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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题(25篇含详细解析).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题(25篇含详细解析).doc.doc

用心爱心专心2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题1EVERYONEBECOMESALITTLEMOREFORGETFULASTHEYGETOLDER,BUTMENSMINDSDECLINEMORETHANWOMENS,ACCORDINGTOTHERESULTSOFAWORLDWIDESURVEYCERTAINDIFFERENCESSEEMTOBEINHERENTINMALEANDFEMALEBRAINSMENAREBETTERATMAINTAININGANDDEALINGWITHMENTALIMAGESUSEFULINMATHEMATICALREASONINGANDSPATIALSKILLS,WHILEWOMENTENDTOEXCEL擅长ATRECALLINGINFORMATIONFROMTHEIRBRAINSFILESHELPFULWITHLANGUAGESKILLSANDREMEMBERINGTHELOCATIONSOFOBJECTSMANYSTUDIESHAVELOOKEDFORACONNECTIONBETWEENSEXANDTHEAMOUNTOFMENTALDECLINE衰退PEOPLEEXPERIENCEASTHEYAGE,BUTTHERESULTSHAVEBEENMIXEDSOMESTUDIESFOUNDMOREAGERELATEDDECLINEINMENTHANINWOMEN,WHILEOTHERSSAWTHEOPPOSITEOREVENNORELATIONSHIPATALLBETWEENSEXANDMENTALDECLINETHOSERESULTSCOULDBEIMPROPERBECAUSETHESTUDIESINVOLVEDOLDERPEOPLE,ANDWOMENLIVELONGERTHANMENTHEMENTESTEDARETHESURVIVORS,SOTHEYRETHEONESTHATMAYNOTHAVESHOWNSUCHCOGNITIVEDECLINE,SAIDSTUDYTEAMLEADERELIZABETHOFTHEUNIVERSITYOFWARWICKINENGLANDPEOPLESURVEYEDCOMPLETEDFOURTASKSTHATTESTEDSEXRELATEDCOGNITIVESKILLSMATCHINGANOBJECTTOITSROTATEDFORM,MATCHINGLINESSHOWNFROMTHESAMEANGLE,TYPINGASMANYWORDSINAPARTICULARCATEGORY范畴ASPOSSIBLEINTHEGIVENTIME,EGOBJECTUSUALLYCOLOREDGRAY,ANDRECALLINGTHELOCATIONOFOBJECTSINALINEDRAWINGTHEFIRSTTWOWERETASKSATWHICHMENUSUALLYEXCEL;THELATTERARETYPICALLYDOMINATEDBYWOMENWITHINEACHAGEGROUPSTUDIED,MENANDWOMENPERFORMEDBETTERINTHEIRSEPARATECATEGORIESONAVERAGEANDTHOUGHPERFORMANCEDECLINEDWITHAGEFORBOTHGENDERS,WOMENSHOWEDOBVIOUSLYLESSDECLINETHANMENOVERALL1THEUNDERLINEDWORDINTHESECONDPARAGRAPHMEANS_________ANATURALBGREATCOBVIOUSDABSOLUTE2ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCANNOTBETYPEDINTOTHESAMECATEGORYACLOUDBSHEEPCTREESDGOOSE3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEACCORDINGTHEARTICLEAMENDOBETTERTHANWOMENWHENITCOMESTOLEARNINGENGLISHBWOMENSTANDOUTATREMEMBERINGPEOPLE’SNAMESCMENEXCELATTYPINGASMANYWORDSINAPARTICULARCATEGORYASPOSSIBLEINTHEGIVENTIMEDWOMENEXCELATDEALINGMATHEMATICPROBLEMS4ONEIMPORTANTFACTORTHATAFFECTSTHECORRECTNESSOFTHERESULTSISTHAT_________ATHEOLDMENTESTEDMAYNOTHAVESHOWNSUCHCOGNITIVEDECLINEBPEOPLESURVEYEDAREALLOLDCPEOPLETAKINGPARTINTHISTESTCAMEFROMALLOVERTHEWORLDDWOMENLIVELONGERTHANMEN5THEAUTHORAIMSTOTELLUSTHAT__________AWOMEN’SMINDSPERFORMBETTERTHANMEN’SBMEN’SMINDSDECLINEMOREWITHAGECEVERYONEBECOMESALITTLEMOREFORGETFULASTHEYGETOLDERDASURVEYONHUMAN’SMINDDECLINEWASDONERECENTLY参考答案与解析1、答案为A。词意猜测题。男女大脑的思维在某些方面的差异是天生固有的。2、答案为C。推理判断题。根据文章第五段可推断出选项中这类物体是以白色为限定范畴的,故选项C为答案。3、答案为B。推理判断题。男性在推理和空间思维方面占优势,女性在提取大脑中储存的记忆信息方面占优势。故答案为B。4、答案为A。细节理解题。根据文章第四段可知。文章只是说调查涉及到老年人,但并不都是老年人,故排除B。选项D不是造成调查结果不准确的原因。5、答案为B。主旨理解题。根据文章第一段可知。2ITSEEMSTHATPOLITICIANSAROUNDTHEWORLDARETHINKINGABOUTTHEHEALTHOFTHEIRCOUNTRIESWHILEINCHINA,CHENZHUHASANNOUNCEDHISPLANSFORAUNIVERSALHEALTHSERVICEANDREFORMACROSSHEALTHSERVICESGORDONBROWN,THEUKPRIMEMINISTER,HASALSOANNOUNCEDHEISPLANNING用心爱心专心TOMAKESOMECHANGESINOURHEALTHSERVICETHECRUXOFMRBROWNSPROPOSALSARERELATEDTOGIVINGTHENHSNATIONALHEALTHSERVICEAGREATERFOCUSONPREVENTION,RATHERTHANJUSTCURINGPATIENTSHEISPLANNINGTOINTRODUCEINCREASEDSCREENINGFORCOMMONDISEASESSUCHASHEARTDISEASE,STROKES,ANDCANCER,FOREXAMPLE,BREASTCANCERINBRITAINTHEREARE200,000DEATHSAYEARFROMHEARTATTACKSANDSTROKES,MANYOFWHICHMIGHTHAVEBEENAVOIDEDIFTHECONDITIONHADBEENKNOWNABOUTINITIALLY,THEDIAGNOSTIC诊断的TESTSWILLBEAVAILABLEFORTHOSEWHOAREVULNERABLE,ORMOSTLIKELYTOHAVETHEDISEASEONEEXAMPLEISAPLANTOOFFERALLMENOVER65ANULTRASOUNDTESTTOCHECKFORPROBLEMSWITHTHEMAINARTERY动脉,ACONDITIONWHICHKILLS3,000MENAYEARTHEOPPOSITIONHAVECRITICIZEDMRBROWNSPROPOSALS,SAYINGTHATTHEYAREJUSTATRICK,ANDCLAIMINGTHATTHEREISNOPROPERTIMETABLEFORTHECHANGESTHEYALSOSAYTHATMRBROWNISREDUCINGTHEMONEYAVAILABLEFORTHETREATMENTOFCERTAINCONDITIONSWHILEPUTTINGMOREMONEYTOWARDSTESTINGFORTHEMTHENHSWASFOUNDEDIN1948,ANDISPAIDFORBYTAXATIONTHEIDEAISTHATTHERICHPAYMORETOWARDSTHEHEALTHSERVICETHANTHEPOORHOWEVERINRECENTYEARSTHEREHASBEENAGREATINCREASEINTHEUSEOFPRIVATEHEALTHCARE,BECAUSEIT’SMUCHQUICKERNHSWAITINGLISTSFOROPERATIONSCANBEVERYLONG,SOMANYPEOPLEWHOCANAFFORDITCHOOSETOPAYFORMEDICALCARETHEMSELVES297WORDS1THEUNDERLINEDWORDVULNERABLEINTHEFOURTHPARAGRAPHPROBABLYMEANS________ASICKBWEAKCWOUNDEDDOLD2ALLTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSARETRUEEXCEPTTHAT_________AALLPEOPLESHOULDPAYFORTHEIRHEALTHCAREATTHENHSBSOMEPEOPLEAREAGAINSTTHEREFORMOFTHEHEALTHCARECTHEWRITERISLIKELYTOCOMEFROMBRITAINDMOREMONEYWILLBESPENTONTESTINGPEOPLETHANBEFORE3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTHEREASONFORTHEINCREASINGPRIVATEHEALTHCAREAPEOPLEAREPAYINGMOREATTENTIONTOTHEIROWNHEALTHBPEOPLEAREWELLOFFENOUGHTOPAYTHEIRHEALTHCARECTHENHSWASNOTAVAILABLEFORMOSTOFTHEPEOPLEDIT’SNOTSOCONVENIENTFORPEOPLETOGOTOTHENHSFORTHEIRHEALTHCARE4ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,THEPURPOSEOFTHEHEALTHREFORMPLANINTHEUKISTO_______AENCOURAGEMOREPRIVATEHEALTHCAREBFOCUSONTHEPREVENTIONRATHERTHANONCURINGTHEPATIENTCDEALWITHTHEMAINARTERYPROBLEMSDFIGHTAGAINSTTHEOPPOSITIONINTHEUK5THEAUTHOROFTHISPASSAGEINTENDSTOTELLUS_________ATHENHSSHOULDBEREFORMEDRIGHTAWAYBMOREANDMOREPEOPLEAREDYINGFROMDISEASESCTHEPLANTOREFORMTHENHSINTHEUKDTHECRITICISMOFMRBROWNSPROPOSALS参考答案与解析1、答案为B.词意猜测题。根据其后一句“ORMOSTLIKELYTOHAVETHEDISEASE”可知为“体弱者”。2、答案为A.细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知,能够自己负担地起费用的人们常常自己花钱去看病,这也就是说人们本来可以不用花钱的。故选项A不正确,为答案。选项B根据文章倒数第二段可知,反对党对这个建议进行了批判;选项C根据文章第一段最后一句可知;选项D根据文章倒数第二段最后一句可反推出来。3、答案为D.细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知,人们自己掏钱看病的原因是因为在NHS的等待时间太长,所以对人们来说不方便,故答案为D。4、答案为B.细节理解题。根据文章第二可知。5、答案为C.主旨大意题。根据文章第一段最后一句可知。事实上,本文作者重点介绍了英国的医疗改革计划,文章大量篇幅都在说明英国的医疗状况。3YANGONMYANMARHASOFFICIALLYACCEPTEDANOFFEROFTHEUNITEDSTATESTOSENDHUMANITARIANAID人道主义援助TOTHECOUNTRYSCYCLONE飓风;暴风VICTIMS,STATERADIOREPORTEDFRIDAYINANIGHTBROADCASTMYANMARDEPUTYFOREIGNMINISTERUKYAWTHUGAVETHEASSURANCE用心爱心专心FRIDAY,SAYINGTHATTHECOUNTRYISRECEIVINGSUCHRELIEFAIDFROMANYCOUNTRYWITHOUTLIMITATTHISTIMEACCORDINGTOITSPOLICY政策OFDEALINGWITHTHEDISASTER,THEREPORTSAIDKYAWTHUDENIEDRUMORSABOUTMYANMARSTURNINGDOWNOFSUCHRELIEFMATERIALSFROMWESTERNCOUNTRIESBUTACCEPTTHOSEFROMNATIONSINGOODRELATIONSWITHMYANMAR,SAYINGTHATTHECOUNTRYHASNEVERDONESOINTHISCASEKYAWTHUSAIDTHATWELLWISHERSABROADMAYMAKECASHDONATIONTHROUGHMYANMAREMBASSIES(使馆)STATIONEDTHERE,WHILETHOSEWHOLIKETODONATERELIEFGOODSMAYPRESENTATTHEYANGONINTERNATIONALAIRPORTANDSEAPORTSACCORDINGTOTHEREPORT,THEUSRELIEFAIDWOULDARRIVEINYANGONINDAYSAFOREIGNMINISTRYSSTATEMENTSAIDEARLIERONFRIDAYTHATATTHISMOMENT,THEINTERNATIONALCOMMUNITYCANBESTHELPTHEVICTIMSBYDONATINGEMERGENCYPROVISIONSSUCHASMEDICALSUPPLIES,FOOD,CLOTH,ELECTRICITYGENERATOR,ANDMATERIALSFOREMERGENCYSHELTERORWITHFINANCIALASSISTANCE,ADDINGTHATMYANMARWILLWHOLEHEARTEDLYWELCOMESUCHCOURSEOFACTIONTHEGOVERNMENTANDTHEPEOPLEOFMYANMARAREGRATEFULTOTHEFRIENDLYNATIONS,THEUNITEDNATIONS,INTERNATIONALORGANIZATIONS,NONGOVERNMENTALORGANIZATIONS,PRIVATEINDIVIDUALSANDOTHERSFORTHEIRSYMPATHYANDGENEROSITYITSAID1WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEATHEUSRELIEFAIDWASTURNEDDOWNATFIRSTANDTHENACCEPTEDBTHEUSRELIEFAIDHASBEENSENTTOTHECAPITALCITYOFMYANMARCTHEREARERUMORS(谣言)THATMYANMARHASTURNEDDOWNTHEUSRELIEFAIDDMYANMARWILLWHOLEHEARTEDLYWELCOMESUCHCOURSEOFACTIONBUTTHEUSRELIEFAID2WECHINESEMAYDENOTEMONEYTOHELPTHECOUNTRYSCYCLONEVICTIMSTHROUGH_____AMYANMAREMBASSIESINBEIJINGBTHEYANGONINTERNATIONALAIRPORTCTHEUNITEDNATIONSDTHEYANGONINTERNATIONALSEAPORTS3WHATCANTHEINTERNATIONALCOMMUNITY(组织)BESTHELPTHEVICTIMSINMYANMARAMEDICALSUPPLIESBFINANCIALASSISTANCECELECTRICITYGENERATORDALLOFTHEABOVE4WHATISMYANMAR’SPOLICYTOWARDTHEAIDSFROMABROADAMYANMARPREFERSCASHDONATIONTORELIEFGOODSBMYANMARONLYRECEIVESEMERGENCYPROVISIONSSUCHASMEDICALSUPPLIES,FOOD,CLOTH,ELECTRICITYGENERATOR,ETCCMYANMARRECEIVESDONATIONRELIEFAIDFROMANYCOUNTRYWITHOUTANYLIMITDMYANMARPREFERSRELIEFGOODSTOCASHDONATION5THETITLETHATBESTEXPRESSESTHEIDEAOFTHEPASSAGEIS_______AHOWTOHELPMYANMARBMYANMARACCEPTSUSHUMANITARIANAIDOFFICIALLYCMYANMARISRECEIVINGRELIEFAIDFROMANYCOUNTRYWITHOUTLIMITDTHEGOVERNMENTANDTHEPEOPLEOFMYANMARAREGRATEFUL参考答案与解析1答案为C细节理解题。本文第三段首句KYAWTHUDENIED(否认)RUMORS(谣言)ABOUTMYANMARSTURNINGDOWNOFSUCHRELIEFMATERIALSFROMWESTERNCOUNTRIES可知。选项B根据文章ACCORDINGTOTHEREPORT,THEUSRELIEFAIDWOULDARRIVEINYANGONINDAYS一句可以排除。2答案为A。细节理解题。本题可以从第四段首句“KYAWTHUSAIDTHATWELLWISHERSABROADMAYMAKECASHDONATION(现金捐助)THROUGHMYANMAREMBASSIES(使馆)STATIONEDTHERE”确定本答案。3答案为D细节理解题。可以从倒数第二段找出答案。4答案为C细节理解题。答案可以从第二段和倒数第二段找出正确答案。5答案B主旨概括题。从新闻的首段可以本题答案。其他选项均未新闻的细节。4THELARGESTEARTHQUAKEMAGNITUDE里氏95OFTHE20THCENTURYHAOOENEDONMAY22,1960OFFTHECOASTOFSOUTHCENTRALCHILEITGENERATED生成ONEOFTHEMOSTDESTRUCTIVEPACIFICWIDETSUNAMIS海啸NEARTHEGENERATINGAREA,BOTHTHEEARTHQUAKEANDTHETSUNAMIWEREVERYMUCHDESTRUCTIVE,PARTICULARLYIN用心爱心专心THECOASTALAREAFROMCONCEPCIONTOTHESOUTHENDOFISLACHILOETHELARGESTTSUNAMIDAMAGEOCCURREDATISLACHILOETHECOASTALAREACLOSESTTOTHEEPICENTER震中HUGETSUNAMIWAVESMEASURINGASHIGHAS25METERSARRIVEDWITHIN10TO15MINUTESAFTERTHEEARTHQUAKE,KILLINGATLEASTTWOHUNDREDPEOPLE,SINKINGALLTHEBOATS,ANDFLOODINGHALFAKILOMETERINLANDTHEREWASLARGEDAMAGEANDLOSSOFLIFEATCONCEPCION,CHILESTOPINDUSTRIALCITYNEARTHECITYOFVALDIVIA,THEEARTHQUAKEANDFOLLOWINGAFTERSHOCKSGENERATEDLANDSLIDESWHICHKILLED18PEOPLEATTHEPORTCITYOFVALPARAISO,ACITYOF200,000,MANYBUILDINGSCOLLAPSEDATOTALOF130,000HOUSESWEREDESTROYEDONEINEVERYTHREEINTHEEARTHQUAKEZONEANDNEARLY2,000,000PEOPLEWERELEFTHOMELESSTOTALDAMAGELOSSES,INCLUDINGTOAGRICULTUREANDTOINDUSTRY,WEREESTIMATED估计TOBEOVERAHALFBILLIONDOLLARSTHETOTALNUMBEROFDEATHRELATEDWITHBOTHTHETSUNAMIANDTHEEARTHQUAKEWASNEVERFOUNDACCURATELYFORTHEREGIONESTIMATESOFDEATHSREACHEDBETWEEN490TO5,7002WITHNODISTINCTION差别ASTOHOWMANYDEATHSWERECAUSEDBYTHEEARTHQUAKEANDHOWMANYWERECAUSEDBYTHETSUNAMIHOWEVER,ITISBELIEVEDTHATMOSTOFTHEDEATHSINCHILEWERECAUSEDBYTHETSUNAMI263WORDS1WHEREDIDTHELARGESTTSUNAMIDAMAGEOCCURREDACONCEPCIONBISLACHILOECVALDIVIADVALPARAISO2WHATCANWELEARNABOUTTHETSUNAMIWAVESGENERATEDBYTHEEARTHQUAKEATHETSUNAMIWAVESASHIGHAS25METERSARRIVEDIMMEDIATELYAFTERTHEEARTHQUAKEBTHETSUNAMIWAVESKILLED200PEOPLEANDSANKALLBOATSCTHETSUNAMIWAVESWEREVERYDESTRUCTIVEDTHETSUNAMIWAVESFLOODEDHALFOFTHEINLAND3WHATISGENERALLYTHOUGHTTHEMAINCAUSEOFDEATHSINCHILEALANDSLIDESBTHETSUNAMICAFTERSHOCKSDTHEMAGNITUDE95EARTHQUAKE4WHATISTHETOTALNUMBEROFDEATHSINTHEEARTHQUAKEA2,000,000BBETWEEN490TO5,7002C200,000DITWASHARDTOKNOW5WHATDOESTHEUNDERLINEDWORD“COLLAPSED”PROBABLYMEANAWASDESTROYEDBCAUGHTFIRECWASFLOODEDDSANK参考答案与解析1答案为B细节题。从文章第二段第三行“THELARGESTTS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