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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(九)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(九)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(九)(一)NASAsMarsdetector探测器,Opportunity,succeededinfindingsignsthatwateronceexistedontheplanet.OpportunitylandedonMarsinJanuary.Scientistsnowbelievethattheplanetcouldoncehavesupportedlife.ThisdiscoverywaschosenbyScience,oneoftheworldsleadingmagazines,asthemostimportantscientificachievementof2004lastFriday.Thislittle,wheeled,onearmedboxwentaroundanotherplanetandhasdonesomethingnohumanhasevermanaged,accordingtoScience.Ithasdiscoveredanotherplaceintheuniversewherelifecouldoncehaveexisted.高.考.资.源.网Althoughwestillcantsaythatlifecouldhaveexistedinthisenvironment,itisnowcertainthattherewaswateronMars,saidSteveSquyres,oneofthescientistsworkingontheMarsmission.TheevidencecomesfrompicturesandchemicalreadingstakenbyOpportunity.ItincludesmarksonrockslikethosecausedbyflowingwateronEarthandsaltychemicalslikethosefoundindriedoutseabeds.ScientistssaidthenewevidenceprovedbeyonddoubtthatwaterhasbeenexistedonMars.ButitisstillunknownwhetherthewateronMarswaslikeanoceanorjustice.WhileOpportunityhasnotfoundanysignsoflife,thepresenceofwatermeanslifeispossible.IneverythingweknowaboutlifeonEarth,thereisnoexamplewithoutliquidwater,Squyressaid.SowaterisimportantforthesearchforlifeonMars.Researchersagreethatafuturemission任务shouldbringbackphysicalsamples样品.ButsomescientistsworryabouttheriskthatthiscouldintroducedangerousforeigncreaturestoEarth.Theproblemhereishowtogetthesamplesback,Squyresreplied.Ithinkitisourresponsibilitytolimitanyrisk.1.________provethatwaterexistedonMars.A.ThephysicalsampleswithsaltychemicalsB.ThemarksonrocksandsaltychemicalsC.Scientificachievementsof2004D.CreaturesfromMars2.Whichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothetextwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载A.ItisnowcertainthattherewaswateronMars.B.ThewateronMarswaslikeanocean.C.EvidenceoflifeonMarshasbeenfound.D.SearchforlifeonMarsisagreatrisktohumans.3.HowdidscientistsdrawtheconclusionthattherewaswateronMarsA.Theworldsleadingmagazinehasannouncedthefact.B.ScientistshavetakenmanypicturesandchemicalreadingsontheMars.C.AstronautshavegotsomerocksfromMars.D.ScientistshavemadeastudyofthepicturesandreadingssentbackbyMarsdetector.4.Itcanbeinferredthat,ifthecreaturesfromMarscametoEarth,________.A.theywouldbekindtohumansB.theywouldbecrueltohumansC.theywouldbeagreatdangertoEarthD.itwouldbehardtosaywhetheritwouldbeagoodnewsorbadnews(二)HewasoncereferredtoasthePicassoofpoetry.BelovedbyChileansofallclasses,heisoneofthemostwidelyreadandrespectedpoetsinhistory.Andthisyearisthe100thbirthdayofPabloNeruda19041973.BornwiththenameNeftaliRicardoReyesBasolto,hewasatall,shyandlonelyboy.Helovedtoreadandstartedtowritepoetrywhenhewasten.TheAmericanpoetWaltWhitman,whoseframedpictureNerudalaterkeptonhistable,becameamajorinfluenceonhiswork.However,hisfatherdidnotliketheideaofhavingapoetforasonandtriedtodiscouragehimfromwriting.Tocoverupthepublicationofhisfirstpoem,hetookthepennamePabloNeruda.In1924NerudagainedfamewithhismostwidelyreadworkTwentyLovePoemsandaSongofDespair.Yethisrichexperienceasadiplomatandexilemadehimgobeyondthethemeoflove.HisworkalsoreflectedthepoliticalstruggleoftheleftanddevelopmentofSouthAmerica.HewasawardedtheNobelPrizeforLiteraturein1971.Nerudalovedtheseawhichhesawascreative,destructiveandforevermoving.Hefoundinspirationinthepowerandfreedomofthewavesandtheseabirdsonthecoast.Ineedtheseabecauseitteachesme,hewrote.Imoveintheuniversityofthewaves.Helovedhowtheseawww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载foreverreneweditself,arenewalechoedinhiswork.5.TheunderlinedwordPicassocanprobablybereplacedby________.A.mostimportantpersonB.famouspersonfromPicassoC.freedomfighterinPicassoD.poemfan6.NeftaliRicardoReyesBasoltotookthepennamePabloNerudabecause________.A.literarygreatsusuallyusedthepennameB.hisfatherencouragedhimtousethenameC.hewantedtopreventhisfatherknowingthepublicationD.hewasgreatlyinfluencedbyotherpoets高.考.资.源.网7.WhichofthefollowingisnotthethemeofhisworksA.Love.B.Politicalstruggle.C.Socialreform.D.DevelopmentofSouthAmerica.8.Thelastparagraphmainlytellsus________.A.theseagaveNerudavastwritinginspirationB.thebeautifulsceneryalongtheChilecoastC.NerudaspoemswerewidelyreadoverseasD.Nerudalovedtowritehispoemsnearthesea(三)Globalwarmingthreatenstoholdbackhumanprogress,andmakeunachievableallUNtargetstoreducepoverty,accordingtosomeoftheworldsleadinginternationalanddevelopmentgroups.Inareportpublishedtoday,Oxfam,Greenpeace,ChristianAid,FriendsoftheEarth,WWFand15othergroupssayrichgovernmentsmustimmediatelyaddressclimatechangetoavoidevenunbearablelevelsofworldwidepoverty.Foodproduction,watersupplies,publichealthandpeopleslivingenvironmentarealreadybeingdamaged,thereportsays.Theworldmustmeetitspromisetoachievepovertyreductionandalsodealwithclimatechange.Thereport,whichdrawsonUNpredictionsoftheeffectsofclimatechangeinpoorcountriesoverthenext50years,sayspoorcountrieswillexperiencemoreflooding,decliningfoodproduction,morediseaseandtheworseningordisappearingofentireecosystems生态系统onwhichmanyoftheworldspoorestpeopledepend.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载Climatechangeneedstobeaddressednow.Thepoorwillbeartheburdenofit.Thefrontlineexperienceofmanyofusworkingininternationaldevelopmentindicatesthatcommunitiesarehavingtofightagainstmoreextremeweatherconditions.Climatechangewillplayhavoc浩劫withagricultureandwatersuppliesandwillincreasediseases.By2025theproportionoftheworldspopulationlivingincountriesofgreatwaterstresswillalmostdouble,to6billionpeople.Tropicalandsubtropicalareaswillbehardesthitthosecountriesalreadysufferingfromfoodshortage.Poorcountriesmostlydonotneedhightechsolutions,butwouldmostbenefitfromeducation,researchandbeingshownhowtofarmbetter.Thereportsaysuncheckedglobalwarming,morethanwarsorpoliticalconfusion,willdisplacemillionsofpeopleanddestabilize不安定manycountries.9.________shouldplayaleadingroleinresistingthemoreextremeweatherconditionsaccordingtothereport.A.InternationalgroupsB.PoorcountriesC.RichcountriesD.Tropicalandsubtropicalcountries10.WhichofthefollowingisnottheeffectofglobalwarmingaccordingtothereportA.Morenaturaldisastersandstarvation.B.Increasingtheworldspopulation.C.Makingmillionsofpeoplemovetootherplaces.D.Shakingthefoundationofacountry.11.WhichofthefollowingisnottrueaccordingtothetextA.Povertyandclimatechangearecloselylinked.B.Moreandmorepeoplewillsufferfromthewaterstressandfoodshortage.C.Whatthepoorcountriesneedbadlyishightechnology.D.Internationalcommunitieshavetotakestepstoresistthebadclimate.12.Whatisthebesttitleofthepassagew.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.InternationalDevelopmentBringsinClimateChangeB.GlobalWarmingIsaBiggerThreattoPoorC.InternationalGroupsWorkTogethertoReducePovertyD.WorldwidePovertyShallBeAvoidedwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m【答案与解析】1.B事实细节题。根据短文第五段ItincludesmarksonrockslikethosecausedbyflowingwateronEarthandsaltychemicalslikethosefoundindriedoutseabeds一句可知岩石上有类似地球上水流的痕迹和化学物。2.A事实细节题。根据第二段succeededinfindingsignsthatwateronceexistedontheplanet一句可判断,火星上有水。3.D事实归纳题。人们对火星的研究是通过探测器机遇号发回的图片和数据进行分析得出的,人类还没有登上火星,所以B、C两项不符文意。A项杂志上报道的更不能作为结论的根据fromwww.nmet168.com。4.D推测题。根据短文最后一段somescientistsworryabouttheriskthatthiscouldintroducedangerousforeigncreaturestoEarth的意义,科学家有这种担心外星人是否会对人类造成危害。由此可推测如果外星人来地球,是好是坏不得而知。5.A词义猜测题。根据下一句的意义他被各个阶层的智利人所爱戴着,他的作品广为传诵,备受尊重。可猜测出他曾经被誉为诗坛巨匠。6.C细节题。根据短文第三段Tocoverupthepublicationofhisfirstpoem一句可知聂鲁达的父亲不赞成儿子当诗人,经常想方设法阻止他的创作。为了掩人耳目发表第一部诗集,诗人就为自己取了个笔名聂鲁达。7.C判断题。第四段二、三句表述的意思是聂鲁达有着丰富的阅历,他当过外交官,曾流亡国外。因此,他的诗歌主题多样,并不仅仅限于男女情爱。他的作品还反映了左派政治斗争以及南美洲的发展。由此判断可知。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m8.A段落主旨题。根据Hefoundinspirationinthepowerandfreedomofthewavesandtheseabirdsonthecoast和Helovedhowtheseaforeverreneweditself,arenewalechoedinhiswork两句可知海浪磅礴的力量、自由的激荡,海岸上展翅翱翔的海鸟,这一切都给予聂鲁达无尽的创作灵感。他喜欢大海,还因为大海在永不停息地更新着自己。而他的诗作也犹如大海一样,不断地推陈出新。9.C细节题。根据第二段中的richgovernmentsmustimmediatelyaddressclimatechangetoavoidevenunbearablelevelsofworldwidepoverty一句的意义可知财力富足的政府必须立即致力于改变日益恶化的气候条件,以免全球范围内的贫穷上升到无法忍受的程度。由此www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载可判断富裕国家应该起主导作用。10.B归纳题。文章第四段提到气候变化将导致愈演愈烈的洪灾,不断衰减的粮食生产,疾病的威胁以及整个生态系统的退化甚至消失。文章最后一句又说尚未得到抑制的全球变暖比战争和政变更可怕,它将迫使数百万人口迁移,动摇很多国家的安定局面。而B项在短文中没有提及fromwww.nmet168.com。11.C判断题。短文最后一段表述的意义是对贫穷的社会来说,它们几乎不需要高科技的解决方案,但是教育、科研以及教授更好地耕作方式将使它们受益最多。此据判断可知。12.B主旨题。短文第一段第一句就表述了全文的中心,其意义是据全球主要的国际发展组织推测,全球变暖不但威胁着人类发展的进程,有可能使之倒退,而且联合国所有减少贫穷的目标和计划都将无法实现。由此可简述为全球气候变暖加剧贫穷。

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