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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十九)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十九)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十九)(一)ToChineseimmigrants,inthemid1800s,CaliforniawasTheLandoftheGoldenMountain.Intheirhomelandtheyhadheardthewords,TheresgoldinCalifornia.Theysailed7,000milestojointhegoldrushandstrikeitrich.Between1849and1882,morethan30,000ChinesecametoCalifornia.Mostweremen.TheyhadbeenfarmersinChina.Theycameheretobeminersandlaborers.Theyendedupdoingmanyotherjobs,too.Likemanyotherimmigrants,theydidnotplantostayinAmerica.Theycamebecauseoftheirtiestotheirhomelandandtheirfamilies.TheyplannedtoreturntoChinawiththeirfortunesandhelptheirfamilies.OnlyafewChinesegoldminersstruckitrich.Mostpickedovertheareasthathadbeenminedalready.Butstill,whiteminersresentedtheChinese.Slowly,theydrovetheyellowperilfromtheminingcamps.Bytheendofthe1850s,manyChinesereturnedhome.Thosewhostayedfoundotherjobs.Fewwomenhadcomewestinthegoldrush.TheChinesesawagoodbusinessopportunity.Theybegandoingthejobswomenwouldhavedone.Manybecamehouseservants.Manymoreopenedlaundries.TheChineseopenedrestaurants.ChopsueyandshowmeinarepopularChineseAmericandishes.TheChineseprobablycreatedthesedishestoservetothewhiteminers.OtherChinesebecamefishermen,farmers,andevencigarmakers.1.WhydidChinesegotoAmericainthemid1800sA.Becausetheycouldfindgoodjobsthere.B.Becausetheyhadfoundgoldthere.C.Becausetheycouldopenlaundriesandrestaurantsthere.2.Theunderlinedwordresentedmean________.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.likedB.helpedC.hatedD.served3.WhichshouldbethetitleofthepassageA.EarlyChineseimmigrantsinAmericaB.DreamtostrikeitrichC.ThedifferencebetweenmenandwomenD.GoldminersinAmerica(二)www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载ThefirstbreathtakingpicturesoftheEarthtakenfromspaceshoweditasasolidballcoveredbybrownlandmassesandbluegreenoceans.WehadneverseentheEarthfromthatdistancebefore.Tous,itappearedasthoughtheEarthhadalwayslookedthatwayandalwayswould.Scientistsnowknow,however,thatthesurfaceoftheEarthisnotaspermanentaswehadthought.Scientistsexplainthatthesurfaceofourplanetisalwaysmoving.ContinentsmovesabouttheEarthlikehugeshipsatsea.TheyfloatonpiecesoftheEarthsouterskin.Newouterskiniscreatedasmeltedrockpushedupfrombelowtheoceanfloor.Oldouterskinisdestroyedasitrollsdownintothehotareaandmeltsagain.Onlysincethe1960shavescientistsreallybegantounderstandthattheplanetEarthisagreatlivingmachine.Someexpertshavesaidthisnewunderstandingisoneofthemostimportantrevolutionsinscientificthought.Therevolutionisbasedontheworkofscientistswhostudythemovementofthecontinentsasciencecalledplatetectonics.ThemodernstoryofplatetectonicsbeginswiththeGermanscientistAlfredWegener.BeforeWorldWarOne,Wegenerarguedthatthecontinentshadmovedandwerestillmoving.HesaidtheideafirstoccurredtohimwhenheobservedthatthecoastlinesofSouthAmericaandAfricacouldfittogetherliketwopiecesofapuzzle.Heproposedthatthetwocontinentsmighthavebeenoneandthensplitapart.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mWegenerwasnotthefirstpersontowonderabouttheshapeofthecontinents.About500yearsago,explorersthoughtaboutitwhentheymadethefirstmapsofAmericas.TheexplorersnotedtheeastcoastofNorthAmericaandSouthAmericawouldfitalmostexactlyintothewestcoastofEuropeandSouthAfrica.Whattheexplorersdidnotdo,butWegenerdid,wastoinvestigatetheideathatthecontinentsmove.4.WhatdoesthewritermainlytellusinthepassageA.ThefirstbreathtakingpicturesoftheEarthtakenfromspace.B.Humansrecognitionoftheearthssurface.C.TheGermanscientistAlfredWegener.D.Theearlyexplorersdiscovery.5.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassageA.WedidntseetheEarthfromfarawayuntilwesawthepicturetakeninthespace.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.Ourancientthoughtthatthesurfaceoftheearthisstill.C.AlfredWegenerwasnotthefirstpersontoinvestigatetheideathatthecontinentsmove.D.ThecoastlineofIndiaandAfricafittogether.6.Thelastwordofthethirdparagraphtectonicsmean________.A.studyofconstructionB.studyofarchitectureC.earthsurfaceD.structuralgeology7.WhatdidtheexplorersfindA.ThecoastlinesofSouthAmericaandAfricacouldfittogether.B.ThecoastlinesofNorthAmericaandAfricacouldfittogether.C.TheeastcoastlinesofNorthAmericaandthewestcoastofEuropecouldfittogether.D.ThecoastlinesofNorthAmericaandIndiacouldfittogether.【答案与解析】1.D。事实细节题。根据短文第1段的第2句Intheirhomelandtheyhadheardthewords,TheresgoldinCalifornia.可知,他们是因为听说在California有金子才去美国的,因此答案为D。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m2.C。词义猜测题。根据下文的Slowly,theydrovetheyellowperilfromtheminingcamps可知答案为C。3.A。主旨大意题。根据文章第1段的第1句及全文的内容可知答案为A。4.B。主旨大意题。根据文章第1段最后一句中的however及全文内容可知,文章主要谈论人类对地壳表面的形成的认识。故答案选B。5.A。推理判断题。根据文章第1段的第1、2句可知,人们直到看到从太空对地球所拍的照片后才知道从远方看地球的情形。故答案选A。6.D。词义猜测题。根据其所在的句子whostudythemovementofthecontinentsasciencecalledplate及地理常识可知答案选D。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m7.C。事实细节题。根据文章最后一段中的TheexplorersnotedtheeastcoastofNorthAmericaandSouthAmericawouldfitalmostexactlyintothewestcoastofEuropeandSouthAfrica及倒数第2段中的thecoastlinesofSouthAmericaandAfricacouldfittogetherlikewww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载twopiecesofapuzzle可知答案应该选C。

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