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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(五)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(五)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(五)1THEREAREVARIOUSREASONSWHYCANCERSAPPEARTOBEONTHEINCREASEFORONETHING,THOUGHTHEIRSUFFERERSARETOBEFOUNDINALLAGEGROUPS,CANCERSAREPARTICULARLYLIKELYTOATTACKPERSONSINTHEIRMIDDLEANDADVANCEDYEARSNATURALLY,SINCEPEOPLELIVELONGERTHESEYEARS,THEREAREMORECANCERSUFFERERSTHANBEFOREAGAIN,WITHBETTERMETHODSOFDIAGNOSIS诊断,DOCTORSCANMOREEASILYRECOGNIZECANCEROUSGROWTHSTHATWOULDFORMERLYHAVEPASSEDUNNOTICEDORTHATWOULDHAVEBEENWRONGLYDIAGNOSEDITISALSOBELIEVEDTHATCERTAINHABITSANDCONDITIONSOFMODEMLIVING,INCLUDINGHEAVYSMOKINGANDTHEPOLLUTIONOFTHEAIR,MAYLEAVEPEOPLELIVINGINMORECANCERCAUSINGCONDITIONSTHANBEFOREWEALLLOOKFORWARDTOTHEDAYWHENASIMPLEMEDICALTESTCANFINDCANCERWHILEITISSTILLSMALLRESEARCHERSAROUNDTHEWORLDAREWORKINGONSUCHATESTMOSTOFTHEIRWORKDEALSWITHTHEEXAMINATIONOFTHEBLOODRESEARCHERSINBOSTONHAVEFOUNDSOMETHINGINTHEBLOODOFCANCERPATIENTSTHATDOESNOTAPPEARINHEALTHYPERSONSTHETESTSHOWEDWHICHPERSONSHADCANCERANDWHICHDIDNOTITWASCORRECTMORETHAN90PERCENTOFTHETIMETHERESEARCHERSBELIEVETHETESTMAYBEABLETOSHOWCANCERVERYCLEARLYINITSDEVELOPMENTCANCERSDISCOVEREDEARLYUSUALLYCANBETREATEDSUCCESSFULLYTHETESTEXAMINESVERYSMALLBITSOFFATINTHEBLOODCALLEDLIPIDS脂质CANCERSSEEMTOCHANGELIPIDSALTHOUGHDOCTORSDONOTKNOWWHYTHETESTSHOWEDDIFFERENCESBETWEENTHELIPIDSOFTHEPERSONSWITHCANCERANDTHELIPIDSOFTHOSEWITHOUTCANCERTHERESEARCHERSSAYTHENEWTESTCOULDBEASTEPTODEVELOPASIMPLEWAYTOCHECKPATIENTSFORCANCERBEFORETHEDISEASESHOWSONANXRAY1WHOWILLFAILCANCERFROMTHESTUDYOFTHERESEARCHERSATHEYOUNGBTHEMIDDLEAGEANDTHEOLDERCTHEMANDTHEWOMAN2THEUNDERLINEDWORDSSUCHATESTREFERTO________ATHETESTTHATSHOWSWHICHPERSONSHAVECANCERANDWHICHDON’TBTHETESTTHATMAYBEABLETOSHOWCANCERVERYEARLYINITSDEVELOPMENT,CASIMPLEMEDICALTESTTHATCANNOTFINDCANCERWHENITISSMALLDANEWTESTTHATCOULDBEASTEPTODEVELOPADIFFICULTWAYWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEACANCERSHAVEMUCHTODOWITHSOMETHINGINPATIENTS’BLOODBPEOPLELIVINGINBETTERCONDITIONSAREMOSTLIKELYTOBEATTACKEDBYCANCERCXRAYINGISTHEBESTWAYTODETERMINEDWHETHERAPERSONHASCANCERORNOTDCANCERSHAVENOTHINGTODOWITHAPERSON’SHABITSANDLIVINGCONDITIONS4WHATWOULDBETHEBESTTITLEFORTHEPASSAGEAASIMPLEWAYTOCANCERBCANCERSCANBECUREDCHOWTOFINDCANCERDEARLYDISCOVERYOFCANCER2ASAHUMANBEINGYOUMAYHAVETHECHOICEOFTHREEBASICATTITUDESTOWARDSLIFEYOUMAYTREATLIFEWITHTHEPHILOSOPHY哲学OFTHEVEGETABLE,INWHICHCASEYOURLIFEWILLINCLUDEBEINGBORN,EATING,DRINKING,SLEEPING,MARRYING,GROWINGOLDANDDYINGTHESECONDBASICATTITUDEISTOLOOKATLIFEASIFITWEREABUSINESSAGREATMANYSOCALLEDSUCCESSFULMENANDWOMENBELIEVETHATLIFEISABUSINESSIFYOUBELIEVESO,YOURFIRSTQUESTIONOFLIFE,NATURALLY,ISWHATDOIGETOUTOFITHOWMUCHISTHISWORTHTOMEINAWORD,BASEDONTHISATTITUDE,HAPPINESSBECOMESAMATTEROFSUCCESSFULCOMPETITIONTHEGREATMAJORITYOFHUMANBEINGSTODAYLOOKATLIFEASIFITWEREABUSINESSTHETHIRDATTITUDETOWARDLIFEISTHEWAYOFTHEARTISTHERETHEBASICPHILOSOPHYISWHATCANIPUTINTOITTHEYVALUECOOPERATIONANDCONTRIBUTIONTHISPOINTOFVIEWHASBEENPROVEDBYHISTORY;FORHISTORYREMEMBERSBESTTHOSEWHOHAVECONTRIBUTEDMOSTRICHLYTOTHEINTERESTSOFTHEIRFELLOWMENTHEMOREWEINVESTIGATE调查,THEMOREWEBECOMECERTAINTHATTHEARTISTICATTITUDEISTHEONLYONEWHICHGOESWITHHUMANHAPPINESS5FROMTHEPASSAGEWEKNOWPEOPLEWHOTAKETHESECONDLIFEATTITUDE________AAREMOSTLYBUSINESSMENBTHINKOFGETTINGTHEINTERESTS利益FIRSTCFINDTHEIRHAPPINESSFROMHARDWORKDTAKECOMPETITIONASTHEIRWHOLELIFE6PEOPLEWHOAREBESTREMEMBEREDBYHISTORYAREPROBABLYATHOSELIVINGONVEGETABLESBSUCCESSFULMENCARTISTSDBUSINESSMEN7WEMAYINFERFROMTHISPASSAGETHAT________ASOMEPEOPLEARELIVINGONLYONVEGETABLESWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BTHEARTISTICATTITUDEISACCEPTEDBYMOSTPEOPLECTHEWRITERPREFERSTHETHIRDLIFEATTITUDEDARTISTSDOMOSTFORTHESOCIETYINORDERTOBEREMEMBEREDLONGERTHANOTHERS3THEQUESTIONOFWHATCHILDRENLEARN,ANDHOWTHEYSHOULDLEARN,ISCONTINUALLYBEINGDEBATEDANDREDEBATEDNOBODYDARESANYLONGERTODEFENDTHEOLDSYSTEM,THELEARNINGOFLESSONSPARROTFASHION,THEGRAMMARWITHAWHIPSYSTEM,WHICHWASGOODENOUGHFOROURGRANDPARENTSTHETHEORIESOFMODEMPSYCHOLOGYHAVESTEPPEDINTOARGUETHATWEMUSTUNDERSTANDTHENEEDOFCHILDRENCHILDRENARENOTJUSTSMALLADULTS;THEYARECHILDRENWHOMUSTBERESPECTEDASMUCHWELL,YOUMAYSAY,THISISASITSHOULDBE,AGOODIDEABUTTHINKFURTHERWHATHAPPENSEDUCATIONBECOMESTHERESPONSIBILITYNOTOFTEACHERS,BUTOFPSYCHOLOGISTS心里学家WHATHAPPENSTHENTEACHERSWORRYTOOMUCHABOUTTHEPSYCHOLOGICALIMPLICATIONS暗示OFTHEIRLESSONS,ANDFORGETABOUTTHESUBJECTSTHEMSELVESIFACHILDDISLIKESALESSON,THETEACHERFEELSTHATITISHISFAULT,NOTTHECHILD’SSOTEACHERSWORRYWHETHERHISTORYISRELEVANTTOMODERNYOUNGCHILDRENANDDOTHEYDARETORECOUNTSTORIESABOUTVIOLENCEORWILLTHISMAKETHECHILDRENTHEMSELVESVIOLENTCANTHEYTELLTHEIRCLASSESABOUTCHILDRENOFDIFFERENTRACES,ORWILLTHISENCOURAGERACIALHATREDWHYTEACHCHILDRENTOWRITEGRAMMATICALSENTENCESVERBALEXPRESSIONISBETTERSUMSARITHMETICNOREALLIFEMATHEMATICALSITUATIONSAREMOREUNDERSTANDABLEYOUSEE,YOUCANGOTOOFARINFLUENCEDBYEDUCATIONALTHEORISTS,WHOHAVENOTHINGBETTERTODOTHANTOWRITEBOOKSABOUTTHEIRIDEAS,TEACHERSLEAVETHEIRTEACHERTRAININGCOLLEGESFILLEDWITHGRAND,PSYCHOLOGICALIDEASABOUTCHILDRENANDTHEIRNEEDSTHEYMAKEELABORATE,SOPHISTICATED精致的,复杂的PREPARATIONSANDTRYOUTTHEIRMODEMMETHODSONTHELONGSUFFERINGCHILDRENSINCEONEMODEMMETHODRAPIDLYREPLACESANOTHERTHEPOORKIDSWILLHAVEHADAGOODBELLYFULBYTHETIMETHEYLEAVESCHOOLFREQUENTLYTHEMODEMMETHODSARESOSOPHISTICATEDTHATTHEYFAILTOBEUNDERSTOODBYTHETEACHERS,LETALONETHECHILDREN;EVENMOREOFTEN,THERELAXEDDISCIPLINESOESSENTIALFORTHEINFORMALFEELINGSTHECLASSMUSTHAVE,PREVENTSALLBUTAHANDFULOFCHILDRENFROMLEARNINGANYTHING8PEOPLEDONOTDAREDEFENDTHEOLDSYSTEMMAINLYBECAUSEUNDERTHEOLDSYSTEM________ATOOMUCHGRAMMARWASTAUGHTTOCHILDRENBCHILDRENWERESPOILED宠坏CCHILDRENWERETREATEDASGROWNUPSDCHILDRENWEREMADETOLEARNPASSIVELY被动的WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载9WHATVIEWDOTHEMODEMPSYCHOLOGISTSHOLDACHILDRENMUSTBEUNDERSTOODANDRESPECTEDBCHILDRENARESMALLADULTSANDKNOWWHATTHEYNEEDCCHILDRENAREBETTEROFFWITHOUTLEARNINGLESSONSDEDUCATIONOFCHILDRENISTHERESPONSIBILITYOFPSYCHOLOGISTS10WHATHAPPENSWHENTEACHERSPAYTOOMUCHATTENTIONTOTHEPSYCHOLOGYOFTHEIRLESSONSATHEYFINDTHATTHECHILDRENDISLIKETHELESSONSBTHEYTENDTOBLAMESTUDENTSFORTHEIRFAILURECTHEYDONOTPAYENOUGHATTENTIONTOTHEACTUALLESSONSDTHEYNOLONGERWANTTOTEACHCHILDRENHISTORY11GRAMMATICALSENTENCESAREREGARDEDASUNIMPORTANTBECAUSE________AITISBETTERTOUSEVERBSONLYBWORDSARESAIDOUTOFNATURALFEELINGSONLYCTALKINGFREELYANDNATURALLYWITHOUTSENTENCESISABETTERFORMOFEXPRESSIONDITISFELTTHATFORMALGRAMMARRULESMIGHTCAUSEUNNATURALEXPRESSIONS12ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,THEMODERNMETHODSAREUNDERSTOODBY________ANEITHERTEACHERSNORPUPILSBONLYAHANDFULOFTEACHERSANDPUPILSCTHEMORESOPHISTICATEDTEACHERSDEVERYONEWHOENJOYSTHERELAXEDDISCIPLINEOFTHEINFORMALCLASSES【答案与解析】1B细节题。从第一段中的CANCERSAREPARTICULARLYLIKELYTOATTACKPERSONSINTHEIRMIDDLEANDADVANCEDYEARS可以知道癌症尤其容易在中年人和老年人的身体上发生。2B词义题。第二段中的ASIMPLEMEDICALTESTCANFINDCANCERWHILEITISSTILLSMALL;TEST与后面的SUCHATEST指的是同样的一种方法,所以这里的TEST指的是上句的“用最简单的方法诊断早期的癌症”。3A细节题。第三段中提到了CANCER病人血液中的有些东西在健康人中没有,并且百分之九十以上的情况是这样的。B项与D项的意思与文章第一段中的CERTAINHABITSANDCONDITIONSOFMODERNLIVINGINCLUDINGHEAVYSMOKINGANDPOLLUTIONOFTHEAIRMAYLEAVEPEOPLELIVINGINMORECANCERCAUSINGCONDITIONS不符;C项内容与文章最后一段的意思不符。4D主旨题。文章在开头就交代了写作的目的,有各种不同的理由说明了为什么癌症似乎在上升,而WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载从后面的几段我们知道科学家们正在研究一种新的早期诊断CANCER的方法。5B推断题。第二种人生态度是把生活看作一种生意,当然是利益最重要了。6C细节题。从最后一段第四句可知。7C推断题。从文章的最后一句可推知8D推断题。由第一段第二句“鹦鹉学舌般地课文学习、附带鞭子的语法教学”可知,这种学习孩子非常被动。9A细节题。由第一段最后一句可知我们必须懂得孩子们的需要,还要尊重孩子们。10C细节题。由第二段中“教师过多担心功课的心理暗示,忽略了功课本身”可知。11B推断题。由第二段中WHYTEACHCHILDRENTOWRITEGRAMMATICALSENTENCESVERBALEXPRESSIONISBETTER可推断出。12A细节题。由最后一段中FREQUENTLYTHEMODEMMETHODSFAILTOBEUNDERSTOODBYTHETEACHERS,LETALONETHECHILDREN可知。

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