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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十五)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十五)(附详解).doc.doc

www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十五)(1)Wenowthinkofchocolateassweet,butonceitwasbitter.Wethinkofitasacandy,butonceitwasamedicine.Today,chocolatecanbeahotdrink,afrozendessert,orjustasnack.Sometimesitsaningredient配料inthemaincourseofameal.Mexicansmakeahotchocolatesaucecalledmoleandpouritoverchicken.TheMexicansalsoeatchocolatewithspices香料likechilipeppers.Chocolateisaproductofthetropicalcacaotree.ThebeanstastesobitterthateventhemonkeyssayUghandrunaway.Workersmustfirstdryandthenroastthebeans.Thisremovesthebittertaste.ThewordchocolatecomesfromaMayanword.TheMayaswereanancientpeoplewhooncelivedinMexico.Theyvaluedthecacaotree.Someusedthebeansformoney,whileotherscrushedthemtomakeadrink.WhentheSpaniardscametoMexicointhesixteenthcentury,theystarteddrinkingcacaotoo.Becausethedrinkwasstrongandbitter,theythoughtitwasamedicine.Noonehadtheideaofaddingsugar.TheSpaniardstooksomebeansbacktoEuropeandopenedcafes.Wealthypeopledrankcacaoandsaiditwasgoodforthedigestion.Inthe1800s,theownerofachocolatefactoryinEnglanddiscoveredthatsugarremovedthebittertasteofcacao.Itquicklybecameacheapandpopulardrink.Soonafterwards,afactorymadethefirstsolidblockofsweetenedchocolate.Lateron,anotherfactorymixedmilkandchocolatetogether.Peoplelikedthetasteofmilkchocolateevenbetter.Besidesthechocolatecandybar,oneofthemostpopularAmericansnacksisthechocolatechipcookie.Favoritedessertsarechocolatecreampieand,ofcourse,anicecreamsundaewithhotfudgesauce.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m1.Itwas________thatdiscoveredsugarcouldremovethebittertasteofcacao.A.TheworkersinthechocolatefactoryB.TheSpaniardsC.ThepeopleinEnglandD.Theownerofachocolatefactory2.AccordingtothepassagewhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueA.Nobodyhadtheideaofaddingsugaruntilthesixteenthcentury.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.ThewordchocolatecomesfromaMexicanword.C.Thebeanstastesobitterthateventhemonkeyslikethem.D.Workersmustdryandroastthebeanstoremovethebittertaste.3.TheSpaniardsthinkthatcacaowasamedicinebecause________A.itwasstrongandbitter.B.itwasgoodfordigestion.C.itcuredmansdiseases.D.itwasakindofdrinkforgoodhealth.4.Whichistherighttimeorderoftheeventsregardingchocolatea.ChocolatebecameacheapandpopulardrinkinEngland.b.Afactorymadethefirstsolidblockofsweetenedchocolate.c.TheSpaniardsstarteddrinkingcacao.d.Itwasfoundthatsugarremovedthebittertasteofcacao.e.Afactorymixedmilkandchocolatetogether.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.abcdeB.cdebaC.cdabeD.cdbea5.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat________.A.chocolatecanbeahotdrink,afrozendessert,oracandybarB.MexicanslikechocolateverymuchC.chocolateisaproductofthecacaotreeD.peoplelikedthetasteofchocolatemixedwithmilk(2)Peoplehavebeenpaintingpicturesforatleast30,000years.Theearliestpictureswerepaintedbypeoplewhohuntedanimals.Theyusedtopaintpicturesoftheanimalstheywantedtocatchandkill.PicturesofthiskindhavebeenfoundonthewallsofcavesinFranceandSpain.Nooneknowswhytheywerepaintedthere.Perhapsthepaintersthoughtthattheirpictureswouldhelpthemtocatchtheseanimals.Orperhapshumanbeingshavealwayswantedtotellstoriesaccordingtopictures.About5,000yearsagotheEgyptiansandotherpeopleintheNearEastbegantousepicturesasakindofwriting.Theydrewsimplepicturesorsignstorepresentthingsandideas,andalsotorepresentthesoundsoftheirlanguage.Thesignsthesepeopleusedbecameakindofalphabet字母表.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载TheEgyptiansusedtorecordinformationandtotellstoriesbyputtingpicturewritingandpicturestogether.Whenanimportantpersondied,scenesandstoriesfromhislifewerepaintedandcarvedonthewallsoftheplacewherehewasburied.Someofthesepicturesarelikemodemcomicstripstories.IthasbeensaidthatEgyptisthehomeofthecomicstrip.But,fortheEgyptians,picturesstillhadmagicpower.Sotheydidnottrytomaketheirwayofwritingsimple.Theordinarypeoplecouldnotunderstandit.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mBytheyear1,000BC,peoplewholivedintheareaaroundtheMediterraneanSeahaddevelopedasimplersystemofwriting.Thesignstheyusedwereveryeasytowrite,andtherewerefewerofthemthanintheEgyptiansystem.Thiswasbecauseeachsign,orletter,representedonlyonesoundintheirlanguage.TheGreeksdevelopedthissystemandformedthelettersoftheGreekalphabet.TheRomanscopiedtheidea,andtheRomanalphabetisnowusedallovertheworld.Thesedayswecanwritedownastory,orrecordinformation,withoutusingpictures.Butwestillneedpicturesofallkindsdrawings,photographs,signsanddiagrams.Wefindthemeverywhereinbooksandnewspapers,inthestreets,andonthewallsoftheplaceswhereweliveandwork.Pictureshelpustounderstandandrememberthingsmoreeasily,andtheycanmakeastorymuchmoreinteresting.6.PicturesofanimalswerepaintedonthewallsofcavesinFranceandSpainbecause________.A.thehunterswantedtoseethepicturesB.thepainterswereanimalloversC.thepainterswantedtoshowimaginationD.thepictureswerethoughttobehelpful7.TheGreekalphabetwassimplerthantheEgyptiansystemforallthefollowingreasonsEXCEPTthat________.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.theformerwaseasytowriteB.therewerefewersignsintheformerC.theformerwaseasytopronounceD.eachsignstoodforonlyonesound8.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.TheEgyptiansignslaterbecameaparticularalphabet.B.TheEgyptianslikedtowritecomicstripstories.C.TheRomanalphabetwasdevelopedfromtheEgyptianone.D.TheGreekscopiedtheirwritingsystemfromtheEgyptians.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载9.Inthelastparagraph,theauthorthinksthatpictures__________.A.shouldbemadecomprehensibleB.shouldbemadeinterestingC.areofmuchuseinourlifeD.aredisappearingfromourlife(3)DIABETESIsyourCHOLESTEROLnumberupLifeshouldntbeagameofchance.Butifyouhavediabetes胆固醇andraisecholesterol糖尿病,youhaveanincreasedchanceofheartdiseaseorstroke.Soitsreallyimportantthatyoufindoutyourcholesterolnumberthelevelofcholesterolinyourbloodespeciallysinceyourcholesterolleveliscontrollable,justlikeyourdiabetes.Yourdoctoristhebestpersontotalktoaboutthis.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mSodontplayagameofchancewithyourhealth,callforaFREEcopyofourChoLESterolbooklet.Itcontainsusefulinformationandmayhelpyoutalktoyourdoctor.Call08000680439today.CallanytimeforaFREEbooklet.YoucanalsowritetoChoLESterol,Dept9,FREEPOSTNEA10820,RotherhamS639BR,orvisitourwebsitewww.lesscholesterol.co.ukwhereyoucandownloadorrequestyourbooklet.10.WhowillbeinterestedinthispassageA.Doctorswhotreatdiabetes.B.Peoplewholikefreebooks.C.Patientswithheartdisease.D.Peoplewhosufferdiabetesandraisecholesterol.11.WhatinformationwillthebookletprovideforitsreadersA.Whentoseeadoctor.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mB.Howtocureyourdiabetes.C.Howtoknowthelevelofyourcholesterol.D.Howtogetthefreebook.12.ThewordChoLESterolinthepassageprobablymeansA.keepingcholesterolsteadyB.makingcholesterolfalldownC.thelevelofcholesterolD.curingyourdiabetes13.Thepurposeofthisadvertisementis________.A.tohelpdoctorsgetmorepatientsB.tohelppeoplewithhigherlevelofcholesterolC.toobtainbenefitfromthebookletD.tomaketheorganizationwellknownw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载【答案与解析】1.D事实细节题。根据第5段首句Inthe1800s,theownerofachocolatefactoryinEnglanddiscoveredthatsugarremovedthebittertasteofcacao可知在十九世纪英国一家巧克力厂的厂主发现糖能把可可豆的苦味除掉。故答案为D。2.D推理判断题。由第一题可知A不对根据第3段首句ThewordchocolatecomesfromaMayanword.可知选项B不对根据第2段2句ThebeanstastesobitterthateventhemonkeyssayUghandrunaway可知猴子不喜欢,故排除C故答案为D。也可根据第2段最后两句Workersmustfirstdryandthenroastthebeans.Thisremovesthebittertaste得出答案。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m3.A事实细节题。根据第4段WhentheSpaniardscametoMexicointhesixteenthcentury,theystarteddrinkingcacaotoo.Becausethedrinkwasstrongandbitter,theythoughtitwasamedicine可知答案。4.C推理判断题。根据第4段WhentheSpaniardscametoMexicointhesixteenthcentury,theystarteddrinkingcacaotoo可知c是在16世纪根据5段前两句Inthe1800s,theownerofachocolatefactoryinEnglanddiscoveredthatsugarremovedthebittertasteofcacao.Itquicklybecameacheapandpopulardrink可知d是在19世纪而且a在d后面由此可判断答案为C。5.B推理判断题。根据第1段最后两句Mexicansmakeahotchocolatesaucecalledmoleandpouritoverchicken.TheMexicansalsoeatchocolatewithspices香料likechilipeppers可推知墨西哥湾人非常喜欢吃巧克力。6.D细节题。由Perhapsthepaintersthoughtthattheirpictureswouldhelpthemtocatchtheseanimals可知。7.C细节题。由文中分析我们知道,希腊的文字更容易读。8.A推断题。9.C细节题。从短文的最后一句我们可以得出此答案。10.D推断题。由最后一段我们可以看出作者主要针对糖尿病人。11.C细节题。由Itcontainsusefulinformationandmayhelpyoutalktoyourdoctor可知答案。12.B词义题。从第一段我们知道,作者希望糖尿病人注意自己的胆固醇数字,接下来,作者在第二段提醒人们要一本免费的ChoLESterol,因此我们可以推断ChoLESterol是向人www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载们介绍如何降低胆固醇的。13.B推断题。在本文中作者首先提出让人们注意胆固醇数字,接着向人们介绍ChoLESterol,因此作者写这篇文章的目的是帮助那些胆固醇数字高的人们。

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