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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(4).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(4).doc.doc

嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用(一)WhydomendieearlierthanwomenThelatestresearchmakesitknownthatthereasoncouldbethatmensheartsgointorapiddeclinewhentheyreachmiddleage.Thelargeststudyoftheeffectsofageingonthehearthasfoundthatwomenslongevitymaybelinkedtothefactthattheirheartsdonotlosetheirpumpingpowerwithage.Wehavefoundthatthepowerofthemaleheartfallsby2025percentbetween18and70yearsofage,saidtheheadofthestudy,DavidGoldspinkofLiverpoolJohnMooresUniversityintheUK.Withinthehearttherearemillionsofcellsthatenableittobeat.Betweentheageof20and70,onethirdofthosecellsdieandarenotreplacedinmen,saidGoldspink.Thisispartoftheageingprocess.Whatsurprisesscientistsisthatthefemaleheartseesverylittlelossofthesecells.Ahealthy70yearoldwomansheartcouldperformalmostaswellasa20yearoldones.Thisgenderdifferencemightjustexplainwhywomenlivelongerthanmen,saidGoldspink.Theystudiedmorethan250healthymenandwomenbetweentheagesof18and80,focusingonhealthypersonstoremovetheconfusinginfluenceofdisease.Theteamhasyettofindwhyageingtakesagreaterlossonthemaleheart,saidGoldspink.Thegoodnewsisthatmencanimprovethehealthoftheirheartwithregularexercise.Goldspinkstressedthatwomenalsoneedregularexercisetopreventtheirlegmusclesbecomingsmallerandweakerastheyage.1.Theunderlinedwordlongevityinthesecondparagraphprobablyrefersto________.A.healthB.longlifeC.ageingD.effect2.Thetextmainlytalksabout________.A.mensheartcellsB.womensageingprocess、C.thegenderdifferenceD.heartsandlonglife3.Accordingtothetext,theUKscientistshaveknownthat________.A.womenhavemorecellsthanmenwhentheyarebornB.womencanreplacethecellsthatenablethehearttobeatC.thefemaleheartlosesfewofthecellswithageD.womenneverlosetheirpumpingpowerwithage嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用4.Ifyouwanttolivelonger,youshould________.A.enableyourhearttobeatmuchfasterB.findoutthereasonforageingC.exerciseregularlytokeepyourhearthealthyD.preventyourcellsfrombeinglost5.Wecanknowfromthepassagethat________.A.thereasonwhyageingtakesagreaterlossonthemalehearthasbeenfoundoutB.scientistsareonthewaytofindingoutwhythemaleheartlosesmoreofthecellsC.theteamhasdonesomethingtopreventthemalefromsufferingthegreaterlossD.womenover70couldlosemoreheartcellsthanthoseattheageof20(二)Wugging,orwebusegiving,describestheactofgivingtocharityatnocosttotheuser.ByusingEveryclick.com,whichisbeingaddedtoanumberofuniversitycomputersacrosstheUK,studentscanraisemoneyeverytimetheysearch,butitwontcostthemapenny.Researchshowsthatstudentsareextremelypassionateaboutsupportingcharity88offulltimestudentshaveusedtheInternettogivetocharity.Thisagegroupisoftentheleastlikelytohavetheirownincome.19of22to24yearoldshaveshorttermdebtsofmorethan£5,000.Withrisingpersonaldebtlevelsinthisagegroup,duetouniversitytuitionfeesorpersonalloansandalackoflongtermsavings,traditionalmethodsofdonatingtocharityareoftennotappealing有感染力的orpossible.BethTruman,a21yearoldrecentuniversitygraduate,hasusedEveryclick.comtodonatetoherchosencharity,theRSPCA,fortwoyearsandhasseenthewuggingmovementgrowinpopularitywithstudents.Whenyoureatuniversityyoubecomemoresociallyaware,butitssometimeshardtogivetootherswhenyouhavelittlemoneyyourself,saysBeth.Wuggingisgreatforpeopleinthisagegroupasitallowsthemtousethetechnologyonadailybasistogivetocharity,withoutcostingthemasinglepenny.Wuggingisperfectforpeoplewhowanttobemoresociallyawareandsupportivebutdontfeeltheyhavethemeanstodoso.Studentsusingthewebcanraisemoneyforcausestheycareaboutwithoutcostingthemanythingintermsoftimeormoney,andcharitiesgetavaluablesourceoffunding.Everyclick.comworkslikeanyothersearchengine,allowinguserstosearchforinformation,嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用newsandimagesbutuserscandecidewhichoftheUKs170,000charitiestheywouldliketosupportthroughtheirclicks.Everyclick.comthenmakesmonthlypaymentstoeveryregisteredcharity.LaunchedinJune2005,Everyclick.comisnowtheeighthlargestsearchengineandoneofthebusiestcharitywebsitesintheUK.6.Accordingtothepassage,wuggingisactually______.A.awebsiteB.acharityrelatedactionC.aschoolorganizationD.astudentmovement7.Inthecaseofcharity,Everyclick.com______.A.freesstudentsofthefinancialworriesB.receivesmuchmoneyfromstudentsC.offersvaluableinformationtostudentsD.praisesstudentsfortheirmoneyraising8.WhatdoesBethTrumanthinkofthewuggingmovementA.ItmakesEveryclick.compopularintheUK.B.Itbecomeseasytodocharitybecauseofit.C.Itresultsinstudentsmoresocialawareness.D.Ithelpsstudentstosavemoney.9.Fromthepassage,wecanconcludethat______.A.mostfulltimestudentsdocharityontheInterneteverydayB.Everyclick.comhelpsstudentspayforthecollegeeducationC.wuggingisawinwinideaforbothstudentsandcharitiesD.Everyclick.comisthemostsuccessfulsearchengineintheUK10.WhatwouldbethebesttitleforthispassageA.Wugging,anewpopulartermontheInternet.B.Britishpeopleshowstronginterestincharity.C.MoreBritaincharitiesbenefitfromtheInternet.D.Studentsraisemoneyforcharitybywugging.【答案与解析】1.B词义猜测题。根据文章第1段的第1句Whydomendieearlierthanwomen及全文内容可猜出,本题的正确答案选B。2.D主旨大意题。根据文章第1段的第2句thereasoncouldbethatmensheartsgo嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用intorapiddeclinewhentheyreachmiddleage和第2段中的womenslongevitymaybelinkedtothefactthattheirheartsdonotlosetheirpumpingpowerwithage及全文内容可知,本题的正确答案选D。3.C事实细节题。根据文章第5段的第1句Whatsurprisesscientistsisthatthefemaleheartseesverylittlelossofthesecells可知,本题的正确答案选C。4.C推理判断题。根据文章最后一段的第1句Thegoodnewsisthatmencanimprovethehealthoftheirheartwithregularexercise及文章主题可知,本题的正确答案选C。5.B推理判断题。根据文章倒数第2段中的Theteamhasyettofindwhyageingtakesagreaterlossonthemaleheart可推知,本题的正确答案选B。6.B。从第一段中可知,wugging是指通过webuse针对charity的giving,因此B项理解最准确。7.A。通过第三段可知,Everyclick.com让经济拮据的学生实现了不出钱也可以做慈善,因此A项正确。8.B。从第三段中itallowsthemtousethetechnologyonadailybasistogivetocharity可知B项正确。9.C。从倒数第二段可知,学生和慈善团体均受益于Everyclick.com,因此C项正确。10.D。wugging、students和charity是该文话题中的三个重要元素,因此D项标题最具针对性

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