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2009高考阅读理解模拟练习.doc.doc

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2009高考阅读理解模拟练习.doc.doc

2009高考阅读理解模拟练习ATAEKWONDOISTHEKOREANMARTIAL(军事的)ARTOFHANDTOHANDCOMBAT(战斗).MAYBETHATSHOULDREALLYBEBODYTOBODYCOMBATBECAUSEINTAEKWONDOTHEWHOLEBODYMUSTBETRAINEDTOPROPERLYDEFENDANDATTACK.THEREARESOMESIMILARITIESBETWEENTAEKWONDOANDOTHERMARTIALARTS.FOREXAMPLE,TAEKWONDOUSESQUICKSTRAIGHTLINEMOVESWHICHCANALSOBEFOUNDINJAPANESEMARTIALARTS,BUTTAEKWONDOALSOUSESFLOWINGCIRCULARMOVESLIKETHETYPEOFMOVESFOUNDINCHINESEMARTIALARTS.THEMAINDIFFERENCEBETWEENTAEKWONDOANDOTHERMARTIALARTSISTHEPOWERFULKICKINGTECHNIQUEWHICHTAEKWONDOUSES.THISISWHERETHENAMETAEKWONDOCOMESFROM.INKOREAN,TAEMEANSTOKICK,KWONMEANSTOSTRIKEWITHTHEHAND,ANDDOMEANSART.THEREFORE,TAEKWONDOCANBETRANSLATEDASTHEARTOFKICKINGANDPUNCHING.PAINTINGSFOUNDONTHEWALLSANDCEILINGSOFANCIENTKOREANTOMBSINDICATETHATTAEKWONDO,ORSOMETHINGSIMILARTOIT,HASBEENPRACTICEDINKOREASINCEABOUT50B.C.ALSO,RECORDSOFASPECIALLYTRAINEDGROUPOFYOUNGWARRIORSCALLEDHWARANGEXPLAINHOWTHESEYOUNGMENWERETAUGHTTAEKKYON(ANEARLYFORMOFTAEKWONDO)ALONGWITHHISTORY,PHILOSOPHY,ETHICS,ARCHERY,RIDING,ANDSWORDFIGHTING.MEMBERSOFTHEHWARANGWEREALSOENCOURAGEDTOTRAVELTHROUGHOUTKOREAINORDERTOLEARNABOUTTHEPEOPLEWHOLIVEDINALLREGIONSOFTHECOUNTRY.THISHELPEDSPREADTHEPRACTICEOFTAEKKYONTHROUGHOUTKOREA.EVENTUALLYTAEKKYON,WHICHWASPRACTICEDFOREXERCISEANDSPORTWASREPLACEDBYSUBAK,ANOTHERMARTIALART.THEPURPOSEOFSUBAKWASSPECIFICALLYFIGHTING,SOMEMBERSOFTHEMILITARYWEREREQUIREDTOLEARNIT.HOWEVER,PEOPLESINTERESTINSUBAKDIEDOUTOVERTIME.BYTHE1800S,FEWKOREANSACTUALLYPRACTICEDSUBAK.AFTERKOREAWASINVADEDIN1909,AUTHORITIESPUTANENDTOTHEPRACTICEOFALLMARTIALARTSINTHECOUNTRY.INTHELONGRUN,THISBANACTUALLYLEDTOINCREASEDINTERESTINMARTIALARTS,ANDSECRETGROUPSBEGANTOPRACTICESUBAKAGAININTHEBUDDHISTTEMPLESHIDDENHIGHINTHEMOUNTAINSINKOREA.AFTERKOREAGAINEDITSINDEPENDENCEAGAININ1948,INTERESTINMANYFORMSOFMARTIALARTSGREWAROUNDTHECOUNTRY.THEKOREANTAEKWONDOASSOCIATIONWASFORMEDIN1961,ANDTHISWASFOLLOWEDBYTHEWORLDTAEKWONDOFEDERATIONIN1973.TODAY,TAEKWONDOENJOYSGREATPOPULARITYAROUNDTHEWORLD.MORETHAN20MILLIONPEOPLEPRACTICETAEKWONDOINMORETHAN120COUNTRIES.TAEKWONDOWASALSOMADEANOFFICIALDEMONSTRATIONSPORTINTHE1988OLYMPICGAMESINSEOUL,KOREA.41.TAEKWONDOMEANS_____.A.MARTIALARTSB.THEARTOFKICKINGANDPUNCHINGC.TAEKKYONORSUBAKD.YOUNGERWARRIOR42.HOWISTAEKWONDODIFFERENTFROMOTHERFORMSOFMARTIALARTSA.THEMOVEMENTSARESTRAIGHT.B.ITISPRACTICEDBYMENANDWOMEN.C.ITUSESPOWERFULKICKS.D.THEMOVEMENTSAREFLOWING.43.WHATWASTHEHWARANGA.AKINDOFMARTIALARTS.B.AGROUPOFWARRIORS.C.AKINDOFPAINTING.D.ANEARLYFORMOFTAEKWONDO.44.WHEREDIDKOREANSPRACTICEMARTIALARTSAFTERBEINGINVADEDIN1909A.INBUDDHISTTEMPLES.B.INSPORTSCOMPETITIONS.C.INSPECIALSCHOOLS.D.INTUNNELS.45.WHENWASTAEKWONDOFIRSTSEENATANOLYMPICCOMPETITIONA.1948.B.1973.C.1961.D.1988.BFROMTHEEARLIESTTIMES,MANHASBEENINTERESTEDINART.PEOPLEHAVEOFTENWORKEDTOGETHERTOCOLLECTANDSAVETHEWORLDSARTTREASURES.FINEARTTREASURESFROMMANYCOUNTRIESAREKEPTINANARTMUSEUMCALLEDTHELOUVREINPARIS,FRANCE.THEWORKSOFARTHAVEBEENCOLLECTEDBYTHEPEOPLEOFFRANCEOVERMANYCENTURIES.THELOUVREHASNOTALWAYSBEENAMUSEUM.THEFIRSTBUILDINGWASAFORT(炮台).IN1190,ITWASTHEKINGSCASTLEWITHHIGHWALLSANDAROUNDTOWER.ITHADAMOATTOKEEPOUTHISENEMIES.OVERTHEYEARS,THENUMBEROFBUILDINGSAROUNDTHECASTLEGREW.BY1350,THECASTLEWASNOLONGERNEEDEDASAFORT.THELOUVREBECAMEAPALACEHOMEFORFRENCHKINGSANDQUEENS.DURINGTIMESOFPEACE,NEWTREASURESWEREBROUGHTIN.DURINGDAYSOFWAR,MANYTREASURESWERESTOLEN,ANDTHEBUILDINGSWEREDAMAGED.WHENFRANCISIBECAMEKINGOFFRANCEIN1515,HEBROUGHTINARTISTSFROMMANYCOUNTRIES.ONEOFTHEARTISTSWASLEONARDODAVINCIFROMITALY.DAVINCISMONALISAISTHEBESTKNOWNPAINTINGINTHEMUSEUMTODAY.IN1793,THELOUVREBECAMEAPUBLICMUSEUM,JUSTASITISNOW.ITISAPLACEWHEREARTTREASURESHAVEBEENSAVEDFOREVERYONETOENJOY.46.ONTHEWHOLE,THISPASSAGEISMAINLYABOUT____.A.ANARTMUSEUMCALLEDTHELOUVREB.ANITALIANARTISTNAMEDLEONARDODAVINCIC.AKINGOFFRANCENAMEDFRANCISID.THEBESTKNOWNPAINTINGINLOUVRE47.WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEA.THELOUVREUSEDTOBEAFORTAVERYLONGTIMEAGO.B.FRENCHKINGSANDQUEENSONCELIVEDINIT.C.THELOUVREWASTAKENBYENEMIESIN1190.D.MANYTREASURESWEREBROUGHTINTOTHELOUVREOVERTHEYEARS.48.WHYISITGOODFORGREATARTTOBEKEPTINPUBLICMUSEUMSA.ITHELPSPEOPLEREMEMBERWHOTHEKINGOFFRANCEIS.B.ITKEEPSPEOPLEOUTOFTHEPALACES.C.ITGIVESEVERYONEACHANCETOENJOYGOODART.D.ITHELPSPEOPLETOKNOWWHOISTHEGREATESTARTIST.49.FROMTHEPASSAGEWEKNOWTHAT_____.A.ITISNOTPOSSIBLEFORTREASURESTOBESTOLENB.OLDFORTSALWAYSMAKETHEBESTMUSEUMSC.GREATARTSHOULDBESHAREDWITHALLTHEPEOPLED.KINGFRANCISIOFFRANCEBROUGHTINARTISTSFROMANOLDFORT50.INTHETHIRDPARAGRAPHTHEWORDMOATPROBABLYMEANS_____.A.AHIGHTOWERBUILTINFORMERTIMESWHERESOLDIERSWATCHEDOUTFORENEMIESB.ALONGANDDEEPDITCHDUGROUNDACASTLEANDWASUSUALLYFILLEDWITHWATERC.ACARTPULLEDBYHORSESONWHICHSOLDIERSFOUGHTD.ALONGANDHIGHWALLAROUNDCASTLECJAMESLANGSTONHUGHESFINALLYARRIVEDINNEWYORKONSEPTEMBER4,1921TOATTENDCOLOMBIAUNIVERSITYLANGSTONFELTFRUSTRATEDATCOLOMBIADUETOTHEDISCRIMINATIONOFHISWHITECLASSMATESHISGRADESBEGANTOSUFFERANDFINALLYHELEFTANDLOOKEDFORAJOBJOBWERESTILLHARDTOCOMEBYFORMOSTBLACKSHELONGEDTOWORKONASHIPTHATWOULDSAILABROADAFTERMUCHPERSISTENCE,HEHEADEDTOAFRICAONAFREIGHTER货船HUGHESWASDISTURBEDBYTHEAFRICANTRIBES’LAC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