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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(二)1Today,ultrasonic超声的wavesarebeingputtoworkinlaboratoriesandfactories.Ifanultrasoundgeneratorisplacedinaliquid,thewavesmovetheliquidbackandforthhundredsofthousandsoftimeseachsecond.Thiscausesmaterialstomixquicklyortodissolve使分解,使溶解inliquids.Paintmanufacturers制造商useultrasoundtodoabetterjobofblendingcolors.Thecompaniesthatmakefilmforyourcamerafindthatmixingchemicalsbytheuseofsoundwaveswillproduceamoresensitivefilm.Thenewlightweight轻量的typeofwashingmachineusesultrasonicwavestogetclothesclean.Itsspecialultrasoundgeneratorisputintoapailofsoapywatercontainingthesoiledclothes.Thesoundwavesdrivethesoapywaterbackandforththroughtheclothsofastthateverythingissoonclean.Thereisalsoanewkindofdishwasherthatworksinmuchthesameway.Ultrasonicwavescanshakealiquidsofastthattinyholesformallthroughit.Theliquidisactuallytornapartbythisaction.Almostassoonastheseholesaremade,theyfalltogetheragain.Theresultisapowerfulpoundingaction.Inthedairyindustrythisisusedforthedoublepurposeofmakinghomogenized使均匀,使匀质milkandsterilizing使无菌itatthesametime.Ifyoulookatsomerawmilkwithamicroscope,youfindthatitismadeupoflittledropsofbutterfatfloatingaroundinawateryliquid.Inordertomakemilkeasiertodigest,thesefatdroplets微粒maybebrokenupbyforcingthemilkthroughverysmallopenings.Theresultiscalledhomogenizedmilk.Whentheultrasonicmethodisused,thesoundwavesnotonlybreakupthedropletsbutalsokillthegermsinthemilkbypoundingthemtopieces.fromwww.nmet168.com1.WhydoesapaintmanufactureruseultrasoundtodoabetterjobofblendingcolorsA.Becauseitischeaptouseultrasoundtoblendcolors.B.Becausethewavesmovetheliquidsoquicklythatitcanmakematerialsmixquicklyordissolveinliquids.C.Becausetheycanmixchemicalsbytheuseofsoundwaves.D.Becausethewavescancleanthepaint.2.WhatpropertiesdoesultrasoundwavehaveA.Homogenizesandsterilizesthemilk.B.Mixmaterialsandbreakdroplets.C.Killgermsandsterilizemilk.D.Moveliquidsquickly.3.Whatexistsintherawmilkwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载A.Littledropsofbutterfat.B.Smallholes.C.Fatdropletsandgerms.D.Chemicals.4.WhereisultrasoundwavenotusedA.Inthepaintmanufacture.B.Intheshopmixingbreadflour.C.Inthefilmmakingcompany.D.Inthedairyindustry.2Apunctualpersonisinthehabitofdoingathingatthepropertimeandisneverlateinkeepinganappointment.Theunpunctualman,ontheotherhand,neverdoeswhathehastodoatthepropertime.Heisalwaysinahurryandintheendlosesbothtimeandhisgoodname.Alostthingmaybefoundagain,butlosttimecanneverberegained.Timeismorevaluablethanmaterialthings.Infact,timeislifeitself.Theunpunctualmanisforeverwastingandmismanaginghismostvaluableassetaswellasothers.Theunpunctualpersonisalwayscomplainingthathefindsnotimetoanswerletters,orreturncallsorkeepappointmentspromptly.Butthemanwhoreallyhasagreatdealtodoisverycarefulofhistimeandseldomcomplainsofwantofit.Heknowsthathecannotgetthroughhugeamountofworkunlesshefaithfullykeepseverypieceofworkwhenithastobeattendedto.Failuretobepunctualinkeepingonesappointmentsisasignofdisrespecttowardsothers.Ifapersonisinvitedtodinnerandarriveslaterthantheappointedtime,hekeepsalltheotherguestswaitingforhim.Usuallythiswillberegardedasagreatdisrespecttothehostandallotherguestspresent.Unpunctuality,moreover,isveryharmfulwhenitcomestodoingonesduty,whetherpublicorprivate.Imaginehowitwouldbeifthosewhoareputinchargeofimportanttasksfailedtobeattheirproperplaceattheappointedtime.Amanwhoisknowntobehabituallyunpunctualisnevertrustedbyhisfriendsorfellowmen.5.WhatisanunpunctualpersonlikeA.Healwaysdoesathingwhenitshouldbedone.B.Heisalwaysverybusy.C.Healwaysdoesathingatthewrongtime.D.Healwayskeepstheappointments.6.WhyisunpunctualityveryharmfulA.Becauseitmakesamanlosemanychancesofdoingimportantaffairs.B.Becauseitmakesamanlosefriends.C.Becauseitmakesamanworkquickly.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.Becauseitmakesamanbemorerespectedbyothers.7.Accordingtothepassage,whichisrightA.Thepunctualpersonhasnomuchworktodo.B.Theunpunctualpersonisveryrich.fromwww.nmet168.comC.Theunpunctualpersonisoftenrespectedbyhisfriends.D.Theunpunctualpersonloseswhatcantberegainedagain.8.Accordingtothepassage,whataregoodmannerswhenyouareinvitedtoapartyA.Arrivingattheappointedtime.B.Arrivingbeforeallotherguests.C.Arrivingafterallotherguests.D.Keepingallotherguestswaiting.9.WhyisapersonalwaysunpunctualA.Heistoobusy.B.Hehastoomuchworktodo.C.Hedoescaremuchabouttime.D.Hedoesntmanagehistimeproperly.3WhatdoesitmeantosaythatweliveinaworldofpersuasionItmeansthatweliveamongcompetinginterests.Yourroommatesneedtostudyforanexammaytakepriority优先overpizza.Yourinstructormayhavegoodreasonsnottochangeyourgrade.Andtheobjectofyourromantic/interestmayhaveotherchoices.Insuchaworld,persuasionistheartofgettingotherstogivefairandfavorableconsiderationtoourpointsofview.Whenwepersuade,wewanttoinfluencehowothersbelieveandbehave.Wemaynotalwaysprevailotherpointsofviewmaybemorepersuasive,dependingonthelistener,thesituation,andthemeritofthecase.Butwhenwepracticetheartofpersuasion,wetrytoensurethatourpositionreceivestheattentionitdeserves.Somepeople,however,objecttotheveryideaofpersuasion.Theymayregarditasanunwelcomeinterruptionintotheirlives.Justtheopposite,webelievethatpersuasionisunavoidabletoliveistopersuade.Persuasionmaybeethical合乎道义的orunethical,selflessorselfish,inspiringordegrading.Persuadersmayenlightenourmindorpreyonourvulnerability.Ethicalpersuasion,however,callsonsoundreasoningandissensitivetothefeelingsandneedsoflisteners.Suchpersuasioncanhelpusapplythewisdomofthepasttothedecisionswenowmustmake.Therefore,themostbasicpartofeducationislearningtoresisttheonekindofpersuasionandtoencourageandpracticetheother.Beyonditspersonalimportancetous,persuasionisnecessarytosociety.Therighttopersuadeandbewww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载persuadedisthebedrockoftheAmericanpoliticalsystem,guaranteedbytheFirstAmendmenttotheConstitution美国宪法.10.Accordingtothepassage,persuasionmeans________.A.changingotherspointsofviewB.exercisingpoweroverotherpeopleC.gettingotherpeopletoconsideryourpointofviewD.gettingpeopletoagreewithyouanddowhatyouwant11.Theunderlinedwordinthesecondparagraphprevailmeans________.A.winB.failC.speakD.listen12.Thepassagestatesthatsomepeopleobjecttopersuasionbecausetheythinkitis________.A.adangertosocietyB.difficulttodowellC.unwelcomebehaviorD.neversuccessful13.Thepassagemainlydiscusses________.A.howpeoplepersuadeB.whypeoplepersuadeC.thatpersuasionisbothgoodandbadD.thatpersuasionisimportantanditisallaroundus【答案与解析】1.B事实细节题。根据其上句Thiscausesmaterialstomixquicklyortodissolve使分解,使溶解inliquids可知,答案选B。2.D事实细节题。根据文章最后一段的第1句Ultrasonicwavescanshakealiquidsofastthattinyholesformallthroughit可知,答案选D。3.C事实细节题。根据文章最后一段的内容,特别是最后一句Whentheultrasonicmethodisused,thesoundwavesnotonlybreakupthedropletsbutalsokillthegermsinthemilkbypoundingthemtopieces可知,答案选Cfromwww.nmet168.com。4.B推理判断题。根据文章第1段最后提到的Paintmanufacturers制造商以及Thecompaniesthatmakefilm两句排除选项A、C,根据第3段第5句的Inthedairyindustrythisisusedfor排除选项www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D,从而得出答案是B。5.C事实细节题。根据文章第2段第1句Theunpunctualman,ontheotherhand,neverdoeswhathehastodoatthepropertime可知,答案选C。6.B推理判断题。根据文章最后一句Amanwhoisknowntobehabituallyunpunctualisnevertrustedbyhisfriendsorfellowmen可知,答案选B。7.D推理判断题。根据文章第2段第3句Alostthingmaybefoundagain,butlosttimecanneverberegainedtimeismorevaluablethanmaterialthings可知,答案选D。8.A推理判断题。根据文章倒数第2段可知,答案选A。9.D推理判断题。根据文章第2段中间的一句Theunpunctualmanisforeverwastingandmismanaginghismostvaluableassetaswellasothers及下文内容可知,答案选D。10.C细节题。将第二段中persuasionistheartofgettingotherstogivefairandfavorableconsiderationtoourpointsofview与各选项进行比较可知。11.A词义题。由破折号后面的句子otherpointsofviewmaybemorepersuasive可知,我们不一定占上风,故选A。12.C细节题。由第三段中第一二句Somepeopleintotheirlives可知。fromwww.nmet168.com13.D主旨题。根据第一段对weliveinaworldofpersuasion的理解,第三段中webelievethatpersuasionisunavoidabletoliveistopersuade及最后一段中persuasionisnecessarytosociety与各选项进行比较可确定选D。

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