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2009年高考英语试题分类汇编—阅读理解(全解全析).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语试题分类汇编—阅读理解(全解全析).doc.doc

2009年高考英语试题分类汇编阅读理解(全解全析)一、(2009全国卷I海南、宁夏)阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项答题卡上将该项涂黑。AISUDDENLYHEARDANELEPHANTCRYINGASTHOUGHFRIGHTENEDLOOKINGDOWNIIMMEDIATELYRECOGNIZEDTHATSOMETHINGWASWRONGANDRANDOWNTOTHEEDGEOFTHENEARBANKTHEREISAWMASHWEWITHHERTHREEMONTHOLDCALFSTRUGGLINGINTHEFASTRISINGWATERANDITWASALIFEANDDEATHSTRUGGLEHERCALFWASFLOATINGANDSCREAMINGWITHFEARMASHWEWASASNEARTOTHEFARBANKASSHECOULDGET,HOLDINGHERWHOLEBODYAGAINSTTHERUSHINGWATERANDKEEPINGTHECALFPRESSEDAGAINSTHERHUGEBODYEVERYNOWANDTHENTHERUSHINGWATERWOULDSWEEPTHECALFAWAYTHEREWASASUDDENRISEINTHEWATERANDTHECALFWASWASHEDCLEANOVERTHEMOTHER’SBODYANDWASGONEMASHWETURNEDQUICKLYTOREACHITANDPRESSEDTHECALFWITHHERHEADANDTRUNK(象鼻)AGAINSTTHEROCKYBANKTHENWITHAHUGEEFFORTSHEPICKEDITUPINHERTRUNKANDTRIEDUNTILSHEWASABLETOPLACEITONANARROWSHELFOFROCKJUSTATTHISMOMENTSHEFELLBACKINTOTHERIVERIFSHEWERECARRIEDDOWNITWOULDBECERTAINDEATHIKNEWASWELLASSHEDID,THATTHEREWASONESPOT(地点)WHERESHECOULDGETUPTHEBANKBUTITWASONTHEOTHERSIDEFROMWHERESHEHADPUTHERCALFWHILEIWASWONDERINGWHATICOULDDONEXTIHEARDTHESOUNDOFAMOTHER’SLOVEMASHWEHADCROSSEDTHERIVERANDGOTUPTHEBANKANDWASMAKINGHERWAYBACKASFASTASSHECOULDROARING(吼叫)ALLTHETIMEBUTTOHERCALFITWASMUSIC56.THEMOMENTTHEAUTHORGOTDOWNTOTHERIVERBANKHESAW______A.THECALFWASABOUTTOFALLINTOTHERIVERB.MASHWEWASPLACINGTHECALFONTHEROCKC.THECALFWASWASHEDAWAYBYTHERISINGWATERD.MASHWEWASHOLDINGTHECALFAGAINSTTHERUSHINGWATER【答案】D【解析】细节判断题。从第一段THEREISAWMASHWEWITHHERTHREEMONTHOLDCALFSTRUGGLINGINTHEFASTRISINGWATERANDITWASALIFEANDDEATHSTRUGGLE57.HOWDIDMASHWEMANAGETOSAVEHERCALFFROMTHEFASTFLOWINGWATERA.BYPUTTINGITONASAFESPOTB.BYPRESSINGITAGAINSTHERBODYC.BYTAKINGITAWAYWITHHERD.BYCARRYINGITONHERBACK【答案】A【解析】细节判断题。从第二、三段中可以看出MSSHWE一直努力使小牛离开湍急的河水,到岸上安全的地方。58.HOWDIDTHECALFFEELABOUTTHEMOTHERELEPHANT’SROARINGA.ITWASAGREATCOMFORTB.ITWASASIGNOFDANGERC.ITWASACALLFORHELPD.ITWASAMUSICALNOTE【答案】A【解析】细节判断题。从最后一段的最后一句,可知BUTTOHERCALFITWASMUSIC对幼崽的一种安慰方式。59.WHATCANBETHEBESTTITLEFORTHETEXTA.AMOTHER’SLOVEB.ABRAVEACTC.ADEADLYRIVERD.AMATTEROFLIFEANDDEATH【答案】A【解析】主旨概括题。整片叙述的是小牛掉到河里,母牛采取一切措施来进行保护小牛,体现了母爱。BCOMPUTERPROGRAMMERDAVIDJONESEARNS35000AYEARDESIGNINGNEWCOMPUTERGAMESYETHECANNOTFINDABANKREADYTOLETHIMHAVEACREDITCARD(信用卡)INSTEADHEHASBEENTOLDTOWAITANOTHERTWOYEARSUNTILHEIS18THE16YEAROLDWORKSFORASMALLFIRMINLIVERPOOLWHERETHEPROBLEMOFMOSTYOUNGPEOPLEOFHISAGEISFINDINGAJOBDAVID’SFIRMRELEASES(推出)TWONEWGAMESFORTHEFASTGROWINGCOMPUTERMARKETEACHMONTHBUTDAVID’SBIGGESTHEADACHEISWHATTODOWITHHISMONEYEVENTHOUGHHEEARNSALOTHECANNOTDRIVEACARTAKEOUTAMORTGAGE(抵押贷款),ORGETCREDITCARDSDAVIDGOTHISJOBWITHTHELIVERPOOLBASEDCOMPANYFOURMONTHSAGO,AYEARAFTERLEAVINGSCHOOLWITHSIXOLEVELSANDWORKINGFORATIMEINACOMPUTERSHOP“IGOTTHEJOBBECAUSETHEPEOPLEWHORUNTHEFIRMKNEWIHADALREADYWRITTENSOMEPROGRAMS”HESAIDDAVIDSPENDSSOMEOFHISMONEYONRECORDSANDCLOTHESANDGIVESHISMOTHER50POUNDSAWEEKBUTMOSTOFHISSPARETIMEISSPENTWORKING“UNFORTUNATELY,COMPUTINGWASNOTPARTOFOURSTUDIESATSCHOOL“HESAID“BUTIHADBEENSTUDYINGITINBOOKSANDMAGAZINESFORFOURYEARSINMYSPARETIMEIKNEWWHATIWANTEDTODOANDNEVERCONSIDEREDSTAYINGONATSCHOOLMOSTPEOPLEINTHISBUSINESSAREFAIRLYYOUNG,ANYWAY”DAVIDADDED”IWOULDLIKETOEARNAMILLIONANDISUPPOSEEARLYRETIREMENT(退休)ISAPOSSIBILITYYOUNEVERKNOWWHENTHEMARKETMIGHTDISAPPEAR”60.INWHATWAYISDAVIDDIFFERENTFROMPEOPLEOFHISAGEA.HEOFTENGOESOUTWITHFRIENDSB.HELIVESWITHHISMOTHERC.HEHASAHANDSOMEINCOMED.HEGRADUATEDWITHSIXOLEVELS【答案】C【解析】细节判断题。由第一段首句可知,大卫设计了一种新的电脑游戏而获得35000。故此可推断在这个年龄段,他有非常辉煌的收入。61.WHATISONEOFTHEPROBLEMSTHATDAVIDISFACINGNOWA.HEISTOOYOUNGTOGETACREDITCARDB.HEHASNOTIMETOLEARNDRIVINGC.HEHASVERYLITTLESPARETIMED.HEWILLSOONLOSEHISJOB【答案】A【解析】推断题。由第一段可知,由于他没有达到法定年龄,没有资格申请信用卡,故也没办法领取得到钱。62.WHYWASDAVIDABLETOGETTHEJOBINTHECOMPANYA.HEHADDONEWELLINALLHISEXAMSB.HEHADWRITTENSOMECOMPUTERPROGRAMSC.HEWASGOODATPLAYINGCOMPUTERGAMESD.HEHADLEARNTTOUSECOMPUTERSATSCHOOL【答案】B【解析】细节判断题。由“IGOTTHEJOBBECAUSETHEPEOPLEWHORUNTHEFIRMKNEWIHADALREADYWRITTENSOMEPROGRAMS”。63.WHYDIDDAVIDDECIDETOLEAVESCHOOLANDSTARTWORKINGA.HERECEIVEDLOTSOFJOBOFFERSB.HEWASEAGERTOHELPHISMOTHERC.HELOSTINTERESTINSCHOOLSTUDIESD.HEWANTEDTOEARNHISOWNLIVING【答案】C【解析】概括题。由最后一段可知,“UNFORTUNATELY,COMPUTINGWASNOTPARTOFOURSTUDIESATSCHOOL“HESAID“BUTIHADBEENSTUDYINGITINBOOKSANDMAGAZINESFORFOURYEARSINMYSPARETIMEIKNEWWHATIWANTEDTODOANDNEVERCONSIDEREDSTAYINGONATSCHOOL。CWEHAVEMETTHEENEMYANDHEISOURSWEBOUGHTHIMATAPETSHOPWHENMONKEYPOX,ADISEASEUSUALLYFOUNDINTHEAFRICANRAINFORESTSUDDENLYTURNSUPINCHILDRENINTHEAMERICANMIDWESTIT’SHARDNOTTOWONDEROFTHEDISEASETHATCOMESFROMFOREIGNANIMALSISHOMINGINONHUMANBEINGS“MOSTOFTHEINFECTIONS(感染)WETHINKOFASHUMANINFECTIONSSTARTEDINOTHERANIMALS“SAYSSTEPHENMORSEDIRECTOROFTHECENTERFORPUBLICHEALTHPREPAREDNESSATCOLUMBIAUNIVERSITYIT’SNOTJUSTTHATWE’REGOINGTOWHERETHEANIMALSARE;WE’REALSOBRINGINGTHEMCLOSERTOUSPOPULARFOREIGNPETSHAVEBROUGHTAWHOLENEWDISEASETOTHISCOUNTRYASTRANGEILLNESSKILLEDISAKSEN’SPETSANDSHENOWTHINKSTHATKEEPINGFOREIGNPETSISABADIDEA“IDON’TTHINKIT’SFAIRTOHAVETHEMASPETSWHENWEHAVESUCHALIMITEDKNOWLEDGEOFTHEM“SAYSISAKSEN“LAWSALLOWINGTHESEANIMALSTOBEBROUGHTINFROMDEEPFORESTAREASWITHOUTSTRICTERCONTROLNEEDCHANGING“SAYSPETERSCHANTZMONKEYPOXMAYBETHEWAKEUPCALLRESEARCHERSBELIEVEINFECTEDANIMALSMAYINFECTTHEIROWNERSWEKNOWVERYLITTLEABOUTTHESENEWDISEASESANEWBUG(病毒)MAYBEKINDATFIRSTBUTITMAYDEVELOPINTOSOMETHINGHARMFUL(有害的)MONKEYPOXDOESN’TLOOKAMAJORINFECTIOUSDISEASEBUTISNOTIMPOSSIBLETOPASSTHEDISEASEFROMPERSONTOPERSON64.WELEARNFROMPARAGRAPHITHATTHEPETSOLDATTHESHOPMAY_______A.COMEFROMCOLUMBIAB.PREVENTUSFROMBEINGINFECTEDC.ENJOYBEINGWITHCHILDREND.SUFFERFROMMONKEYPOX【答案】D【解析】推理判断题。从第一段WEHAVEMETTHEENEMYANDHEISOURSWEBOUGHTHIMATAPETSHOPWHENMONKEYPOX,ADISEASEUSUALLYFOUNDINTHEAFRICANRAINFORESTSUDDENLYTURNSUPINCHILDRENINTHEAMERICAN可知,商店里买的宠物带有一种疾病。65.WHYDIDISAKSENADVISEPEOPLENOTTOHAVEFOREIGNPETSA.THEYATTACKHUMANBEINGSB.WENEEDTOSTUDYNATIVEANIMALSC.THEYCAN’TLIVEOUTOFTHERAINFORESTD.WEDONOTKNOWMUCHABOUTTHEMYET【答案】D【解析】细节判断题。ISAKSEN’SPETSANDSHENOWTHINKSTHATKEEPINGFOREIGNPETSISABADIDEA。66.WHATDOESSHEPHRASE“THEWAKEUPCALL”INPARAGRAPH3MOSTPROBABLYMEANA.ANEWDISEASEB.ACLEARWARNINGC.ADANGEROUSANIMALD.AMORNINGCALL【答案】B【解析】词义理解题。大多数感染感染认为人类感染始于其他动物,故养动物宠物的人很容易受到感染,故此研究者唤醒养动物宠物人的相信。67.THETEXTSUGGESTSTHATINTHEFUTUREWEAMAYHAVETOFIGHTAGAINSTMORENEWDISEASESBMAYEASILYGETINFECTEDBYDISEASESFROMDOGSCSHOULDNOTBEALLOWEDTOHAVEPETSDSHOULDSTOPBUYINGPESTSFROMAFRICA【答案】A【解析】主题大意题。从最后一段可知,会有更多的病毒由动物传染给人,故此人类要不断与新的疾病作斗争。DIT’SNOTEASYBEINGATEENAGER(13至19岁青少年)NORISITEASYBEINGTHEPARENTOFATEENAGERYOUCANMAKEYOURCHILDFEELANGRY,HURT,ORMISUNDERSTOODBYWHATYOUSAYWITHOUTREALIZINGITYOURSELFITISIMPORTANTTOGIVEYOURCHILDTHESPACEHENEEDSTOGROWWHILEGENTLYLETTINGHIMKNOWTHATYOUYOU’LLSTILLBETHEREFORHIMWHENHENEEDSYOUEXPECTALOTFROMYOURCHILD,JUSTNOTEVERYTHINGEXCEPTFORHEALTHANDSAFETYPROBLEMS,SUCHASDRUGUSEORCARELESSDRIVING;CONSIDEREVERYTHINGELSEOPENTODISCUSSIONIFYOURCHILDISUNWILLINGTODISCUSSSOMETHING,DON’TINSISTHETELLYOUWHAT’SONHISMINDTHEMOREYOUINSIST,THEMORELIKELYTHATHE’LLCLAMUPINSTEAD,LETHIMATTEMPTTOSOLVE(解决)THINGSBYHIMSELFATTHESAMETIME,REMINDHIMTHATYOU’REALWAYSTHEREFORHIMSHOULDHESEEKADVICEORHELPSHOWRESPECTFORYOURTEENAGER’SPRIVACY(隐私)NEVERREADHIMHISMAILORLISTENINONPERSONALCONVERSIONSTEACHYOURTEENAGERTHATTHEFAMILYPHONEISFORTHEWHOLEFAMILYIFYOURCHILDTALKSONTHEFAMILY’STELEPHONEFORTOOLONG,TELLHIMHECANTALKFOR15MINUTES,BUTTHENHEMUSTSTAYOFFTHEPHONEFORATLEASTANEQUALPERIODOFTIMETHISNOTONLYFREESUPTHELINESOTHATOTHERFAMILYMEMBERSCANMAKEANDRECEIVECALLS,BUTTEACHESYOURTEENAGERMODERATION(节制)ORIFYOUAREOPENTOTHEIDEA,ALLOWYOURTEENAGERHISOWNPHONETHATHEPAYSFORWITHHISOWNPOCKETMONEYORAPART–TIMEJOB68THEMAINPURPOSEOFTHETEXTISTOTELLPARENTS_____________AHOWTOGETALONGWITHATEENAGERBHOWTORESPECTATEENAGERCHOWTOUNDERSTANDATEENAGERDHOWTOHELPATEENAGERGROWUP【答案】D【解析】主题大意题。整篇文章谈论父母亲在孩子成长过程中如何帮助孩子。69WHATDOESTHEPHRASE“CLAMUP”INPARAGRAPH2PROBABLYMEANABECOMEEXCITEDBSHOWRESPECTCREFUSETOTALKDSEEKHELP【答案】C【解析】词义理解题。由句意可知,你越是坚持,孩子们也就越产生逆反心理,从而抵触与你交流。故应选C。70THELASTPARAGRAPHISABOUTHOWTOTEACHATEENAGER_________________ATOUSETHEPHONEINASENSIBLEWAYBTOPAYFORHISOWNTELEPHONECTOSHARETHEPHONEQUICKLYDTOANSWERTHEPHONEQUICKLY【答案】A【解析】段落大意题。如何使用家庭电话。71WHATSHOULDPARENTSDOINRAISINGATEENAGERACCORDINGTOTHETEXTANORALLOWHIMTOLEARNDRIVINGORTAKEDRUGSBGIVEHIMADVICEONLYWHENNECESSARYCLETHIMHAVEHISOWNTELEPHONEDNOTTALKABOUTPERSONALTHINGSWITHHIM【答案】B【解析】概括归纳题。在孩子成长过程中,让他尝试解决一些问题。家长不应将自己的思想强加于孩子,而是必要时给他一些建议。ESUNDAY,OCTOBER5CLEAR,69FMYWIFE,ELEANOR,ANDITOOKTHETRAINFROMPARISTOSTRASBOURG,WHEREWEWEREMETBYOURDRIVERANDGUIDEANDTHEMINIBUSWHICHGOESALONGWITHTHEBOATWESTOPPEDOFFINBARNFORANHOURONTHEWAYTHENWEWERETAKENTONANCYWHERETHEBOATWASKEPTAFTERTHEOTHERPASSENGERSARRIVED,WEHADOURFIRSTDINNERONTHEBOATAFTERDINNERWEWALKEDINTODOWNTOWNNANCY,AVILLAGEWITHALARGESQUAREANDWOODENHOUSESMONDAY,OCTOBER6RAINEDLASTNIGHT,CLOUDYINTHEMORNING,69FWESPENTABOUTTWOHOURSINNANCY,THENSAILEDONTHECANALDELAMARNEAURHINEKINDOFALAZYDAYEATINGBREAKFAST,LUNCH,ANDDINNER,AFTERDINNERWEWATCHEDATAPEONBACCARATWHEREWEWILLVISITTOMORROWITWASPLEASANTTOSITOUTONDECK(甲板)ANDWATCHTHESCENERYGOBYATABOUT3MPHTUESDAY,OCTOBER7LIGHTRAIN,64FTHISMOURNINGWEDROVEOVERTOBACCARATANDTOUREDITSMUSEUMANDTHECHURCH,WHICHHASTHISUNBELIEVABLELAMPTHATISGOINGONAWORLDTOURTHENEXTDAYWEDIDLOSTOFSHOPPING,THENWALKEDACROSSTHEBRIDGETOSEEAVERY,VERYMODERNCATHOLICCHURCHWITHSPECIALBACCARATWINDOWSWEDROVETOTHETOPOFTHEVOGESMOUNTAINSANDSTARTEDDOWNTHEEASTERNSIDELATERWEDROVETOSORRENBOURGTOSEETHE13THCENTURYCHURCHATTHECORDELIERSITCONTAINSTHELARGESTWINDOWBYMARWEDNESDAY,OCROBER8CLOUDY65FTODAYWESAILEDFROMSCHNECKENBUSHTOSAVERNEWEWENTTHOUGHTWOCAVES,ANEXTREMELYUNUSUALPARTOFTHEJOURNEYTHISRIVERSCENERYISVERYDIFFERENTWEWEREINAMOUNTAINVALLEYWITHGRASSLANDONONESIDEANDAFORESTBEGINNINGTOSHOWSOMECOLORONTHEOTHERTHURSDAY,OCROBER9CLOUDY,66FOURDEPENDABLEMINIBUSWASWAITINGTOLOADTHELUGGAGEANDTAKEUSTOTHEHOTELWHEREEVERYONEWENTTHEIRSEPARATEWAYSOURBOATINGDAYSAREOVERUNTILNEXTTIME72WHEREDIDTHEAUTHORGETOFFTHETRAINAPARISBSTRASBOURGCNANCYDBARN【答案】B【解析】细节判断题。第一句话MYWIFE,ELEANOR,ANDITOOKTHETRAINFROMPARISTOSTRASBOURG,可知。73ONWHICHDAYSDIDTHETOURISTSSPENDMOSTOFTHEIRTIMEONTHEBOATAMONDAYANDTUESDAYBTUESDAYANDWEDNESDAYCWEDNESDAYANDWEDNESDAYDMONDAYANDWEDNESDAY【答案】D【解析】细节推断题。从第二段WESPENTABOU

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