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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十八)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十八)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十八)(一)DOESADRINKADAYKEEPHEARTATTACKSAWAYOVERTHEPAST20YEARS,NUMEROUSSTUDIESHAVEFOUNDTHATMODERATEALCOHOLCONSUMPTION,SAY,ONEORTWOBEERS,GLASSESOFWINEORCOCKTAILSDAILYHELPSTOPREVENTCORONARYHEARTDISEASELASTWEEKAREPORTINTHENEWENGLANDJOURNALOFMEDICINEADDEDSTRONGNEWEVIDENCEINSUPORTOFTHATTHEORYMOREIMPORTANT,THEWORKPROVIDEDTHEFIRSTSOLIDINDICTIONOFHOWALCOHOLWORKSTOPROTECTTHEHEARTINTHESTUDY,RESEARCHERSFROMBOSTON’SBRIGHAMANDWOMEN’SHOSPITALANDHARVARDMEDICALSCHOOLCOMPAREDTHEDRINKINGHABITSOF340MENANDWOMENWHOHADSUFFEREDRECENTHEARTATTACKWITHTHOSEOFHEALTHYPEOPLEOFTHESAMEAGEANDSEXTHESCIENTISTSFOUNDTHATPEOPLEWHOSIPONETOTHREEDRINKSADAYAREABOUTHALFASLIKELYTOSUFFERHEARTATTACKSASNONDRINKERSARETHEAPPARENTSOURCEOFTHEPROTECTIONTHOSEWHODRANKALCOHOLHADHIGHERBLOODLEVELSOFHIGHDENSITYLIPOPROTEINS,THESOCALLEDGOODCHOLESTEROL,WHICHISKNOWNTOPREVENTHEARTDISEASEWWWKS5UCOMASEVIDENCEHASMOUNTED,SOMEDOCTORSHAVEBEGUNRECOMMENDINGADAILYDRINKFORPATIENTSOFHEARTDISEASESBUTMOSTPHYSICIANSARENOTREADYTOREOMMENDAREGULARHAPPYHOURFOREVERYONETHERISKSOFTEETOTALLING绝对戒酒ARENOTHINGCOMPAREDWITHTHEDANGERSOFTOOMUCHALCOHOL,INCLUDINGHIGHBLOODPRESSURE,STROKESANDLIVERTROUBLESNOTTOMENTIONVIOLENTBEHAVIOURANDTRAFFICACCIDENTSMOREOVER,SOMESTUDIESSUGGESTTHATEVENMODERATEDRINKINGMAYINCREASETHEINCIDENCEOFBREASTANDCOLONCANCERUNTILTHEREISEVIDENCETHATTHEBENEFITSOFADAILYDOSEOFALCOHOLOUTWEIGHTHERISKS,MOSTPEOPLEWON’TBEABLETOTAKEADOCTOR’SPRESCRIPTIONTOTHENEIGHBOURHOODBARORLIQUORSTORE1THEMEDICALARTICLEQUOTEDINTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPHINDICATESATHEWAYINWHICHALCOHOLCANHELPTHEHEARTBHOWACOUPLEOFCOCKTAILSDAILYCANSTOPHEARTPROBLEMSCWHYALCOHOLICDRINKSAREDANGEROUSTOONE’SHEALTHDTHATREPORTSONTHEADVANTAGESOFALCOHOLWEREMISLED2EXPERIMENTSSHOWEDTHATNONDRINKERSHADALARGERAMOUNTSOFGOODCHOLESTEROLBSMALLERAMOUNTSOFGOODCHOLESTEROLCHIGHERBLOODPRESSUREDLOWERBLOODPRESSUREWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,MODERATEDRINKINGAISRECOMMENDEDBYMOSTDOCTORSFORHEARTPATIENTSBSHOULDBEALLOWEDONPRESCRIPTIONCISSTILLNOTMEDICALLYADVISABLEDISNOTRELATEDTOLIVERPROBLEMS4THEMAINTHEMEOFTHISPASSAGEISATHECHANGEINRECENTDRINKINGHABITSBTHECONNECTIONBETWEENCANCERANDALCOHOLCWHETHERMODERATEDRINKERSOUTLIVENONDRINKERSDWHETHERALCOHOLMAYBEGOODFORONE’SHEALTHWWWKS5UCOM(二)ACROSSTHEGLOBE,SINGLEPARENTHOMESAREONTHERISEINTHEUS,THE2000CENSUS人口普查SHOWED248MILLION,ORNEARLY24PERCENTOFTHENATION’S1055MILLIONHOUSEHOLDS,WERETRADITIONALTWOPARENTHOMESBYCOMPARISON,98MILLIONHOUSEHOLDS,OR9PERCENTOFALLUSHOUSEHOLDSWEREHEADEDBYANADULTRAISINGACHILDALONETHE1990CENSUSSHOWED26PERCENTOFHOMESWERELEDBYAMARRIEDMOTHERANDFATHER,AND8PERCENTOFHOMESWERELEDBYASINGLEPARENTSIMILARINCREASESOCCURREDINOTHERCOUNTRIESINTHEUK,LONEPARENTHOMESINCREASEDFROM33PERCENTIN1990TO55PERCENTIN1999SINGLEPARENTHOUSEHOLDSINAUSTRALIAROSEFROM58PERCENTIN1990TO76PERCENTIN1999BELGIUMSAWTHEINCREASEFROM18PERCENTTO27PERCENTDURINGTHESAMEPERIODOFTIMETHESECOUNTRIESTENDTOHAVEGREATERACCEPTANCEOFTHESINGLEPARENTBECAUSETHEREAREFEWERNEARBYFAMILYMEMBERSTODISAPPROVE,RICHE,ACENSUSBUREAUDIRECTOR,SAIDJUSTASINTHEUS,THOSECHANGESRAISEDNEWQUESTIONSABOUTHOWINVOLVEDGOVENMENTSHOULDBEINHELPINGSINGLEPARENTFAMILIESSOMERESEARCHSUGGESTSCHILDRENRAISEDINTWOPARENTFAMILIESAREBETTEROFFTHANTHOSEWHODEPENDONONE“THEPOSITIONOFONEPARENTFAMILIESINANYCOUNTRYISVERYMUCHAGENDER性别ISSUEWOMEN’SOPPORTUNITIES,ESPECIALLYWORKINGCLASSWOMENONLOWINCOME,”SAIDSUECOHEN,COORDINATOR协调员OFTHESINGLEACTIONPARENTSNETWORKINENGLAND5NOTCONSIDERINGTHEEXACTNUMBEROFTHESINGLEPARENTFAMILIES,WHICHCOUNTRYSAWTHEFASTESTRISERATEIN1999,COMPAREDWITH1990AUKBAUSTRALIACAMERICADBELGIUMWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载6WHATISTHECAUSEOFTHERISEOFSINGLEPARENTFAMILIESACROSSTHEGLOBEATHENEARBYFAMILYMEMBERSHAVEAFAVOURABLEOPINIONBALONEPARENTISWELLOFFENOUGHTOSUPPORTHIS/HERCHILDRENCALOTOFPROBLEMSHAVEARISENINTWOPARENTFAMILIESDWECANNOTGETENOUGHPROVINGINFORMATIONFROMTHETEXT7WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEABOUTTHEINCREASEOFSINGLEPARENTFAMILIESACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEAITWILLSOMEWHATLIMITTHEGROWINGPOPULATIONOFYOUNGERGENERATIONBGOVERNMENTSSHOULDTAKEACTIONSABOUTTHESOCIALPROBLEMSBROUGHTABOUTBYITCSINGLEPARENTFAMILIESARENOTLOOKEDDOWNUPONINANYCOUNTRYMENTIONEDHEREDGENERALLYSPEAKING,THESINGLEPARENTSNEEDN’TWORRYSINCETHEYAREHIGHLYPAID8WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGDIAGRAMSCORRECTLYSHOWSTHERISEOFSINGLEPARENTFAMILIESINTHEUSFROM1990TO2000WWWKS5UCOM(三)INSOMEURBANCENTERS,WORKAHOLISMISSOCOMMONTHATPEOPLEDONOTCONSIDERITUNUSUALTHEYACCEPTTHELIFESTYLEASNORMALGOVERNMENTWORKERSINWASHINGTONDC,FOREXAMPLE,FREQUENTLYWORKSIXTYTOSEVENTYHOURSAWEEKTHEYDON’TDOTHISBECAUSETHEYHAVETO;THEYDOITBECAUSETHEYWANTTOWORKAHOLISMCANBEASERIOUSPROBLEMBECAUSETRUEWORKAHOLICSWOULDRATHERWORKTHANDOANYTHINGELSE,THEYPROBABLYDON’TKNOWHOWTORELAXISWORKAHOLISMALWAYSDANGEROUSPERHAPSNOTTHEREARE,CERTAINLY,PEOPLEWHOWORKWELLUNDERSTRESSSOMESTUDIESSHOWTHATMANYWORKAHOLIESHAVEGREATENERGYANDINTERESTINLIFETHEIRWORKISSOPLEASURABLETHATTHEYAREACTUALLYVERYHAPPYFORMOSTWORKAHOLICS,WORKANDENTERTAINMENTKEEPTHEMBUSYANDCREATIVEWHYDOWORKAHOLICSENJOYTHEIRJOBSSOMUCHTHEREARESEVERALADVANTAGESTOWORKOFCOURSE,ITPROVIDESWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载PEOPLEWITHPAYCHECKS,ANDTHISISIMPORTANTBUTITOFFERSMORETHANFINANCIALSECURITYITPROVIDESPEOPLEWITHSELFCONFIDENCE;THEYHAVEAFEELINGOFSATISFACTIONWHENTHEY’REPRODUCEDACHALLENGINGPIECEOFWORKANDAREABLETOSAY,“IMADETHAT”PSYCHOLOGISTSCLAIMTHATWORKGIVESPEOPLEANIDENTITYTHROUGHPARTICIPATIONINWORK,THEYGETASENSEOFSELFANDINDIVIDUALISMINADDITION,MOSTJOBSPROVIDEPEOPLEWITHASOCIALLYACCEPTABLEWAYTOMEETOTHERSPERHAPSSOMEPEOPLEARECOMPULSIVEABOUTTHEIRWORK,BUTTHEIRADDICTIONSEEMSTOBEASAFEEVENANADVANTAGEOUSONE9THEPASSAGEINDICATESTHATWORKAHOLICSAJUSTKNOWWORKBUTNOTHINGELSEBAREWILLINGTOWORKHARDFORLONGHOURSWITHOUTPAYCFINDTHEIRWORKPROVIDETHEMMORESATISFACTIONANDSELFCONFIDENCETHANHOWMUCHTHEYAREPAIDDHASTHEWORKWITHMORERESPONSIBILITYTHANOTHERS10ONEOFTHEREASONSTHATSOMEPEOPLEARENOTWILLINGTOQUITTHEIRJOBSEVENINTHEIREIGHTIESANDNINETIESISTHATATHEYAREINTHENEEDOFFINANCIALSECURITYWWWKS5UCOMBTHEYWOULDRATHERWORKTHANBEDISTURBEDBYDOMESTICAFFAIRSCTHEYLONGFORASENSEOFIDENTITYANDBEINGACCOMPLISHEDDTHEYMAYHAVEHEALTHPROBLEMSFROMSHEERBOREDOM11THISPASSAGEISMAINLYABOUTAWORKAHOLICSAREUSUALLYSUCCESSFULPEOPLE,BUTTHEIRLIVESAREINAMESSBWORKAHOLISMCANLEADTOSERIOUSPROBLEMSBUTITCANALSOCREATEAJOYFULLIFECPEOPLEWHOAREABSORBEDINTHEIRWORKMAYENJOYMOVIES,SPORTSANDOTHERKINDSOFENTERTAINMENTDTHOSEWHOWORKEVENUNDERDIFFICULTCONDITIONSMAYBEVERYHAPPY12ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATAINTHEEYESOFALLTHECOMMONPEOPLEWORKAHOLICSAREPECULIARBTOWORKAHOLICS,WORKISTHESOLESOURCEOFHAPPINESSCAPIECEOFCHALLENGINGWORKMAYPROVIDETHEWORKAHOLICSASENSEOFSATISFACTIONDWORKAHOLICSAREASADDICTEDTOTHEIRJOBASOTHERPEOPLEARETODRUGSORALCOHOL(四)MORESURPRISING,PERHAPS,THANTHEPRESENTDIFFICULTIESOFTRADITIONALMARRIAGEISTHEFACTTHATMARRIAGEITSELFISALIVEANDTHRIVINGASSKOLNICKNOTES,AMERICANSAREAMARRYINGPEOPLERELATIVETOEUROPEANS,MOREOFUSMARRYANDWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载WEMARRYATAYOUNGERAGEMOREOVER,AFTERADROPINTHEEARLY1915S,THERATEOFMARRIAGEINTHEUNITEDSTATESISNOWINCREASINGEVENTHEDIVORCERATENEEDSTOBETAKENINTHISPROMARRIAGECONTEXTSOME30PERCENTOFDIVORCEDINDIVIDUALSREMARRYTHUS,MARRIAGEREMAINSBYFARTHEPREFERREDWAYOFLIFEFORTHEVASTMAJORITYOFPEOPLEINOURSOCIETYWHATHASCHANGEDMORETHANMARRIAGEISTHENUCLEARFAMILYTWENTYFIVEYEARSAGO,THETYPICALAMERICANFAMILYWASMADEUPOFAHUSBAND,AWIFE,ANDTWOORTHREECHILDRENNOW,THEREAREMANYMARRIAGESINWHICHCOUPLESHAVEDECIDEDNOTTOHAVEANYCHILDRENANDTHEREAREMANYMARRIAGESWHEREATLEASTSOMEOFTHECHILDRENAREFROMTHEWIFE’SFORMERMARRIAGE,ORTHEHUSBAND’S,ORBOTHSOMETIMESTHESECHILDRENSPENDALLOFTHEIRTIMEWITHONEPARENTFROMTHEFORMERMARRIAGE;SOMETIMESTHEYARESHAREDBETWEENTHETWOFORMERSPOUSES配偶THUS,ONECANFINDEVERYTYPEOFFAMILYARRANGEMENTTHEREAREMARRIAGESWITHOUTCHILDREN;MARRIAGESWITHCHILDRENFROMONLYTHEPERSENTMARRIAGE;MARRIAGESWITH“FULLTIME”CHILDRENFROMBOTHTHEPRESENTANDFORMERMARRIAGES;MARRIAGESWITH“FULLTIME”CHILDRENFROMTHEPRESENTMARRIAGEAND“PARTTIME”CHILDRENFROMFORMERMARRIAGESTHEREARESTEPFATHERS,STEPMOTHERS,HALFBROTHERS,ANDHALFSISTERSITISNOTALLTHATUNUSUALFORACHILDTOHAVEFOURPARENTSANDEIGHTGRANDPARENTSTHESEAREGREATCHANGESFROMTHETRADITIONALNUCLEARFAMILYBUTEVENSO,EVENINTHEMIDSTOFALLTHIS,THEREREMAINSONECONSTANTMOSTAMERICANSSPENDMOSTOFTHEIRADULTLIVESMARRIEDWWWKS5UCOM13BYCALLINGAMERICANMARRYINGPEOPLETHEAUTHORMEANSTHATAAMERICANSAREMORETRADITIONALTHANEUROPEANSBAMERICANSEXPECTMOREOUTOFMARRIAGETHANEUROPEANSCTHEREAREMOREMARRIEDCOUPLESINUSATHANINEUROPEDMOREOFAMERICANS,ASCOMPAREDWITHEUROPEANS,PREFERMARRIAGEANDTHEYACCEPTITATAYOUNGERAGE14DIVORCEDAMERICANSAPREFERTHEWAYTHEYLIVEBWILLMOSTLIKELYREMARRYCHAVELOSTFAITHINMARRIAGEDARETHEVASTMAJORITYOFPEOPLEINTHESOCIETY15WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCANBEPRESENTEDASTHEPICTUREOFTODAY’SAMERICANFAMILIESAMANYTYPESOFFAMILYARRANGEMENTSHAVEBECOMESOCIALLYACCEPTABLEBATYPICALAMERICANFAMILYISMADEUPOFONLYAHUSBANDANDAWIFECAMERICANSPREFERTOHAVEMOREKIDSTHANBEFOREDTHEREARENONUCLEARFAMILIESANYMORE16“PARTTIME”CHILDRENASPENDSOMEOFTHEIRTIMEWITHTHEIRHALFBROTHERSANDSOMEOFTHEIRTIMEWITHTHEIRHALFSISTERSWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BSPENDALLOFTHEIRTIMEWITHONEPARENTFROMTHEPREVIOUSMARRIAGECARESHAREDBETWEENTHETWOFORMERSPOUSESDCANNOTSTAYWITH“FULLTIME”CHILDREN17EVENTHOUGHGREATCHANGESHAVETAKENPLACEINTHESTRUCTUREOFAMERICANFAMILIES,ATHEVASTMAJORITYOFAMERICANSSTILLHAVEFAITHINMARRIAGEBTHEFUNCTIONSOFMARRIAGEREMAINUNCHANGEDCMOSTAMERICANSPREFERASECONDMARRIAGEDMOSTDIVORCEDAMERICANSWOULDRATHERNOTREMARRY【答案与解析】WWWKS5UCOM1B第一段第一句是一个问题,第二句是对这个问题的回答。然后在第三句话中作者又引用了新英格兰医学杂志上的一篇文章来进一步支持这一理论,故B为正确答案。2B作者在第二段中先对实例进行对比。在本段最后一句指出,明显的保护源是饮酒者的高密脂蛋白中的含量更高,即所谓的好的胆固醇高,可抑止心脏病。由此推知不饮酒者的“好的胆固醇少”,这正是B的内容。3C由最后一段可知,即使是适当饮酒,也有两种不同的态度有些医生建议心脏病患者每天喝上一点,可大多数医生并不准备这么做。此外,有的研究报告指出适当饮酒可能增加乳房和结肠癌的患病率。由此可知,C为正确答案。4D全文主要说明饮酒是否对健康有好处。5A第二段交待英国单亲家庭上涨比例最大(22)。6D文章涉及更多的是现象,而未提及原因。7B文章第三段第一句说明B项正确。其他均不符合文章。8C从文章第一段可知美国1999年单亲家庭比例是8,2000年是9。9C根据第二段第二句TRUEWORKAHOLICSWOULDRATHERWORKTHANDOANYTHINGELSE可知工作狂只是更愿意工作,而非只知道工作,A说法过于绝对。根据第四段第三句ITPROVIDESPEOPLEWITHPAYCHECKS可排除B。文中只提到“工作狂”工作时间比其他人更长、工作更卖力,但未提及他们的责任问题,故排除D。根据第四段第四句BUTIT=WORKOFFERSMORETHANFINANCIALSECURITY及第五句IT=WORKPROVIDESPEOPLEWITH可知C正确WWWKS5UCOM10C从文章第四段第五、六句我们知道,工作赋予他们一种满足感、成就感SENSEOFBEINGACCOMPLISHED,工作使人获得一种认同IDENTITY,通过参与工作,他们获得一种自我意

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