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2010年高考全国各地月考英语阅读理解汇编-人物传记类.doc.doc

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2010年高考全国各地月考英语阅读理解汇编-人物传记类.doc.doc

全国通用2010届高考全国各地月考阅读理解汇编之人物传记类Passage1S.H.E.isgoingtosingattheCCTVannualSpringFestivalEveningParty,isthattruecriedoutPengWeiye,aSenior2girlinShanghaianddiehard铁杆的S.H.E.fan.AftercheckingitontheInternet,Pengquicklyphonedfriendstospreadthenews.Forfanslikeher,S.H.E.sperformanceisperhapstheonlypartoftheoldfashionedeveningtogetexcitedabout.TheTaiwanesebandismadeupofSelina,HebeandElla.TheirnamecomesfromthefirstletterofeachofthesingersEnglishnames.LastweekS.H.E.announcedtheywillperforminLasVegas,US,overChristmasandtheninGuangzhouonJanuary15.AttheirShanghaishowonOctober30,hundredsofparentswaitedoutsidetheHongkouStadium.Thousandsofteenagerssang,criedandshoutedasthebandperformed.Ilovetheirmusic,healthyimageandeverythingrelatedtothem.ThankGodthat,althoughmyparentsdontunderstandwhyIlovethemsomuch,theystillboughtmeaticketforthatshow,saidPengabouttheShanghaiperformance.Itisnotjustonthemainlandthatthethreegirlshavethrilledmakesb.excitedaudiences.InthepastyearthebandhaspassedthroughTaiwan,HongKongandevenSingaporeandMalaysia.WhenthethreehighschoolgirlsenteredasingingcontestinTaiwanin2000,noneofthemeverdreamedofbeingasuperstar.Wehadnevermetbefore,andwedidnttalkatallatthebeginning,recalledElla.Whenaskedaboutthesecretoftheirsuccess,shesaid,Ouraveragelooksandnotsoexpensiveclotheskeepusclosetoourfans.Wearehappytobethegirlnextdoor,yoursingingsisters.Itsreallyamagicaljourney,fromdaydreaminghighschoolgirlstosingersperformingonthesamestageasouridols.Nothingbutmagical,shesaid.45.WhatmakesPengWeiye,asenior2girl,soexcitedA.SheistheonewhowillbemetbyS.H.E.B.S.H.E.willperforminLasVegasoverChristmas.C.HerparentsboughtheraticketforS.H.E.sShanghaishow.D.S.H.E.willperformontheannualCCTVSpringFestivalEvening.46.HowdidtheTaiwanesebandgetthenameA.Theirfansgavethenametothem.B.Theiridolshadadeepinfluenceonthem.C.Asingingcontestgavetheirideaofthebandname.D.ThefirstletterofeachofthesingersEnglishnames.47.WhatdoyouknowaboutPengWeiyeA.ShestayedoutsidetheHongkouStadiumtolistentoS.H.E.B.ShewillwatchtheperformanceinGuangzhouonJanuary15.C.ShepayscloseattentiontoeverythingaboutS.H.E.D.Sheappreciatesthatherparentsunderstoodherwell.48.WhichistrueaboutS.H.EA.TheycausedastormofexcitementinSoutheastAsia.B.Theyhavewellpreparedtoperformwiththeiridols.C.Theywereclosefriendswhentheyenteredasingingcontest.D.Theirsecrettosuccessistheprettyfacesandexpensiveclothes.答案DDCAPassage2(湖北省黄冈中学2010届高三8月月考)WhenCharlesStrattonwasfive,hestoppedgrowing.Hismothertookhimtoseethefamousshowman,P.T.Barnum.Mr.Barnumthoughtasmallpersonwouldbetheperfectadditiontohisshow.HehiredCharlesparentsalongwithhim,andtheytraveledtheworldtogether.HegavethetwofoottallCharlesaname,GeneralTomThumb.HetaughtTomhowtosing,dance,actandtelljokes.WhenhefeltTomwasreadytoperformonstage,hemadeupads.Tostirupgreatinterest,hesaidthatTomwaselevenyearsoldandhadcomefromEngland.Duringtheshow,Tomfoughtbattlespretendedlywithtallpeople.Healsodanceduponawoodenplateheldbyapersonwhowaseightfeettall.Tomsactwasverypopularandbroughtinalotofmoney.BythetimeTomwasanadult,hehadgrownveryrich.Hehadbecomeabillionaireattheageoftwentyfive.FortunatelyforTom,Mr.Barnumaddedmorelittlepeopletohisshow,andTombecameluckyinloveaswell.OneofthelittlepeoplewasLaviniaWarren,aschoolteacher.Tomwasabletowinherlove,andtheymarried.Theceremonyandreceptionwerethetalkofthetown.Theywereattendedbymanyrichandfamouspeopleandbyabout2000guests.CrowdsfilledthestreetsofNewYorktohavealookattheirtinyweddingmarriage.ThecoupleevenmetwithPresidentAbrahamLincolnontheirhoneymoonjustbeforegoingtoliveinTomshouseinConnecticut.Theirwedding,whichtookplaceduringtheCivilWar,providedawelcomeescapefromthesadproblemsofwar.Notwillingtoletthisbitofsunshinefade,communitiesthroughoutthecountrysponsored发起TomThumbweddings.Intheseweddings,smallboysandgirls,alldressedup,wentthroughmarriageceremonyforfun.51.Talkofthetownmeans.A.itwasinthenewspaperB.peoplespreadbadrumorsaboutitC.itwasthemostpopularhappeningsD.itwasdiscussedinacitymeeting52.WhatdoestheauthorthinkaboutTomsweddingA.Ithelpedpeoplecheerupinadarktime.B.Peoplegaveittoomuchoftheirattention.C.Itwasfunnyandridiculous.D.TomandLaviniawerestupid.53.Tomwoulddanceonawoodenplateheldbyapersonwhowaseightfeettallbecause.A.thewoodenplatewouldmakeitsoundasifTomwasdancingB.itmadeTomlooktallerC.theeight–foot–tallmanwastheonlytallpersonTomtrustedD.thedifferencebetweenthemwouldmakeTomlookevensmaller54.WhatisthemainideaofthelastparagraphA.Weddingsalwaysmakepeoplefeelfullofsunshine.B.Peoplearealwaysdisappointedduringwartime.C.Entertainmentcanserveanimportantpurpose.D.Peopleshouldbemarriedwhentheyaresmallchildren.答案CADCPassage3(吉林省公主岭市范家屯一中2010届高三模拟考试)JeanneCalment,aFrenchwoman,becamearecordbreakeron17Octoberof1995,whenattheageof120yearsand238days,shebecamethelongestlivedhumanbeingonrecord.AJapanesemandiedin1986attheageof120yearsand237days.JeanneCalmentlivesinasmalloldpeopleshomeinthesouthofFranceherhusband,heronlychildandhergrandsonhavealldied.Sheisnearlyblindanddeafandisalwaysinawheelchair,butherdoctordescribesherasbeingmorelikea90yearoldingoodhealththansomeoneof120.Shestillhasalivelysenseofhumor.Whenaskedonher120thbirthdaywhatsheexpectedofthefuture,sherepliedAveryshortone.ShealsoremarkedthatshethoughtthegoodLordhadforgottenallabouther.SowhatisthekeytoalonglifeAccordingtosomedoctors,diet,exerciseandnosmokingarethethreeimportantfactors.JeanneCalmenthasfollowedtwoofthetips(窍门).Shehasalwayseatenahealthydiet,andsheusedtodoexerciseseverydayuntilshebrokeherlegattheageof115.However,untilrecentlyshedranktwoglassedofstrongredwineaday,andshedoessmoke(nowonlyalittle).Besides,JeanneCalmentmighthavegotverygoodgenes(基因)fromherparents.Herfatherlivedtotheageof94andhermotherto86.Alocallawyerboughtherhousewhenshewas80underanagreementthathewouldpayhersomemoneyeveryyearuntilherdeath.Itmusthaveseemedagoodmoveatthetime,butsofarthelawyerhaspaidheratleastthreetimesthevalueofthehouse.EveryyearonherbirthdayJeanneCalmentsendshimacardsayingSorry,Imstillalive49.HowdoesJeanneCalmentfeelaboutheroldageA.Sheismiserableandunhappy.B.Sheischeerfulandhumorous.C.Shewouldliketolivemuchlonger.D.Shefeelssheisgoingtodieverysoon.50.JeanneCalmentoweshergoodhealthandlonglifeto_______.A.smokingonlyalittleeverydayB.hergivingupsmokinganddrinkingC.drinkingtwoglassesofstrongredwineeverydayD.thegoodgenesfromherparents,ahealthydietandsomeexercises51.WhichofthefollowingcouldbestreplacethewordmoveinthefourthparagraphA.dealB.trickC.marchD.sport52.WhydoesJeanneCalmentsaySorry,ImstillalivetothelocallawyereveryyearonherbirthdayA.Becauseshehadanagreementat80withthelawyerwhichwastoheradvantage.B.Becauseshehasaskedthelawyertopayhermorerentthantheyfirstagreed.C.Becausethelawyerhaspaidhermuchmoremoneythanthevalueofthehouse.D.Becausethehouseshesoldtothelawyerisntworththemoneyhehasalreadypaid.答案BDACPassage4(贵州省高武中学2010届高三10月月考)EAgoodbookforchildrenshouldsimplybeagoodbookinitsownright,saysMollieHunter.BornandbroughtupnearEdinburgh,Molliehasdevotedhertalentstowritingprimarilyforyoungpeople.Shefirmlybelievesthatthereisalwaysandshouldalwaysbeawideraudienceforanygoodbookwhateveritsmainmarketis.InMolliesopinionitisnecessarytomakefulluseoflanguageandsheenjoystellingastory,whichiswhateverywritershouldbedoing.Ifyouarenttellingastory,youreaverydeadwriterindeed,shesays.Withthechieffunctionofawriterbeingtoentertain,Mollieisindeedanentertainer.Ihavethisgreatloveofnotonlythemeaningoflanguagebutofthemusicoflanguage,shesays.Thislovegoesbacktoearlychildhood.Ivetoldstoriesallmylife.Ihadaschoolteacherwhousedtoaskuswhatwewouldliketobewhenwegrewupand,becausemyfamilyalwayshaddogs,andIwasverygoodathandlingthem,IsaidIwantedtoworkwithdogs,andtheteacheralwayssaidNonsense,Mollie,dear,youllbeawriter.SofinallyIthoughtthatthiswomanmusthavesomething,sinceshewasagoodteacherandIdecidedwhenIwasninethatIwouldbeawriter.Thischildhoodintentionisdescribedinhernovel,ASoundofChariots,whichalthoughwritteninthethirdpersonisclearlyautobiographicalandgivesapicturebothofMolliesambitionandherstruggletowardsitsachievement.Thoughtsofherchildhoodinevitably(不可避免地)broughtthoughtsofthetimewhenherhomewasstillavillagewithbuttercupmeadowsandstrawberryfieldssadlynowcoveredwithmodernhouses.IwasoncetakenbacktoseeitandIfeltthatsomebodyhadlaindirtyhandsallovermychildhood.Illnevergoback,shesaid.Never.WhenIsetoneofmybooksinScotland,shesaid,Icanrecallmyromantic(浪漫的)feelingsasachildplayinginthosefields,orwatchingthevillageblacksmithatwork.Andthatsimportant,becausechildrennowknowsomuchsoearlythatromancecantexistforthem,asitdidforus.52.WhatdoesMollieHunterfeelaboutthenatureofagoodbookA.Itshouldnotaimatanarrowaudience.B.Itshouldnotbeattractivetoyoungreaders.C.Itshouldbebasedonoriginalideas.D.Itshouldnotincludetoomuchconversation.53.InMollieHuntersopinion,whichofthefollowingisonesignofapoorwriterA.Beingpoorinlifeexperience.B.Beingshortofwritingskills.C.Theweaknessofdescription.D.Theabsenceofastory.54.WhatdowelearnaboutMollieHunterasayoungchildA.Shedidntexpecttobecomeawriter.B.Shedidntenjoywritingstories.C.Shedidnthaveanyparticularambitions.D.Shedidntrespectherteachersviews.55.WhatsthewriterspurposeinthistextA.TodescribeMollieHuntersmostsuccessfulbooks.B.ToshareherenjoymentofMollieHuntersbooks.C.TointroduceMollieHuntersworktoawideraudience.D.ToprovideinformationforMollieHuntersexistingreaders.答案5255ADACPassage5(山东省淄博市2010届高三第一次摸底考试)DLONDON,England(CNN)TheyoungestpersontosailsoloaroundtheworldreturnedhomeThursdayfromhis30,000mile,282dayoceanjourney.MikePerham,17,sailedintoLizardPointinCornwall,thesouthernmostpointinBritain,at947a.m.,hisraceteamsaid.Itfeelsabsolutelybrilliant,MiketoldCNNbyphonehoursbeforecrossingthefinishline.Imreally,reallyexcitedtobegoingacrossthelineatlast.ItdoesntfeellikelongsinceIcrosseditfirst.MikesetoffonhisroundtheworldtriponNovember18,2008.Hehasbeensailinghisyacht,TotallyMoney.com,singlehandedly,thoughasupportteamhasbeensailingnexttohimalongtheway.TheteenhasnowachievedthetitleofYoungestSailortoCircumnavigatetheGlobeSolo,accordingtotheGuinnessWorldRecords.Mikelearnedhowtosailwhenhewassevenyearsoldfromhisfather,Peterandatage14,hesailedacrosstheAtlanticalone.TheteenagersschoolwhichMikedescribesashighlysupportiveofhistriphasredesignedhiscourseworktofitinwithhistrip.Italsogavehimsomecourseworktododuringquietmoments,accordingtoMikesWebsite.Therehaventbeenmanyofthosequietmoments.RepeatedautopilotfailuresforcedhimtostopforrepairsinPortugal,theCanaryIslands,SouthAfrica,andtwiceinAustralia,accordingtohisWebsite.BadweatherintheSouthernOceanbetweenAustraliaandAntarcticaforcedMiketobattle50ftwavesand57mphwinds.Hesaidatonepoint,afreakwavepickeduptheboatandturneditonitsside.Myfeetwereontheceilingatthetime,hetoldCNN.Thatwasareallyhairymoment,andIwascertainlythinking,WhyamIhereButwetookthesailsoffandthedayafterIthought,ThisisbrilliantMikedescribeshisfatherashisbiggesthero,alwayssupportiveofwhathewantedtoachieve.PeterPerhamsaidhewasnttooworriedabouthissonfacingdangeroussituationsatsea,aslongasheknewwhattodoandstayedsafe.71.MikePerhamreturnedtoBritainin________.A.AugustB.SeptemberC.OctoberD.November72.MikePerhamis________thatwentontheroundtheworldtripintheworlduptillnow.A.thefirstB.thebravestC.theluckiestD.theyoungest73.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat________.A.theEnglishschoolisthesameasoursB.theEnglishschooldoesntcareforstudentsC.theEnglishschoolhasahumanemanagementD.theEnglishschoolgivesstudentsalotofcoursework74.Accordingtothepassage,MikedidanythingEXCEPT________onhistrip.A.regretB.worryC.abandonD.fear75.Thepassagemainlytellsus________.A.MikesexcitingsailtriparoundtheglobeB.howMikesfathertaughthimtosailaboatC.whyCNNwantedtoreportthenewstothepublicD.theintroductionoftheGuinnessWorldRecords答案7175ADCCAPassage6(四川省成都石室中学2010届高三10月月考)AShewasborntowealthandpowerinatimewhenmoneyandpoliticswerelefttothemen.Later,asTheWashingtonPostspublisher,KatharineGrahambecameoneofAmericasmostpowerfulwomen.Despiteaprivilegedbackground,Katharinehadtodeal,whilegrowingup,withthehighdemandshermotherplacedonherchildren.Katharinesloveofjournalism,whichshesharedwithherfather,ledtohercareeraftercollegeatTheWashingtonPost,thenewspaperherfatherboughtin1933.AtthePost,KatharinemetPhilGraham,ayoung,charminglawyerwhobecameherhusband.When,in1945,KatharinesfatherchosePhiloverhertotakeoverhisstrugglingpaper,Katharinedidntobjectandstayedathomeasawifeandmotheroffour.WhilePhilssuccessfuleffortstorestorethePosttofamemadetheGrahamspopularmembersoftheWashingtonsocialscene,Katharineprivatelysufferedgreatpainfromherhusbandsincreasinglyharmfulbehaviorcausedbyseveredepression.WhenPhilcommittedsuicide(自杀),the46yearoldKatharinefoundherselfthrownintoanewjob,thatofnewspaperpublisher.Butdeterminedtosavethefamilypaperforherchildren,KatharinerosetothechallengeofrunningthePost,attendingmeetingsineverydepartment,workingendlesslytoproveherselftohercritics,andbecomingthetoastofWashington.In1971,KatharineorderedthePosttoprintacopyofthePentagonPapers,thetopsecretdocumentsrevealingthetruthabouttheUnitedStatesinvolvementintheVietnamWar.Whatsmore,hercourageousdecisionandsupportforherjournalistspreparedthePosttobreakthemostimportantpoliticalstoryinmodernhistoryWatergate(水门事件),oneofthegreatestscandals(丑闻)inAmericanpoliticalhistory.Katharinemanagedtokeepcontroloverthemostdisorganizedsituationwhenitwasreported,allthetimeinsistingthenewsstoriesbeaccurateandfair.WatergatemadetheWashingtonPostaninternationallyknownPaperandKatharinewasconsideredasthemostpowerfulwomaninAmerica.41.KatharineGrahamwasborninatimewhen__________.A.womenwerenotgiventhechancetoreceiveeducationB.womenwerenotconsideredasintelligentasmenC.womenwerenotpermittedtoachievetheirgoalsD.womenwerenotallowedtoentereveryfield42.Whenherhusbandwaschosentotakechargeofthenewspaper,KatharineGraham______.A.wasstronglyagainsttheideaB.wasnothappytoberejectedC.waswillingtotakehershareofresponsibilityD.didntbelieveherhusbandwoulddoagoodjob43.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.ItwasKatharineGrahamshusbandwhomadethegreatestcontributionstothePost.B.WhenKatharineGrahamfirsttookoverthePost,hercriticsdoubtedherability.C.KatharineGrahamwassuccessfulinhercareerbutsufferedseveredepression.D.KatharineGrahamwasfreetodowhatevershelikedinherearlylife.44.WhichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthepassageA.UpsanddownsofTheWashingtonPostB.KatharineGrahamsfamilylifeandcareerC.KatharineGrahamfromhousewifetosuccessfulpublisherD.KatharineGrahamawomanwhoshapedAmericanjournalism答案4144DCBCPassage7(天津市蓟县下营中学2010届高三第一次模拟)APeteRose,thefamousbaseballplayer,whomIhavenevermet,taughtmesomethingsovaluablethatchangedmylife.PetewasbeinginterviewedinspringtrainingtheyearhewasabouttobreakTyCobbsalltimehitsrecord.Onereporterasked,Pete,youonlyneed78hitstobreaktherecord.Howmanyatbats(轮到击球)doyouthinkyoullneedtogetthe78hitsWithouthesitation,Petesaid,78.Thereporteryelledback,Ah,comeon,Pete.Youdontexpecttoget78hitsin78atbats,doyouMr.Rosecalmlysharedhisruleinlifewithallthereporterswhowereanxiouslyawaitinghisreply.EverytimeIstepuptotheplate,IexpecttogetahitIfIdontexpecttogetahit,IhavenorighttostepinthebattersboxinthefirstplaceIfIgouphopingtogetahit,thenIprobablydonthaveaprayerofgettingahit.Itisthepositiveexpectationthathasgottenmeallofthehitsinthefirstplace.WhenIthoughtaboutPeteRosesruleandhowitwasappliedtoeverydaylife,Ifeltalittleembarrassed.Asabusinessperson,Iwashopingtomakemysalesmeetthequotas(定额).Asafather,Iwashopingtobeagooddad.Asamarriedman,Iwashopingtobeagoodhusband.ThetruthwasthatIwasanadequatesalesperson,Iwasnotsobadasafather,andIwasanokayhusband.IimmediatelydecidedthatbeingokaywasnotenoughIwantedtobeagreatsalesperson,agreatfatherandagreathusband.Ichangedmyattitudetooneofpositiveexpectations,andtheresultswereamazing.Iwasfortunateenoughtoinafewsalestrips,Iwon

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