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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(八)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(八)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(八)1InpartsofAfrica,theskyisfilledwithadarkcloud.Butthisisnoraincloud.Itisalivingcloudmadeofbillionsoflocuststhataretravelingacrossthecontinenteatingeverythingintheirpath.Andinthebattletostopthisdisaster,aradiostationinSenegal,WestAfrica,isofferinglisteners50kilogramsofriceiftheycancatchandkill50kilogramsoflocusts.TheradiostationisinoneofSenegalsworstaffectedregions.ThisisWestAfricasbiggestlocustdisasterin15years,anditismovingeast,causinghugedamagetocrops.Astheymove,theybreed,andincreasetheirnumberandwillsoonthreatenSudaninthenortheastofAfrica.SomesayitcouldreachAsia.Expertssaythegreatdamagetocropsinareasalreadysufferingfromfoodshortagesandwarcouldcausemanypeopletogohungry.Governmentsintheregionarenotwellequippedtofightthepest.Althoughleadersof12countrieshaveagreedonaplan,itisnotexpectedtobeenough.Wearenowtreating6,000hectaresperdaywithpesticide,butweneedtotreat20,000hectaresperdayinordertohaveanyhopeofcontrollingthisdisaster,saidMohamedAbdallahiOuldBabah,directoroflocustcontrolinMauritania.Requestsarebeingmadeforinternationalaid,whichistheonlywaytolimitthecrisis,theUNsFoodandAgricultureOrganizationwarned.1.ThepurposeofofferingpeoplericeforcatchinglocustsinSenegalis________.A.togetmorepeopletoeatricesoastoleavelessforlocustsB.togetmorepeopleinvolvedinthewaronthelocustsC.topreventmorepeoplefromstarvationD.togetmorepeopletolistentotheradioreportonlocusts2.WhichofthefollowingisnotthereasonforWestAfricansgoinghungryA.Locustdisastercausesthegreatdamagetocrops.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mB.Foodsupplyisfarfromtheneedofthepeople.C.Theseregionsareaffectedbythewar.D.Governmentsareunwillingtofightthepest.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3.Itcanbeconcludedthat,inordertoendthelocustdisaster,________.A.leadersof12countriesinWestAfricashouldcallontheirpeopletotakeactionB.insectsexpertsshouldbesenttotheseregionsC.othercountriesoutsideAfricashouldkeepclosewatchontheirownlandsD.Helpfromallovertheworldisinurgentdemand4.WhatdoesthepassagemainlytalkaboutA.FoodshortageinAfrica.B.InternationalaidtoAfrica.C.TheinsectsattackonAfrica.D.TerriblestorminAfrica.2Afterinventingdynamites炸药,SwedishbornAlfredNobelbecameaveryrichman.However,heforesawitsuniversallydestructivepowerstoolate.Nobelpreferrednottoberememberedastheinventorofdynamite,soin1895,justtwoweeksbeforehisdeath,hecreatedafundtobeusedforawardingprizestopeoplewhohadmadeworthwhilecontributionstomankind.Originallytherewerefiveawardsliterature,physics,chemistry,medicine,andpeace.Economicswasaddedin1968,justsixtysevenyearsafterthefirstawardsceremony.Nobelsoriginallegacyofninemilliondollarswasinvested,andtheinterestonthissumisusedfortheawardswhichvaryfrom30,000to125,000.EveryyearonDecember10,theanniversaryofNobelsdeath,theawardsgoldmedal,illuminateddiploma,andmoneyarepresentedtothewinners.Sometimespoliticsplaysanimportantroleinthejudgesdecision.Americanshavewonnumerousscienceawards,butrelativelyfewliteratureprizes.Noawardswerepresentedfrom1940to1942atthebeginningofWorldWarII.Somepeoplehavewontwoprizes,butthisisrareothershavesharedtheirprizes.fromwww.nmet168.com5.WhatdidthefirstawardceremonytakeplaceA.1895.B.1901.C.1962.D.1968.6.TheNobelprizewasestablishedto________.A.honortheinventorofdynamiteB.recognizeworthwhilecontributionstohumanityC.resolvepoliticaldifferencesD.spendmoney7.InwhichareahaveAmericansreceivedthemostawardsA.Literature.B.Economics.C.Peace.D.Science.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载8.WhichofthefollowingstatementisNOTtrueA.Awardsvaryinmoneyvalue.B.CeremoniesareheldonDecember10tocommemorateNobelsinvention.C.Politicscanbeofimportanceinselectingthewinners.D.Afewindividualshavewontwoawards.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m3Itisover40yearssincefirstatomicbombwasdroppedonamajorcityinJapan.Yetevennowitseffectsareshowingthemselvesandmaycontinuetodosoforyearstocome.Mucheffortandhumanenergyhavebeenusedtotrytopreventsuchaterrifyingthingfromhappeningagain.Sofarthereisnoguaranteethatitwillnot.Countrieswhichalreadypossessnuclearknowledgeandresourceshavebombsstoredawaywhicharepowerfulenoughtowipeoutalllifeonearth.Butthisisnotall.Othercountries,whichpreviouslywerenotsoadvancedintechnology,aregraduallybuyingmaterialsthatcanbeusedformakingatomicdevices.Thisnuclearenergywillnaturallybeofgreatvalueinhelpingtheeconomyofpoorernations.Thegenerationofelectricitythroughnuclearpowercamedirectlyfromtheoriginalworkontheatombomb.Becauseoftheincreaseindemandforenergyandthepossibilityofdecreasingsuppliesofoilandnaturalgas,theinterestinelectricityhasincreased.Oneofthebyproductsofnuclearpowerstationsisplutonium钸producedfromunclearfuelplutoniumisingredient成分inbombmaking.Itmeansthattherearefarmoreopportunitiesforthemanufactureofbombs.Thisbringstheproblemtoafullcircleagain.Howcansomethingsovaluableandusefulbecontrolledsothatitworksforthebenefitandnotthedestructionofmanfromwww.nmet168.comw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m9.Theeffectsofdroppingthefirstatomicbomb________.A.arenotoverB.maygoonforeverC.couldlastmuchlongerD.willnotbeoverinthenearfuture10.Thewritersaysthatenoughatomicbombshavealreadybeenmanufacturedto________.A.wipeoutJapanB.lastforeverC.actasapeacekeepingdeviceD.destroyalllivingthings11.Theadvantageoflessdevelopedcountriesbeingabletomakeatomicdevicesisthatit______.A.givesthemmoreopportunitiesforworkB.willhelppoorcountriestobecomericherwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载C.willenablethemtomakebetterexplosivesD.willbeofgreatvaluetothem12.Thesecondparagraphtellsusthattheincreaseddemandforelectricitytoday________.A.hasledtothedecreaseinsuppliesofoilB.meansthatmorecountriesareinterestedinnuclearpowerC.hasincreasedtheriskofaccidentalexplosionsD.hasincreasedtheverymeansofproducingmoreatomicbombs【答案与解析】1.B推测题。根据第二段意义,广播电台向听众悬赏捕杀蝗虫。可推测出其目的是让更多的人参与到救灾行动中来。2.D细节理解题。根据第四段意义专家称一些地区本来就食品匮乏,并饱受战火之苦,而灾害给农作物产量造成的损失更是雪上加霜。许多人因此而挨饿。3.D推理题。根据短文最后一段的意义国际社会施以援手是抑制灾情的唯一方法。由此推理可得国际援助迫在眉睫。4.C主旨题。根据短文第一段的描述及下文的阐发可看出本文的主题是非洲西部的虫灾。高.考.资.源.网5.B计算题。根据文中第一段最后一句Economicswasaddedin1968,justsixtysevenyearsafterthefirstawardsceremony.计算可得。6.B细节题。根据短文第一段第二句forawardingprizestopeoplewhohadmadeworthwhilecontributionstomankind可得fromwww.nmet168.com。7.D细节题。根据短文第三段Americanshavewonnumerousscienceawards一句可得。8.D事实判断题。根据短文第四段Somepeoplehavewontwoprizes,butthisisrare一句判断可得。9.A细节理解题。根据第一段第二句Yetevennowitseffectsareshowingthemselvesandmaycontinuetodosoforyearstocome可知。10.D细节理解题。根据第一段havebombsstoredawaywhicharepowerfulenoughtowipeoutalllifeonearth一句可知。高.考.资.源.网11.B细节理解题。根据第一段Thisnuclearenergywillnaturallybeofgreatvalueinhelpingtheeconomyofpoorernations一句可知。12.D段落主旨题。根据第二段最后一句Itmeansthattherearefarmoreopportunitiesforthemanufactureofbombs.可知。

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