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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项分类突破题库.doc.doc

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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项分类突破题库.doc.doc

嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用河北海兴中学2009年高考英语阅读理解专项分类突破题库(地理类)1DEATHVALLEYISONEOFTHEMOSTFAMOUSDESERTSINTHEUNITEDSTATES,COVERINGAWIDEAREAWITHITSALKALISANDALMOST20PERCENTOFTHISAREAISWELLBELOWSEALEVEL,ANDBADWATER,ASALTWATERPOOL,ISABOUT280FEETBELOWSEALEVELANDTHELOWESTPOINTINTHEUNITEDSTATESLONGAGOTHEPANAMINTINDIANSCALLEDTHISPLACE“TOMESHA”THELANDOFFIREDEATHVALLEY’SPRESENTNAMEDATESBACKTO1849,WHENAGROUPOFMINERSCOMINGACROSSFROMNEVADABECAMELOSTINITSUNPLEASANTNESSANDHUGENESSANDTHEIRADVENTURETURNEDOUTTOBEASADSTORYTODAYDEATHVALLEYHASBEENDECLAREDANATIONALMONUMENT纪念碑ANDISCROSSEDBYSEVERALWELLMARKEDROADSWHEREGOODSERVICESCANBEFOUNDEASILYLUCKILYTHECHANGECREATEDBYHUMANSETTLEMENTHASHARDLYRUINEDTHESPECIALBEAUTYOFTHISPLACEHERENATURECREATEDALOTOFSURPRISING,ALMOSTLIKETHESIGHTSONTHEMOON,EVERCHANGINGASTHEFREQUENTWINDMOVESTHESANDABOUT,SHOWINGTHEMOSTUNUSUALCOLORSONEOFTHEMOSTASTONISHINGANDVARIABLEPARTSOFDEATHVALLEYISTHEDEVIL’SGOLFCOURSE,WHEREITSEEMSHARDFORONETOTELLREALITYFROMTERRIBLEDREAMSSANDSCULPTURES沙雕STANDONAFRIGHTENINGGROUND,ASEVENINGSHADOWSMOVEANDLENGTHEN1_______ISTHELOWESTPLACEINTHEDESERTATOMESHABDEATHVALLEYCNEVADADBADWATER2THENAMEOFTHEVALLEYCOMESFROM_______AANINDIANNAMEBTHEDEATHOFTHEMINERSCTHELOCALPEOPLEDANATIONALMOVEMENT3FROMTHEPASSAGEWECANLEARNTHAT_______ANOONEHADEVERKNOWNTHEDESERTBEFORETHEMINERSBIT’SSTILLNOTEASYTOTRAVELACROSSTHEDESERTCPEOPLECANFINDGASSTATIONS,CAFESANDHOTELSINTHEDESERTDPEOPLEHAVECHANGEDTHENATURALSIGHTOFTHEDESERT嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用4DEVILGOLFCOURSEISFAMOUSFOR_______ATHEFREQUENTWINDBTHECOLORSOFTHESANDCDREAMLIKESIGHTSDTHESANDSCULPTURES5FROMTHEPASSAGEWECANSEETHATTHEWRITER_______THEDEATHVALLEYAAPPRECIATESBISFEARFULOFCDISLIKESDISTIREDOF【答案解析】本文介绍了美国的一个著名沙漠“死亡谷”名称的由来以及“死亡谷”奇特的风光。1D。细节题。根据ANDBADWATER,ASALTWATERPOOL,ISABOUT280FEETBELOWSEALEVELANDTHELOWESTPOINTINTHEUNITEDSTATES可推知此题答案为D。2B。推断题。根据WHENAGROUPOFMINERSCOMINGACROSSFROMNEVADABECAMELOSTINITSUNPLEASANTNESSANDHUGENESSANDTHEIRADVENTURETURNEDOUTTOBEASADSTORY可知“死亡谷”的名称来源于这些迷路矿工的死亡。3C。推断题。根据WELLMARKEDROADSWHEREGOODSERVICESCANBEFOUNDEASILY可以判断C为最佳答案。4C。细节题。根据WHEREITSEEMSHARDFORONETOTELLREALITYFROMTERRIBLEDREAMS可推知答案为C。5A。推断题。根据THESPECIALBEAUTYOFTHISPLACELIKETHESIGHTSONTHEMOONEVERCHANGINGSHOWINGTHEMOSTUNUSUALCOLORS等关键词语可以知道作者是带着赞赏的语气来描述“死亡谷”的。2THEERIECANALWASTHEFIRSTIMPORTANTNATIONALWATERWAYBUILTINTHEUSITCROSSEDNEWYORKFROMBUFFALOONLAKEERIETROYTOALBANYONTHEHUDSONRIVERITJOINEDTHEGREATLAKESWITHTHEATLANTICOCEANTHECANALSERVEDASAROUTEOVERWHICHINDUSTRIALGOODSCOULDFLOWINTOTHEWEST,ANDMATERIALSCOULDPOURINTOTHEEASTTHEERIECANALHELPEDNEWYORKDEVELOPINTOTHENATION’SLARGESTCITYTHEBUILDINGOFTHECANALWASPAIDFORENTIRELYBYTHESTATEOFNEWYORKITCOST7143789,BUTITSOONGAINEDITSPRICEMANYTIMESOVERBETWEEN1825,WHENTHECANALWASOPENED,AND1882,WHENTOLLCHARGES过运河费WERESTOPPED,THESTATECOLLECTED121461891FORAHUNDREDYEARSBEFORETHEERIEWASBUILT,PEOPLEHADBEENTALKINGABOUTACANALWHICH嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用COULDJOINTHEGREATLAKESANDTHEATLANTICOCEANTHEMANWHOPLANNEDTHEERIECANALANDCARRIEDTHEPLANTHROUGHWASDEWITTCLINTONTHOSEWHOWEREAGAINSTTHECANALLAUGHINGLYCALLEDIT“CLINTON’SDITCH沟”CLINTONTALKEDANDWROTEABOUTTHECANALANDDREWUPPLANSFORITHEANDGOVERNORMORRISWENTTOWASHINGTONIN1812TOASKFORHELPFORTHECANAL,BUTTHEYWEREUNSUCCESSFULCLINTONBECAMEGOVERNOROFNEWYORKIN1817,ANDSHORTLYAFTERWARDS,ONJULY4,1817,BROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALINROME,NYTHEFIRSTPARTOFTHECANALWASCOMPLETEDIN1820ASTHECANALGREW,TOWNSALONGITSCOURSEDEVELOPEDFASTTHELENGTHOFTHECANALIS363MILES1WECANSEETHATTHEERIECANAL________AJOINEDTHEGREATLAKESTOGETHERBCROSSEDNEWYORKFROMNORTHTOSOUTHCPLAYEDANIMPORTANTPARTINDEVELOPINGNEWYORKCITYDWASTHEFIRSTWATERWAYBUILTINTHEUS2ITCANBEINFERREDTHAT________INTOTHEATLANTICOCEANATHEGREATLAKESFLOWBTHEHUDSONRIVERFLOWSCLAKEERIEFLOWSDTHEERIECANALFLOWS3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEATHEERIECANALBROUGHTPROFITSOFOVER114,000,000BIT’S363MILESFROMTHEGREATLAKESTOTHEATLANTICOCEANCTHEWESTWASMOREADVANCEDTHANTHEEASTWHENTHECANALWASBUILTDMANYOTHERSTATESHELPEDNEWYORKBUILTTHECANAL4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEACLINTONBROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALATBOTHENDSBCLINTONSTARTEDBUILDINGTHECANALBEFOREHEBECAMEGOVERNORCALLPARTSOFTHECANALWERECOMPLETEDATTHESAMETIMEDCONSTRUCTIONOFTHECANALTOOKEIGHTYEARS14CBAD【答案与解析】本文介绍了ERIECANAL的作用及修建过程。1C。细节题。根据文章第1段最后一句THEERIECANALHELPEDNEWYORKDEVELOPINTOTHENATION’SLARGESTCITY及全段内容,可推知此题答案为C。嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用2B。推断题。根据文章第1段第2句和第3句运河FROMBUFFALOONLAKEERIETROYTOALBANYONTHEHUDSONRIVER横跨了NEWYORK把THEGREATLAKES和THEATLANTICOCEAN联系起来了可推知此题答案为B。3A。推断题。通过比较文章第2段第2句ITCOST7,143,789和第2段最后一句中的THESTATECOLLECTED121,461,891可推知此题答案为A。4D。推断题。根据文章最后一段第1句中的ONJULY4,1817,BROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALINROME,NY和第2段第2句中的BETWEEN1825,WHENTHECANALWASOPENED可推知此题答案为D。自然类1THEBLUETITS山雀HAVEBEENINSPECTINGTHENESTBOXAGAINTHISYEARTHEMALEISTHEHOUSEHUNTERBUTTHEFEMALEWILLMAKETHEFINALCHOICEHELANDSATTHEHOLEANDTURNSHISHEADTOEXPOSEHISWHITECHEEKSASASIGNALTOATTRACTTHEFEMALEFROMWHERESHEHASBEENFEEDINGAMONGMANYBIRDSTHATNESTINHOLES,THEMALEHASALIGHTCOLOUREDPATCHONITSPLUMAGE鸟羽WHICHACTSASSIGNALFORDRAWINGTHEFEMALE’SATTENTIONTOASUITABLENESTINGPLACEUNLIKETHEBLUETIT,THEREDSTART红尾鸲MAYBEONLYTHEMALETHATSTRIKINGLYCOLOUREDANDTHEFEMALEISNOTBEAUTIFULAFEWYEARSAGOIWASLUCKYENOUGHTOSPOTAPAIROFREDSTARTSINACTIONINAWALSHWOODTHEMALEWASLEADINGANINTERESTEDFEMALETOHOLESTHATHEHADPREVIOUSLY先前CHECKEDOUTHESATATTHEENTRANCEOFEACHHOLEANDPUTHISHEADONTOSHOWOFFHISWHITEFOREHEAD,ORHISHEADINTOREVEAL显露HISTAILIFTHEFEMALEFAILEDTOREACTTOHISVISUALSIGNALS,THEMALESOMETIMESSANGFOREXTRAEFFECT,WHILEGLIDINGTOWARDSHERONSPREADWINGSANDTAILONCETHEFEMALEACCEPTSBYFOLLOWINGTHEMALETHROUGHTHEHOLETHEDISPLAYSSTOP,YOUMUSTBEATTHERIGHTPLACEATTHERIGHTTIMETOWATCHTHEM1HOWDOTHEBLUETITSCHOOSETHEIRNESTATHEYCHOOSETHEIRNESTTOGETHERBTHEMALECHOOSESTHEIRNESTCTHEHOUSEHUNTERCHOOSESTHEIRNESTDTHEFEMALECHOOSESTHEIRNEST嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用2THEWRITERWASLUCKYTOSEE________AHOWTHEMALEMADEHISTRICKSBHOWANINTERESTEDFEMALEPLAYEDWITHTHEMALEHAPPILYCWHATTHEMALEDISPLAYEDANDWONTHEFEMALEDTHATTHEMALETRIEDHISBESTBUTFAILEDTOATTRACTTHEFEMALE3YOUCANSPOTAPAIROFREDSTARTSINAWALSHWOOD________AATANYTIMEBREGULARLYCINAPRILDOCCASIONALLY4THEWRITERISPROBABLY________AABIRDEXPERTBABIRDHUNTERCABIRDRAISERDASCIENTIST【答案与解析】本文主要是讲THEMALEREDSTART是怎样使出浑身解数吸引THEFEMALE入巢的。1D。细节题。从第1段第2句话THEMALEISTHEHOUSEHUNTERBUTTHEFEMALEWILLMAKETHEFINALCHOICE可以做出正确选择。2C。判断题。从第3段第1句IWASLUCKYENOUGHTOSPOTAPAIROFREDSTARTSINACTIONINAWALSHWOOD和文章第三、四段的内容可知答案为C。3D。语义理解题。根据AFEWYEARSAGOIWASLUCKYENOUGHTO和YOUMUSTBEATTHERIGHTPLACEATTHERIGHTTIMETOSEETHEM可知答案为D。4A。推断题。从文章内容来看,文中不仅提到了鸟的一些习性,而且对雄鸟如何吸引雌鸟入巢了解得很清楚,可见作者可能是一位研究鸟类的专家。2ALTHOUGHMANHASKNOWNASBESTOSFORMANYHUNDREDSOFYEARS,ITWASNOTUNTIL160YEARSAGOTHATITWASMINEDFORTHEFIRSTTIMEONTHENORTHAMERICANCONTINENTHWJOHNS,OWNEROFANEWYORKCITYSUPPLYSHOPFORROOFERS,WASRESPONSIBLEFOR对负责THEOPENINGOFTHATFIRSTMINEMRJOHNSWASGIVENAPIECEOFASBESTOSWHICHHADBEENFOUNDINITALYHEEXPERIMENTEDWITHTHEMATERIALANDTHENSHOWEDITSSURPRISINGPOWERSTOHISCUSTOMERSAFTERPUTTINGONAPAIROFASBESTOSGLOVES,WHICHLOOKEDMUCHLIKEORDINARYWORKGLOVES,HETOOKREDHOTCOALSFROMTHEFIREPLACEANDPLAYEDWITHTHEMINHISHANDSHOWASTONISHEDTHECUSTOMERSWERETODISCOVERTHATHEWASNOTBURNEDATALLYOUCANWELLIMAGINETHATHEHADINCREASINGBUSINESSINASBESTOSROOFING嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用MATERIALSHOWEVER,BECAUSEITWASVERYEXPENSIVETOTRANSPORTCARRYTHEMFROMITALYTOTHEUNITEDSTATES,MRJOHNSSENTOUTAYOUNGSCIENTISTTOSEEKASOURCENEARERHOMETHISYOUNGMANFOUNDGREATVEIN岩脉,INTHEPROVINCEOFQUEBECINCANADAEVERSINCE1881QUEBECHASLEDTHEWORLDINTHEPRODUCTIONOFTHISUNUSUALMINERAL,WHICHISMADEUPOFMAGNESIUM,SILICON,IRON,ANDOXYGENWHENITISMINED,THEASBESTOSISHEAVY,JUSTASYOUWOULDEXPECTAMINERALTOBEWHENITISSEPARATED,ASTRANGETHINGHAPPENS;THEROCKBREAKSDOWNINTOFINE,SOFT,SOAPYFIBRES纤维SCIENTISTSDONOTKNOWWHYTHEROCKCANBESEPARATEDEASILYINTOTHREADS线,BUTTHEYHAVEFOUNDTHOUSANDSOFUSESOFTHISFIREPROOFMATERIAL,OFTHESOCALLED“CLOTHOFSTONE”1WHICHTITLEBESTEXPRESSESTHEMAINIDEAOFTHISPASSAGEAASBESTOSMINEDINCANADABFIREPROOFMATTERCA“WONDER”MINERALDANEWROOFINGMATERIAL2JOHNSPROVEDHISABILITYASASALESMANBY_______AGOINGINTOROOFINGBUSINESSBCARRYINGASBESTOSFROMITALYCSENDINGATRAINEDSCIENTISTDSHOWINGTHEUSEOFASBESTOSGLOVES3WHICHISTHEMOSTIMPORTANTCHARACTEROFASBESTOSTHATTHEAUTHORWANTSTOSHOWUSAITISLIKETHREADBITFEELSSOAPYCITBURNSEASILYDITISUNUSUALLYHEAVY4THEAUTHOR’SMAINPURPOSEINWRITINGTHISPASSAGEWASTO_______ASHOWTHENEEDFORMORESCIENTISTSBCOMPAREASBESTOSWITHOTHERMINERALSCINCREASETHESALESOFASBESTOSDPRESENTFACTSABOUTASBESTOS【答案解析】本文讲述了耐火材料石棉在北美的开采过程及它的神奇耐火作用。1C。主旨题。短文主要介绍了石棉的神奇作用。故C最佳。2D。细节题。根据AFTERPUTTINGONAPAIROFASBESTOSGLOVES,TOOKREDHOTCOALSFROMTHEFIREPLACEANDPLAYEDWITHTHEMINHISHANDS可推知,他是用当场演示的方法来推销他的产品的。故答案为D。3A。推断题。根据WHENITISSEPARATED,ASTRANGETHINGHAPPENS;THEROCKBREAKSDOWNINTOFINE,SOFT,SOAPYFIBRES纤维及SCIENTISTSDONOTKNOWWHYTHEROCKCANBESEPARATEDEASILYINTO嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用THREAD可以断定答案为A。4D。推断题。从短文中可以看出来作者写这篇文章只不过陈述事实而已。历史类EVERYOBJECTTELLSASTORYEVENTHEMOSTORDINARYOBJECTSCANPRESENTTOUSPOWERFULIMAGESSOMETIMESITISTHEORDINARYNATUREOFTHESEOBJECTSTHATACTUALLYMAKESTHEMSOEXTRAORDINARYSUCHISTHECASEWITHANOLDLEATHERSHOEINAMUSEUMINALASKAATFIRSTGLANCEITDOESNOTLOOKLIKEMUCHITISAWOMAN’SSHOEOFASTYLEPOPULARINTHE1890SBUTWHATISUNIQUE独特的ABOUTTHISSHOEISWHEREITWASFOUNDITWASDISCOVEREDONTHECHECKOUTPASS,THEFAMOUSTRAILUSEDBYTHEPEOPLESEEKINGGOLDINALASKAWHOITBELONGEDTOORWHYITWASLEFTTHEREISNOTKNOWNWASITPERHAPSDROPPEDBYACCIDENTASTHEWOMANCLIMBEDUPTHE1500STAIRSCARVEDOUTFACEORDIDSHETHROWAWAYGOODSTHATSHEDIDN’TNEEDINORDERTOTRAVELLIGHTEROVER100,000PEOPLEWITH“GOLDFEVER”MADETHISTRIPHOPINGTOBECOMEMILLIONAIRESFEWOFTHEMUNDERSTOODTHATONTHEIRWAYTHEYWOULDHAVETOCROSSAHARSHWILDNESSUNPREPAREDFORSUCHADANGEROUSJOURNEY,MANYDIEDOFSTARVATIONANDEXPOSURETOTHECOLDWEATHERTHECANADIANGOVERNMENTFINALLYSTARTEDREQUIRINGTHEGOLDSEEKERSTOBRINGONETONOFSUPPLIESWITHTHEMTHISWASTHOUGHTTOBEENOUGHFORAPERSONTOSURVIVEFORONEYEARTHEYWOULDCARRYTHEIRSUPPLIESINBACKPACKS背包EACHWEIGHINGUPTOFIFTYPOUNDS;ITUSUALLYTOOKATLEAST40TRIPSTOGETEVERYTHINGTOTHETOPANDOVERTHEPASSWHOEVERDROPPEDTHESHOEMUSTHAVEBEEN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