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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十二)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十二)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十二)(1)Whenseveraldifferentpeoplelookatthesameperson,itisnotunusualforeachofthemtoseedifferentthingswhenyoualoneobserveonebehaviororonepersonattwodifferenttimes,youmayseedifferentthings.ThefollowingarebutsomeofthefactorsthatleadtothesevaryingperceptionsEachpersonsperceptionsofothersareformedbyhisorherownculturalconditioning,education,andpersonalexperience.Sometimesperceptionsdifferbecauseofwhatwechoosetoobserveandhowwedealwithwhatweveobserved.Itisnotnecessarilytruethatpersonsperceptionisbasedonobservationsofaparticularperson.Yourobservationsmaybetotallycontrolledbysome.Yourobservationsmaybetotallycontrolledbywhatothershavetoldyouaboutthispersonoryoumayfocusprimarilyonthesituationorrolerelationship.Mostpeopledonotusethesameyardsticktomeasuretheirparents,theirfriends,andstrangers.Sometimesweseeonlywhatwewanttoseewhatmaybeobversetoothersbecauseofourownneeds,desires,ortemporaryemotionalstates.Thisisaprocessknownasselectiveperception.Selectiveperceptionisobviouslymoredifficultwhencontradictoryinformationisparticularlyobvious,butitcanbedone.WecanignorethestimulusHesbasicallyagoodboy,sowhatIsawwasnotshoplifting.WecanreducetheimportanceofthecontradictoryinformationAllkidsgetintomischief顽皮.Takingabookfromthebookstoreisntsuchabigdeal.WecallchangethemeaningofthecontradictoryinformationItwasntshopliftingbecausehewasgoingtopayforitlater....w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m1.Whileobservingaparticularperson,.A.oneislikelytotakeallaspectsintoconsiderationB.onepaysmoreattentiontohisorheradvantagesC.childrenoftendifferfromgownupsinperceptionD.onetendstochoosecertaincuestolookfor2.Observationofthesamepersonbytwopeopleatthesametimemaydifferbecause.A.theiryardsticksarenotthesameB.eitherofthemmaybeslowtocatchinformationC.thetimeforobservationsisnotlongenoughD.eachofthemusesdifferentlanguagetoexpresshisorherimpressionswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3.TheunderlinedwordignoreinParagraph4meansto.A.understandsomethingB.trytodosomethingC.paynoattentiontosomethingD.knowsomethingbetter4.Theworstthinginselectiveperceptionisthat.A.perceivedinformationrunsagainstyourdesireB.factscanbetotallyignoredanddistortedC.importanceofcontradictoryinformationcanbeoverratedD.thesameinformationmaynotbedealtwithinthesameway(2)WASHINGTONLauraStraubisaveryworriedwoman.HerjobistofindfamiliesforFrenchteenagerswhoexpecttolivewithAmericanfamiliesinthesummer.Itsnoteasy,evendesperate.Wehavemanychildrenlefttoplace40outof75,saidStraub,whoworksforaParisbasedforeignexchangeprogrammecalledLEC.Whenexchangeprogrammesstarted50yearsago,morefamilieswerewillingtohelpothers.Foronething,moremothersstayedhome.Butnow,increasingnumbersofwomenworkoutsidethehome.Exchangestudentprogrammeshavestruggledinrecentyearstosignuphostfamiliesforthe30,000teenagerswhocomefromabroadeveryyeartohavesomecoursesforoneyearintheUnitedStates.aswellasthethousandsmorewhotakepartinsummerprogrammes.SchoolsystemsinmanypartsoftheUS,unhappyaboutacceptingnontaxpayingstudents,havealsostrictlylimitedthenumberofexchangestudentstheyaccept.Atthesametime,theideaofhostingforeignstudentsisbecominglessexotic异国情调的.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mInsearchingforhostfamilies,whousuallyreceivenopay,exchangeprogrammesareincreasinglybroadeningtheirrequeststoincludeeveryonefromyoungcouplestotheretired.Weareopentomanydifferenttypesoffamilies.saidVickieWeiner,easternregionaldirectorforASSE,a25yearoldprogrammethatsendsabout30,000teenagersononeyearexchangeprogrammesworldwide.Forelderlypeople,exchangestudentskeepupyoungtheyreallydo,saidJeanFoster,whoishosting16yearoldNinaPorstfromDenmark.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载5.ForeignteenagerscometoAmericanfamilieswilhthepurposeof.A.findingthierparentsinAmericaB.findinggoodjobsinAmericaC.learningthecultureofAmericaD.enjoyingthelifeofAmerica6.Inthepast,Straubsjobwaseasy,becauseAmericanfamilies.A.neededmoremoneytoliveB.hadfewerchildrentosupportC.hadspareroomstorentD.werenotasbusyasnow7.Todealwiththeprobleminrecentyears,Straubandherworkmateshaveto.A.askdifferentkindsoffamiliesforhelpB.limitthenumberoftheexchangestudentsC.borrowmuchmoneytopayforthecostsD.forcesomefamiliestoacceptstudents8.Fromthelastparagraphwecanconcludethat.A.exchangestudentsarewelcomeinAmericaB.exchangestudentsmustpaymuchmoneytothehostfamiliesC.AmericanstudentsdontwanttojointheexchangeprogrammesD.oldAmericanscanbenefitfromhostingexchangestudents答案与解析1.A见第3段最后一句及最后一段,尤其是第1句。对同一件事的看法完全相反,影响的因素包括个人的需要情感因素等。2.C根据该词后面所举的例子(对shoplifting的截然相反的看法),可知ignore的含义。3.D采用排除法。A项指的是被感知的信息与自己的愿望相反评价的标准是个人的主观意识,文中亦未谈到B项和C项在文中也都没提到,为主观臆断。而最后一段却为D项提供了依据(见2、3两句以及后面的例子)。4.C法国十几岁的孩子到美国家庭中去体验生活,而不只是去享受生活,更不是去找父母或工作。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m5.D由第四段whenexchangeprogrammesstarted50yearsago,more...stayedhome可知。6.A由倒数第三段fromyoungcouplestotheretired可知7.D由elderlypeople及keepupyoung...hosting16yearsold...可知。

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