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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十六)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十六)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十六)(一)LOOKINGBACKONMYCHILDHOOD,IAMCONVINCEDTHATNATURALISTSAREBORNANDNOTMADEALTHOUGHWEWEREALLBROUGHTUPINTHESAMEWAY,MYBROTHERSANDSISTERSSOONABANDONEDTHEIRPRESSEDFLOWERSANDINSECTSUNLIKETHEM,IHADNOEARFORMUSICANDLANGUAGESIWASNOTANEARLYREADERANDICOULDNOTDOMENTALARITHMETICBEFOREWORLDWARIWESPENTOURSUMMERHOLIDAYSINHUNGARYIHAVEONLYTHEDIMMEMORYOFTHEHOUSEWELIVEDIN,OFMYROOMANDMYTOYSNORDOIRECALLCLEARLYTHELARGEFAMILYOFGRANDPARENTS,AUNTS,UNCLESANDCOUSINSWHOGATHEREDNEXTDOORBUTIDOHAVEACLEARMEMORYOFTHEDOGS,THEFARMANIMALS,THELOCALBIRDS,ANDABOVEALL,THEINSECTSIAMANATURALIST,NOTASCIENTISTIHAVEASTRONGLOVEOFTHENATURALWORLDANDMYENTHUSIASMHADLEDMEINTOVARIEDINVESTIGATIONSILOVEDISCUSSINGMYFAVORITETOPICSANDENJOYBURNINGTHEMIDNIGHTOILREADINGABOUTOTHERPEOPLESOBSERVATIONSANDDISCOVERIESTHENSOMETHINGHAPPENSTHATBRINGSTHESEOBSERVATIONSTOGETHERINMYCONSCIOUSMINDSUDDENLYYOUFANCYYOUSEETHEANSWERTOTHERIDDLE,BECAUSEITALLSEEMSTOFITTOGETHERTHISHASRESULTEDINMYPUBLISHING300PAPERSANDBOOKS,WHICHSOMEMIGHTHONORWITHTHETITLEOFSCIENTIFICRESEARCHBUTCURIOSITY,AKEENEYE,AGOODMEMORYANDENJOYMENTOFTHEANIMALANDPLANTWORLDDONOTMAKEASCIENTISTONEOFTHEOUTSTANDINGANDESSENTIALQUALITIESREQUIREDISSELFDISCIPLINE,AQUALITYILACKASCIENTIST,UPTOACERTAINPOINT,CANBEMADEANATURALISTISBORNIFYOUCANCOMBINETHETWO,YOUGETTHEBESTOFBOTHWORLDS1THEFIRSTPARAGRAPHTELLSUSTHEAUTHORWWWKS5UCOMAWASINTERESTEDINFLOWERSANDINSECTSINHISCHILDHOODBLOSTHISHEARINGWHENHEWASACHILDCDIDN’TLIKEHISBROTHERSANDSISTERSDWASBORNTOANATURALIST’SFAMILY2THEAUTHORCAN’TREMEMBERHISRELATIVESCLEARLYBECAUSEAHEDIDN’TLIVEVERYLONGWITHTHEMBTHEFAMILYWASEXTREMELYLARGECHEWASTOOYOUNGWHENHELIVEDWITHTHEMDHEWASFULLYOCCUPIEDWITHOBSERVINGNATURE3ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATTHEAUTHORWASAASCIENTISTASWELLASANATURALISTWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BANATURALISTBUTNOTASCIENTISTCNOMORETHANABORNNATURALISTDFIRSTOFALLASCIENTIST4THEAUTHORSAYSTHATHEISANATURALISTRATHERTHANASCIENTISTPROBABLYBECAUSEHETHINKSHEAHASAGREATDEALOFTROUBLEDOINGMENTALARITHMETICBLACKSSOMEOFTHEQUALITIESREQUIREDOFASCIENTISTCJUSTREADSABOUTOTHERPEOPLE’SOBSERVATIONSANDDISCOVERIESDCOMESUPWITHSOLUTIONSINAMOSTNATURALWAYWWWKS5UCOM(二)HIRINGASELFDRIVECARREALLYADDSTOTHEENJOYMENTOFYOURHOLIDAYTHEREARESOMANYPLACESOFINTERESTTOVISIT,ANDIFYOUENJOYSEEINGMORETHANJUSTTHECITYCENTERTHERE’SNOBETTERWAYTOEXPLORETHANBYCARHIRECHARGESWHAT’SINCLUDEDAUNLIMITEDMILEAGE英里数BEXPENSESONOIL,MAINTENANCE保养ANDREPAIRS,WHICHWILLBEREPAIDONPRODUCTIONOFINVOICES发票WHAT’SNOTINCLUDEDAPERSONALACCIDENTINSURANCEBGARAGING,PETROL,PARKINGANDTRAFFICFINESCONDITIONOFHIRETHESHORTESTRENTALPERIODATTHESESPECIALLYLOWPRICESISTHREEDAYSFORPRICESFORPERIODSOFONEORTWODAYSYOUONLYSEEOURREPRESENTATIVEATTHEHOTELCARHIREMUSTBEBOOKEDSIXWEEKSORMOREBEFOREARRIVALINLONDONTOGUARANTEEACARBUTIFYOUHAVEBEENUNABLETOMAKEABOOKINGINADVANCE,PLEASESEEOURREPRESENTATIVEATTHEHOTELWHOMAYSTILLBEABLETOHELPYOUTHECARTYPESONTHESHEETAREEXAMPLESOFTHETYPESOFCARSINEACHPRICERANGE,BUTAPARTICULARCARCANNOTBEGUARANTEEDUPONDELIVERYTHEDRIVERSWILLBEASKEDTOSIGNTHECARHIRECOMPANY’SCONDITIONSOFHIREIFYOUDECIDETOHIREACAR,JUSTFILLINTHEBOOKINGFORMANDRETURNITTOUSABOOKINGFEEOF£12ASPARTOFWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载THECARHIRECOSTISREQUIREDSHOULDYOUBEFORCEDTOCANCELYOURCARHIREBOOKINGAFTERPAYMENTINFULLTWOWEEKSBEFOREDATEOFHIRE,ACANCELLATIONCHARGEOF£12WILLBEMADEWWWKS5UCOM5FROMTHEADVERTISEMENTWECANSEEACARHIRERWILLPAYAINSURANCEAGAINSTDAMAGETOTHECARBINSURANCEAGAINSTINJURYTOTHEDRIVERCTHECOSTOFMAINTENANCEOFTHECARDTHECOSTOFREPAIRSTOTHECAR6WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEJUDGINGFROMTHEADVERTISEMENTASUCHANADVERTISEMENTMOSTLIKELYAPPEARSINANEWSPAPERBYOUAREREQUIREDTOFILLINAFORMBEFOREYOUHIREACARCYOUAREPRETTYCERTAINTOHIREAPARTICULARCARIFYOU’DLIKETODYOUHAVETOPAYABOOKINGFEEWHENYOUHIREACARFROMTHECOMPANY7IFCARHIRERSCHANGETHEIRMINDSAFTERPAYINGTHEWHOLECOSTOFHIRING,THE£12BOOKINGFEEISAPARTLYRETURNEDBDOUBLYPAIDCNOTRETURNEDATALLDRETURNEDWITHINTWOWEEKS(三)INONLYTWODECADESASIANAMERICANSHAVEBECOMETHEFASTESTGROWINGUSMINORITYASTHEIRCHILDRENBEGANMOVINGUPTHROUGHTHENATIONSCHOOLS,ITBECAMECLEARTHATANEWCLASSOFACADEMICACHIEVERSWASEMERGINGTHEIRACHIEVEMENTSAREREFLECTEDINTHENATION’SBESTUNIVERSITIES,WHEREMATHEMATICS,SCIENCEANDENGINEERINGDEPARTMENTSHAVETAKENONADECIDEDLYASIANCHARACTERTHISSPECIALLIKINGFORMATHEMATICSANDSCIENCEISPARTLYEXPLAINEDBYTHEFACTTHATASIANAMERICANSTUDENTSWHOBEGANTHEIREDUCATIONABROADARRIVEDINTHEUSWITHASOLIDGROUNDINGINMATHEMATICSBUTLITTLEORNOKNOWLEDGEOFENGLISHTHEYAREALSOINFLUENCEDBYTHEPROMISEOFAGOODJOBAFTERCOLLEGEASIANSFEELTHEREWILLBELESSUNFAIRTREATMENTINAREASLIKEMATHEMATICSANDSCIENCEBECAUSETHEYWILLBEJUDGEDMOREOBJECTIVELYANDTHERETURNONTHEINVESTMENTINEDUCATIONISMOREIMMEDIATEINSOMETHINGLIKEENGINEERINGTHANWITHANARTSDEGREEMOSTASIANAMERICANSTUDENTSOWETHEIRSUCCESSTOTHEINFLUENCEOFPARENTSWHOAREDETERMINEDTHATTHEIRCHILDRENTAKEFULLADVANTAGEOFWHATTHEAMERICANEDUCATIONALSYSTEMHASTOOFFERANEFFECTIVEMEASUREOFPARENTALWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载ATTENTIONISHOMEWORKASIANPARENTSSPENDMORETIMEWITHTHEIRCHILDRENTHANAMERICANPARENTSDO,ANDITHELPSMANYRESEARCHERSALSOBELIEVETHEREISSOMETHINGINASIANCULTURETHATBREEDSSUCCESS,SUCHASIDEALSTHATSTRESSFAMILYVALUESANDEMPHASIZEEDUCATIONWWWKS5UCOMBOTHEXPLANATIONSFORACADEMICSUCCESSWORRYASIANAMERICANSBECAUSEOFFEARSTHATTHEYFEEDATYPICALRACIALIMAGEMANYCANREMEMBERWHENCHINESE,JAPANESEANDFILIPINOIMMIGRANTSWERETHEVICTIMSOFSOCIALISOLATIONINDEED,ITWASNOTUNTIL1952THATLAWSWERELAIDDOWNGIVINGALLASIANIMMIGRANTSTHERIGHTTOCITIZENSHIP8WHILEMAKINGTREMENDOUSACHIEVEMENTSATCOLLEGE,ASIANAMERICANSTUDENTSAFEELTHEYAREMISTREATEDBECAUSEOFLIMITEDKNOWLEDGEOFENGLISHBAREAFRAIDTHATTHEIRACADEMICSUCCESSESBEARASTRONGASIANCHARACTERCSTILLWORRYABOUTUNFAIRTREATMENTINSOCIETYDGENERALLYFEELITASHAMETOHAVETODEPENDONTHEIRPARENTS9WHATARETHEMAJORFACTORSTHATDETERMINETHESUCCESSOFASIANAMERICANSAASOLIDFOUNDATIONINBASICMATHEMATICSANDASIANCULTUREBHARDWORKANDINTELLIGENCECPARENTS’HELPANDALIMITEDKNOWLEDGEOFENGLISHDASIANCULTUREANDTHEAMERICANEDUCATIONALSYSTERM10FEWASIANAMERICANSTUDENTSMAJORINHUMANSCIENCESMAINLYBECAUSEATHEIRENGLISHISNOTGOODENOUGHBTHEYAREAFRAIDTHEYMIGHTMEETWITHUNFAIRJUDGMENTINTHESEAREASCTHEREISAWIDEDIFFERENCEBETWEENASIANANDWESTERNCULTURESDTHEYKNOWLITTLEABOUTAMERICANCULTUREANDSOCIETY11WHYDO“BOTHEXPLANATIONS”PARA3WORRYASIANAMERICANSATHEYAREAFRAIDTHATTHEYWILLAGAINBEISLOATEDFROMAMERICANSOCIETYINGENERALBPEOPLEWILLTHINKTHATASIANSTUDENTSRELYONTHEIRPARENTSFORSUCCESSCASIANAMERICANSWILLBEATHREATTOOTHERMINORITIESDAMERICANACADEMICACHIEVEMENTSHAVETAKENONTOOSTRONGANASIANCHARACTER(四)HOWTOEATHEALTHFULLYCANBEESPEICALLYCOMPLEXFORWORKINGWOMENWHOOFTENHAVENEITHERTHEDESIRENORTHETIMETOCOOKFORTHEMSELVESORFORANYONEELSEREGISTEREDDIETITIAN营养专家BARHARAMORRISSEYSUGGESTSTHATAFEWSIMPLERULESCANHELPWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载“GOFORNUTRIENTDENSEFOODS,”SHESUGGESTS,“FOODSTHATCONTAINAMULTIPLEOFNUTRIENTSFOREXAMPLE,SELECTWHOLEWHEATBREADASABREAKFASTFOOD,RATHERTHANCOFFEECAKEORDRINKORANGEJUICERATHERTHANORANGEDRINK,WHICHCONTAINSONLYASMALLPERCENTAGEOFREALJUICETHERESTISLARGELYCOLOREDSUGARWATERYOUJUSTCAN’TCOMPARETHEVALUEOFTHESEFOODS,THENUTRIENTDENSEONESARESOSUPERIOR,”SHEEMPHASIZESMORRISSEYBELIEVESTHATVARIETYISNOTONLYTHESPICEOFLIFEIT’STHEFOUNDATIONOFAHEALTHFULDIETDIETSWHICHAREBASEDONONEORTWOFOODSARENOTONLYVIRTUALLYIMPOSSIBLETOKEEPUPTHESTRENGTH,THEYCANBEVERYHARMFUL,SHESAYS,BECAUSENUTRIENTSAREN’TSUPPLIEDINSUFFICIENTAMOUNTSORBALANCEWWWKS5UCOMACCORDINGTOMORRISSEY,TRYINGTOFINDADIETTHATCANCUREYOURILLNESSES,ORMAKEYOUSUPERWOMANISAFRUITLESSSEARCHASWOMEN,MANYOFUSARETOOCONCERNEDWITHSTAYINGTHIN,SHESAYS,ANDWEBELIEVETHATVITAMINSARESOMEKINDOFMAGICCURETOREPLACEFOOD“WENEEDCARBOHYDRATES,PROTEINANDFATTHEYARELIKETHEWOODINTHEFIREPLACETHEVITAMINSANDMINERALSARELIKETHEMATCH,THESPARK,FORTHEFUEL,”SHEEXPLAINS“WENEEDTHEMALL,BUTINAVERYDIFFERENTPROPORTIONSANDIFTHEFUELISN’TTHERE,THESPARKISUSELESS”12FROMTHEPARAGRAPHWEKNOWTHATWORKINGWOMENATHINKCOOKINGISESPECIALLYCOMPLICATEDBDONOTSHARETHESAMEVIEWSWITHREGISTEREDDIETITIANSCAREBUSYANDNOTINTERESTEDINCOOKINGDARELIKELYTOEATHEALTHFULLY13ORANGEJUICEISDIFFERENTFROMORANGEDRINKINTHATAITCONTAINSONLYASMALLPERCENTAGEOFREALJUICEBITISNATURAL,NUTRITIOUSANDPREPAREDFROMREALORANGESCITISLARGELYORANGECOLOREDSUGARWATERDITPRODUCESNOTHINGBUTCALORIES14INPARAGRAPH4,“AFRUITLESSSEARCH”MEANSAANEFFORTWITHNORESULTSBASEARCHFORADIETWITHOUTFRUITSCARESEARCHONFRUITLESSDIETDADIETSERVINGASMEDICINE15MANYWOMENTAKEITFORGRANTED,ACCORDINGTOPASSAGETHATAABALANCEDDIETCANRESULTINBEINGFATWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BSTAYINGTHINANDHEALTHYAREBOTHPOSSIBLECLACKOFVARIETYINDIETSLEADSTOSTAYINGTHINDVITAMINSARESOMEKINDOFSUBSITUTIONSFORFOOD16BY“IFTHEFUELISN’TTHERE,THESPARKISUSELESS”,THEAUTHORMEANSACARBOHYDRATES,PROTEINANDFATAREENOUGHTOSUPPORTAHUMANLIFEBVITAMINSANDMINERALSAREVIRTUALLYOFNOVALUEWWWKS5UCOMCCARBOHYDRATES,PROTEINANDFATAREASIMPORTANTASVITAMINSANDMINERALSDWITHOUTCARBOHYDRATES,PROTEINANDFAT,VITAMINSANDMINERALSAREOFNOUSE1A第一段告诉我们,童年的作者对花和昆虫感兴趣。作者在第一段说“ALTHOUGHWEWEREALLBROUGHTUPINTHESAMEWAY,MYBROTHERSANDSISTERSSOONABANDONEDTHEIRPRESSEDFLOWERSANDINSECTS”此句暗示作者自己则坚持了下来。因此A为正确答案。B、C和D的内容与本文无关。2D因为他把注意力全放在观察自然上了。第二段最后一句明确说明了这一问题的原因。3A作者既是一位博物学家,也是一位科学家。这一点可从第三段最后一句推测而出。作者称自己不是一位科学家是在谦虚。D不对,B和C为文中的明确表述,而不是推测的结果。4B作者在最后一段指出“\ONEOFTHEOUTSTANDINGANDESSENTIALQUALITIESREQUIREDISSELF\|DISCIPLINE,AQUALITYILACK”,由此可知B为正确答案。5B从WHAT’SNOTINCLUDED可以看出INJURYTOTHEDRIVER属于个人事故。6C从租车的第三个条件APARTICULARCARCANNOTBEGUARANTEED可以看出特殊车辆无法保证。7C单方面取消合同,预交合同费从不退还。8C文章第三段第一句明确指出,“BOTHEXPLANATIONSFORACADEMICSUCCESSWORRYASIANAMERICANSBECAUSEOFFEARSTHATTHEYFEEDATYPICALRACIALIMAGE”此句中“FEEDATYPICALRACIALIMAGE”意为“培养了一种典型的种族形象”,即担心因与众不同更易受到歧视与孤立。因此C“仍然担心社会的不公正对待”为正确答案。9A亚裔美国人成功的主要因素是数学基础坚实,亚洲文化历来重视教育。文章前两段分析了亚裔学生主要在理工科方面学业突出的原因,即有坚实的数学基础和父母的言传身教。B也是成功的因素之一,但文章并示提到;C中“ALIMITEDKNOWLEDGEOFENGLISH”不是主要原因;D中的“THEAMERICANEDUCATIONALSYSTEM”为所有学生提供的机会是均等的,不是亚裔学生成功的根本原因。10B亚裔学生很少主修人文科学是因为担心会受到不公平对待。根据文章第一段倒数第二句“ASIANSFEELTHEREWILLBELESSUNFAIRTREATMENTINAREASLIKEMATHERMATICSANDSCIENCEBECAUSETHEYWILLBEJUDGEDMOREOBJECTIVELY”可推断,对人文科学成就的评价带有主观因素,因而更容易受到不公正对等。A、C、D并不是主要原因。WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载11A从最后一段判断,亚裔美国学生担心自己的突出成就会使自己再次成为社会孤立的对象。因此A为正确答案。WWWKS5UCOM12C从第一段可以知道职业妇女忙,对做饭不感兴趣,从第一段的“HAVENEITHERTHEDESIRENORTHETIMET

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