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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(7).doc.doc

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2009年高考英语最新阅读理解课堂精选练习(7).doc.doc

嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用(一)AliaSabur,fromNY,US,hasclearlybeenaheadofthelearningcurvesinceanearlyage.Shefinishedelementaryschoolatfive,madethejumptocollegeat10,andbyage14,wasearningabachelorsdegreeofscienceinappliedmathematicsfromStonyBrookUniversitytheyoungestfemaleinUShistorytodoso.HereducationcontinuedatDrexelUniversity,wheresheearnedanMSandaPhDinmaterialsscienceandengineering.Withanunlimitedfutureaheadofher,Saburdirectedherfirstcareerchoicetoteaching.Ireallyenjoyteaching,saidSabur.Itssomethingwhereyoucanmakeadifference.Itsnotjustwhatyoucando,butyoucanenablealotofotherpeopletomaketheirchanges.Shewasthreedaysshortofher19thbirthdaywhenshewashiredasaprofessoratKonkukUniversityinSeoul,Korea.Thisdistinctionmadehertheyoungestcollegeprofessorinhistory,accordingtotheGuinnessBookofWorldRecords,beatingthepreviousrecordheldbyColinMaclaurin,astudentofphysicistIsaacNewton.Althoughshedoesntstartuntilnextmonth,SaburhastakenupteachingmathandphysicscoursesatSouthernUniversityinNewOrleans.Saburisoldenoughtoteach,butnottojoinherfellowprofessorsinabarafterwork.InKorea,wherethedrinkingageis20,shemighthavemoreluck.IntraditionalKoreanculture,childrenareconsideredtobeoneyearoldwhentheyareborn,andaddayeartotheirageeveryNewYearinsteadoftheiractualbirthday.Inadditiontoherunprecedented空前的academicachievements,SaburhasablackbeltintheKoreanmartialartoftaekwondo.Sheisalsoatalentedclarinet竖笛player,whoonceperformedwithmusicianslikeLangLangandSmashMouth.SoisthereanythingSaburcantdo1.WhatisParagraph1mainlyaboutA.Saburschildhood.B.Saburseducation.C.Sabursachievementinscience.D.Sabursinterestinteaching.2.WhatcanbeinferredfromSaburswordsA.Shesambitioustomakeabigdifferencetotheworld.B.Sheseagertoshowhowspecialsheis.C.Shesreadytoshareherknowledge.D.Shewantstobelongremembered.3.WhatdoestheunderlinedworddistinctioninParagraph2mean嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用A.Adifferencebetweensimilarthings.B.Astrangeman/woman.C.Afamousplace.D.Aspecialhonor.4.BysayingshemighthavemoreluckinParagraph3,theauthormeans____.A.SaburmightbemorewelcomedinKoreaB.SaburmightmakemoreachievementsinKoreaC.SaburmightbepermittedtodrinkinbarsD.Saburmightbeoldenoughtobeafulltimeprofessor5.Fromthelastparagraphwecaninferthat____.A.thereisnothingSaburcannotdoB.wherethereisawillthereisawayC.SaburhasvariedinterestsD.Saburhasherownwaytorelax(二)ScienceDailyApr27,2008DutchecologistRoxinaSolerandhercolleagueshavediscoveredthatsubterranean地下的andabovegroundherbivorous食草的insectscancommunicatewitheachotherbyusingplantsastelephones.Subterraneaninsectsissuechemicalwarningsignalsthroughtheleavesoftheplant.Thisway,abovegroundinsectsarewarnedthattheplantisalreadyoccupied.Aboveground,leafeatinginsectspreferplantsthathavenotyetbeenoccupiedbysubterraneanrooteatinginsects.Subterraneaninsectssendoutchemicalsignalsthroughtheleavesoftheplant,whichwarntheabovegroundinsectsabouttheirpresence.Thismessagingmakesitpossibleforspatiallyseparatedinsectstoavoideachother,sothattheydonotcompeteforthesameplant.Inrecentyearsithasbeendiscoveredthatdifferenttypesofabovegroundinsectsdevelopslowlyiftheyfeedonplantsthatalsohavesubterraneanresidentsandviceversa反之亦然.Itseemsthatasystemhasdevelopedthroughnaturalselection,whichhelpsthesubterraneanandabovegroundinsectstonoticeeachother.Thisavoidsunnecessarycompetition.Throughthegreentelephonelines,subterraneaninsectscanalsocommunicatewithathirdparty,namelythenaturalenemyofcaterpillars毛虫.Parasiticwasps寄生的黄蜂laytheireggsinsideabovegroundinsects.Thewaspsalsobenefitfromthesignalssentbytheleaves,asthesehelpthemfindmoreinsectsfortheireggs.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用Thecommunicationbetweensubterraneanandabovegroundinsectshasonlybeenstudiedinafewcases.Itisstillnotclearhowwidespreadthisphenomenonis.Butscientistsarelookingintoit.ThisresearchwascarriedoutattheNetherlandsInstituteforEcologyNIOOKNAWbyRoxinaSoler,JeffreyHarvey,MartijnBezemer,WimvanderPuttenandLouiseVet.ThePhDproject,inwhichthisstudywascarriedout,wasfundedbytheFreeCompetitionofNWOEarthandLifeSciences.6.Afterfindingaplantoccupiedbysubterraneaninsects,abovegroundinsectsusually____.A.sendoutwarningsignalsB.choosetogiveuptheplantC.competefortheplantD.shareitwiththesubterraneaninsects7.Abovegroundinsectswilldevelopmorequicklyifthey____.A.feedonplantsoccupiedbysubterraneaninsectsB.feedonplantsnotoccupiedbysubterraneaninsectsC.becomeclevererthroughnaturalselectionD.competewithsubterraneaninsects8.Subterraneaninsectscommunicatewithathirdpartythrough____.A.caterpillarsB.parasiticwaspsC.waspseggsD.aplantsleaves9.WhatcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphA.Otheranimalsmaycommunicateinthesameway.B.Therewillbefurtherresearchintothisphenomenon.C.PartofthestudyisaPhDproject.D.TheFreeCompletionofNWOEarthandLifeScienceshasthepatentfortheseresults.10.WhatwouldbethebesttitleforthispassageA.Insectsuseplantsasatelephone.B.Insectsliveinharmonywitheachother.C.Nospeciescanlivealone.D.Plantsandanimalshaveaneffectoneachother.【答案与解析】1.B。第一段主要概述了Sabur的受教育情况明显快于一般的学习进程。2.C。从第二段中Sabur的话可以看出,她乐于向别人传授知识,以帮助他们进步。嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用3.D。distinction指前面提到的Sabur被Konkuk大学聘为教授这件事,显然它是一项殊荣。4.C。前文提到在NewOrleans,Sabur不能去酒吧后文提到韩国允许喝酒的年龄是20岁,而按韩国的年龄计算方法,Sabur正好20岁,因此答案为C。5.C。最后一段介绍了Sabur在其他领域取得的骄人成绩。6.B。第二段第一句Aboveground,leafeatinginsectsrooteatinginsects提到,地上的昆虫更喜欢没有被地下昆虫占领的植物。联系本段最后一句Thismessagingmakes...forthesameplant可知,当地上昆虫发现植物已经被地下昆虫占领时,它们通常会选择放弃。7.B。根据第三段第一句Inrecentyearsitandviceversa可知,如果食用没有被地下昆虫占领的植物,地上昆虫就会繁殖得快些。8.D。根据第四段首句Throughthegreentelephonelines,subterraneaninsectscanalsocommunicatewithathirdparty,及本段中Thewaspsalsobenefitfromthesignalssentbytheleaves可知答案。9.B。根据Butscientistsarelookingintoit.可得出答案。10.A。A项标题形象地表现出了昆虫间交流的独特方式。第一段第一句中的insectscancommunicatewitheachotherbyusingplantsastelephones.是本文的主题句

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