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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十八)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十八)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十八)(一)Itisnotunusualtoseeyourdeskmateyawn打呵欠ashecomplainsthathedidnthaveagoodsleepthenightbefore.Manyteensdontgetenoughsleepbecausetheyhavetoomuchhomework,whichkeepsthemupatnight.Someteenscannotsleepatnightevenwhentheywantto.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mStudiesshowthatduringyourteenageyears,thebodysbiologicalclockisreset,tellingyoutosleeplateratnightandwakeuplaterinthemorning.Butchangesinthebodyclockarenttheonlyreasonteenslosesleep.Lotsofpeoplehaveinsomnia失眠.Themostcommoncauseofinsomniaisstress.Butallsortsofthingscanleadtoinsomnia.Theseincludephysicaldiscomfort,emotionaltroublesandevensleepingenvironment.Itscommonforeveryonetohaveinsomniafromtimetotime.Butifitlastsforamonthormoregoandseeadoctor.Somepeoplehaveaconditionthatcausesstomachacid酸tomovebackwardtowardsthechest.Thisproducestheuncomfortable,burningfeelingcalledheartburn.Soevenifthepersondoesntnoticethefeelingsofheartburnbecauseheissleeping,hemayfeeltiredthenextday.Mostteenshavenightmaressometimes.But,iftheyarefrequent,apersonssleeppatterncanbeseriouslyaffected.Themostcommoncauseofnightmaresisemotionalproblems,suchasstress压力oranxiety.Ifyouhavethemalot,itsagoodideatotalktoadoctor.Doctorsencourageteenstomakelifestylechangestodevelopgoodsleepinghabits.Youprobablyknowthatcoffeecankeepyouawake,butdidyouknowthatplayingvideogamesorwatchingTVdoesthesamew.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m1.Themainideaofthefirstparagraphis________.A.Thereisaproblemthatteenagerscantgetenoughsleep.B.Sleepingproblemshavedifferentcauses.C.Yawningisagoodwaytogetridofsleep.D.Teenagerscaretoomuchforhomework.2.TheTeenagersbiologicalclock________.A.easilymakesteenagersleadtoinsomniawww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.istheoriginoftheirinsomniaC.providesthemwithplentyoftimeatnightD.ishelpfultoimprovetheirconcentration注意力3.WhatdoesthewritersayaboutnightmaresA.Itisnothingandshouldntbetakenseriously.B.Itcanreleasetheirstressoranxiety.C.Emotionalproblemsaretheonlywaytoformnightmares.D.Peoplewillsufferfromsleepiffrequent.4.WhichwaycanhelptogetridofinsomniaA.Drinkingsomecoffeebeforegoingtobed.B.PlayingvideogameorwatchingTVfromtimetotime.C.Turningtoadoctorforhelp.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mD.Eatingmuchmedicineforinsomnia.(二)Russiantraditionordersthatmenshouldkisseachotherthreetimesonthecheeksatofficialfunctions.Now,anewrulinginMoscowiscallingforpoliticiansinthecapitaltosticktotheoldhandshake.AccordingtoBritainsTheTelegraphnewspaper,politiciansinMoscowhavebeentoldtostopkissingeachotherwhentheymeetbecausethekissingceremonytakessolong.LeonidBrezhnev,thegeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyfrom1964to1982,wasfamousfortreatingmalecolleaguestoafullliplock.OnephotographofhimkissingErichHonecker,theleaderoftheDemocraticRepublicofGermany,wasusedforaprotestpaintingontheBerlinWallwiththecaptionOh,God,helpmesurvivethisdeadlylove.KissingthreetimesonthecheeksatofficialoccasionsisaRussiantradition.Thepracticehasbeenrevivedamonghighrankingofficialsinpastyears.Inthedistantpast,akissfromthetsaremperorwasthehighestsignofrecognition.TheMoscowruling,however,haspromptedauthoritiesinothercitiestoconsiderbanningthepractice.AlexeiKleshko,aparliamentmemberinSiberia,saidSinglesexkissesshouldbeavoided,includingatofficialmeetings.Itsenoughtoshakehands.Ofcourse,ifoneistalkingaboutalongfriendshiporfatherlyrelations,itmightbeOKtoembrace.Butthatsthemaximumthatshouldbewww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载allowed.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mAnotherMPVladimirGorlov,saidheonlyallowedhimselftokissthehandofawomanatworkThereareinformalrelationsandtherearemeetingsgovernedbyprotocol,hesaid.Whenamaniskissinganothermanatanofficialevent,Ihaveanegativeattitudetowardsit.Therearerulesofdecency.5.Moscowiscallingforpoliticianstosticktohandshakebecause________.A.itispopularathomeandabroadB.itistheirtraditionC.itsavestimeD.Russianwomenhaveastrongloveofit6.BymentioningBrezhnev,theauthor________.A.wantstoshowhisrespecttoBrezhnerB.admiresBrezhnevforhisskillsatkissingC.justshowsthemediamadefunofpicturesofpoliticianskissingD.praisesBrezhnevsgoodrelationwithHonecker7.IfthetsarkissedaRussianwoman,shewouldfeel________.A.nervousB.proudC.shamefulD.curious8.Wecaninferfromthelasttwoparagraphsthat________.A.KleshkoisstronglyagainstanykindofkissB.KleshkoisamanoutofdateC.GorlovesharesthesameviewwithKleshkoissinglesexkissesD.Gorlovewontkissanymaninanyformw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m(三)HaveyoueverdreamedofvisitingaplanetintheMilkWayWhilethetripsoundsexciting,itwouldtakeyearsandyearstoreachyourdestination.Sointhefuture,bedtimeforastronautsmaybemorethanafewhoursofregularshuteye.Theywouldhavetosleepforyears.Europeanresearchersarenowconductinghibernationexperiments.Thestudymayhelpthemunderstandwhetherhumanscouldeversleepthroughtheyearsitwouldtakeforaspaceflighttodistantplanets.Iftherewasaneffectivetechnology,itcouldmakedeepspacetravelareality,saidMarkAyreoftheEuropeanSpaceAgencylastmonth.Whatseemslikesciencefictionisnotcompletelyunlikely.Researchershavebeenabletousechemicalstoputlivingcellsintoasleeplikestatewheretheydontage.Theyhavenowmovedonwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载tosmall,nonhibernatingmammalslikerats.Theresultswillbeoutbytheendof2004.Amajorchallengeisthefactthatcellscanbeverysimplesystems,whereasbodyorgansarefarmorecomplex.ItslikemovingfromasimpleApplecomputertoasupercomputer,saidMarcoBiggiogera,ahibernationresearcheratItalysUniversityofPavia.Justlikebearsandfrogs,thehibernationofhumanbeingswouldcauseapersonsmetabolism新陈代谢tolowersotheywouldneedlessenergy.Medicalresearch,however,isjusthalfofaspaceflighthibernationsystem.Thereisthechallengeofdesigningasuitableprotectiveshelter.Suchashelterwouldprovidetheproperenvironmentforhibernation,suchasthepropertemperature.Itwouldalsohavetomonitor监控lifefunctionsandservethephysiologicalneedsofthehibernator.AccordingtoAyre,thesixpersonHumanOuterPlanetsExplorationMissiontoJupitersmoon木星的卫星Callisto,couldbeanopportunitytousehumanhibernation.ThemissionaimstosendsixhumansonafiveyearflighttoCallisto,wheretheywillspend30days,in2045.9.Europeanresearchersareconductinghibernationexperimentsto________.A.ensureastronautstogetacompletesleepB.findthesecretofsomecreaturesC.makepreparationsforthejourneytoJupitersmoonCallistoD.knowifmancansleepforyears10.ThesentenceWhatseemslikesciencefictionisnotcompletelyunlikelymeans________.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.Sciencefictionispeoplesimagination.B.Sciencefictionisimaginative,butitcanberealized.C.Thingsseemimpossiblemaycometrue.D.Thingsdescribedinsciencefictionaresuretobecometrue.11.Thepassageisimpliedbutdoesntstatesthat________.A.puttinglivingcellsintoasleeplikestateisfulloffailureB.BiggiogeraisconfidentwiththeexperimentC.humanshibernationneedsnoenergyD.medicalresearchisthekeytospaceflighthibernationsystem12.Bydesigningasuitableprotectiveshelter,astronautscan________.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载A.haveagoodhibernationB.lessenthepressureoftravelinginspaceC.feedthemselvesinspaceshipD.moinitortheirbodychanges13.WhatsthebesttitleforthepassageA.SixhumanstoflytoCallistoB.HumanhibernationimproveshealthC.SpacetravelattractspeopleD.Deepsleepfordeepspacetravel【答案与解析】1.A。第一段主要说的是青少年睡眠不足的原因,如作业多或想睡但是睡不着。2.A。由句子Butchangesinthebodyclockarenttheonlyreasonteenslosesleep.可知生物钟的变化能导致失眠。3.D。由句子iftheyarefrequent,apersonssleeppatterncanbeseriouslyaffected.可知经常做梦,睡眠会受到影响。4.C。由句子Doctorsencourageteenstomakelifestylechangestodevelopgoodsleepinghabits可知。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m5.C。由句子becausethekissingceremonytakessolong可知。6.C。根据Oh,God,helpmesurvivethisdeadlylove可知Honecter厌烦这一礼节,所以认为C项比较恰当。7.B。由句子Inthedistantpast,akissfromthetsaremperorwasthehighestsignofrecognition.可知人们的看法。8.C。Kleshko认为Singlesexkissesshouldbeavoided,includingatofficialmeetings.,Gorlov说Whenamaniskissinganothermanatanofficialevent,Ihaveanegativeattitudetowardsit.,可知他们两人持相同的观点。9.D。由句子Thestudymayhelpthemunderstandwhetherhumanscouldeversleepthroughtheyearsitwouldtakeforaspaceflighttodistantplanets.可知。10.C。本句话意思是看起来像科幻小说的事情并非完全不可能。11.B。其话语的意思是这就像把简单的苹果电脑变成超级电脑一样,可以推测只是一个时间问题,其过程可能复杂一些,但是可能性是存在的。12.A。由句子Suchashelterwouldprovidetheproperenvironmentforhibernation可知。www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载13.D。文章主要围绕为打发星际探索中的漫漫旅途,人类开始进行冬眠技术的研究。所以认为D项比较全面地概括了文章意思。

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