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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十)1TheUnitedStatesbecamearichindustrialnationtowardtheendof1800s.Thereweremoregoods,moreservices,morejobs,andahigherstandardofliving.Therewasmoreofeverything,includingproblems.Oneproblemwasmonopoly,thatis,tobetheonlysellerofacertainlineofproductsoraservice.Insomecases,severalcompaniesthatmanufacturedthesameproductwouldagreenottocompetewithoneanother.Theywouldallagreetochargethesameprice.Thesearrangementsmadeitimpossibleforcustomerstoshoparoundforlowerpricesforcertainproducts.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mSomepeopledecidedthathugecorporationshadtoomuchpowerandcontrolledtoomanymarkets.Becauseoftheirwealthandpower,theycouldseetoitthatgovernmentspassedlawsfavorabletothem.Manypeoplebelievedthatmonopolyandpricefixingwerebadforcustomersandbadforthecountrysothattheyshouldbebrokenup.Finallythenationalgovernmentandsomestatespassedlawsthatplacedlimitsoncorporationsandbigcompanies.Theselawsmadeitillegalforcompaniestomakeagreementstochargeonlyacertainprice.Lateronthenationalgovernmentforcedmonopolytobebrokenup.Suchlawsandgovernmentactiondidntentirelydoawaywithmonopolies.Nordidtheystopthegrowthofhugecorporations.ButtheydidshowthatAmericanpeoplehaddecidedthatsomeofthechangesthathadoccurredwereharmful.fromwww.nmet168.com1.Theunderlinedwordmonopolyinthefirstparagraphmostprobablymeans________.A.theproductionofcertainkindsofgoodsB.completecontrolandpossessionoftradeC.abigcorporationofcompanyD.anagreementonprices2.Becauseoftheagreementsbetweenbigcompanies________.A.peoplehadtobuythingsatcertainshopsB.thepricesoftheirgoodsweremuchlowerC.customershadnochoicebuttobuyD.therewerefewermarketsinsomestates3.Accordingtothelaws,companies________.A.werenotallowedtocontrolthemarketsB.couldnotforcethecustomerstobuytheirproductsC.shouldhavefixedpricesfortheirproductswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.mustproducethesamekindofgoodsforthesamemarkets4.WhichofthefollowingisnottrueaccordingtothepassageA.Bigcompaniescouldnotinfluencethegovernment.B.Alargenumberofmarketswerecontrolledbybigcompanies.C.ManyAmericanswereworriedaboutthechangesintheircountry.D.Someofthelawswereinfavorofcustomers.2Whenmostpeoplethinkoftropicalislands,linedwithwhitesandybeachesandbrightblueseas,itisoftentheCaribbeanorSouthPacificthatcomestomind.ButforChinesetouristswhowantatasteofparadiseonEarththereisanewplacetoconsider.Mauritius,anislandlyingoffthesoutheastofAfricaintheIndianOcean,hasjustbeenaddedtoChinaslistoftouristdestinations.Richinhistory,naturalbeautyandculture,theislandhasbeenapopulardestinationfortheworldstouristsformanyyears.OnDecember15atotalofeightAfricancountrieswereaddedtothelist.TheothersareTunisia,Tanzania,Ethiopia,Kenya,Zimbabwe,ZambiaandtheSeychelles.TheislandhaspassedthroughthecontrollinghandsofanumberofEuropeanpowers,includingDutch,FrenchandBritish.In1968,Mauritiuswonitsindependence.Atpresent,overhalfthepopulationofMauritiusisHinduandanotherfifthisMuslim.Bothgroupsaredescendants后裔fromworkersbroughttotheislandfromIndiabytheBritish.SomeChinesewerealsobroughtovertowork.TherearealsodescendantsofAfricanslavesandFrancoMauritians,theoriginalsettlersoftheisland.Oneofthebestthingsabouttheislandisthefood.ThereisamouthwateringmixofEuropean,ChineseandIndianflavoursandseafoodisverypopular.AtypicalMauritiandinnermighthaveIndianchickencurry,Chinesepork,BritishroastbeefandFrenchstylevegetables.Boiledriceisservedwithjustabouteverything.Allthatiswasheddownwithaplentifulsupplyoflocalbeerandrum朗姆酒.Thepleasanttropicalclimateandsceneryprovidetheperfectsettingtoenjoyeverything.Theseaisfullofcolorfullifethatlivesaroundthecoralreef.ThismakesMauritiusawonderfulplaceforswimminganddiving.Thelargenumberofinterestingfishmeansitisalsoanexcitingplaceforthosewholiketogofishing.fromwww.nmet168.comwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载5.WhichofthefollowingcantbeusedtodescribeMauritiusA.Tropicalisland,whitesandybeachandbrightbluesea.B.Beautifulscenery,richhistoryandculture.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mC.MostofthepeopleinMauritiusareblack.D.Deliciousfoodmixedwitheasternandwesternflavours.6.WhichgroupofthefollowingtopicsisnotdiscussedinthetextA.Foodandhistory.B.Sceneryandpopulation.C.Locationandsports.D.Naturalresourcesandagriculture.7.WhichofthefollowingistrueA.MauritiushassomethingsimilartotheCaribbeanorSouthPacific.B.Mauritiushasahistoryoflessthan40years.C.MauritiushasbeenapopulardestinationforChinesetouristsformanyyears.D.ThemainfoodinMauritiusislocalbeerandrum.8.TheunderlinedwordThisinthelastparagraphrefersto________.A.PleasanttropicalclimateB.BeautifulsceneryC.TheseawithcolorfullifeD.Thecoralreef三Themedicalworldisgraduallyrealizingthatthequalityoftheenvironmentinhospitalsmayplayasignificantroleintheprocessofrecoveryfromillness.AspartofanationwideeffortinBritaintobringartoutofthegalleriesandintopublicplace,someofthecountrysmosttalentedartistshavebeencalledintotransformolderhospitalsandtosoftenthehardedgesofmodernbuildings.Ofthe2,500NationalHealthServicehospitalsinBritain,almost100nowhavesignificantcollectionsofcontemporaryartincorridors,waitingareasandtreatmentrooms.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mTheserecentinitiativesoweagreatdealtooneartist,PeterSenior,whosetuphisstudioataManchesterHospitalinNortheasternEnglandduringtheearly1970s.Hefelttheartisthadlosthisplaceinmodernsociety,andthatartshouldbeenjoyedbyawideraudience.Atypicalhospitalwaitingroommighthaveasmanyas5,000visitorseachweek.Whatabetterplacetoholdregularexhibitionsofartandpaintings,intheoutpatientswaitingareaoftheManchesterRoyalHospitalin1975.BelievedtobeBritainsfirsthospitalartist,Seniorwassowww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载muchindemandthathewassoonjoinedbyateamofsixyoungartschoolgraduations.Theeffectisstriking.Nowinthecorridorsandwaitingrooms,thevisitorexperiencesafullviewoffreshcolors,playfulimagesandrestfulcourtyard.Thequalityoftheenvironmentmayreducetheneedforexpensewhenapatientisrecoveringfromanillness.Astudyhasshownthatpatientswhohadaviewontoagardenneededhalfthenumberofstrongpainkillerscomparedwithpatientswhohadnoviewatalloronlyabrickwalltolookat.9.Whatdoestheauthormeanbyusingthephrasetosoftenthehardedgeofmodernbuildings,inthesecondparagraphA.Toholdexhibitionsofartandpaintingsinhospitals.B.Toteardowntheoldhospitalandbuildanewone.C.Todecoratehospitalswithartcollection.D.Topaintthewallsofhospitalsinsoftcolors.10.WhatistrueaboutPeterSenior高.考.资.源.网A.AfamousdoctorinManchesterHospitalandatalentedartist.B.BritainsfirsthospitalartistandapatientinManchesterRoyalHospital.C.Oneofthesixyoungartschoolgraduations.D.Atalentedartistandapioneerintroducingartintohospitals.11.WhatcanweconcludefromthefactthatsixyoungartschoolgraduatesjoinedPeterA.Artistsshouldtakeanactivepartinsocialactivities.B.Theroleofhospitalenvironmentisbeingrecognized.C.Artistsaremoreimportanttopatientsinhospitals.D.Hospitalsneedmoreyoungartschoolgraduatestoattendthepatients.12.WhatdoesthelastparagraphsuggestA.Theimprovementofhospitalenvironmentmayhelpthepatientsrecoverfromillness.B.Theimprovementofhospitalenvironmentmaycostthepatientsmorethanbefore.C.Thepatientsneedednopainkillerswhentheyhadaviewofapainting.D.Thepatientshadnopainatallaftertheimprovementofhospitalenvironment.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载【答案与解析】1.B词义猜测题。根据该词之后的解析句tobetheonlysellerofacertainlineofproductsoraservice可猜测出其意义。高.考.资.源.网2.C细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句Thesearrangementsmadeitimpossibleforcustomerstoshoparoundforlowerpricesforcertainproducts分析可知fromwww.nmet168.com。3.A细节理解题。根据第三段中的Theselawsmadeitillegalforcompaniestomakeagreementstochargeonlyacertainprice一句可知。4.A事实确认题。第二段Becauseoftheirwealthandpower,theycouldseetoitthatgovernmentspassedlawsfavorabletothem一句的意义是因为拥有财富和势力,他们能确保政府通过有利于他们的法律。由此可确认大公司对政府是有影响力的。5.C事实细节题。第五段overhalfthepopulationofMauritiusisHindu的意义毛里求斯现在一半的人口为印度人。根据我们中学生应该具备的常识,印度人不属于黑色人种,由此推断可知fromwww.nmet168.com。6.D事实归纳题。通读全文,短文中没有涉及自然资源和农业。其他几项都能找到。7.A推测题。短文第一段的意义是一提起以白色的沙滩和迷人的大海而著称的热带群岛,人们大多会想起加勒比海或是南太平洋上的岛屿。而现在,中国游客又多了另外一个天堂般的好去处毛里求斯。由此衬托出毛里求斯与加勒比海或南太平洋上的岛屿有相类似的风光。毛里求斯1968年赢得独立,独立不到40年,但不能说她有不到40年的历史,可排除B项。第二段提到毛里求斯日前对中国公民开放旅游,可排除C项。倒数第二段Boiledriceisservedwithjustabouteverything.Allthatiswasheddownwithaplentifulsupplyoflocalbeerandrum的意思是主食为米饭。用餐的时候少不了喝一些当地的啤酒和朗姆酒,可排除D项fromwww.nmet168.com。高.考.资.源.网8.C指代题。根据这两句的意义五颜六色的小生物在珊瑚礁周围生存和繁衍,把大海点缀得分外美丽。这样的大海使毛里求斯成为游客畅游、潜水的好地方。因此,This指代Theseawithcolorfullife。9.C句意理解题。根据下文almost100nowhavesignificantcollectionsofcontemporaryartincorridors,waitingareasandtreatmentrooms一句的意义将近有一百家医院在走廊,候诊区和治疗室里挂有当代重要的艺术品,可判断出其意义为用艺术品装饰医院。10.D细节归纳题。根据第二段中的someofthecountrysmosttalentedartistshavebeenwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载calledin和第四段中的BelievedtobeBritainsfirsthospitalartist可得知PeterSenior是一个有才能的艺术家和最先将艺术引入医院的人fromwww.nmet168.com。11.B逻辑推理题。根据Seniorwassomuchindemand一句可知,医院很需要Senior这样的艺术家。说明人们逐渐认识到了医院环境对治疗的作用。12.A段落主旨题。根据段落中的信息词语reducetheneedforexpense和patientswhohadaviewontoagardenneededhalfthenumberofstrongpainkillers可知本段的主题是医院治疗环境的改善有助于病人的康复。

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