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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(2).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(2).doc.doc

嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用(一)Abouttenyearsago,ayoungandverysuccessfulbusinessmannamedJoshwastravelingdownaChicagoneighborhoodstreet.Hewasgoingabittoofastinhisshiny,black,12cylinderJaguarXKE,whichwasonlytwomonthsold.Hewaswatchingforkidsrushingoutfrombetweenparkedcarsandsloweddownwhenhethoughthesawsomething.Ashiscarpassed,nochildcameout,butabricksailedoutandWHUMPithittheJagsshinyblacksidedoorSCREECH...ImmediatelyJoshstoppedthecar,jumpedout,seizedthekidandpushedhimupagainstaparkedcar.Heshoutedatthekid,WhatwasthatallaboutandwhoareyouJustwhattheheckareyoudoingBuildingupaheadofsteam,hewenton.ThatsmynewJag,thatbrickyouthrewisgonnacostyoualotofmoney.WhydidyouthrowitPlease,mister,please....ImsorryIdidntknowwhatelsetodobeggedtheyoungster.Ithrewthebrickbecausenooneelsewouldstoptearswerestreamingdowntheboysfaceashepointedaroundtheparkedcar.Itsmybrother,mister,hesaid.Herolledofthecurb路沿andfelloutofhiswheelchairandIcantlifthimup.Sobbing,theboyaskedthebusinessman,WouldyoupleasehelpmegethimbackintohiswheelchairHeshurtandhestooheavyforme.Movedbeyondwords,theyoungbusinessmantriedhardtoswallowtherapidlyswellinglumpinhisthroat.Straining,heliftedtheyoungmanbackintothewheelchairandtookouthishandkerchiefandwipedthescrapersandcuts,checkingtoseethateverythingwasgoingtobeOK.Hethenwatchedtheyoungerbrotherpushhimdownthesidewalktowardtheirhome.Itwasalongwalkbacktotheblack,shining12cylinderJaguarXKEalongandslowwalk.JoshneverdidfixthesidedoorofhisJaguar.Hekeptthedent凹痕toremindhimnottogothroughlifesofastthatsomeonehastothrowabrickathimtogethisattention.Feelforthebricksoflifecomingatyou.1.Theboythrewabrickatthebusinessmanscarbecause________.A.thebusinessmandroveatahighspeedB.heenviedthebrandnewcarverymuchC.hewantedtoaskforsomemoneyD.hewantedtogethelpfromthedriver2.Whichofthefollowingistherightorderofthestorya.TheyoungerbrotherthrewabrickatJoshscar.b.Theelderbrotherfelloutofhiswheelchair.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用c.TheyoungerbrotherbeggedJoshforhelp.d.Joshliftedtheelderbrotherbackintohiswheelchair.e.Joshshoutedattheyoungerbrother.A.b,a,e,c,dB.a,c,d,b,eC.b,a,c,e,dD.a,c,b,e,d3.WhatcanwelearnfromthepassageA.Joshwouldacceptthemoneyfromthekids.B.ThetwokidswereJoshsneighbors.C.Joshwasakindheartedman.D.Joshsnewcarbrokedowneasily.4.Accordingtothepassage,thelastsentencemeans________.A.tryingtogetreadyforthetroubleinyourfuturelifeB.drivingfastinaneighborhoodstreetisdangerousC.tryingtobemoreunderstandingseeingothersintroubleD.protectingoneselffrombeinghurt(二)Washoe,afemalechimpanzee黑猩猩believedtobethefirstnonhumantoacquirehumanlanguage,hasdiedofnaturalcausesattheresearchinstitutewhereshewaskept.ThechimpdiedonTuesdaynight,accordingtoRogerandDeborahFouts,cofoundersofTheChimpanzeeandHumanCommunicationsInstituteinWashington,whereshelived.Washoewasbornin1965inAfrica,whereshewascapturedbytheAirForceandtakentotheUSforresearchuseinthespaceprogram.In1966,shelefttheprogramandbeganlivingwithtwoscientists,AllenandBeatrixGardner,wholedaprojecttoteachthechimpAmericanSignLanguageASLinWashoe,Nevada,forwhichitwasnamed.WashoehadbeenlivingonCentralWashingtonUniversitysEllensburgCampussince1980.Shehadavocabularyofabout250words.Also,WashoetaughtsignlanguagetothreeyoungerchimpsTatu,31,Loulis,29,andDar,31.Primate灵长类researcherJaneGoodall,inFoutsbookNextofKin,notedtheimportanceoftheworkwithWashoe.Roger,throughhisongoingconversationswithWashoeandherextendedfamily,hasopenedawindowintoachimpanzeesmind,Goodallsaid.Thoughpreviouseffortstoteachchimpsspokenlanguageshadfailed,theresearchersbelievedtherewasabetterchanceusingsigns.ButWashoeslanguageskillsweredisputedby嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用scientistswhobelievedthatlanguageisuniquetohumans.Amongthosewhodoubtedthatchimpscoulduselanguagewerelinguist语言学家NoamChomskyandHarvardscientistStevenPinker.Theybelievedprimatessimplylearntoperformcertainactsinordertoreceiverewards,anddonotacquiretruelanguage.1.Asforitsfirsttask,Washoewasinvolvedwith_______.A.somespaceresearchB.astudyonAfricananimalsC.anASLprojectD.theprogramoftrainingtheAirForce2.InGoodallsopinion,teachingWashoeASL______.A.wasnotsuccessfulB.ledtothebookNextofKinC.wonhonorforFoutsD.madeadifference3.Inthelastparagraph,theunderlinedworddisputedprobablymeans______.A.supportedB.studiedC.questionedD.discussed4.WhatcanbeinferredfromthepassageA.TheASLprojectwasfirstsetupinAfricaforthestudyonWashoe.B.Washoemaycommunicatewithotherchimpsbysigning.C.Washoemusthavebeenabletospeak250wordsorso.D.Theresearcherswillprovethatmostchimpscoulduselanguage.5.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothepassageA.Washoewasthefirstanimaltobetaughthumanlanguage.B.Washoe,thechimp,wasnamedinhonorofaplace.C.TherewerefourchimpsintotalatEllensburgCampus.D.Chomskybelievedprimatesonlyperformsilentsigns.【答案解析】本文通过记叙十年前一个叫Josh的非常成功的企业家驾驶着他那崭新的汽车在芝加哥附近的街道上发生的故事,告诉人们应该多体谅他人疾苦。1.D细节题。由第三段中小孩的话语可知。2.A细节题。根据文章第二、三段的描述及小孩的话语,可确定答案。3.C推断题。根据文章的第四段的描述可知Josh是个好心人。4.C句意题。由最后一段倒数第二句的含义可知是叫人们多体谅他人疾苦。嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用5.A。从第三段第一句可知,Washoe的第一项任务是参与太空研究项目(researchuseinthespaceprogram)。6.D。倒数第二段中Roger,throughhisongoingconversationswithWashoeandherextendedfamily,hasopenedawindowintoachimpanzeesmind是对theimportanceoftheworkwithWashoe的具体说明。7.C。从whobelievedthatlanguageisuniquetohumans和doubted等词句可推知,科学家对Washoeslanguageskills持质疑态度。8.B。从第三段中最后一句可知,Washoe还教其它黑猩猩学习手势语,因此B项推理正确。9.B。从inWashoe,Nevada,forwhichitwasnamed可知,Washoe是为纪念一个地名而起的

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