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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题(25篇含详细解析).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题(25篇含详细解析).doc.doc

用心爱心专心2009年高考英语阅读理解专项测试题1Everyonebecomesalittlemoreforgetfulastheygetolder,butmensmindsdeclinemorethanwomens,accordingtotheresultsofaworldwidesurvey.CertaindifferencesseemtobeinherentinmaleandfemalebrainsMenarebetteratmaintaininganddealingwithmentalimagesusefulinmathematicalreasoningandspatialskills,whilewomentendtoexcel擅长atrecallinginformationfromtheirbrainsfileshelpfulwithlanguageskillsandrememberingthelocationsofobjects.Manystudieshavelookedforaconnectionbetweensexandtheamountofmentaldecline衰退peopleexperienceastheyage,buttheresultshavebeenmixed.Somestudiesfoundmoreagerelateddeclineinmenthaninwomen,whileotherssawtheoppositeorevennorelationshipatallbetweensexandmentaldecline.Thoseresultscouldbeimproperbecausethestudiesinvolvedolderpeople,andwomenlivelongerthanmenThementestedarethesurvivors,sotheyretheonesthatmaynothaveshownsuchcognitivedecline,saidstudyteamleaderElizabethoftheUniversityofWarwickinEngland.Peoplesurveyedcompletedfourtasksthattestedsexrelatedcognitiveskillsmatchinganobjecttoitsrotatedform,matchinglinesshownfromthesameangle,typingasmanywordsinaparticularcategory范畴aspossibleinthegiventime,e.g.objectusuallycoloredgray,andrecallingthelocationofobjectsinalinedrawing.Thefirsttwoweretasksatwhichmenusuallyexcelthelatteraretypicallydominatedbywomen.Withineachagegroupstudied,menandwomenperformedbetterintheirseparatecategoriesonaverage.Andthoughperformancedeclinedwithageforbothgenders,womenshowedobviouslylessdeclinethanmenoverall.1.Theunderlinedwordinthesecondparagraphmeans_________.A.naturalB.greatC.obviousD.absolute2.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingcanNotbetypedintothesamecategoryA.cloudB.sheepC.treesD.goose3.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueaccordingthearticleA.MendobetterthanwomenwhenitcomestolearningEnglish.B.Womenstandoutatrememberingpeoplesnames.C.Menexcelattypingasmanywordsinaparticularcategoryaspossibleinthegiventime.D.Womenexcelatdealingmathematicproblems.4.Oneimportantfactorthataffectsthecorrectnessoftheresultsisthat_________.A.theoldmentestedmaynothaveshownsuchcognitivedeclineB.peoplesurveyedarealloldC.peopletakingpartinthistestcamefromallovertheworldD.womenlivelongerthanmen5.Theauthoraimstotellusthat__________.A.womensmindsperformbetterthanmensB.mensmindsdeclinemorewithageC.everyonebecomesalittlemoreforgetfulastheygetolderD.asurveyonhumansminddeclinewasdonerecently参考答案与解析1、答案为A。词意猜测题。男女大脑的思维在某些方面的差异是天生固有的。2、答案为C。推理判断题。根据文章第五段可推断出选项中这类物体是以白色为限定范畴的,故选项C为答案。3、答案为B。推理判断题。男性在推理和空间思维方面占优势,女性在提取大脑中储存的记忆信息方面占优势。故答案为B。4、答案为A。细节理解题。根据文章第四段可知。文章只是说调查涉及到老年人,但并不都是老年人,故排除B。选项D不是造成调查结果不准确的原因。5、答案为B。主旨理解题。根据文章第一段可知。2Itseemsthatpoliticiansaroundtheworldarethinkingaboutthehealthoftheircountries.WhileinChina,ChenZhuhasannouncedhisplansforauniversalhealthserviceandreformacrosshealthservices.GordonBrown,theUKPrimeMinister,hasalsoannouncedheisplanning用心爱心专心tomakesomechangesinourhealthservice.ThecruxofMr.BrownsproposalsarerelatedtogivingtheNHSNationalHealthServiceagreaterfocusonprevention,ratherthanjustcuringpatients.Heisplanningtointroduceincreasedscreeningforcommondiseasessuchasheartdisease,strokes,andcancer,forexample,breastcancer.InBritainthereare200,000deathsayearfromheartattacksandstrokes,manyofwhichmighthavebeenavoidediftheconditionhadbeenknownabout.Initially,thediagnostic诊断的testswillbeavailableforthosewhoarevulnerable,ormostlikelytohavethedisease.Oneexampleisaplantoofferallmenover65anultrasoundtesttocheckforproblemswiththemainartery动脉,aconditionwhichkills3,000menayear.TheoppositionhavecriticizedMr.Brownsproposals,sayingthattheyarejustatrick,andclaimingthatthereisnopropertimetableforthechanges.TheyalsosaythatMr.Brownisreducingthemoneyavailableforthetreatmentofcertainconditionswhileputtingmoremoneytowardstestingforthem.TheNHSwasfoundedin1948,andispaidforbytaxation.Theideaisthattherichpaymoretowardsthehealthservicethanthepoor.Howeverinrecentyearstherehasbeenagreatincreaseintheuseofprivatehealthcare,becauseitsmuchquicker.NHSwaitinglistsforoperationscanbeverylong,somanypeoplewhocanafforditchoosetopayformedicalcarethemselves.297words1.Theunderlinedwordvulnerableinthefourthparagraphprobablymeans________.A.sickB.weakC.woundedD.old2.Allthefollowingstatementsaretrueexceptthat_________.A.allpeopleshouldpayfortheirhealthcareattheNHS.B.somepeopleareagainstthereformofthehealthcare.C.thewriterislikelytocomefromBritain.D.moremoneywillbespentontestingpeoplethanbefore.3.WhichofthefollowingisthereasonfortheincreasingprivatehealthcareA.Peoplearepayingmoreattentiontotheirownhealth.B.Peoplearewelloffenoughtopaytheirhealthcare.C.TheNHSwasnotavailableformostofthepeople.D.ItsnotsoconvenientforpeopletogototheNHSfortheirhealthcare.4.Accordingtothepassage,thepurposeofthehealthreformplanintheUKisto_______A.encouragemoreprivatehealthcare.B.focusonthepreventionratherthanoncuringthepatient.C.dealwiththemainarteryproblems.D.fightagainsttheoppositionintheUK.5.Theauthorofthispassageintendstotellus_________.A.theNHSshouldbereformedrightaway.B.moreandmorepeoplearedyingfromdiseases.C.theplantoreformtheNHSintheUK.D.thecriticismofMr.Brownsproposals.参考答案与解析1、答案为B.词意猜测题。根据其后一句ormostlikelytohavethedisease可知为体弱者。2、答案为A.细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知,能够自己负担地起费用的人们常常自己花钱去看病,这也就是说人们本来可以不用花钱的。故选项A不正确,为答案。选项B根据文章倒数第二段可知,反对党对这个建议进行了批判选项C根据文章第一段最后一句可知选项D根据文章倒数第二段最后一句可反推出来。3、答案为D.细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知,人们自己掏钱看病的原因是因为在NHS的等待时间太长,所以对人们来说不方便,故答案为D。4、答案为B.细节理解题。根据文章第二可知。5、答案为C.主旨大意题。根据文章第一段最后一句可知。事实上,本文作者重点介绍了英国的医疗改革计划,文章大量篇幅都在说明英国的医疗状况。3YANGONMyanmarhasofficiallyacceptedanofferoftheUnitedStatestosendhumanitarianaid人道主义援助tothecountryscyclone飓风暴风victims,stateradioreportedFridayinanightbroadcastMyanmarDeputyForeignMinisterUKyawThugavetheassurance用心爱心专心Friday,sayingthatthecountryisreceivingsuchreliefaidfromanycountrywithoutlimitatthistimeaccordingtoitspolicy政策ofdealingwiththedisaster,thereportsaid.KyawThudeniedrumorsaboutMyanmarsturningdownofsuchreliefmaterialsfromWesterncountriesbutacceptthosefromnationsingoodrelationswithMyanmar,sayingthatthecountryhasneverdonesointhiscase.KyawThusaidthatwellwishersabroadmaymakecashdonationthroughMyanmarembassies(使馆)stationedthere,whilethosewholiketodonatereliefgoodsmaypresentattheYangonInternationalAirportandseaports.Accordingtothereport,theUSreliefaidwouldarriveinYangonindays.AforeignministrysstatementsaidearlieronFridaythatatthismoment,theinternationalcommunitycanbesthelpthevictimsbydonatingemergencyprovisionssuchasmedicalsupplies,food,cloth,electricitygenerator,andmaterialsforemergencyshelterorwithfinancialassistance,addingthatMyanmarwillwholeheartedlywelcomesuchcourseofaction.ThegovernmentandthepeopleofMyanmararegratefultothefriendlynations,theUnitedNations,internationalorganizations,nongovernmentalorganizations,privateindividualsandothersfortheirsympathyandgenerosity.itsaid.1.WhichofthefollowingistrueA.TheUSreliefaidwasturneddownatfirstandthenaccepted.B.TheUSreliefaidhasbeensenttothecapitalcityofMyanmar.C.Therearerumors(谣言)thatMyanmarhasturneddowntheUSreliefaid.D.MyanmarwillwholeheartedlywelcomesuchcourseofactionbuttheUSreliefaid.2.WeChinesemaydenotemoneytohelpthecountryscyclonevictimsthrough_____.A.MyanmarembassiesinBeijing.B.theYangonInternationalAirportC.theUnitedNationsD.theYangonInternationalseaports.3.Whatcantheinternationalcommunity(组织)besthelpthevictimsinMyanmarA.medicalsuppliesB.financialassistanceC.electricitygeneratorD.alloftheabove.4.WhatisMyanmarspolicytowardtheaidsfromabroadA.Myanmarpreferscashdonationtoreliefgoods.B.Myanmaronlyreceivesemergencyprovisionssuchasmedicalsupplies,food,cloth,electricitygenerator,etc.C.Myanmarreceivesdonationreliefaidfromanycountrywithoutanylimit.D.Myanmarprefersreliefgoodstocashdonation.5.Thetitlethatbestexpressestheideaofthepassageis_______.A.HowtohelpMyanmar.B.MyanmaracceptsUShumanitarianaidofficially.C.Myanmarisreceivingreliefaidfromanycountrywithoutlimit.D.ThegovernmentandthepeopleofMyanmararegrateful.参考答案与解析1.答案为C.细节理解题。本文第三段首句KyawThudenied(否认)rumors(谣言)aboutMyanmarsturningdownofsuchreliefmaterialsfromWesterncountries可知。选项B根据文章Accordingtothereport,theUSreliefaidwouldarriveinYangonindays.一句可以排除。2.答案为A。细节理解题。本题可以从第四段首句KyawThusaidthatwellwishersabroadmaymakecashdonation(现金捐助)throughMyanmarembassies(使馆)stationedthere确定本答案。3.答案为D.细节理解题。可以从倒数第二段找出答案。4.答案为C细节理解题。答案可以从第二段和倒数第二段找出正确答案。5.答案B.主旨概括题。从新闻的首段可以本题答案。其他选项均未新闻的细节。4Thelargestearthquakemagnitude里氏9.5ofthe20thcenturyhaooenedonMay22,1960offthecoastofSouthCentralChile.Itgenerated生成oneofthemostdestructivePacificwidetsunamis海啸.Nearthegeneratingarea,boththeearthquakeandthetsunamiwereverymuchdestructive,particularlyin用心爱心专心thecoastalareafromConcepciontothesouthendofIslaChiloe.ThelargesttsunamidamageoccurredatIslaChiloethecoastalareaclosesttotheepicenter震中.Hugetsunamiwavesmeasuringashighas25metersarrivedwithin10to15minutesaftertheearthquake,killingatleasttwohundredpeople,sinkingalltheboats,andfloodinghalfakilometerinland.TherewaslargedamageandlossoflifeatConcepcion,Chilestopindustrialcity.NearthecityofValdivia,theearthquakeandfollowingaftershocksgeneratedlandslideswhichkilled18people.AttheportcityofValparaiso,acityof200,000,manybuildingscollapsed.Atotalof130,000housesweredestroyedoneineverythreeintheearthquakezoneandnearly2,000,000peoplewerelefthomeless.Totaldamagelosses,includingtoagricultureandtoindustry,wereestimated估计tobeoverahalfbilliondollars.Thetotalnumberofdeathrelatedwithboththetsunamiandtheearthquakewasneverfoundaccuratelyfortheregion.Estimatesofdeathsreachedbetween490to5,7002withnodistinction差别astohowmanydeathswerecausedbytheearthquakeandhowmanywerecausedbythetsunami.However,itisbelievedthatmostofthedeathsinChilewerecausedbythetsunami.263words1.WheredidthelargesttsunamidamageoccurredA.ConcepcionB.IslaChiloeC.ValdiviaD.Valparaiso2.WhatcanwelearnaboutthetsunamiwavesgeneratedbytheearthquakeA.Thetsunamiwavesashighas25metersarrivedimmediatelyaftertheearthquake.B.Thetsunamiwaveskilled200peopleandsankallboats.C.Thetsunamiwaveswereverydestructive.D.Thetsunamiwavesfloodedhalfoftheinland.3.WhatisgenerallythoughtthemaincauseofdeathsinChileA.landslidesB.thetsunamiC.aftershocksD.themagnitude9.5earthquake4.WhatisthetotalnumberofdeathsintheearthquakeA.2,000,000B.between490to5,7002C.200,000D.itwashardtoknow.5.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordcollapsedprobablymeanA.wasdestroyedB..caughtfireC.wasfloodedD.sank参考答案与解析1.答案为B.细节题。从文章第二段第三行thelargesttsunamidamageoccurredatIslaChiloethecoastalareaclosesttotheepicenter震中.可以得到答案。2.答案为C。本题为细节题,考察文章第二段的最后几句。A选项不是arrivedimmediately而是1015分钟以后到来。B选项为至少200人,D选项不是halfoftheinland而是halfakilometer,故以上3个选项均有误。3.答案为B。最后一段的最后一句However,itisbelievedthatmostofthedeathsinChilewerecausedbythetsunami.说明本题答案。4.答案为D.细节题。,2,000,000为无家可归人的数目200,000为thecityofValparaiso的人口数。490to5,7002为地震和海啸共同导致的死亡数。5.答案为A.由本段的下一句Atotalof130,000housesweredestroyed可以推测出答案。5ThehistoryoftheGamesOlympiaOlympia,thesiteoftheancientOlympicGames,isinthewesternpartofthePeloponnesewhich,accordingtoGreekmythology,istheislandofPelops,thefounderoftheOlympicGames.Imposingtemples,votivebuildings,elaborateshrinesandancientsportingfacilities设备werecombinedinasiteofuniquenaturalandmysticalbeauty.Olympiafunctionedasameetingplaceforworshipandotherreligiousandpoliticalpracticesasearlyasthe10thcenturyB.C.ThecentralpartofOlympiawasdominatedbythemajestictempleofZeus,withthetempleofHeraparalleltoit.TheancientstadiuminOlympiacouldholdmorethan40,000audience,whileinthesurroundingareatherewereauxiliary辅助的buildingswhichdevelopedgraduallyupuntilthe4thcenturyB.C.andwereusedastrainingsitesfortheathletesortohousethejudgesoftheGames.用心爱心专心TheGamesandreligionTheOlympicGameswerecloselylinkedtothereligiousfestivalsofthecultofZeus,butwerenotatotalpartofarite.Indeed,theyhadasecularcharacterandaimedtoshowthephysicalqualitiesanddevelopmentoftheperformancesaccomplishedbyyoungpeople,aswellasencouraginggoodrelationsbetweenthecitiesofGreece.Accordingtospecialists,theOlympicGamesowedtheirpurityandimportancetoreligion.VictoryceremoniesTheOlympicvictorreceivedhisfirstawardsimmediatelyafterthecompetition.Followingtheannouncementofthewinnersnamebytheherald,aHellanodikisGreekjudgewouldplaceapalmbranchinhishands,whiletheaudiencecheeredandthrewflowerstohim.Redribbonsweretiedonhisheadandhandsasamarkofvictory.TheofficialawardceremonywouldtakeplaceonthelastdayoftheGames,attheelevatedvestibuleofthetempleofZeus.Inaloudvoice,theheraldwouldannouncethenameoftheOlympicwinner,hisfathersname,andhishomeland.Then,theHellanodikisplacedthesacredolivetreewreath,orkotinos,onthewinnershead.1.WhendidOlympiabecomethesiteoftheOlympicGamesA.Inthe10thcenturyB.C.B.Beforethe4thcenturyB.C.C.Afterthe4thcenturyB.C.D.Itwasnotmentionedhere.2.WhichoneisTRUEaccordingtothepassageA.ZeusisthefounderoftheOlympicGames.B.TheancientstadiuminOlympicwereusedastrainingsitesfortheathletesinthe10thcentury.C.TheOlympicGameshavemuchtodowiththereligion.D.TheOlympicvictorwouldreceiveagoldenmedal.3.CanyouguessthemeaningofthiswordheraldinthepassageA.theauthorB.theheadmasterC.theannouncerD.themanager4.Whentheathleteswonthegame,______.A.Theywereawardedimmediatelyafterthecompetition.B.Theywereawardedtwice.Thefirst,immediatelyafterthecompetitionthesecond,onthelastdayofthegame.C.Theywereawardedonthelastdayofthegame.D.Theywereawardedonthelastdayofthegameorimmediatelyafterthecompetition.答案与解析1.B.文章第二段提到公元前4世纪的时候奥林匹亚运动场建造的辅助设施用来训练运动员或裁判员休息,可见那时已经开始举行奥运会了。2.C.文章第三段说到奥运会与宗教有很大的关系。3.C.从文章后两段可以看出,herald是宣布获奖结果的,所以可以推测出应当是宣告员。4.B.文章后数第二段提到第一次颁奖是在比赛结束时立即,最后一段又提到了官方的奖励,可见是有两次颁奖。6TheincomegapbetweenChinasruralandurbanresidents居民hascontinuedtowidenduringthepastfewyearsinspiteofrapidlyrisingruralincomes,AgriculturalMinisterSunZhengcaisaidhereonWednesday.Theincomeratio比率betweenurbanandruralresidentswas3.281in2006,against3.231in2003,saidSuninhisreportonthepromotionofbuildinganewcountrysidein2007.Sunalsosaidthenetincomeofruralresidentsindifferentregionsalsovariedwidely.Theincomegapisonlyoneofseveralproblemsinruralareas,accordingtoSunsreport.Whilelistingtheachievementsinruralareasinrecentyears,Sunbelievedthatruraldevelopmentstillfollowedbehindurbandevelopment.Wehavebiggerpressuretoensurethesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductssuchasgrain,hesaid.Chinasurbanization都市化hasbeenspeededupandmoreruralresidentshavegonetourbanareas,hesaid.Inthiscase,moreagriculturalproducersbecomefarmproduceconsumers,whichcreated用心爱心专心morepressureforsupply,hesaid.AnotherproblemfacingChinasagriculturaldevelopmentisinadequateapplicationofscienceandtechnology.Only30percentofscientificandtechnologicalachievementshavebeenappliedtoagriculturalproduction,whichis40percentagepointslowerthandevelopedcountries,hesaid.Despiteincreasedgovernmentspendinginruralareas,theinfrastructure基础下部组织isstillpoorandeasilyhitbydisasters.AccordingtoSun,thegovernmentspent431.8billionyuan59.15billiononagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersthisyear,anincreaseof80.1billionyuanoverthepreviousyear.Chinasetaside11.38billionyuantopromoteanewruralcooperativemedicalcaresystemand27.98billionyuantosupportthenewcompulsoryeducationmechanisminruralareatoensurethatallcitizenssharedthefruitsofChinasreformandopeningup,Sunsaid.5.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothetextA.Becauseoftherapidlyrisingruralincomes,theincomegapbetweenChinasruralandurbanresidentswilldisappearthisyear.B.Thenetincomeofruralresidentsindifferentregionsisthesame.C.Thegovernmenthastakenmeasurestodeveloptheeconomyintheruralareas.D.Becauseoftherapidlyrisingruralincomes,thesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsisenough.6.Canyouinferthemeaningoftheunderlinedwordsinparagraph5A.bemadefulluseofB.bemadelittleuseofC.benotmadefulluseofD.bemadegooduseof7.Howmuchisspentonagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersthepreviousyearA.431.8billionyuanB.511.9billionyuanC.351.7billionyuanD.80.1billionyuan8.WhichisNOTtheprobleminruralareasA.TheincomegapB.TheinadequateapplicationofscienceandtechnologyC.ThesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsD.Chinasurbanization答案与解析5.C.文章最后一段提到了政府对农村的投入,可知政府采取了措施来发展乡村经济。6.C.由接下来提到应用的比率及这个比率与发达国家的比较,可知应用得并不充分,但也不是只有一点儿。7.C.今年是431.8,比去年增长了80.1,那么去年应当是这两个数的差,即351.7。8.D.D当中提到的中国的城市化引起了农村人口的流动,这是引起农村问题的原因,不是问题本身。7Somefuturologistshaveassumedthatthevastupsurge剧增ofwomenintheworkforcemayportendarejectionofmarriage.Manywomen,accordingtothishypothesis,wouldratherworkthanmarry.Theconverse反面ofthisconcernisthattheprospectsofbecomingamultipaycheckhouseholdcouldencouragemarriage.Inthepast,onlytheearningsandfinancialprospectsofthemancountedinthemarriagedecision.Now,however,theearningabilityofawomancanmakehermoreattractiveasamarriagepartner.Datashowthateconomicdownturnstendtoputtingoffmarriagebecausethepartiescannotaffordtoestablishafamilyorareconcernedaboutrainydaysahead.Astheeconomycomestolife,thenumberofmarriagesalsorises.Theincreaseindivorceratesfollowstotheincreaseinwomenworkingoutsidethehome.Yet,itmaybewrongtojumptoanysimplecauseandeffectconclusions.Theimpactofawifesworkondivorceisnolesscloudythanitsimpactonmarriagedecisions.Therealizationthatshecanbeagoodprovidermayincreasethechancesthataworkingwifewillchoosedivorceoveranunsatisfactorymarriage.Butthereverseisequallyplausible似是而非的.Tensionsgroundedinfinancialproblemsoftenplayakeyroleinendingamarriage.Byraisingafamilysstandardofliving,aworkingwifemaystrengthenherfamilysfinancialandemotionalstability.Psychologicalfactorsalsoshouldbeconsidered.Forexample,awifeblockedfromacareer用心爱心专心outsidethehomemayfeelcagedinthehouse.Shemayviewheronlychoiceasseekingadivorce.Ontheotherhand,ifshecanfindfulfillmentthroughworkoutsidethehome,workandmarriagecangotogethertocreateastrongerandmorestableunion.Also,amajorpartofwomensinequalityinmarriagehasbeenduetothefactthat,inmostcases,menhaveremainedthemainbreadwinners.Aworkingwifemayrobahusbandofbeingthemasterofthehouse.Dependinguponhowthecouplereactstothesenewconditions,itcouldcreateastrongerequalpartnershiporitcouldcreatenewinsecurities.9.ThewordportendLine2,Para.1isclosestinmeaningto_____.A.defyB.signalC.sufferfromD.resultfrom10.Itissaidinthepassagethatwhentheeconomyslides_____.A.menwouldchooseworkingwomenastheirmarriagepartnersB.morewomenwouldgetmarriedtoseekfinancialsecurityC.evenworkingwomenwouldworryabouttheirmarriagesD.morepeoplewouldprefertoremainsingleforthetimebeing11.Ifwomenfindfulfillmentthroughworkoutsidethehome,_____.A.theyaremorelikelytodominatetheirmarriagepartnersB.theirhusbandsareexpectedtodomorehouseworkC.theirmarriagetiescanbestrengthenedD.theytendtoputtheircareerbeforemarriage12.Onereasonwhywomenwithnocareermayseekadivorceisthat_____.A.theyfeelthattheyhavebeenrobbedoftheirfreedomB.theyareafraidofbeingbossedaroundbytheirhusbandsC.theyfeelthattheirpartnersfailtoliveuptotheirexpectationsD.theytendtosuspecttheirhusbandsloyaltytotheirmarriage13.WhichofthefollowingstatementscanbestsummarizetheauthorsviewinthepassageA.Thestabilityofmarriageandthedivorceratemayreflecttheeconomicsituationofthecountry.B.Evenwheneconomicallyindependent,mostwomenhavetostruggleforrealequalityinmarriage.C.InordertosecuretheirmarriagewomenshouldworkoutsidethehomeandremainindependentD.Theimpactofthegrowingfemaleworkforceonmarriagevariesfromcasetocase.答案与解析本文是一篇对比文,特点是平行论述,没有主次之分,作者不发表态度和结论,一般两种观点的开头可当做文章主旨。9.B.词义题。根据句意不难理解portend是预示的意思。signal也有显示的意思defy不服从,反抗sufferfrom忍受,遭受resultfrom由产生。10.D.细节题。题干的theeconomyslides等于原文的economicdownturns。文中提到经济低迷时期人们倾向推迟婚姻,因为双方不能承担一个家庭或者担心更窘迫的日子。D符合原文意思。11.C.细节题。第三段最后一句可知答案C正确。12.A.细节题。第三段第二句提到不能外出工作的妇女会感到被关在笼子里,相当于A.theyfeelthattheyhavebeenrobbedoftheirfreedom.她们感到被剥夺了自由。13.D.主旨题。用排除法解题。A因果颠倒,排除B文章从未提及C以偏盖全只有D,女性的外出工作对婚姻的影响是一例与一例不一样的,才准确表达出文章的两种平行的相反观点。8Itskilledatleasttwodozenpeople,damagedhundredsofhomes,costsome22billionYuanindirecteconomiclossessofarandhasleftthousandsoffamilyboundtravelersstranded.ThemassivesnowandicestormthathassweptthroughthesouthernpartofChinahasputthiscountryintofulldisastermanagementmode.Tensofthousandsofsoldiershavebeenactivatedandthegovernmenthasalreadyprovided126millionYuaninaidetosixprovincesinthesouthslammedbytheunexpectedwinterblast.ButisenoughbeingdoneAndwhatelsecanbedonetoensurethattheeffectsofnaturaldisastersliketheoneinsouthernChinaareminimizedinthefutureNihao,yourelisteningtoPeopleIntheKnow,yourwindowintotheworldaroundyou,onlineat用心爱心专心www.crienglish.comhereonChinaRadioInternational.Inthiseditionoftheshow,wellbetalkingaboutthesouthernChinasnowandicestorm.Soletsgetstarted.First,letsgetaChineseperspectiveofhowwelltheiceandsnowstorminsouthernChinaisbeinghandledfromalogisticalpointofview.ForthiswerejoinedonthelinebyProfessorPengXizhe,DeanoftheSchoolofSocialDevelopmentandPublicPolicyatFudanUniversityinShanghai.DialoguewithPengAndafterashortbreak,welltalkaboutthebroaderviewofdisastermanagement.Nihao,yourelisteningtoPeopleIntheKnow,yourwindowintotheworldaroundyou,onlineatwww.crienglish.comhereonChinaRadioInternational.ImPaulJamesinBeijing.Inthiseditionoftheshow,weretalkingaboutthemassivewinterstormthathasravagedsouthernChina.Forabroaderlookatdisastermanagement,werejoinedonthelinenowbyMr.AloysiusRegoandMs.JiangLingling,bothwiththeAsianDisasterPreparednessCenterinThailand.DialoguewithJiangandRegoAndwiththatwecloseoutthiseditionofPeopleIntheKnow,onlineatwww.crienglish.comhereonChinaRadioInternational.Thoughitmayseemsmallconsolationnowforthethousandswhoremainstrandedbecauseofthestorm,itsimportanttorememberthataslongaspatienceprevails,youwillgethome.Questionsorcommentsforuscanbesenttocriengcrifm.com.ForExecutiveDirectorWangLeiandProducersYangJingjieandXuYang,ImPaulJamesinBeijing.Takecare.14.WhatstyledoesthispassageaccordingtoA.说明文B.议论文C.描写文D.新闻报道15.WhatsthemainideaofthisarticleA.TellthestoriesaboutthesnowstorminthesouthernpartofChinaB.Tellussomefactsaboutthepeopleinthedisaster.C.Whathavebeendoneorwillbedonetorescuethepeopleinthedisaster.D.Letsknowthemeasuresaboutthedisaster.16.HowmanypeoplediedfromthesnowdisasterbeforethisreportA.morethan30B.morethan24C.manyD.50答案与解析14.D.通读全文,很显然,这是一篇新闻报道。15.C.文章第一段最后两句说明了报道的主要内容。16.B.文章第一句话就说明了,atleasttwodozen至少24人。9Vienna-InspiteofIraqsdecisiontostopoildeliveries,the11nationOrganizationofPetroleumExportingCountries(OPEC)willnotincreaseproductiontomakeuptheshortfall,ministersdecidedTuesdayinVienna.The11oilministersdecidedtomeetagainonJuly3todiscusstheeffectsoftheIraqtemporarystop.Theorganizationspresident,CharkidKheriaofAlgeria,saidafterthemeetingthatstockswerehighandpriceswerestable,soquotaincreaseswerenotnecessary.TheE.U.CommissionhasexpressedconcernaboutIraqsoutputstop.AspeakersaidOPEChadtotakeallpossiblemeasurestokeeporlowertheoilprice.SaudiArabiasOilMinisterAliAlNuaimihadearliersaidtherewouldnotbeanyshortfallofoilinthemarket.Theorganizationhadalreadytakenstepstofillthegap,hesaid.OPECSecretaryGeneralAliRodriguezaddedthattheperiodofIraqsoutputstopwasnotknown,sootherexporterswerenotgoingtoliftquotasyet.Ifthemarketwasdestabilized使动摇,asuitableresponsecouldbemade.IraqonMondaystoppedshipmentsofcrudeoiltoprotestagainsttheU.N.SecurityCouncilsdecisiontoextendtheoilforfoodprogrammebyonlyamonth,insteadofthenormalsixmonthrenewal.JustbeforetheViennameeting,oilpriceshadgoneup,withabarrelofOPECcrudeoilsellingfor27.05dollars,upfrom26.81dollarslastFriday.Northseaoilwasat29.26dollarsMondayevening.OPECwantstheoilpricetostaywithinamarginof22to28dollarsandachievedthatwithcutsinJanuaryandMarchthatreduced2.5millionbarrelsperdayoffquotas配额.17.Iraqmadethedecisiontostopoildeliveriesbecause___________.A.oilpriceistoolowininternationalmarket.用心爱心专心B.TheU.N.SecretaryCouncilhasdecidedtoshortenthetimeofextensionoftheoilforfoodprogrammeC.Manyoilwellsweredestroyedduringthewarinthelate1980sD.Itcouldntgetenoughmoneytodevelopitseconomy18.TheattitudetheE.U.CommissiontooktowardsIraqsoutputstopis________.A.activeB.concernedC.coldD.surprised19.The11oilministersdecidedtomeetonJuly3sothat_________.A.theycanpersuadeIraqtocontinueoilproductionB.theycanhaveatalkwiththeU.N.SecurityCouncilC.theycanhaveadiscussionabouttheeffectsofIraqstemporaryoutputstopD.theycanmakeuptheirmindstoincreaseoilproduction20.Themainideaofthepassageis________.A.theoilpricesintheworldwerestablethoughIraqhasstoppedoildeliveriesB.OPEChascontrolledtheoilpricetostaywithinamarginof22to28dollarsC.OPECwillnotincreaseoilproductiontomakeuptheshortfallthatcausedbyIraqD.Oilisconnectedwithpeoplesdailylife答案与解析这是一篇新闻报道,文章看似难,但设题并不难做,对于这样的题型,我们可以先看题,再采取查读的方式做题,然后再返回读文章印证答案。17.B.由文章后数第二段第一句可知。18.B.由文章第三段可知。19.C.文章第二段第一句说明。20.C.文章开头就点明了OPEC对伊拉克暂停供油的态度,下文又进行了分述。10Chinanews,Beijing,Feb.9–HousingpriceinChinahasalwaysarousedheateddiscussionsamongpropertydevelopersandordinaryChinese.Tomanypropertydevelopersandlocalgovernmentofficials,housingpriceinChinaisstilllowcomparedwithmanydevelopedcountries.However,theaveragehousingpriceintheUnitedStatesisonly8,000yuanpersquaremeter,whileinChina,itisevenhigherthanintheUnitedStates.Thisshowsthattherearesomebubbles泡沫inChineserealestatemarket,theInternationalFinanceNewsreported.AlthoughtheaveragepriceofresidentialhousesintheUnitedStates,afterconvertedtoRenminbi,isabout8,000yuanpersquaremeter,thehousesinUSarenotsoldintermsofbuildingarea,asmostChinesepropertydevelopersdowhentheyselltheirhouses.IfUSpropertydevelopersselltheirhousesaccordingtothebuildingarea,thenthehousingpricewillbeevenlowerthan8,000yuanpersquaremeter.InmostbigChinesecities,suchasBeijing,Shanghai,andShenzhen,housesaresoldatapriceevenhigherthanthoseintheUS.ThehighhousingsalespriceinlargecitiesinChinaprovesthatChineserealestatemarketdoeshavesomebubbles.Moreover,ChinesehousescannotbecomparedwithhousesinUSintermsofbuildingquality,environmentandsupportingfacilities.Furthermore,itshouldbenotedthatAmericanpeoplesaverageincomeisseveraldozentimeshigherthanthatofChinesepeople.HowcantheChineseaffordtobuyahousewhichisevenmoreexpensivethanthatsoldinUSAtthebeginningof2007,Chinesegovernmentissuedasetofpoliciesthataimedtobenefitthepublic.Nowinordertoreducethehighhousingprices,thegovernmentcanregulate控制therealestatemarketbyraisingtaxonpropertyindustryandcontrollingthereleaseofloansandlandstopropertydevelopers.Atthesametime,thegovernmentshouldallowpeopletobuildmorehousesthroughvariousfundraisingchannels,suchasfundscollectedfrombuyersorraisedbyworkingunits.Byapplyingthesemultiplemeans,itisexpectedthatthehighhousingpricescanbelowered.56.WhatistheaveragehousingpricepersquaremeterinChinaA.8000yuanB.10000yuanC.7000yuanD.Itsnotmentionedhere57.WhichofthefollowingdoesNOTsupporttheideathattheaveragehousingpriceinChinaisevenhigherthanintheUnitedStatesA.ChinesehousescannotbecomparedwithhousesinUSintermsofbuildingquality,environmentandsupportingfacilities.B.AmericanpeoplesaverageincomeisseveraldozentimeshigherthanthatofChinesepeople.

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