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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(一)(附详解).doc.doc

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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(一)(附详解).doc.doc

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(一)1“THEFIRSTANDBESTOFVICTORIESISFORAMANTOCONQUERHIMSELF;TOBECONQUEREDBYHIMSELFIS,OFALLTHINGS,THEMOSTSHAMEFUL,”SAYSPLATOSELFCONTROLISATTHEROOTOFALLTHEADVANTAGESLETAMANGIVEINTOHISIMPULSES冲动ANDFEELINGS,ANDFROMTHATMOMENTHEGIVESUPHISMORAL道德FREEDOMASINGLEANGRYWORDHASLOSTMANYFRIENDSWHENSOCRATESFOUNDINHIMSELFANYTEMPERORANGER,HEWOULDCHECKITBYSPEAKINGLOWINORDERTOCONTROLHIMSELFIFYOUARECONSCIOUSOFBEINGANGRY,KEEPYOURMOUTHSHUTSOTHATYOUCANHOLDBACKRISINGANGERMANYAPERSONHASDROPPEDDEADINGREATANGERFITSOFANGERBRINGFITSOFDISEASE“WHOEVERTHEGODSWOULDDESTROYTHEYFIRSTMAKETHEMMAD”“KEEPCOOL,”SAYSWEBSTER,“ANGERISNOTARGUMENT”“BECALMINARGUING,”SAYSGEORGEHERBERT,“FORFIERCENESS狂怒MAKESERRORAFAULT”TOBEANGRYWITHAWEAKMANISTOPROVETHATYOUARENOTSTRONGYOURSELF“ANGER,”SAYSPYTHAGORAS,“BRINGSWITHFOLLYANDENDSWITHREGRET”YOUMUSTMEASURETHESTRENGTHOFAMANBYTHEPOWEROFTHEFEELINGSHECONQUERS,NOTBYTHEPOWEROFTHOSEWHICHCONQUERHIMSELFCONTROLISMAN’SLASTANDGREATESTVICTORYIFAMANLACKSSELFCONTROLHESEEMSTOLACKEVERYTHINGWITHOUTITHECANHAVENOPATIENCE,NOPOWERTOGOVERNHIMSELF;HECANHAVENOSELFCONFIDENCE,FORHEWILLALWAYSBECONTROLLEDBYHISSTRONGESTFEELINGIFHELACKSSELFCONTROL,THEVERYBACKBONEANDNERVEOFCHARACTERARELACKINGALSOFROMWWWNMET168COM1WHAT’STHEMAINIDEAOFTHEPASSAGEATHEIMPORTANCEOFSELFCONTROLBHOWTOCONQUERONESELFCTHERELATIONBETWEENAMAN’SMORALFREEDOMANDHISFEELINGSDAMANSHOULDKEEPCOOL2WHAT’STHEMEANINGOF“WHOEVERTHEGODSWOULDDESTROYTHEYFIRSTMAKETHEMMAD”AIFYOUAREMAD,THEGODSWILLKILLYOUBIFYOULOSEYOURTEMPERFIRST,GODSWILLKILLYOUFIRSTCIFYOUCAN’TCONTROLYOURSELF,YOUWILLBECRAZYDIFTHEGODSWANTTOKILLYOU,THEYWILLMAKEYOUMADFIRST3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUE,ACCORDINGTOPASSAGEATHEFIRSTANDBESTOFVICTORIESISFORAMANTOCONQUERHIMSELFWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BYOUWILLMAKEASMALLMISTAKESERIOUSIFYOUDON’TKEEPCOOLCYOUMUSTMEASUREAMAN’SSTRENGTHBYTHEPOWEROFTHEFEELINGSWHICHCONQUERHIMDANGERBRINGSWITHFOLLYANDENDSWITHREGRET4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCAN’THELPYOUAVOIDANGER,ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEABECALMINARGUINGBCHECKYOURTEMPERORANGERBYSPEAKINGLOWCKEEPYOURMOUTHSHUTDTRYTOMAKETHEOTHERANGRYFIRST2VERYOLDPEOPLEDORAISEMORALPROBLEMSFORALMOSTEVERYONEWHOCOMESINCONTACTWITHTHEMTHEIRVALUESTHISCAN’TBEREPEATEDTOOOFTENARENOTNECESSARILYOURVALUESPHYSICALCOMFORT,CLEANNESSANDORDERARENOTNECESSARILYTHEMOSTIMPORTANTTHINGSTHESOCIALSERVICESFROMTIMETOTIMEFINDTHEMSELVESFACEDWITHAFLATWITHDECAYINGFOODCOVEREDBYSMALLWORMS,ANDANOLDPERSONLYINGALONEINBED,TAKINGNONOTICEOFTHEWORMSBUTISITINTERFERING干涉WITHPERSONALFREEDOMTOINSISTTHATTHEYGOTOLIVEWITHSOMEOFTHEIRRELATIVESSOTHATTHEYMIGHTBETAKENBETTERCAREOFSOMESOCIALWORKERS,THEONESWHOCLEARUPTHEWORMS,THINKWEAREINDANGEROFCARRYINGTHISCONCEPTOFPERSONALFREEDOMTOTHEPOINTWHERESERIOUSRISKSAREBEINGTAKENWITHTHEHEALTHANDSAFETYOFTHEOLDINDEED,THEOLDCANBEEASILYHURTORHARMEDTHEBODYISLIKEACAR,ITNEEDSMOREMECHANICALMAINTENANCE机械维修,保养ASITGETSOLDERYOUCANCARRYTHISCOMPARISONRIGHTTHROUGHTOTHEPROVISIONOFSPAREPARTSBUTNEVERFORGETTHATSUCHOPERATIONSAREPAINFULEXPERIENCES,HOWEVERGOODTHERESULTSWILLBEANDATWHATPOINTSHOULDYOUSTOPTOTREATTHEOLDBODYISITMORALLYRIGHTTOTRYTOPUSHOFFDEATHBYSEEKINGTHEDEVELOPMENTOFDRUGSTOEXCITETHEFORGETFULOLDMINDANDTOACTIVATETHEOLDBODY,KNOWINGTHATITISDESIGNEDTODIEYOUCAN’TASKDOCTORSORSCIENTISTSTODECIDE,BECAUSESOLONGASTHEYCANSEETHETECHNICALOPPORTUNITIES,THEYWILLFEELBOUNDTOGIVETHEMATRY,ONTHEPRINCIPLETHATWHILETHERE’SLIFE,THERE’SHOPEWHENYOUTALKTOTHEOLDPEOPLE,HOWEVER,YOUAREFORCEDTOTHECONCLUSIONTHATWHETHERAGEISHAPPYORUNPLEASANTDEPENDSLESSONMONEYORONHEALTHTHANITDOESONYOURABILITYTOHAVEFUN5WHATDOESTHEPASSAGEMAINLYTELLUSATHEVALUESAREDIFFERENTBETWEENTHEOLDANDTHEYOUNGBTHEMORALPROBLEMSRAISEDBYOLDPEOPLECTHEPERSONALFREEDOMFORTHEOLDWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载DOLDPEOPLE’SVIEWPOINTONLIFE6WECANKNOWFROMTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPHTHAT________AVERYOLDPEOPLEWOULDLIKETOLIVEALONETOHAVEMOREPERSONALFREEDOMBVERYOLDPEOPLEAREABLETOKEEPTHEIRROOMCLEANCVERYOLDPEOPLELIKETOLIVEWITHTHEIRCHILDRENDSOCIALSERVICESHAVENOTHINGTODOWITHVERYOLDPEOPLE7ACCORDINGTOTHEAUTHOR,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISRIGHTATHEOLDERAPERSON,THEMORECAREHENEEDSBTOOMUCHEMPHASISHASBEENPUTONOLDPEOPLE’SVALUESCTHEHUMANBODYCAN’TBECOMPAREDTOACARDITISEASYTOPROVIDESPAREPARTSFOROLDPEOPLE8THEUNDERLINEDWORD“IT”INTHELASTPARAGRAPHREFERSTO“________”ATHEIRMONEYORTHEIRHEALTHBTHECONCLUSIONYOUCOMETOCYOURTALKTOTHEOLDPEOPLEDWHETHERAGEISHAPPYORUNPLEASANT3TOGETHER35YEARSALVINAILEYAMERICANDANCETHEATERTHEYMAKEYOUSWAYWITHADANCEFORMALLTHEIROWNORIGINATINGASANINTIMATE,INNOVATIVEDANCECOMPANY,ITHASEVOLVEDINTOANINTERNATIONALFORCETAKINGTHESPIRITOFAFRICANAMERICANCULTUREANDTRANSLATINGITINTODANCEANDCOMMUNITYPROGRAMSFORMORETHAN35YEARSAHERITAGEOFBRINGINGTOGETHERAREPERTOIREOFAILEYCLASSICSANDGREATDANCEMASTERPIECESALONGWITHEXCITINGNEWWORKSBYEMERGINGARTISTSMODERNVIBRANTATHLETICCOLORFULINVOLVINGBECAUSEITISDANCEINSTEPWITHTHEPEOPLEPARTOFTHENEIGHBORHOOD,THEIRPULSEBEATSBEATSBEATSOFLIFELIFTINGSPIRITSABLETOLEAPTALLBUILDINGSINASINGLEBOUNDPIROUETTINGTHEGLOBESOARING,MOVINGASONE,MOVINGDANCEINTOTHEFUTUREJOINPHILIPMORRISINITS12THYEAROFSUPPORTINGALVINAILEYAMERICANDANCETHEATERANDCELEBRATETHEACHIEVEMENTOFTHEAILEYPASTASTHEYBOLDLYSTEPFORWARDFROMWWWNMET168COMWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载9WHATDOESTHEADVERTISEMENTASKPEOPLETODOATOSEEAPLAYBTOWATCHAMATCHCTOBALLTHEREDTOSEEPHILIPMORRIS10HOWISTHECOMPANYAMODERNANDINVOLVINGBINTIMATEANDINNOVATIVECATHLETICANDCOLORFULDVIBRANTANDINNOVATIVE11WHATDOESALVINAILEYAMERICANDANCETHEATERHOLDTHISACTIVITYFORATODEVELOPTHESPIRITOFAFRICANAMERICANCULTUREBTOLEAPTALLBUILDINGSINASINGLEBOUNDCTOPIROUETTETHEGLOBEDTOCELEBRATETHEACHIEVEMENTOFTHEAILEYPAST【答案与解析】1A主旨大意题。根据文章第1段的第2句SELFCONTROLISATTHEROOTOFALLTHEADVANTAGES及全文的内容可知,本文的大意是“自控的重要性”。故答案选A。2D语义理解题。根据上文YOUCANHOLDBACKRISINGANGERMANYAPERSONHASDROPPEDDEADINGREATANGERFITSOFANGERBRINGFITSOFDISEASE可知答案选D。3C推理判断题。根据文章倒数第3段的最后一句YOUMUSTMEASURETHESTRENGTHOFAMANBYTHEPOWEROFTHEFEELINGSHECONQUERS,NOTBYTHEPOWEROFTHOSEWHICHCONQUERHIM可知,选项C与之矛盾。故答案选C。4D推理判断题。根据文章第2段的第2句和第3句以及最后一句可以排除选项A、B、C,从而得出答案为D。5B主旨大意题。根据文章第1句VERYOLDPEOPLEDORAISEMORALPROBLEMSFORALMOSTEVERYONEWHOCOMESINCONTACTWITHTHEM及全文内容可知,答案选B。6A推理判断题。根据文章第1段最后几句SOMESOCIALWORKERS,THEONESWHOCLEARUPTHEWORMS,THINKWEAREINDANGEROFCARRYINGTHISCONCEPTOFPERSONALFREEDOMTOTHEPOINTWHERESERIOUSRISKSAREBEINGTAKENWITHTHEHEALTHANDSAFETYOFTHEOLD可知,答案选A。7A推理判断题。根据文章第2段第2句THEBODYISLIKEACAR,ITNEEDSMOREMECHANICALMAINTENANCEASITGETSOLDER可知,答案选A。WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载8D词义猜测题。根据文章最后一句YOUAREFORCEDTOTHECONCLUSIONTHATWHETHERAGEISHAPPYORUNPLEASANTDEPENDSLESSONMONEYORONHEALTHTHANITDOESONYOURABILITYTOHAVEFUN可知,答案选DFROMWWWNMET168COM。9C推理判断题。根据文章倒数第2句JOINPHILIPMORRISINITS12THYEAROFSUPPORTINGALVINAILEYAMERICANDANCETHEATER可知答案选C。10B事实细节题。根据文章第3段第2句ORIGINATINGASANINTIMATE,INNOVATIVEDANCECOMPANY可知答案选B。11D事实细节题。根据文章最后一句ANDCELEBRATETHEACHIEVEMENTOFTHEAILEYPASTASTHEYBOLDLYSTEPFORWARD可知,答案选D。

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