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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十五)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十五)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十五)(一)MaterialGirlnomoreMadonnasayswritingchildrensbooksismoresatisfyingthanbeingamoviestar.Herbook,TheEnglishRoses,wentonsaleonSeptember15th,appearingin100countriesandin30languagesasthefirstinherseriesoftalesforchildren.Thepopdiva女歌唱家,whoseonlybookuntilnowwasthe1992photoessaytitledSex,saidshewrotethebookstoteachchildrensomeofthelifelessonssheslearnedovertheyears.ThemostfunthatIvehadofallthethingsIvedonesuccessfullyhasbeentowritethesebooks.AlotofithastodowiththefactthatImnotdoingittobecomemorefamous,andImnotdoingittobecomericher.ImdoingitbecauseIwanttosharesomethingIknowwithchildren.Hoursafteritsrelease,the43pagebookwasalreadyNo.3onAmazon,comssaleslist.Thefirstprintis1millioncopiesworldwide,withmorethan750,000intheUnitedStates.TheEnglishRosesisaboutafriendshipsharedbyfourgirlsandtheirmutual共同的envyofabeautifulclassmate,withillustrations插图byfashionartistJeffreyFulvimari.Thereisonelifegivingforceintheworld,Madonnadeclared.Whenwedisconnectfromthislifegivingforce,thatswhenwebringpainandsufferingintoourlives.EachofthestorieshastodowithdifferentwaysyoudisconnectfromGod.Madonnaalsosaidshewasdeeplyaffectedbytheexperienceofraisingtwochildren,Lourdes,6,andRocco,3.TheEnglishRosesisthelatestamongagrowingnumberofcelebritywrittenchildrensbooks.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mThenextbookintheseries,MrPeabodysApples,willbeoutinNovember.Eachtaleissetinadifferenttimeandplaceandhasnewcharactersanddifferentillustrators.1.HowmanybooksdoesMadonnasseriesoftalesincludeA.Atleast3.B.4.C.Atleast2.D.6.2.AccordingtotheideaofMadonna,theunderlinedphraselifegivingforceinParagraph5refersto.A.TheEnglishRoses.B.GodC.MrPeabodysApples.D.herlife3.WhenMadonnasaidwritingchildrensbookswasmoresatisfyingthanbeingamoviestar,shemeantthat.A.shewasmoresatisfiedwithherwritingchildrensbooksB.shewasmoresatisfiedasamoviestarC.beingamoviestarwasnotreallysuccessfulwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.shewasnotaMaterialGirlanymore4.Accordingtothepassage,MadonnawrotethebookTheEnglishRosesinorderto.A.providechildrenwithfunB.teachchildrensomelifelessonsC.teachchildrenhowtobecomefamousD.sharehersuccesswithchildren(二)LondonLauraSpencehasexcellentgrades,aplaceatHarvardUniversityandaUS25,000ayearscholarship.TheBritishGovernmentsaysthatisscandal丑闻.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mNotbecausethe13yearoldgirlisgoingtoHarvard,butbecauseshewasrejectedbyOxfordUniversity.Hercasemakespeopletalkaboutthelongrunningproblemsaboutelitism精英主义inBritisheducation.IthinkitsascandalifachildhastogotoHarvardratherthangettingintoOxford,dontyouEducationSecretaryDavidBlunkettsaidonMay26thinaninterviewonBBCradio.BritishTreasurychiefGordonBrownsaidinaspeechonMay25thitwasanabsolutescandal,agirlwiththosegradeswasturneddownbyOxfordsMagdalenCollege.HenotedthatSpencecomesfromMonkseatoninnortheasternEngland,wherepeoplesometimescomplaintheygetfewerchancesthanpeoplelivinginthericher,morepopuloussouth.OxfordandCambridgeUniversitynowtakethemajorityoftheirstudents53percentfrompubliclyfundedschools.Elite精英privateschoolssuchasEtonandHarrowaccountfortheother47percent,eventhoughtheyserveonly7percentofsecondarystudents.ABBCreporterhadseennotesofSpencesinterviewatMagdalen.Aswithothercomprehensiveschoolpupils,sheslowinconfidenceanddifficulttodrawoutofherselfinspiteofbeingabletothinkonherfeet,theBBCquotedthenotesassaying.Still,thenotesconcludedthatSpencewillbeanexcellentdoctor.Itappearsasifsomeofourinstitutionshaveadmissionsprocedureswhichmaybebecauseofabsurdprejudicesagainstchildrenfromcomprehensiveschoolsarenotgivingthesechildrenafaircrackofthewhip,EducationMinisterWickstoldtheBBC.5.LauraSpencewasrejectedbyOxfordUniversitybecause.A.shewasagirlof13yearsoldB.shelackedconfidenceandshecouldntthinkbyherselfC.shedidntwinexcellentgradesD.shewasashygirlfromacomprehensiveschoolinthepoorer,lesspopulousnorth6.IfLauraSpencewasfromsuchaschoolasEton,.A.shewouldbeadmittedtoOxfordB.shewouldbeacceptedbyHarvardwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载C.shecouldcauselongrunningproblemsaboutelitisminBritisheducationD.shewouldntbeanexcellentdoctorw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m7.WhatsthemeaningofafaircrackofthewhipinthelastparagraphA.Agoodchance.B.Warning.C.Rejection.D.Admission8.AccordingtoEducationMinisterWickswords,weknowhe.A.thoughttherewassomethingwrongwithproceduresofadmissionstotheirinstitutesB.tookthesideofOxfordUniversityC.consideredgivingupchildrenfromcomprehensiveschoolsD.didnttellthetruthtotheBBC(三)GuidetoRestaurantsinNewYorkCityNearly1,000restaurantsareincludedinthislatesteditionofthemosttrustedguidetoeatingwellinNewYork.Briefreviewsbythecitysmostrespectedfoodwritersaremademorereadablebywhatcannotbefoundinanyotherrestaurantguide,includingsuggesteddishesfinalbill.Hardcover.14.95.HowElectronicThingsWorkAguidedtourofeverydaytechnologyfromthepagesoftheNewYorkTimesCircuitssection,witheasytounderstandexplanationsoftheinnerworkingsofcomputers,CDplayers,ATMs,digitalcamerasand76otherdevices,100illustrations,St.MartinsPress.195pages.Hardcover.TheNewYorkTimesBookofNaturalDisastersThebookgatherstogetherthepapersfinestarticlesabouthumankindsquesttounderstandnaturaldisasters.Possiblecausesandeffectsofglobalwarmingarestudied,asisthesurprisingforceofnaturesviolentexcitementinsuchphenomenaashurricanes,forestfires,sinkholesandothers.Illustrated,softcover,216pages,16.95.CampaignsACenturyofPresidentialRacesEverycampaignsince1900includingthehistoric200racesinimagesfromtheNewYorkTimesPhotoArchives.With350photos,contemporarynewspaperreportsandanintroductionbyprizewinninghistorianAlanBrinkldyDKPublishing.410pages.Hardcover.9.Astudentofhistoryismostlikelytotakelistedabove.A.thefourthbookB.thethirdbookC.thesecondbookD.thefirstbook10.TheunderlinedwordothersinParagraph3mayinclude.A.trafficaccidentsB.floodsC.pollutionD.diseaseswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载11.Itcanbelearnedfromoneofthebookshowto.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.repairyourdigitalcameraforyourselfB.workouttheexpensesbeforegoingtoarestaurantC.getthelatestinformationaboutnaturaldisastersD.learnalotabouthistorianAlanBrinkley(四)DoorsandwindowscantkeepthemoutairportimmigrationofficerscantstopthemandtheInternetisacompletereproductionsoil.Theyseemharmlessinsmalldoses,butlargeimportsthreatenJapansveryuniqueness,saycritics.TheyareforeignwordsandtheyareinfectingtheJapaneselanguage.SometimesIfeellikeIneedatranslatortounderstandmyownlanguage,saysYokoFujimurawithlittleanger,a5yearoldTokyorestaurantworker.Itsbecomingincomprehensible.ItsnotonlyJapanwhoisonthedefensive.CountriesaroundthglobearewetthroughtheirhandsovertherapidspreadofAmericanEnglish.CocaCola,forexample,isoneofthemostrecognizedtermsonEarth.ItismadeworseforJapan,however,byitsuniquewritingsystem.Thecountrywritesallimportedutterances言论exceptChineseinadifferentscriptcalledkatakana片假名.Itistheonlycountrytokeepupsuchadifference.Katakanatakesfarmorespacetowritethankanjithecorepictograph象形文字charactersthattheJapaneseborrowedfromChina1,500yearsago.Becauseitstandsout,readerscomplainthatsentencespackedwithforeignwordsstarttolooklikeextendedstringsoflights.Asifthatwerentenough,katakanatermstendtogetpuzzling.Forexample,digitalcamerafirstappearsasdegitarukamera.Thentheybecamethemoreearpleasingdigikamey.ButkameyisalsotheJapanesewordforturtle.Itsverydisappointingnotknowingwhatyoungpeoplearetalkingabout,sayshumorouslyMinoruShiratori,a53yearoldbusdriver.SometimesIcanttelliftheyrediscussingcamerasorturtles.Inabidtostopthefloodofkatakana,thegovernmenthasformedaForeignWordsCommitteetofindsuitableJapanesereplacements.ThecommitteeisslightlydifferentfromFrenchstylelanguagepolice,whichtrytosupportalawthatforbidsadvertisinginEnglish.Rather,committeemembersandtraditionalistshopeanonstopcampaignofpersuasion,gentlecriticismandleadershipbyexamplecanturnthetide.12.Accordingtotheauthor,thereasonwhytheJapaneseisinfectdgreatlybyEnglishis.A.thatnothingcanpreventitfromenteringintoJapanw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mB.thatEnglishisthemostrecognizedlanguageintheworldC.thatthegovernmenthasnotsetupaspecialadministrationdepartmenttocontrolthistrendbeforeitbecomespopularinJapanwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.notclearlymentionedinthispassage13.BysayingcountiesaroundtheglobearewetthroughtheirhandsovertherapidspreadofAmericanEnglish,theauthorinfersthat.A.evenarestaurantworkerinJapanmayfeeltheEnglishinfectiononJapaneseB.thefloodofkatakanahascoveredmostofcountriesintheworldC.CocaColaisthemostpopuarontheearthandthisproductcoversalltheglobalmarketD.manyothercountriesareaffectedgreatlybyAmericanEnglish14.Accordingtotheauthor,thelastparagraphmainlydealswith.A.howFrenchstylelanguagepolicehaspreventedtheinfectionofEnglishB.howJapaneseForeignWordsCommitteepreventstheinfectionofforeignwordsC.thesuitableJapanesereplacementsD.whycommitteemembersandtraditionalistsbegintodeclareawaragainsttheinfectionofforeignwords15.WhichconclusioncanbedrawnbasedontheopinionsfromtheJapanesepeopleinparagraph2and4ofthispassageA.Theeldersstronglyadvocatesreplacingtheforeignwordsthanyoungpeople.B.Allthepeopledislikespeakingtheforeignwords,suchasdigikamey.C.Theyaresooldthatitisnecessarytogivesomelanguageassistancebyaspecialist.D.Peoplesworkdeterminesthelanguagetheyspeak.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m1.C文中提到了TheEnglishRoses和MrPeabodysApples两本书。2.B由第5段中EachofthestorieshastodowithdifferentwaysyoudisconnectfromGod可知。3.A由她所写的书畅销及所带来的乐趣可知。4.B由第二段shewrotethebookstoteachchildrensomeofthelifelessonsshedlearnedovertheyears可知。5.D由第4段HenotedthatSpencecomesfromMonkseatoninnortheasternEnglish,wherepeoplesometimescomplaintheyhavefewerchancesthanpeoplelivinginthericher,morepopuloussouth可知。6.A结合第4、5两段可知。7.A由最后一段中出现的suchprejudices,notgiving等意义可知由于偏见,来自于综合中学的学生并没有给予同样的机会上牛津大学这样的名校。8.A由文章可知,教育大臣对大学的入学程序提出了质疑。9.A由第4本书中提到historic200races等可知。www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载10.B由本文题可知,指的是naturaldisasters.A、C、D都不是自然灾难。11.B由第一本书中的内容可知。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m12.D文章在第一部分(第一、二、三段)中说明了日本语言被外来英语感染的情况,以至于某位老先生需要请一位翻译来翻译自己的语言第二部分(第四段)举例,从细节上说明了这种情况然后最后一部分(第五段)提出了日本人为改变这种情况采取的这种办法。对于产生这种情况的原因文章并未明确提到,所以选D。13.D通过上下文举的例子可以推断出,其他国家也受到美国英语的影响,比如全世界的人都知道英语单词CocCola。所以选D。14.B参照题12的解释,最后一段应当是解释ForeignWordsCommittee的作用,所以选B。15.A从第二段和第四段两个老人所讲的话中可以看出,他们对日本语言目前的情况都比较理解。结合文章中所举的有关年轻人与digitalcamera的例子,最有可能的推断就是老年人比年轻人更支持换掉外来词。所以选A

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