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2010高考二轮复习英语考案:专题十九 阅读理解.doc.doc

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2010高考二轮复习英语考案:专题十九 阅读理解.doc.doc

2010高考二轮复习英语考案专题十九阅读理解【专题考案】一The2008BeijingOlympicGamesaredrawingnear.AreyoueagertoenjoywatchingthematchesorstartservingasavolunteerFirst,youneedtoknowaboutaudiencemanners.Thebehaviorofcourtsideaudiencesisconsideredtobeanimportantpartofsportingculture.In2004,afterworldchampionStephenHendrylosttoDingJunhuiintheChinaOpenSnookerChampionships,hecomplainedofthenoisefromChinesespectators.Perhapsyouandyourclassmatescouldbewrittenonthebackofthetickets.Readyourticketcarefullybeforeyouleave,remembertotakeawayyoursoftdrinkbottlesandothertrash垃圾.Duringexcitinggames,trytocontrolyourself.Dontcriticizetheperformanceofplayersandcoaches.Becarefulwithyourwords,sincesomemaycauseangeramongotherpeopleintheaudience.Applauseisaspecialformofbodylanguageyoucanusetocommunicatewithplayers.Butyoushoulddoitproperly.Whenplayersfirstappear,clapyourhandstogethertowelcomethem,butdontgoonfortoolong.Afteranexcellentperformance,applaudwarmly.Ifsomeonefails,yourapplausewillhelpencouragethem.Applauseisnotwelcome,however,whileagameisinprogressandplayersneedtokeeptheirconcentration.Varioussportshavevariousrulesfortheaudience.Enjoyingartisticgymnasticsrequiressilence.Butlotsofcheeringcanreallyhelpbasketballandfootballplayers.Snookerandtabletenniscourtsidebehaviorincludesabanonflashphotography.Mobilephonesarenotallowedinshootingcenters.Tobeagoodspectator,youshouldtaketimetolearnthegamespecificrulesandrelatedcultureofeachevent.1.WhatdoestheunderlinedworkspectatorsmeaninthesecondparagraphA.PlayersB.AudiencesC.CoachesD.Organizers2.WhencantyouleavethespotofagameA.WhenthegameisgoingonB.WhenthegameisjustoverC.BeforethegamebeginsD.Whenthegameislongover3.WhatshouldyoudoduringanexcitingfootballgameA.ControlyourselfB.KeepquietC.PraisetheplayersD.Cheertheplayers4.WhencantyouclapyourhandsA.WhenplayersfirstappearB.WhenanexcellentperformanceisoverC.WhensomeonefailsD.Whenaplayerisfinishingaverydifficultperformance5.WhatisthebesttitleofthistextA.HowtobeagoodaudienceofBeijingOlympicGamesB.HowtosupportplayersatBeijingOlympicGamesC.HowtocontrolyourselfatBeijingOlympicGamesD.HowtobeavolunteeratBeijingOlympicGames(二)LondonAmorningtrainridesaway,acrossthechannel.EnglishkidsdiscusstheLiverpoolsfootballteaminaParispub.SomeParisianshavestartedtotraveltoworkinLondon.Inthe19thcentury,CharlesDickenscomparedthetwocities,LondonandParis,inATaleofTwoCities.Thesedays,itmightbeAtaleofOneCity.Astherearefewjobsathomeoverrecentyears,perhaps250,000Frenchmenmovedacrossthechannel.Withanunderseatunnel,theycouldtravelbetweencitiesinthreehours.TheEuropeanUnionfreedthemfromimmigrationandcustoms.Paris,richinbeauty,ismorestylish.ButLondonfeelsmorefulloflife,andmorefununtilthepubsshutdown.Forme,thedifferenceisthatLondonisreal,alive,saidTrevorWheeler,afinancialexpert.ChantalJaouen,aprofessionaldesigner,agrees.IamFrench,butIllstayinLondon,shesaid.Thereis,ofcourse,theotherview.JulieLenouxisastudentwhomovedtoLondontwoyearsago.IthinkpeoplelaughmoreinParis,shesaid.Bothcitieshavechangedbeyondrecognition,saidLarryCollins,anauthorandsometimesaLondoner.Likemostpeoplewhoknowbothcitieswell,hefindsthetwonowfittogethercomfortably.IfirstfellinlovewithParisinthe1950s.Thingsaresomuchmoreordered,andlifeisbetter.Butcertainlynotcheaper.InsomepartsofLondon,rentscanbetwicethoseonAvenueFochinParis.DecidingbetweenLondonandParisrequiresalifestylechoice.LikeDaphneBenoit,aFrenchjournalismstudentwithperfectEnglish,manyyoungpeoplearehappytobecloseenoughsotheydonthavetochoose.IloveParis,mylittleneighborhood,thewayIcanwalkaroundacentre,butlifeistooorganized,shesaid.InLondon,youcanbewhoeveryouwant.Noonecares.1.Itcanbeinferredthat___________.A.ParisandLondonarethetwobiggestcitiesintheworldB.Inthe19thcentury,DickenstoldhisstoriesinthetwocitiesC.LondonandParisusedtobeseparatedD.LiverpoolisabigcityinFrance2.Accordingtothispassage,whichofthefollowingisTRUEA.PeoplefeelitdifficulttofindajobinParis.B.PeoplecanttraveltoLondonwithoutapassport.C.LivinginFranceismoreexpensivethaninLondon.D.PeoplecanfindanyjobinLondon.3.Accordingtothispassageweknowthat_________.A.ParisiansenjoyEnglishfoodmorethantheirownB.LondonersseldomtraveltoParisonholidaysC.bothcitieshavetheiradvantagesD.youngpeopleprefertoliveinLondon4.WhichcityisbettertoliveinaccordingtothepassageA.Paris.B.London.C.Bothcities.D.Itjustdepends.5.WhatsthemeaningofthelasttwosentencesA.PeoplecandoeverythinginLondon.B.PeoplewillfeellonelyinLondon.C.PeopleinLondonenjoylivingindifferentways.D.PeopleinLondonenjoyalawlesslife.(三)Thishotelinthetreesisfamousintheworld.Peop1ewhoknowverylittleaboutKenya,knowofTreetops.WhenKingGeorgeVIdied,PrincessElizabethwasstayingontheTreetops,andwhenshecamedownfromthere,Shesucceededhimasthequeenofthecountry.ThishotelinthemiddleoftheforestshowsthepleasureofAfrica.Whenyouvisitit,youwillbesentintotheheartoftheforestbyhotelbuses,andthenaguide,withaguntoprotectyouagainstbiggame,willgowithyoutotheTreetops.Beforeandafterdinner,forthewholenightifyouwish,youcansitonthecorridor走廊,watchinganimalscometothewaterpool.TheearliesthotelTreetopswasbuiltroundalargetreeontheoppositesideofthewater,butthatwasdestroyedbyfireandthenewhotelTreetops,whichisbuiltroundseveraltrees,ismuchbigger.ThediningroomatTreetopsissmall,andthewaiterscannotwalkroundtoserveguests,acleverrailwayservicehasbeeninvented.Gueststaketheirfoodasitpassesslowlyinfrontofthem,alongalineinthecenterofthetable.TherearemanyanimalsaroundtheTreetops.Whenyouvisitthem,youcanseeAnimalsandtheirbabiesarewaitingtogreettheguests.Animals,enjoyingtheTreetopspoolinthedaylight.Alongbodied,longringtailedveryactivecatlikeanimalisaspecialonecomingoutatnight.Hehuntsandeatsanythinghecanoverpowerandisverydestructive.HelivesinthetreesatTreetops.Hecomesforhisfoodeveryevening.Donotgettooneartohim,ashisteethandclaws(爪)candoyouharm.Theseanimalscanbetrainedandbecomelovelypets.Someotheranimalswhohaveathickcoatingoffurtokeepthemwarminthecoldforestnights.Manybuffaloes(水牛)comingtotheTreetopsforwaterandsaltduringthedayornight.1.Shesucceededinbecomingthequeenofthecountry.Inthissentence,succeededmeans_______.A.didwhatshewastryingtodoB.gainedherpurposeC.gotapositiononthedeathoftheKingD.completedaneasytask2.Accordingtothepassage,railwayserviceactuallyrefersto__________.A.theserviceprovidedattherailwaystationB.thesupplyoffoodonthetrainC.theserviceprovidedalongtherailwayD.thesupplyoffoodalongamovingline3.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthecatlikeanimal,describedinthepassage,isNOTtrueA.Itcomesforfoodonlyatnight.B.ItlivesinthetreesatTreetops.C.Itsteethandclawscandopeopleharm.D.Itcancatchanyotheranimalintheforest.4.Accordingtothepassage.Treetopsisfamousintheworldbecause________.A.itshowsthepleasureofAmericaB.PrincessElizabethgottothecrownwhencomingdownfromthereC.itisbuiltroundseveraltreesD.therearemanyanimalsthatcanbetrainedandbecomelovelypets5.Wecanlearnfromthepassage,thattheguests____.A.shouldnotplaygamesontheTreetopsB.couldnotsitonthecorridoratnightC.couldenjoytheirdinnerinthediningroomD.shouldkeepoffthecatlikeanimals(四)Somepeopledontbelievethatdrivingmoreslowlycansavelives.Butthetruthisthatdrivingmoreslowlycanhelpapersontoavoidseriousaccidents.Thefollowingchartshowsthedistancethatittakestostopacaratagivenspeed.Thedistanceismeasuredinfeet.Theshadedareashowsthedriversthinkingdistance.Thatsthedistanceittakesforthedrivertoreacttoadangerthathesees.Thewhiteareashowsthecarsbrakingdistance.Thatsthedistanceittakesforthecartostoponcethebrakesareused.Thenumberatthetopofeachbarshowsthetotalnumberoffeetthatittakestostopthecar.1.Accordingtothechart,whatisthetotalnumberoffeetneededtostopacarthatistravelingat50milesperhourA.55.B.73.C.128.D.183.2.Whatisthebrakingdistanceforacarthatistravelingat60milesperhourA.66feet.B.119feet.C.185feet.D.251feet.3.WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutbrakingandspeedistrueA.Thebrakingdistanceiswhatittakesforthedrivertoreacttoadangerthathesees.B.Thespeedofacarhasadirecteffectonthedistanceneededtostopthecar.C.Thebrakingdistanceincreasesonlywhenadriverdrivesfasterthan50milesperhourD.Drivingslowlycanhelpapersontoavoidallaccidents.(五)CatherineDestivelleisarockstar.Shelovesrock,butshecantsingorplaytheguitarSheisarockclimberandabigstarinFranceandItaly.Sheisthemostfamouswomanclimberintheworldbecausesheoftenclimbswithoutropes.SheclimbsinmanycountriesbutmostoftenintheFrenchAlpsnearChamonix,whereshelives.ShestartedclimbingnearherhomeinPariswhenshe,vasfive.Then,atfourteen,shejoinedtheFrenchAlpineClubtolearnmore,butimmediatelysheclimbedbetterandmorequicklythantheoldermembersoftheclub.ShewonherfirstcompetitioninItalyin1995.ThreeyearsagoshefoundanewrouteuptheDruMountainnearChamonix.Theclimbtookelevendaysandforfourdaysthesnowwassoheavythatshecouldnotmove.LastyearotherclimberstriedtofollowthenewDestivelleRoute,buttheyfailed.Theyaregoingtotryagainthisyear.Peoplealwaysaskheraboutherclimbing.Shesays,IclimbbecauseIminlovewithmountains.Iliketouchingtherockandreadingthefaceoftherock.Ilikeitalot.Ifeltathomeonthesideofamountain.IpreparewellbeforeIgo,soImneverworried.Catherinechoosesnewmountainsfrombookslikebuyingfromashoppingcatalogue目录IseeanicemountainandIgotoclimbitHernextmountainisinPakistan.Sheisgoingtherenextmonth.ItsmuchbiggerthantheDru,soitsgoingtotakelongertoclimb.AnAmericanclimber,JeffLowe,iscomingwithmetohelp.1.CatherineDestivelleiscalledastarbecause________.A.shewonacompetitionin1995B.shelovesrocksC.shesafamouswomanclimberD.shefoundanewrouteuptotheDruMountain2.ShehadgreattroublefindinganewrouteuptheDruMountainbecause_______.A.shelostherwayB.theclimbtook11daysC.sheneededhelpfromanAmericanclimberD.therewasheavysnow3.Onthesideofamountainshefeels_______.A.worriedB.easyandhappyC.likestayingathomeD.well4.Wecaninferfromthepassagepeopleoftenaskher______.A.WhydoyoulikeclimbingB.AreyouinlovewithanAmericanclimberC.DoyouenjoyreadingbooksonmountainsD.Whatdoyoudobeforeyougoclimbing(六)Cancerisamongthetopkillerdiseasesinoursocietytodayandscientistshavefoundoutthatstresshelpstobringiton.Itisworthwhiletoconsider,therefore,whatarethecausesofstressinourlife,andwhetherwecandoanythingaboutthem.Areweunderemployed,oroverburdenedwithtoomanyresponsibilitiesDowehavearightbalanceofworkandleisureinourlivesAreourrelationshipswithfamily,friendsorfellowworkersinagoodstateAllthesethingscanbeacauseofstress,anditisbesttofacethemhonestly,andtobringourfrustration沮丧intotheopen.Peoplewhohavearowandthenforgetitaredoingtheirhealthmoregoodthanthosewhobottleuptheirfeelings.Ifourselfexaminationhasbroughtanycausesofstresstolight,letusconsiderwhatwecandoaboutthem.Itispossibletochangejobs.Wecanmakemoreleisureandfillinmorefun,ifwewillacceptadifferentlivingstandard.Wecanimproveourpersonalrelationshipsbyadifferentattitude.Itiswewhoallowotherpeopletomakeourselvesunhappy.Oftenthelittlethingsthatdisturbusarenotworthanhoursanger.TheteachingintheBibleLetnotthesungodownuponyourwrath愤怒isgoodadvicefromthehealthpointofviewaswellasthereligious.1.WhichofthefollowingstatementisTRUEaccordingtothetextA.Stressisthedirectcauseofcancer.B.Thecauseofstressisworthyofseriousstudy.C.Canceristhenumberonekillerinoursocietytoday.D.Peoplewhocantacceptadifferentlivingstandardarelesslikelytosufferfromstress.2.Judgingfromthetext,thewordrowinthethirdparagraphmostprobablymeans______A.anoisyquarrelB.aboatjourneyC.agoodrelationshipD.acureddisease3.WhichofthefollowingisnotmentionedasawaytoreduceourstressA.Changingourjobs.B.Changingourattitudeaboutlittlethingsthatmakeusunpleased.C.Speakingoutaboutourfrustrations.D.ReadingtheBible4.Letnotthesungodownuponyourwrathprobablymeans_______.A.Dontletyourangerlastlong.B.Dontgetangryeventhoughthesunisgoingdown.C.Somethingimportantthatdisturbusisworthanhoursanger.D.Watchthesunsetwhileyouareangry.(七)Thefoodweeatseemstohavegreateffectsonourhealth.Althoughsciencehasmadegreatstepsinmakingfoodmorefittoeat,ithas,atthesametime,mademanyfoodsunfittoeat.Someresearchhasshownthatperhapseightypercentofallhumanillnessesarerelatedtodietandfortypercentofcancerisrelatedtodietaswell.Differentculturesaresubjecttocertainillnessesbecauseofthefoodthatischaracteristicinthesecultures.Thatfoodisrelatedtoillnessisnotanewdiscovery.In1945,governmentresearchersrealizedthatnitrates硝酸盐andnitrites,commonlyusedtokeepcolorinmeats,andotherfoodadditives,causedcancer.Yet,theseadditivesremaininourfood,anditbecomesmoredifficultallthetimetoknowwhichthingsonthepackaginglabels标签ofprocessedfoodarehelpfulorharmful.Theadditiveswhichweeatarenotallsodirect.Farmersoftengivepenicillintocowsandchickandbecauseofthis,penicillinhasbeenfoundinthemilkoftreatedcows.Sometimessimilardrugsaregiventoanimalsnotformedicinalpurposes,butforfinancialreasons.Thefarmersaresimplytryingtofattentheanimalsinordertogetahigherpriceonthemarket.AlthoughtheFDAhastriedrepeatedlytocontrolthese,thepracticescontinue.1.HowhassciencedoneabadservicetomankindA.Diseasescausedbyfoodhavebeendoneawaywith.B.Ithascausedalackofinformationaboutthevalueoffood.C.Someharmfulmaterialshavebeenaddedtoourfood.D.Scientistshavemadefoodmoreexpensivetoeat.2.WhatarenitratesusedforA.Theyhelpprocesspackagedfood.B.Theykeepthecolorinmeats.C.Theycurediseasesofcowsandchickens.D.Theycausetheanimalstobecomefatter.3.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrueA.Youcanfindoutharmfuladditivesonthepackaginglabelsoffood.B.Drugsgiventoanimalsarenotallformedicalreasons.C.Researchersknewabouttheharmoffoodadditivesabout60yearsago.D.Foodmaycausefortypercentofcancerintheworld.4.Accordingtothepassage,theFDAmightbe_________.A.anorganizationwhichcontrolsthesafetyoffoodB.aproducerwhichmakesadditivesC.afactorywhichprocessesfoodD.ahospitalwhichcurescancer(八)At900DickSpivaksbanktelephonedandsaidhispaymentwaslate.Thecheckisinthepost.Dickrepliedquickly.At1145Dickleftfora1200meetingacrosstown.Arrivinglate,heexplainedthattraffichadbeenbad.Thatevening,Dicksgirlfriendworeanewdress.Hehatedit.Itlooksjustgreatonyou.hesaid.

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