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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(四)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(四)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(四)1AMERICAISGROWINGOLDERFIFTYYEARSAGO,ONLY4OUTOFEVERY100PEOPLEINTHEUNITEDSTATESWERE65OROLDERTODAY,10OUTOFEVERY100AMERICANSAREOVER65THEAGINGOFTHEPOPULATIONWILLAFFECTAMERICANSOCIETYINMANYWAYSEDUCATION,MEDICINE,ANDBUSINESSQUIETLY,THEAGINGOFAMERICAHASMADEUSAVERYDIFFERENTSOCIETYONEINWHICHPEOPLEHAVEAQUITEDIFFERENTIDEAOFWHATKINDOFBEHAVIORISSUITABLEATVARIOUSAGESAPERSON’SAGENOLONGERTELLSYOUANYTHINGABOUTHIS/HERSOCIALPOSITION,MARRIAGEORHEALTHTHERE’SNOLONGERAPARTICULARYEARINWHICHONEGOESTOSCHOOLORGOESTOWORKORGETSMARRIEDORSTARTSAFAMILYTHESOCIALCLOCKTHATKEPTUSONTIMEANDTOLDUSWHENTOGOTOSCHOOL,GETAJOB,ORSTOPWORKINGISN’TASSTRONGASITUSEDTOBEITDOESN’TSURPRISEUSTOHEAROFA29YEAROLDUNIVERSITYPRESIDENTORA35YEAROLDGRANDMOTHER,ORA70YEAROLDMANWHOHASBECOMEAFATHERFORTHEFIRSTTIMEPUBLICIDEASARECHANGINGMANYPEOPLESAY,“IAMMUCHYOUNGERTHANMYMOTHERORMYFATHERWASATMYAGE”NOONESAYS“ACTYOURAGE”ANYMOREWE’VESTOPPEDLOOKINGWITHSURPRISEATOLDERPEOPLEWHOACTINYOUTHFULWAYS1ITCANBELEARNEDFROMTHETEXTTHATTHEAGINGOFTHEPOPULATIONINAMERICA________AHASMADEPEOPLEFEELYOUNGERBHASCHANGEDPEOPLE’SSOCIALPOSITIONCHASCHANGEDPEOPLE’SUNDERSTANDINGOFAGEDHASSLOWEDDOWNTHECOUNTRY’SSOCIALDEVELOPMENT2THEUNDERLINEDWORD“ONE”REFERSTO________AASOCIETYBAMERICACAPLACEDPOPULATION3“ACTYOURAGE”MEANSPEOPLESHOULD________ABEACTIVEWHENTHEYAREOLDBDOTHERIGHTTHINGATTHERIGHTAGECSHOWRESPECTTOTHEIRPARENTSYOUNGOROLDDTAKEMOREPHYSICALEXERCISESSUITABLETOTHEIRAGE4IFA’25YEAROLDMANBECOMESGENERALMANAGEROFABIGFIRM,THEWRITEROFTHETEXTWOULDMOSTPROBABLYCONSIDERIT_________ANORMALBWONDERFULCUNBELIEVABLEDUNREASONABLE2BILLJAVISTOOKOVEROURVILLAGE’SNEWSAGENCYATATIMEOFLIFEWHENMOSTOFUSONLYWANTEDTORELAXHEJUSTWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载THOUGHTHEWOULDLIKESOMETHINGBUTNOTTOOMUCHTODO,ANDTHENEWSAGENCYWASREADYMADETHEBUSINESSPRODUCEDLITTLEENOUGHFORHIM,BUTBILLWASAMANWHOONLYWANTEDTHESIMPLICITYANDORDERANDREGULARITYOFTHEJOBHEHADBEENALONGSERVINGSAILOR,ANDALLHISLIFEHADDONEEVERYTHINGBYTHECLOCKEVERYDAYHEOPENEDHISSHOPAT600AMTOCATCHTHEEARLYTRADE;THEPAPERSARRIVEDONHISDOORSTEPBEFORETHATMANYOFBILL’SCUSTOMERSWERECITYWORKERS,ANDTHESHOPWASCONVENIENTFORTHESTATIONBUSINESSWASTAILINGOFFBY10O’CLOCK,SOATELEVENSHARPBILLCLOSEDFORLUNCHITWASHARDLUCKONANYBODYWHOWANTEDAPAPERORMAGAZINEINTHEAFTERNOON,FORMOSTLIKELYBILLWOULDBEDOWNONTHERIVERBANK,FISHING,ANDHISNEATESTCOMPETITORWASFIVEKILOMETERSAWAYSOMETIMESINTHEAFTERNOON,THEEVENINGPAPERLANDEDONTHEDOORWAY,ANDAT4O’CLOCKBILLREOPENEDHISSHOPTHEEVENINGRUSHLASTEDTILLSEVEN,ANDITWASWORTHWHILEHELIVEDINAFLATABOVETHESHIP,ALONEEXCEPTINTHEVERYBADWEATHER,YOUALWAYSKNEWWHERETOFINDHIMINTHEAFTERNOON,ASIHAVESAIDONCE,ONASUNNYAFTERNOON,IWALKEDHOMEALONGTHERIVERBANKFROMASHOPPINGTRIPTOTHEVILLAGEBYMYWATCHITWASTHREEMINUTESPASTFOUR,SOIWASASTONISHEDTOSEEBILLSITTINGTHEREONHISLITTLECHAIRWITHALINEINTHE,WATERHEHADNOLUCK,ICOULD,SEE,BUTHEWASMAKINGNOEFFORTTOMOVE“WHAT’SWRONG,BILL”ICALLEDOUTFROMTHEPATHFORANSWER,HEPUTAHANDINHISJACKETANDTOOKOUTABIG,GOLDENOBJECTFORAMOMENTIHADNOIDEAWHATITCOULDBE,ANDTHENITSUDDENLYWENTOFFWITHANOISELIKEAFIREENGINESTOPPINGTHEBELL,BILLHELDTHETHINGUPANDCALLEDBACK,TENTOFOUR,YOUSEE,ANDTHISISDEADRIGHTIHADNEVERKNOWNANYONECARRYINGABRASSALARMCLOCKROUNDWITHHIMBEFORE5BILLJAVISBECAMEANEWSAGENTWHEN________AHENEEDTHEMONEYBHEDECIDEDTOTAKETHINGSEASYCHEWASQUITEANOLDMANDHEGAVEUPCLOCKREPAIRING6BILLOPENEDTHESHOPSOEARLYINTHEDAYBECAUSE________AHELIKEDTODOASMUCHASPOSSIBLEBEFOREHEWENTTOWORKBTHESHOPHADTOBEOPENWHENTHEMORNINGPAPERSCAMECHEWASNEVERSUREOFTIMEDITWASTHENTHATHEDIDALOTOFBUSINESS7ONTHATSUNNYAFTERNOON,THEWRITERWASSURPRISEDWHENHESAWBILLBECAUSE________AHETHOUGHTITWASLATEFORBILLTOBESTILLFISHINGBHETHOUGHTBILLWASILL,SINCEHEWASNOTMOVINGATALLCBILLHADNOTCAUGHTANYTHING,ANDTHATSEEMEDSTRANGEWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载DBILLSTAYEDINHISFLAT8FROMTHEINFORMATIONGIVENINTHEPASSAGE,WHOORWHATDOYOUTHINKWASWRONGATHEBELLWAS;ITMUSTHAVEGONEOFFATTHEWRONGTIMEBBILLWAS;HEHADDROPPEDOFFTOSLEEPCTHEWRITER’SWATCHWASFASTDBILL’SCLOCKWASWRONG;ITWASOLD3THEWESTERNHASBEENTHEFAVORITETYPEFORAMERICANADVENTURESTORYSINCETHENINETEENTHCENTURYWHILETHEAMERICANWESTWASBEINGSETTLED,NEWSPAPERSANDDIMENOVELSCOULDDEPENDONSTORIESOFTHEFRONTIERSETTLEMENTSANDTELLTALESABOUTLIVINGINTHEUNTAMEDWILDERNESSTOSELLTHEPUBLICBACKEASTWASEAGERTOREADABOUTTHEWEST,EVENIFTHESTORIESWEREMOREFICTIONTHANFACTIN1902,OWENWISTERPUBLISHEDHISNOVELTHEVIRGINIAN,WHICHWASONEOFTHEFIRSTNOVELSTOTREATTHEWESTERNASASERIOUSLITERARYFORM;THENOVELSTILLSOLDWELLANDHADINSPIREDSEVERALMOVIESANDATELEVISIONSERIESIN1905,BERTHAHBOWERANDZANEGREYPUBLISHEDTHEIRFIRSTNOVELS,ANDTHEPOPULARWESTERNNOVELSHADCONTINUEDTOFLOURISHFROMTHATDAYON,WITHCURRENTNOVELSBYLUKESHORT,MAXBRAND,ANDLOUISL’AMOURCARRYINGONTHETRADITIONTHEFIRSTWESTERNMOVIEAPPEAREDEVENEARLIERTHANTHESESERIOUSWESTERNNOVELSBEFORETHETURNOFTHECENTURY,ANASSOCIATEOFEDISON’SHADFILMEDCRIPPLECREEKBARROOMSCENE,AFEWSECONDSOFFILMSHOWINGTHEINSIDEOFASALOON,TOHELPPUBLICIZETHEINVENTIONOFTHEMOVIECAMERAIN1903THEEDISON’COMPANYFILMEDTHEFIRSTFULLLENGTHWESTERNTHEGREATTRAINROBBERYTHEFILMLASTSLESSTHANFIFTEENMINUTES,BUTASTORYISTOLDITSENTIRETYINTHEMOVIE,BANDITS强盗ROBATRAINANDITSPASSENGERS,KILLINGTHEENGINEER,ANDFINDTHEMSELVESTRACKEDDOWNBYAPOSSEAUDIENCESLOVEDTHEMOVIESOMETHEATERSWEREACTUALLYOPENEDFORTHESINGLEPURPOSEOFSHOWINGTHEGREATTRAINROBBERYANDONLYLATERREALIZEDTHATTHEYCOULDDOEQUALLYWELLSHOWINGOTHERMOVIESTHEFILMWASSOSUCCESSFULTHATOTHERCOMPANIES,ANDFINALLYEVENTHEEDISONCOMPANYITSELF,BEGANPRODUCINGCOPIESANDOTHERVERSIONSOFTHEGREATTRAINROBBERYIRONICALLY,INANERAWHENTHEWESTWASSTILLVERYREALARIZONA,NEWMEXICOANDOKLAHOMAWEREALLTERRITORIESRATHERTHANSTATESIN1903THEGREATTRAINROBBERYWASFILMEDINNEWJERSEY9THEPURPOSEOFTHISPASSAGEISTO________WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载ADISCUSSTHEMAKINGOFTHEMOVIETHEGREATTRAINROBBERYBDISCUSSTHEEARLYWESTERNNOVELSCDISCUSSTHEARTOFMOVIEMAKINGDTRACETHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEWESTERNASANAMERICANADVENTURESTORYTRADITION10WECANCONCLUDEFROMTHISPASSAGETHAT________APEOPLELOSTINTERESTINTHEWESTAFTER1903BOWENWISTERWASANEXCOWBOYCNEWJERSEYWASSTILLUNTAMEDWILDERNESSIN1903DFILMSWEREFAIRLYUNCOMMONATTHETIMETHEGREATTRAINROBBERYWASMADE11THEPASSAGESUGGESTSTHAT________AEDISON’SINVENTIONOFTHEMOVIECAMERAHAPPENED;BYACCIDENTBMOVIEHOUSESDIDN’TMAKEMUCHMONEYINTHEEARLYDAYSCEASTERNERSWEREFASCINATEDBYTHEWILDWESTDTHEGREATTRAINROBBERYWASPOORLYRECEIVEDBYTHEPUBLICBECAUSEITLACKEDAPLOT12ASUSEDINTHISPASSAGE,THEWORD“LITERARY”MEANS________AHUMOROUSBFINANCIALCAPPROPRIATETOLITERATUREDAMATEUR【答案解析】1C主旨题。根据第一、二段的最后一句及第三段可判断。2A细节题。ONE是ASOCIETY的同位语且后面跟了一个定语从句,可以通过分析句子结构得出正确答案。3B细节题。全文最后一句话给出了提示。4A推理题。可仔细阅读第二段中倒数第二句话。5C推断题。ATATIMEOFLIFEWHENMOSTOFUSONLYWANTEDTORELAX和HEHADBEENALONGSERVINGSAILOR这两点说明他已上了年纪。6D推断题。第二段开头说他6点开门,报纸在这之前已送到,而且还可以CATCHTHEEARLYTRADE。7A推断题。BILL通常4点会重新开店,而那天作者的表已过4点,BILL还没有离开的意思,所以他非常惊讶。8C细节题。A项中GOOFF是爆发,产生很大声音;B项中DROPOFFTOSLEEP是不知不觉入睡;文章中倒数第二段最后一句话THISISDEADRIGHT中DEAD是“非常,完全”的意思,可见,BILL的CLOCK没错。WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载9D推断题。从1902年出版的小说,1903年拍的一部电影,到1905年的第一批小说等,作者如此不吝惜笔墨,是为了追溯具有冒险故事传统的美国西部发展史。故D项是正确答案。10D推断题。第三段,通过THEGREATTRAINROBBERY影片的成功放映,人们才开始认识到在影剧院也可以同样放映一些其它影片,于是其它制片公司甚至于THEEDISON公司本身便开始生产其副本及THEGREATTRAINROBBERY的其它译本。通过以上信息,我们得出的结论应是D项所表达的内容,那一时期的电影并非相当普及。11C推断题。第一段最后一句的WASEAGERTOREADABOUTTHEWEST渴望看一些有关西部的书,与题中WEREFASCINATEDBYTHEWILDWEST对荒芜的西部着了迷表达了同样的信息,故C项为正确答案。12C词义题。根据上下文关系以及关键词语NOVELS和FORM可推知LITERARY的词义。因为“小说”与“形式”应属于“文学”范围。

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