEANYHOPEOFCONTROLLINGTHISDISASTER,”SAIDMOHAMEDABDALLAHIOULDBABAH,DIRECTOROFLOCUSTCONTROLINMAURITANIAREQUESTSAREBEINGMADEFORINTERNATIONALAID,WHICHISTHEONLYWAYTOLIMITTHECRISIS,THEUN’SFOODANDAGRICULTUREORGANIZATIONWARNED1THEPURPOSEOFOFFERINGPEOPLERICEFORCATCHINGLOCUSTSINSENEGALIS________ATOGETMOREPEOPLETOEATRICESOASTOLEAVELESSFORLOCUSTSBTOGETMOREPEOPLEINVOLVEDINTHEWARONTHELOCUSTSCTOPREVENTMOREPEOPLEFROMSTARVATIONDTOGETMOREPEOPLETOLISTENTOTHERADIOREPORTONLOCUSTS2WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTHEREASONFORWESTAFRICANSGOINGHUNGRYALOCUSTDISASTERCAUSESTHEGREATDAMAGETOCROPSWWWKS5UCOMBFOODSUPPLYISFARFROMTHENEEDOFTHEPEOPLECTHESEREGIONSAREAFFECTEDBYTHEWARDGOVERNMENTSAREUNWILLINGTOFIGHTTHEPESTWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3ITCANBECONCLUDEDTHAT,INORDERTOENDTHELOCUSTDISASTER,________ALEADERSOF12COUNTRIESINWESTAFRICASHOULDCALLONTHEIRPEOPLETOTAKEACTIONBINSECTSEXPERTSSHOULDBESENTTOTHESEREGIONSCOTHERCOUNTRIESOUTSIDEAFRICASHOULDKEEPCLOSEWATCHONTHEIROWNLANDSDHELPFROMALLOVERTHEWORLDISINURGENTDEMAND4WHATDOESTHEPASSAGEMAINLYTALKABOUTAFOODSHORTAGEINAFRICABINTERNATIONALAIDTOAFRICACTHEINSECTSATTACKONAFRICADTERRIBLESTORMINAFRICA2AFTERINVENTINGDYNAMITES炸药,SWEDISHBORNALFREDNOBELBECAMEAVERYRICHMANHOWEVER,HEFORESAWITSUNIVERSALLYDESTRUCTIVEPOWERSTOOLATENOBELPREFERREDNOTTOBEREMEMBEREDASTHEINVENTOROFDYNAMITE,SOIN1895,JUSTTWOWEEKSBEFOREHISDEATH,HECREATEDAFUNDTOBEUSEDFORAWARDINGPRIZESTOPEOPLEWHOHADMADEWORTHWHILECONTRIBUTIONSTOMANKINDORIGINALLYTHEREWEREFIVEAWARDSLITERATURE,PHYSICS,CHEMISTRY,MEDICINE,ANDPEACEECONOMICSWASADDEDIN1968,JUSTSIXTYSEVENYEARSAFTERTHEFIRSTAWARDSCEREMONYNOBEL’SORIGINALLEGACYOFNINEMILLIONDOLLARSWASINVESTED,ANDTHEINTERESTONTHISSUMISUSEDFORTHEAWARDSWHICHVARYFROM30,000TO125,000EVERYYEARONDECEMBER10,THEANNIVERSARYOFNOBEL’SDEATH,THEAWARDSGOLDMEDAL,ILLUMINATEDDIPLOMA,ANDMONEYAREPRESENTEDTOTHEWINNERSSOMETIMESPOLITICSPLAYSANIMPORTANTROLEINTHEJUDGES’DECISIONAMERICANSHAVEWONNUMEROUSSCIENCEAWARDS,BUTRELATIVELYFEWLITERATUREPRIZESNOAWARDSWEREPRESENTEDFROM1940TO1942ATTHEBEGINNINGOFWORLDWARIISOMEPEOPLEHAVEWONTWOPRIZES,BUTTHISISRARE;OTHERSHAVESHAREDTHEIRPRIZESFROMWWWNMET168COM5WHATDIDTHEFIRSTAWARDCEREMONYTAKEPLACEA1895B1901C1962D19686THENOBELPRIZEWASESTABLISHEDTO________AHONORTHEINVENTOROFDYNAMITEBRECOGNIZEWORTHWHILECONTRIBUTIONSTOHUMANITYCRESOLVEPOLITICALDIFFERENCESDSPENDMONEY7INWHICHAREAHAVEAMERICANSRECEIVEDTHEMOSTAWARDSALITERATUREBECONOMICSCPEACEDSCIENCEWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载8WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTISNOTTRUEAAWARDSVARYINMONEYVALUEBCEREMONIESAREHELDONDECEMBER10TOCOMMEMORATENOBEL’SINVENTIONCPOLITICSCANBEOFIMPORTANCEINSELECTINGTHEWINNERSDAFEWINDIVIDUALSHAVEWONTWOAWARDSWWWKS5UCOM3ITISOVER40YEARSSINCEFIRSTATOMICBOMBWASDROPPEDONAMAJORCITYINJAPANYETEVENNOWITSEFFECTSARESHOWINGTHEMSELVESANDMAYCONTINUETODOSOFORYEARSTOCOMEMUCHEFFORTANDHUMANENERGYHAVEBEENUSEDTOTRYTOPREVENTSUCHATERRIFYINGTHINGFROMHAPPENINGAGAINSOFARTHEREISNOGUARANTEETHATITWILLNOTCOUNTRIESWHICHALREADYPOSSESSNUCLEARKNOWLEDGEANDRESOURCESHAVEBOMBSSTOREDAWAYWHICHAREPOWERFULENOUGHTOWIPEOUTALLLIFEONEARTHBUTTHISISNOTALLOTHERCOUNTRIES,WHICHPREVIOUSLYWERENOTSOADVANCEDINTECHNOLOGY,AREGRADUALLYBUYINGMATERIALSTHATCANBEUSEDFORMAKINGATOMICDEVICESTHISNUCLEARENERGYWILLNATURALLYBEOFGREATVALUEINHELPINGTHEECONOMYOFPOORERNATIONSTHEGENERATIONOFELECTRICITYTHROUGHNUCLEARPOWERCAMEDIRECTLYFROMTHEORIGINALWORKONTHEATOMBOMBBECAUSEOFTHEINCREASEINDEMANDFORENERGYANDTHEPOSSIBILITYOFDECREASINGSUPPLIESOFOILANDNATURALGAS,THEINTERESTINELECTRICITYHASINCREASEDONEOFTHEBYPRODUCTSOFNUCLEARPOWERSTATIONSISPLUTONIUM钸PRODUCEDFROMUNCLEARFUELPLUTONIUMISINGREDIENT成分INBOMBMAKINGITMEANSTHATTHEREAREFARMOREOPPORTUNITIESFORTHEMANUFACTUREOFBOMBSTHISBRINGSTHEPROBLEMTOAFULLCIRCLEAGAINHOWCANSOMETHINGSOVALUABLEANDUSEFULBECONTROLLEDSOTHATITWORKSFORTHEBENEFITANDNOTTHEDESTRUCTIONOFMANFROMWWWNMET168COMWWWKS5UCOM9THEEFFECTSOFDROPPINGTHEFIRSTATOMICBOMB________AARENOTOVERBMAYGOONFOREVERCCOULDLASTMUCHLONGERDWILLNOTBEOVERINTHENEARFUTURE10THEWRITERSAYSTHATENOUGHATOMICBOMBSHAVEALREADYBEENMANUFACTUREDTO________AWIPEOUTJAPANBLASTFOREVERCACTASAPEACEKEEPINGDEVICEDDESTROYALLLIVINGTHINGS11THEADVANTAGEOFLESSDEVELOPEDCOUNTRIESBEINGABLETOMAKEATOMICDEVICESISTHATIT______AGIVESTHEMMOREOPPORTUNITIESFORWORKBWILLHELPPOORCOUNTRIESTOBECOMERICHERWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载CWILLENABLETHEMTOMAKEBETTEREXPLOSIVESDWILLBEOFGREATVALUETOTHEM12THESECONDPARAGRAPHTELLSUSTHATTHEINCREASEDDEMANDFORELECTRICITYTODAY________AHASLEDTOTHEDECREASEINSUPPLIESOFOILBMEANSTHATMORECOUNTRIESAREINTERESTEDINNUCLEARPOWERCHASINCREASEDTHERISKOFACCIDENTALEXPLOSIONSDHASINCREASEDTHEVERYMEANSOFPRODUCINGMOREATOMICBOMBS【答案与解析】1B推测题。根据第二段意义,广播电台向听众悬赏捕杀蝗虫。可推测出其目的是让更多的人参与到救灾行动中来。2D细节理解题。根据第四段意义专家称一些地区本来就食品匮乏,并饱受战火之苦,而灾害给农作物产量造成的损失更是雪上加霜。许多人因此而挨饿。3D推理题。根据短文最后一段的意义国际社会施以援手是抑制灾情的唯一方法。由此推理可得“国际援助迫在眉睫”。4C主旨题。根据短文第一段的描述及下文的阐发可看出本文的主题是“非洲西部的虫灾”。高考资源网5B计算题。根据文中第一段最后一句“ECONOMICSWASADDEDIN1968,JUSTSIXTYSEVENYEARSAFTERTHEFIRSTAWARDSCEREMONY”计算可得。6B细节题。根据短文第一段第二句“FORAWARDINGPRIZESTOPEOPLEWHOHADMADEWORTHWHILECONTRIBUTIONSTOMANKIND”可得FROMWWWNMET168COM。7D细节题。根据短文第三段“AMERICANSHAVEWONNUMEROUSSCIENCEAWARDS”一句可得。8D事实判断题。根据短文第四段“SOMEPEOPLEHAVEWONTWOPRIZES,BUTTHISISRARE”一句判断可得。9A细节理解题。根据第一段第二句YETEVENNOWITSEFFECTSARESHOWINGTHEMSELVESANDMAYCONTINUETODOSOFORYEARSTOCOME可知。10D细节理解题。根据第一段“HAVEBOMBSSTOREDAWAYWHICHAREPOWERFULENOUGHTOWIPEOUTALLLIFEONEARTH”一句可知。高考资源网11B细节理解题。根据第一段“THISNUCLEARENERGYWILLNATURALLYBEOFGREATVALUEINHELPINGTHEECONOMYOFPOORERNATIONS”一句可知。12D段落主旨题。根据第二段最后一句“ITMEANSTHATTHEREAREFARMOREOPPORTUNITIESFORTHEMANUFACTUREOFBOMBS”可知。

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