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2009高考阅读理解模拟练习.doc.doc

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2009高考阅读理解模拟练习.doc.doc

2009高考阅读理解模拟练习ATaekwondoistheKoreanmartial(军事的)artofhandtohandcombat(战斗).Maybethatshouldreallybebodytobodycombatbecauseintaekwondothewholebodymustbetrainedtoproperlydefendandattack.Therearesomesimilaritiesbetweentaekwondoandothermartialarts.Forexample,taekwondousesquickstraightlinemoveswhichcanalsobefoundinJapanesemartialarts,buttaekwondoalsousesflowingcircularmoveslikethetypeofmovesfoundinChinesemartialarts.Themaindifferencebetweentaekwondoandothermartialartsisthepowerfulkickingtechniquewhichtaekwondouses.Thisiswherethenametaekwondocomesfrom.InKorean,taemeanstokick,kwonmeanstostrikewiththehand,anddomeansart.Therefore,taekwondocanbetranslatedastheartofkickingandpunching.PaintingsfoundonthewallsandceilingsofancientKoreantombsindicatethattaekwondo,orsomethingsimilartoit,hasbeenpracticedinKoreasinceabout50B.C.Also,recordsofaspeciallytrainedgroupofyoungwarriorscalledHwarangexplainhowtheseyoungmenweretaughttaekkyon(anearlyformoftaekwondo)alongwithhistory,philosophy,ethics,archery,riding,andswordfighting.MembersoftheHwarangwerealsoencouragedtotravelthroughoutKoreainordertolearnaboutthepeoplewholivedinallregionsofthecountry.ThishelpedspreadthepracticeoftaekkyonthroughoutKorea.Eventuallytaekkyon,whichwaspracticedforexerciseandsportwasreplacedbysubak,anothermartialart.Thepurposeofsubakwasspecificallyfighting,somembersofthemilitarywererequiredtolearnit.However,peoplesinterestinsubakdiedoutovertime.Bythe1800s,fewKoreansactuallypracticedsubak.AfterKoreawasinvadedin1909,authoritiesputanendtothepracticeofallmartialartsinthecountry.Inthelongrun,thisbanactuallyledtoincreasedinterestinmartialarts,andsecretgroupsbegantopracticesubakagainintheBuddhisttempleshiddenhighinthemountainsinKorea.AfterKoreagaineditsindependenceagainin1948,interestinmanyformsofmartialartsgrewaroundthecountry.TheKoreanTaeKwonDoAssociationwasformedin1961,andthiswasfollowedbytheWorldTaeKwonDoFederationin1973.Today,taekwondoenjoysgreatpopularityaroundtheworld.Morethan20millionpeoplepracticetaekwondoinmorethan120countries.Taekwondowasalsomadeanofficialdemonstrationsportinthe1988OlympicGamesinSeoul,Korea.41.Taekwondomeans_____.A.martialartsB.theartofkickingandpunchingC.taekkyonorsubakD.youngerwarrior42.HowistaekwondodifferentfromotherformsofmartialartsA.Themovementsarestraight.B.Itispracticedbymenandwomen.C.Itusespowerfulkicks.D.Themovementsareflowing.43.WhatwastheHwarangA.Akindofmartialarts.B.Agroupofwarriors.C.Akindofpainting.D.Anearlyformoftaekwondo.44.WheredidKoreanspracticemartialartsafterbeinginvadedin1909A.InBuddhisttemples.B.Insportscompetitions.C.Inspecialschools.D.Intunnels.45.WhenwastaekwondofirstseenatanOlympiccompetitionA.1948.B.1973.C.1961.D.1988.BFromtheearliesttimes,manhasbeeninterestedinart.Peoplehaveoftenworkedtogethertocollectandsavetheworldsarttreasures.FinearttreasuresfrommanycountriesarekeptinanartmuseumcalledtheLouvreinParis,France.TheworksofarthavebeencollectedbythepeopleofFranceovermanycenturies.TheLouvrehasnotalwaysbeenamuseum.Thefirstbuildingwasafort(炮台).In1190,itwasthekingscastlewithhighwallsandaroundtower.Ithadamoattokeepouthisenemies.Overtheyears,thenumberofbuildingsaroundthecastlegrew.By1350,thecastlewasnolongerneededasafort.TheLouvrebecameapalacehomeforFrenchkingsandqueens.Duringtimesofpeace,newtreasureswerebroughtin.Duringdaysofwar,manytreasureswerestolen,andthebuildingsweredamaged.WhenFrancisIbecamekingofFrancein1515,hebroughtinartistsfrommanycountries.OneoftheartistswasLeonardodaVincifromItaly.DaVincisMonaLisaisthebestknownpaintinginthemuseumtoday.In1793,theLouvrebecameapublicmuseum,justasitisnow.Itisaplacewherearttreasureshavebeensavedforeveryonetoenjoy.46.Onthewhole,thispassageismainlyabout____..A.anartmuseumcalledtheLouvreB.anItalianartistnamedLeonardodaVinciC.akingofFrancenamedFrancisID.thebestknownpaintinginLouvre47.WhichofthefollowingisnottrueA.TheLouvreusedtobeafortaverylongtimeago.B.Frenchkingsandqueensoncelivedinit.C.TheLouvrewastakenbyenemiesin1190.D.ManytreasureswerebroughtintotheLouvreovertheyears.48.WhyisitgoodforgreatarttobekeptinpublicmuseumsA.IthelpspeoplerememberwhotheKingofFranceis.B.Itkeepspeopleoutofthepalaces.C.Itgiveseveryoneachancetoenjoygoodart.D.Ithelpspeopletoknowwhoisthegreatestartist.49.Fromthepassageweknowthat_____.A.itisnotpossiblefortreasurestobestolenB.oldfortsalwaysmakethebestmuseumsC.greatartshouldbesharedwithallthepeopleD.kingFrancisIofFrancebroughtinartistsfromanoldfort50.Inthethirdparagraphthewordmoatprobablymeans_____.A.ahightowerbuiltinformertimeswheresoldierswatchedoutforenemiesB.alonganddeepditchdugroundacastleandwasusuallyfilledwithwaterC.acartpulledbyhorsesonwhichsoldiersfoughtD.alongandhighwallaroundcastleCJamesLangstonHughesfinallyarrivedinNewYorkonSeptember4,1921toattendColombiaUniversity.LangstonfeltfrustratedatColombiaduetothediscriminationofhiswhiteclassmates.Hisgradesbegantosufferandfinallyheleftandlookedforajob.Jobwerestillhardtocomebyformostblacks.Helongedtoworkonashipthatwouldsailabroad.Aftermuchpersistence,heheadedtoAfricaonafreighter货船.HugheswasdisturbedbytheAfricantribeslackofpoliticalandeconomicalfreedom.TheAfricansconsideredhimwhitebecauseofhisbrownskinandstrandeddarkhair.Itwasherethathemetamulatto(白黑混血)childwhowasignoredbytheAfricansandthewhites.Thiswasasourcedofinspirationforhisplay,Mulatto.HughesfoundworkonanotherfreighterandendedupinPairs.Whilethereheworkedatanightclubthatfeaturedsoutherncookingandjazzperformers.WhilemovingontoItaly,HughedwasrobbedandleftstrandedhelplesswantingtoreturntotheUnitedStates.HetriedtogetajobonashipheadingfortheU.S.A.butwastoldtheyonlyhiredthewhite.Inthisdepressedstateofmindhewrote,I,Too,SingAmerica.HereturnedtoAmericaandfoundtheHarlemRenaissancewasspreadingacrossracialboundaries种族界线.Manyblackpoetsandauthorswerenowpublishedinmainstreampublications.Hugheswaswarmlywelcomedbyhispeers(同辈)andrecognizedforthepoteryhewrotewhiletraveling.51.WhatinspiredJamesHughestowhitetheplayMulattoA.NeithertheAfricannorthewhitestookcareofamulattochildhemet.B.TheAfricandidnotlikewhitepeople.C.Blacksfoundithardtofindadecentjob.D.TherewasnopoliticalnoreconomicalfreedominAfrica.52.HowdidHughespayforhistripfromAfricatoParisA.Hesoldhispoems.B.Hegotajobonship.C.Heworkedforanightclub.D.HisAfricanfriendsgavehimsomemoney.53.WhathappenedtoHughesatColombiaUniversityA.Hiswhiteclassmateswerekindandhelpfultohim.B.Hewasrecognizedasapromisingpoet.C.Hegraduatedwithhonors.D.Hewasverydisappointed.DInsomniaistheinabilitytofallasleeporsleeprestfully.Itisaproblemtonearlyeveryoneatsometime.Apersonmaybeawakeforanhourinthemiddleofthenightandthen,nextmorning,feelthathehardlysleepallnightNormally,worryaboutnotgettingenoughsleepistheworstaspectofmostinsomnia.Ifinsomniaisrecurrent,however,itisimportanttofinditscausesandtrytocorrectthem,withthehelpofadoctorifnecessary.Anyofalargenumberofsimplefactorsmaytakeitdifficultforsomeonetofallasleeporremainasleep.Hismattersmaybetoosoftortoohard.Iftherearetoomanyblanketsonahotnight,hemaybetoowarmifthebedclothesaretoolighthemayfeelcoldduringthenight.Ifitisnotdarkenough,ortoonoisy,thismaycausedifficultyinsleeping.Eatingshortlybeforegoingtobedalsoberesponsibleforinsomnia.Stimulatingdrinks,suchasteaorcoffee,canalsokeeppeopleawake.Inabilitytofallasleepissometimesasymptomofemotionalormentaldisorders.Insomniamayalsobecausedbypainand,veryrarely,itcanbeasymptomofaphysicaldisease.Thecauseofinsomniamaybeeasytocorrect.Thesufferershouldcheckthemattress,bedclothesandbedroomtemperature,andmakeanynecessarychanges.Aneyemaskkeepsoutthenightandearplugsshutoutsound.Heshouldrelaxforanhourortwobeforebedtime,perhapsbyreadingabookwatchingTV,ortakingawarmbath.Ifhewakesduringthenightheshouldtryturningonthelightandreadingforawhile.Takingwarmmilkandabiscuitortwomaybehelpful.Aboveall,heshouldtrynottoworryaboutsleeplessnesswhensomeoneistiedenoughhenearlyalwaysfallsasleep.Ifnecessary,adoctormayprescribetranquillisersorsleepingpills.Takeonlythedosageheprescribesanymoreisdangerous.54.Accordingtothewriter,insomniais______.AarareproblemBasignofillnessCacommoncomplaintDamoderndisease55.Peoplewhohavedifficultysleepingshouldsleepin_____.AalightroomBadarkroomCacoldroomDawarmroom56.Insomnianeedtbetakenseriouslybecause_______.Apeoplecancatchonsleepduringtheday.Bmanypeoplesleepfartoomuch.Citcaneasilybecuredbydoctors.Ditiscurednaturallybytiredness.57.Themaincureforinsomniais_____.AnottoreadtoomuchatnightBnottoeattoomuchforsupperCnottowatchtoomuchtelevisionDnottogettooanxiousaboutsleepingEUnlesswespendmoneytospotandpreventasteroids小行星now,onemightcrashintoEarthanddestroylifeasweknowit,Asteroidsarebiggerversionsofthemeteoroids流星thatraceacrossthenightsky.MostorbitthesunfarfromEarthanddontthreatenus.ButtherearealsothousandswhoseorbitsputthemonacollisioncoursewithEarthBuy50millionworthofnewtelescopesrightnow.Thenspend10millionayearforthenext25yearstolocatemostofthespacerocks.Bythetimewespotafatalone,thescientistssay,Somescientistsfavorpushingasteroidsoffcoursewithnuclearweapons.ButthecostwouldntIsitworthitTwothingsexpertsconsiderwhenjudginganyriskare1Howlikelytheeventisand2Howbadtheconsequencesiftheeventoccurs.ExpertsthinkanasteroidbigenoughtodestroylotsoflifemightstrikeEarthonceevery500,000years.Soundsprettyrarebutifonedidfall,itwouldbetheendoftheworld.Ifwedonttakecareofthesebigasteroids,theylltakecareofus,saysonescientist.Thecure,though,mightbeworsethanthedisease.DowereallywantfleetsofnuclearweaponssittingaroundonEarthTheworldhaslesstofearfromdoomsday毁灭性的rocksthanfromagreatnuclearfleetsetagainstthem,saidaNewYorkTimesarticle.58.WhatdoesthepassagesayaboutasteroidsandmeteoroidsA.Theyareheavenlybodiesdifferentincomposition.B.Theyareheavenlybodiessimilarinnature.C.Therearemoreasteroidsthanmeteoroids.D.Asteroidsaremoremysteriousthanmeteoroids.59.Wecanconcludefromthepassagethat_____.A.whilepushingasteroidsoffcoursenuclearweaponswoulddestroytheworldB.asteroidsracingacrossthenightskyarelikelytohitEarthinthenearfutureC.theworryaboutasteroidscanbelefttofuturegenerationssinceitisunlikelytohappeninourlifetimeD.workablesolutionsstillhavetobefoundtopreventacollisionofasteroidswithEarth.60.WhichofthefollowingbestdescribestheauthorstoneinthispassageA.Optimistic.B.Critical.C.Objective.D.Arbitrary.参考答案及解析41.参阅第二段最后一句。故正确答案为B。42.参阅第二段Themaindifferencebetweentaekwondoandothermartialartsisthepowerfulkickingtechniquewhichtaekwondouses..故正确答案为C。43.参阅第三段第二句,故正确答案为B。44.由第三段secretgroupsbegantopracticesubakagainintheBuddhisttemples.可知正确答案为A。45.由最后一句可知1998年进入奥运会。故答案为D。46.通读全文概括得知,全文讲一家博物馆的发展历史。故答案为A。47.参阅第三段,1190年此馆为国王的城堡,故答案为C。48.由最后一句可知这里保存了很多艺术品,人们可以去欣赏。故答案为C。49.参阅开头和最后一段,可知答案为C。50.参阅第三段倒数第二句,moat并非walls和tower,推测为护城河。故答案为B。51.参阅第二段最后两句Itwasherethathemetamulatto(白黑混血)childwhowasignoredbytheAfricansandthewhites.Thiswasasourcedofinspirationforhisplay,Mulatto.。故答案为A.52.参阅第三段第一句HughesfoundworkonanotherfreighterandendedupinPairs.。故答案为B.53.由第一段可知Hughes在ColombiaUniversity受到了种族歧视,故D为正确答案。54.参阅第一段第二句。Itisaproblemtonearlyeveryoneatsometime.故[C]为正确答案。55.房间暗有助睡眠,这是常识。参阅第二段中间。Ifitisnotdarkenough,ortoonoisy,thismaycausedifficultyinsleeping.故[B]为正确答案.56.参阅第四段最后一句。Aboveall,heshouldtrynottoworryaboutsleeplessnesswhensomeoneistiedenoughhenearlyalwaysfallsasleep.故[D]为正确答案57.同上一题,故为[D]正确答案58.参阅第二段可知流星和小行星都是绕日的星体,故正确答案为B。59.由全文得知小行星毁灭地球的危险存在,用核武器改变其路线的方法不十分可取,所以还有必要找到有效的方法,故答案为[D]。60.通读全文,作者的语气是客观的,故正确答案为[C]。

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