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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十四)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十四)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十四)一Evenwithlittleexposuretoculturalstandardsofbeauty,infantstreatattractivefacesasdistinctiveregardlessofthesex,ageandraceofthestimulus刺激物faces,writepsychologistJudithH.LangloisandhercolleaguesintheJanuaryDEVELOPMENTALPSYCHOLOGY.Intheirexperiment,5healthy6montholdinfantsfrommiddleclassfamiliesviewedslidesshowingeightpairsofwhitemalefacesandeightpairsofwhitefemalefaces.Eachpair,displayedfor10seconds,consistedofoneattractiveandoneunattractiveface,aspreviouslyjudgedbyagroupofmaleandfemalecollegestudents.Anexperimenterviewedtheyoungparticipantsonavideomonitorandrecordedthedirectionanddurationofeachinfantsgaze.The35boysand25girlslookedlongeratbothmaleandfemalefacesjudgedasattractive,theresearchersfound.Theirsecondstudyof6montholdinvolved15boysand25girls,mostlywhite,whosaweightpairsofslidesshowinganattractiveandanunattractiveblackfemale,aspreviouslyjudgedbybothwhiteandblackcollegestudents.Again,thebabieslookedmuchlongeratattractivefaces.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mFinally,19boysand20girls,all6monthsoldandalmostallofthemwhite,viewedeightpairsofslidesshowingthefacesof3montholdboysandgirlspreviouslyratedasattractiveorunattractivebycollegestudents.Attractivebabyfacesdrewsignficantlylongerlooks,thepsychologistsreport.Furtherstudiesmustexplorewhetherinfantstakeattractivefacesasbestexamplesofaface,theinvestigatorsclaimLangloisandacoworkerrecentlyreportedthatattractivefacesmaypossessfeaturesthatapproximatethemathematicalaverageofallfacesinparticularpopulation.1.WhatwasfoundinthefirststudyA.Maleinfantslookedlongeronlyatfemaleones.B.Femaleslookedmoreattractivethanmales.C.Sixty6montholdbabieslookedlongerattheattractivefaces,maleorfemale.D.Whitefemalefacesdrewmoreattentionthanthoseofblackones.2.Inthelastparagraph,thewriterimpliesthat.A.LangloisandherpartnerswillstoptheirexperimentstheyaccomplishedalotB.Langloisandherpartnerswillfocusontheotherfieldsofinfantswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载C.LangloisandherpartnershaveachievedsuccessinstudyingtheinfantsmindD.Langloisandherpartnershavefoundamoreinterestingfield3.WhatcanbeinferredfromthepassageA.Allbabies,whiteorblack,tendtosharewiththecollegestudentsthepreferenceforattractivefaces.B.Whitebabiespreferwhitefacestoblackones.C.Babiestendtogetinterestedintheattractivefacesoftheoppositesex.D.Beautyhassomethingtodowithapersonsage,raceandsex4.Thetitlethatbestexpressesthemainideais.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.PsychologyofInfantsB.BeautyinVarietyC.BeautyandRaceD.BeautyinInfants(二)Americaisacountryonthemove.Inunheardofnumbers,peopleofallagesareexercisingtheirwaytobetterhealth.Accordingtothelatestfigures,4percentofAmericanadultsexerciseregularlyup12percentfromjusttwoyearsagoandmorethandoublethefigureof25yearsago.Evennonexercisersbelievetheywouldbemoreattractiveandconfidentiftheyweremoreactive.Itishardnottogetthemessage.Thevirtuesofphysicalfitnessareshownonmagazinecovers,postagestamps,andtelevisionadsofeverythingfrombeautysoapstotravelbooks.Exerciseasapartofdailylifedidnotcatchonuntilthelate195swhenresearchbymilitarydoctorsbegantoshowthehealthbenefitsofdoingregularphysicalexercises.Growingpublicity宣传forracesheldinAmericancitieshelpedfuelastronginterestintheancientsportofrunning.AlthoughrunninghasleveledoffinrecentyearsasAmericanshavediscoveredequallyrewardingandsometimessaferformsofexercise,suchaswalkingandswimming,runningremainsthemostpopularformofexercise.Asthepopularityofexercisecontinuestomount,sodoesscientificevidenceofitshealthbenefits.Thekeytofitnessisexercisingthemajormusclegroupsvigorously强有力地enoughtoapproximatelydoubletheheartrateandkeepitdoubledfor20to30minutesatatime.Doingsuchphysicalexercisesthreetimesormoreaweekwillproduceconsiderableimprovementsinphysicalhealthinaboutthreemonths.5.Itcanbelearntfromthepassagethatthehealthbenefitsofexercise.A.aretobefurtherstudiedB.areselfevidentC.areyettobeprovedD.aresupportedbyscientificevidence6.Agrowinginterestinsportsdevelopedafter___________.A.anincreasingnumberofraceswereheldinAmericancitieswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.researchshowedtheirhealthbenefitsC.scientificevidenceofhealthbenefitswasshownonTVadsD.peoplegotthemessagefrommagazinecoversandpostagestamps7.WhichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthepassageA.ExerciseTheRoadtoHealthB.ScientificEvidenceofHealthBenefitsC.DifferentFormsofExerciseD.RunningAPopularFormofSport8.Whichofthefollowingisclosestinmeaningtothephraseleveledoffintheparagraph2A.reacheditslowestlevelinpopularityB.stoppedbeingpopularC.stoppedincreasinginpopularityD.becomeverypopular(三)w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mUnlesswespendmoneyspottingandpreventingasteroids小行星now,onemightcrashintoEarlyanddestroylifeasweknowit,saysomescientists.Asteroidsarebiggerversionsofthemeteoroids流星thatraceacrossthenightsky.MostorbitthesunfarfromEarthanddontthreatenus.ButtherearealsothousandsofasteroidswhoseorbitsputthemonacollisioncoursewithEarth.Buy50millionworthofnewtelescopesrightnow.Thenspend10millionayearforthenext25yearstolocatemostofthespacerocks.Bythetimewespotafatalone,thescientistssay,wellhaveawaytochangeitscourse.Somescientistsfavorpushingasteroidsoffcoursewithnuclearweapons.Butthecostwouldntbecheap.IsisworthitTwothingsexpertsconsiderwhenjudginganyriskare1Howlikelytheeventisand2Howbadtheconsequencesiftheeventoccurs.ExpertsthinkanasteroidbigenoughtodestroylotsoflifemightstrikeEarthonceevery500000years.Soundsprettyrarebutifonedidfall,itwouldbetheendoftheworld.Ifwedonttakecareoftheseasteroids,theylltakecareofus,saysonescientist.Itsthatsimple.Thecure,though,mightbeworsethanthedisease.DowereallywantfleetsofnuclearweaponssittingaroundonEarthTheworldhaslesstofearfromdoomsday世界末日rocksthanfromagreatnuclearfleetsetagainstit,saidaNewYorkTimesarticle.9.WhatdoesthepassagesayaboutasteroidsandmeteoroidsA.Theyareheavenlybodiesdifferentincomposition.B.Theyareheavenlybodiessimilarinnature.C.Therearemoreasteroidsthanmeteoroids.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.Asteroidsaremoremysteriousthanmeteoroids.10.WhatdoscientistssayaboutthecollisionofanasteroidwithEarthA.Itisveryunlikelybutthedangerexists.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mB.Suchacollisionmightoccuronceevery25years.C.CoilisionsofsmallerasteroidswithEarthoccurmoreoftenthanexpected.D.ltsstilltooearlytosaywhethersuchacollisionmightoccur.11.WhatdopeoplethinkofthesuggestionofusingnuclearweaponstoalterthecourseofasteroidsA.Itsoundspracticalbutitmaynotsolvetheproblem.B.Itmaycreatemoreproblemsthanitmightslove.C.ItisawasteofmoneybecauseacollisionofasteroidswithEarthisveryunlikely.D.Furtherresearchshouldbedonebeforeitisprovedapplicable.12.Wecanconcludefromthepassagethat.A.whilepushingasteroidsoffcoursenuclearweaponswoulddestroytheworldB.asteroidsracingacrossthenightskyarelikelytohitEarthinthenearfutureC.theworryaboutasteroidscanbelefttofuturegenerationssinceitisunliketohappeninourlifetime.D.workablesolutionsstillhavetobefoundtopreventacollisionofasteroidswithEarth(四)Whilestillinitsearlystages,welfarereformhasalreadybeenjudgedagreatsuccessinmanystatesatleastingettingpeopleoffwelfare.Itsestimatedthatmorethan2millionpeoplehavelefttherollssince1994.Inthepastfouryears,welfarerollsinAthensCountyhavebeencutinhalf.But15percentsofthepeoplewholeftinthepasttwoyearstookjobsthatpaidlessthan6anhour.TheresuitTheAthensCountypovertyratestillremainsatmorethan30percenttwicethenationalaverage.Foradvocates代言人forthepoor,thatsanindicationthatmuchmoreneedstobedone.Morepeoplearegettingjobs,butitsnotmakingtheirlivesanybetter,saysKathyLairn,apolicyanalystattheCenteronBudgetandpolicyPrioritiesinWashington.AcenteranalysisofUSCensusdatanationwidefoundthatbetween1995and1996,agreaterpercentageofsingle,femaleheadedhouseholdswereearningmoneyontheirown,butthataverageincomeforthesehouseholdsactuallywentdown.Butformany,thefactthatpoorpeopleareabletosupportthemselvesalmostaswellwithoutgovernmentaidastheydidwithitisinitselfahugevictory.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载Welfarewasapoison.Itwasatoxin毒素thatwaspoisoningthefamily,saysRobertRector,awelfarereformpolicyanalyst.Thereformischangingthemoralclimateinlowincomecommunities.Itsbeginningtorebuildtheworkethic道德观,whichismuchmoreimportant.Mr.Rectorandothersarguedthatoncethehabitofdependencyiscracked,thenthecountrycanmakeotherpolicychangesaimedatimprovinglivingstandards.13.Fromthepassage,itcanbeseenthattheauther.A.believesthereformhasreducedthegovernmentsburdenB.insiststhatwelfarereformisdoinglittlegoodforthepoorC.isoverenthusiasticaboutthesuccessofwelfarereformD.considerswelfarereformtobefundamentallysuccessful14.WhyarentpeopleenjoyingbetterliveswhentheyhavejobsA.Becausemanyfamiliesaredivorced.B.Becausegovernmentaidisnowrare.C.Becausetheirwagesarelow.D.Becausethecostoflivingisrising.15.WhatisworthnotingfromtheexampleofAthensCountyisthat.A.greatereffortsshouldbemadetoimprovepeopleslivingstandardsB.15percentofthepeopletherehavebeenemployedfortwoyearsC.50percentofthepopulationnolongerreliesonwelfareD.thelivingstandardsofmostpeoplearegoingdown16.Fromthepassageweknowthatwelfarereformaimsat_______.A.savingwelfarefundsB.rebuildingtheworkethics观念C.providingmorejobsD.cuttinggovernmentexpenses1.C文章第二、三段讲述的是第一个实验的情况,第二段为实验经过,第三段是结果,即,35名男孩和25名女孩对漂亮男人和女人的脸看的时间较长。由此可知C为正确答案。2.D文章最后一段指出这些研究者坚持认为,进一步的研究应该探索这些婴儿是否把吸引入的面孔作为最典型的面孔。由此可推断出Langlois及其同事发现了一个更有趣的领域,故选D。3.A文章第四段指出40个婴儿对漂亮面孔的反应与大学生相同,都会对漂亮的脸看较长的时间,由此可推知A为正确答案。B和C在文中未提到文章首句提到...infantstreatattractivefaceasdistinctiveregardlessofthesex,ageandraceofthestimulusfaces,由此可排除D。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m4.B文章介绍了Langlois和其同事们的三次实验,内容是让一些六个月的婴儿观察漂亮与不漂亮的脸,结果发现他们与大学生一样,都会在漂亮面孔前注视的时间长一些,而漂亮面孔各有其特点,故B为最佳www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载题目。5.D可参考文章第二段,军医研究表明,因此正确答案为D有科学的证据支持。6.B参考文章第二段可知研究表明锻炼对人身体的好处。7.A本文以美国人为例讲运动对人身体的好处。正确答案应选A运动通向健康的道路。8.Cleveloff所在的是一个转折句,下句讲跑步仍是最受欢迎的运动方式,可推知上句应是说跑步不再流行。9.B文章第二段第一句指出,小行星是比划过夜空的流星大的天体。可见二者是性质相同的天体,只是大小不同。10.A文章第二段后两句指出,绝大多数的小行星围绕太阳运行。远离地球,不会威胁到我们。但仍然有上千颗小行星可能撞击地球。可见,小行星与地球相撞的可能性很小,但危险确实存在。B项为概念错误。文章第三段指出,确定大多数小行星的位置需要25年。文章第五段又提到,大到足以有很强毁灭性的小行星可能每五十万年与地球碰撞一次,可见B项是错误的,C项文中没有提到,D项与文章内容不符。11.B注意最后一段第一句中,cure指解决办法,即用核武器改变小行星的运行轨道,而disease指小行星可能与地球碰撞这件事情。由此本句可理解为核武器会比小行星带来更糟的后果,并且带给人们更大的恐慌。故选B项。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m12.D应依据全文内容作出选择。全文一再强调小行星与地球碰撞的危险性,但没有提及在不久的将来会发生,故排除B项。文章最后提出对付小行星的核武器在改变小行星运行轨道的同时会毁灭地球,那么可以得出结论解决小行星撞击地球的可行的办法有待进一步的探索。A项是事实,而不是结论。13.D纵观全文,作者十分客观地分析了福利制度改革的利与弊。改革成功地减少了靠福利救济生活的人数,尽管它并没能提高穷人的生活水平,但改变了低收入者的思想观念,使人们不再心安理得地接受救济。这本身就是一胜利。可见作者仍然认为福利制度改革利大于弊。14.C文章第二段第二句指出,第二年不再接受救济的人中,有15%找到了工作.但报酬每小时不到6美元。可见收入过低使他们生活贫困。15.A作者列举AthensCounty这个实例,是为了说明福利制度改革虽然使多数人重新开始工作,但由于收入低,人们的贫困状况仍然没有改变。文章第三段暗示了作者举例的意图AthensCounty提供的事实表明,人们为改善低收入者贫困生活所做出的努力还远远不够。可见,作者在呼吁政府作出更多的努力来改善人们的生活。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m16.B文章第七段末句指出,改革正在重塑人们的工作观,这是最重要的。可见,福利制度改革旨在改变人们的思想观念

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