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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(3).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(3).doc.doc

嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用(一)Aqualifieddoctorwhorarelypracticedbutinsteaddevotedhislifetowriting.HeoncesaidMedicineismylawfulwife,andliteratureismylover.RussianwriterAntonPavlovichChekhov,wasagreatplaywrightandoneofthemastersofthemodernshortstory.WhenChekhoventeredtheMoscowUniversityMedicalSchoolin1879,hestartedtopublishhundredsofcomicshortstoriestosupporthisfamily.Afterhegraduated,hewroteregularlyforalocaldailynewspaper.Asawriterhewasextremelyfast,oftenproducingashortstoryinanhourorless.Chekhovsmedicalandscienceexperiencecanbeseenthroughtheindifference冷漠manyofhischaractersshowtotragicevents.In1892,hebecameafulltimewriterandpublishedsomeofhismostmemorablestories.ChekhovoftenwroteaboutthesufferingsoflifeinsmalltownRussia.Tragiceventscontrolhischaracterswhoarefilledwithfeelingsofhopelessnessanddespair.ItisoftensaidthatnothinghappensinChekhovsstoriesandplays.Hemadeupforthiswithhisexcitingtechniquefordevelopingdramawithinhischaracters.Chekhovsworkcombinedthecalmattitudeofascientistanddoctorwiththesensitivity敏感ofanartist.SomeofChekhovsworksweretranslatedintoChineseasearlyasthe1940s.Oneofhisfamousstories,TheManinaShell,aboutaschoolteachersextraordinarilyorderlylife,wasselectedasatextforChineseseniorstudents.1.AntonPavlovichChekhov________.A.hadalawfulloverB.wasanillegalwriterC.usedtobealawyerD.wasacompetentdoctor2.In1880,Chekhov________.A.becameafulltimewriterB.studiedmedicineinMoscowUniversityC.practicedmedicineinhishometownD.publishedhismostmemorablestories3.WhichofthefollowingadjectivescantbeusedtodescribeChekhovA.Sensitive.B.Cool.C.Quickminded.D.Warmhearted.4.Whichofthefollowingistherightorderoftheeventsa.becameadoctorb.becameafulltimewriterc.startedtopublishcomicshortstoriesd.wroteregularlyforalocaldailynewspaper.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用e.enteredtheMoscowUniversityMedicalSchoolA.e→c→a→d→bB.d→a→b→c→eC.e→c→b→a→dD.a→e→c→b→d(二)Childrenwhoeatlesssaltanddrinkfewersugarsweetenedsoftdrinksmaysignificantlylowertheirrisksofobesity,researchersrecentlyreportedinthejournalHypertension.Sugarsweetenedsoftdrinksareasignificantsourceofcalorieintakeinchildren,saidFengJ.He,aresearcheratStGeorgesUniversityofLondon,England.Ithasbeenshownthatsugarsweetenedsoftdrinkconsumptionisrelatedtoobesityinyoungpeople.Theywantedtoknowwhetherthereisalinkbetweensaltintakeandsugarsweetenedsoftdrinkconsumption.DrHeandcolleaguesanalyzeddatafroma1997nationalsurveyofmorethan2,000peoplebetween4and18inBritain.Wefoundthatchildreneatingalowersaltdietdranklessfluid,saidHe.Fromourresearch,weestimatedthat1gramofsaltcutfromtheirdailydietwouldreducefluidintakeby100gramsperday.Theresearchersalsofoundthatchildreneatingalowersaltdietdrankfewersugarsweetenedsoftdrinks.Fromtheirresearch,theypredictedthatreducingsaltintakeby1grameachdaywouldreducesugarsweetenedsoftdrinkconsumptionby27gramsperday,after.Ifchildrenaged4to18cuttheirsaltintakebyhalf,therewouldbeadecreaseofabouttwosugarsweetenedsoftdrinksperweekperchild,soeachchildwoulddecreasecalorieintakebyalmost250kilocaloriesperweek,DrHesaid.Inpreviousstudies,researchersfoundthatalowsaltdietlowersbloodpressureinchildren,andpreventsthedevelopmentofhighbloodpressurelaterinlife.Bothhighbloodpressureandobesityincreasetheriskofhavingstrokesandheartattacks,DrHesaid.DrHerecommendsthatparentschecklabelsandchooselowsaltfoodproducts.Smallreductionsinthesaltcontentof10to20percentcannotbedetectedbythehumansalttastereceptors感受器anddonotcauseanytechnologicalorsafetyproblems,DrHesaid.5.Accordingtothepassage,obesityisdirectlylinkedto______.A.highsaltfoodsB.sugarsweetenedsoftdrinksC.highbloodpressureD.strokesandheartattacks6.Comparedwithpreviousstudies,therecentonefoundthat______.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用A.alowersaltdietmaymeanlesssugarsweetenedsoftdrinkconsumptionB.alowsaltdietkeepschildrenoutofhighbloodpressureC.childrenfacetheriskofhavingstrokesandheartattacksD.lowsaltfoodproductsdonotdoharmtopeopleshealth7.WhichofthefollowingstatementswouldDrHeagreetoA.Thelesssaltpeopleeat,thehealthierpeoplebecome.B.Childrenshouldreducefluidintakeintheirdailylife.C.Nohighsaltfoodproductswillbeavailableinshops.D.Alowsaltdietmaypreventbothhighbloodpressureandobesity.8.Afterreadingthepassage,whoshouldtakeeffectiveactionA.Children.B.Parents.C.Doctors.D.Researchers.【答案与解析】1.D事实细节题。根据Aqualifieddoctorwhorarelypracticed可知,契诃夫是个合格的医生。2.B推理判断题。根据WhenChekhoventeredtheMoscowUniversityMedicalSchoolin1879可知契诃夫1879年进入莫斯科大学学医,可以断定契诃夫1880年正在大学学医。3.D事实细节题。文中讲到了他的品质有cool,sensitivecalmattitudeofascientistanddoctorwiththesensitivityofanartist,quickmindedextremelyfast,oftenproducingashortstoryinanhourorless,但没有涉及到warmhearted这方面的品质。4.A事实细节题。要求排列事件顺序。可用首尾定位法。第一个事件是enteredtheMoscowUniversityMedicalSchool,最后一个事件是becameafulltimewriter,故答案为A。5.B。从第二段中Ithasbeenshownthatsugarsweetenedsoftdrinkconsumptionisrelatedtoobesityinyoungpeople.和第四段最后一句可知,喝含糖饮料会导致热量摄入而引发肥胖,因此B项正确。6.A。通过第四段可知,A项所述为新的研究发现。7.D。第五段直接说出低盐的食物可以预防高血压结合以上几段可知低盐食物可以让孩子少喝含糖的饮料,而含糖的饮料会导致发胖,因此D项正确。8.B。根据最后一段中的第一句可知B项正确

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