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2010年高考全国各地月考英语阅读理解汇编-文化类.doc.doc

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2010年高考全国各地月考英语阅读理解汇编-文化类.doc.doc

全国通用2010届高考全国各地月考阅读理解汇编之文化类Passage1(河北省衡水中学2010届高三上学期第三次调研考试)IfyoucanspeakEnglish,youknowalotofEnglishwords.Youcanread,speakandunderstand.Butthereisanotherkindoflanguageyouneedtoknowthelanguageofthebody,apartofwhatiscallednonverbalcommunication.Allovertheworld,peopletalkwiththeireyes.WhenJapanesepeoplemeet,theyputtheirhandstogether.WhatdotheAmericanandtheBritishdoAmericansaremoreinformalthantheBritish.Theyliketobefriendly.Theyusefirstname,theyaskquestionsandtheytalkeasilyaboutthemselves.Whentheysitdown,theyliketorelaxinBritishpeoplearemorequiet.Theytakemoretimetomakefriends.TheyliketoknowyouWhenBritishandAmericanpeoplemeetsomeoneforthefirsttime,theyshakehands.Theydonotusuallyshakehandswithpeopletheyknowwell.Womensometimeskisstheirwomenfriends,andmenkisswomenfriends(ononecheekonly).Whenamanmeetsamanfriend,hejustsmiles,andsaysHello.Mendonotkisseachother.Evenfathersandsonsdonotoftenkiss49.Bodylanguageis___________.A.B.thesystemofhuC.thesystemofhumanexpressionbysign,movements,D.50.WhenanAmericanmanmeetsawomanfriend,heA.kissesherB.justsmilesC.saysHelloD.51.Britishpeopleare.A.asquietasAmericansB.C.lessfriendlythanAmericansD.52.FromthepassagewecancometotheideathatA.B.C.D.noneofthebodylanguageindifferent答案CABAPassage2(河北省正定中学2010届高三上学期第一次月考)OnhearingthewordsJustdoit,youwillknowthereisaNikeproductnearby.IfitsAlwaysCocaCola,youcanbesuresomeonewantstosellyouarefreshingdrink.Anadvertisingslogan广告标语istoabrandwhateyesaretoaperson.Thesloganhelpspeopleunderstandthebrandbetterbytellingthemwhatitwantstoselltoitscustomers.Goodslogansleaveamessageinsidepeoplesminds.Itsalmostcertainthateverybrandhasapopularslogan.HereareafewexamplesJustdoitThissloganspeaksouttoteens.Ittellsthemtodosomething,butonlyiftheythinkitsworthit.Andifso,whynotdoitwearingNikeAlwaysCocaCola.Cokessloganschangeeveryfewyears,butthisonehasenjoyedalastingpopularitybecauseitshowsthebrandsspirit.ItseemstosayCokeistheonlydrinkthereistherearenootherformsofdrinks.Sharemoments,sharelife.ThissloganfromKodakconnectsphotosandbeauty.ItaskspeopletorememberthehappymomentsinlifebytakingphotosofthemusingKodakfilmofcourse53.WhatwouldbethebesttitleforthetextA.JustDoItB.SloganAndBrandC.FamousSlogansD.WhatIsAGoodSlogan54.Whichofthefollowingcanbestexplaintheunderlinedsentenceparagraph2A.Agoodadvertisingsloganshoulddrawpeoplesattention.B.Abrandshouldhaveanadvertisingsloganjustaspeoplehaveeyes.C.Anadvertisingsloganisasimportanttoabrandaseyesaretoaperson.D.Anadvertisingsloganactsastheeyesofabrand.55.Thewordtheminthelastparagraphrefersto____.A.peopleB.thehappymomentsC.photosandbeautyD.Kodakfilm56.WhichofthefollowingtablescanbestmatchthesloganswiththeirbrandsASloganBrandBSloganBrandObeyyourthirst.VolkswagenObeyyourthirst.CanonIfanyonecan,Canoncan.EasternAirlinesIfanyonecan,Canoncan.VolkswagenThewingsofman.CasioWatchesThewingsofman.EasternAirlinesDriverswanted.jobworld.co.ukDriverswanted.CasiowatchesTechnologyforlife.SpriteTechnologyforlifejobworld.co.ukDownloadabetterfuture.CanonDownloadabetterfuture.SpriteCSloganBrandDSloganBrandObeyyourthirst.CasioWatchesObeyyourthirst.SpriteIfanyonecan,Canoncan.CanonIfanyonecan.Canoncan.CanonThewingsofmanEasternAirlinesThewingsofman.EasternAirlinesDriverswanted.SpriteDriverswanted.VolkswagenTechnologyforlife.jobworld.co.ukTechnologyforlifeCasioWatchesDownloadabetterfuture.VolkswagenDownloadabetterfuture.jobworld.co.uk答案BCBDPassage3(湖南省长沙市一中2010届高三上学期第二次月考)PupilsinWarwickshirewillsoonbelearningMandarinafternewlinkswereforged(建立联系)witharegioninChina.HeadteachersfromthecountyspentaweekinShenzheninSoutheastChina,makinglinkswithschoolsandtouringdifferenteducationestablishments.SchoolsthattookpartarenowlookingtointroduceMandarinlessons.PupilsfromschoolsinWarwickshireandShenzhenarestartingtowriteandemaileachotherandplansarebeingmadetosharelessonsovertheInternet.ThetripwasarrangedbyWarwickshireCountyCouncilandfundedbytheBritishCouncilasthefirststageofdevelopmentofarangeoftieswiththeeconomicallyboomingcity.InternationaldevelopmentofficerJudithYoungsaidWeareenteringanexcitingperiodofschoolrelationbetweenWarwickshireandShenzhen.ThereisarealappetiteforsharingideasamongtheChinese.Wewereabletoseethedifferencesandsimilaritiesbetweentheeducationsystemsandtherearemanyareasinwhichourschools,teachersandpupilswillbeabletobenefitfromadifferentculturalperspective(观点)andlinkswithacountrythatisbecomingveryimportantontheworldstage.Throughoutthehighprofile(引人注目)visitledbyourcountyeducationofficer,EricWood,ourgroupwasmadetofeelverywelcomeandattractedagreatdealofinterest.Ourvisittoaprimaryschoolwasfeaturedasthemainnewsitemontelevisionthatnight.AmarkofhowhighlythevisitwasvaluedisthatplansarebeingmadeforareturnvisittoWarwickshireofcivicleaders,senioreducationofficialsandschoolprincipals.66.HeadteachersfromWarwickshirecametoShenzhen_________.A.togetintouchwithShenzhenschoolsB.topayareturnofficialvisitC.tohaveMandarinlessonsD.tohavesightseeing67.Accordingtothepassage,allofthefollowingaretrueEXCEPT_________.A.theoneweekvisittoChinawasagreatsuccessB.MandarinwillsoonbelearnedatschoolsinWarwickshireC.pupilsinWarwickshireandShenzhenwillhavethesamesubjectsD.therewillbefurthercommunicationsbetweenWarwickshireandShenzhen68.WhichcountrydoyouthinktheunderlinedpartinthelastparagraphrefertoA.WarwickshireB.USAC.BritainD.China69.HowdoesJudithYoungfeelaboutthefuturecooperationA.Upset.B.Confident.C.Disappointed.D.Unsure.70.WhichmightbethebesttitleofthispassageA.WarwickshireTeachersinShenzhen.B.SharingDifferentEducationIdeas.C.SchoolsinWarwickshireForgeChineseLinks.D.SharingLessonsontheInternet.答案ACDBCPassage4(贵州省大山中学2010届高三10月月考)(D)WashingtonD.C.isthecapitaloftheUnitedStates.Itsthecenterofthenationalgovernment.Itsabusy,workingcitywithalargepopulation.Butwhatismore,Washingtonisalsoacityofhistoryandculture.Washingtonwascreatedin1790,whenCongress(thehighestlawmakingbodyoftheU.S.A.)decidedtoplacethenationnewcapitalintheeastofthecountry.ItwasbuilthalfwaybetweenthenorthernandthesouthernstatesoftheAmerica.AndofcourseitwasnamedafterGeorgeWashington,thefirstPresidentoftheUnitedStates.TherearemanytouristsightsinWashington.OneofthemistheWhiteHouse.ThisisthehomeandofficeofthePresidentoftheUnitedStates.Mostvisitorsare,however,surprisedbyhowsmalltheWhiteHouseactuallyis.Washingtonisalsoagreatculturecity.TheLibraryofCongresscontains(包括)oneofthelargestlibrarycollectionsintheworld.TheSmithsonianMuseumholdsthenationslargestcollectionofculturalmaterials.AndmeJohnF.KennedyCenterisafamouscenterofartandculture.It.hasmanygreatmusicalandtheatreperformancesthroughouttheyear.69.Thewritermainlytalksabout___A.WashingtonB.thehistoryofWashingtonC.buildingsandsightsinWashingtonD.thehistoryandcultureofWashington70.FromthepassageweknowthatWashingtonissituated(位于)in________.A.theeastoftheU.S.A.B.thecenteroftheU.S.AC.theeast,onthemiddlepointfromnorthtosouth,ofthecountryD.theeastandhalfwayawayfromthenorth71.TheWhiteHouseimpresses(给人印象)thepeoplemostfor__________.A.itswhitecolorB.itssizeC.itshistoryD.itisthehomeandofficeofthepresident72.ThewriterintroducesWashingtonintheorderof_____..A.generalintroduction,history,sightsandcultureB.population,historyandcultureC.generalintroduction,history,sights,buildingsandcultureD.historyandculture答案DCBCPassage5(贵州省大山中学2010届高三10月月考)(E)Whensomeonesays,Well,IguessIllhavetogotofacethemusic,itdoesntmeanheisplanningtogotoaconcert.Itissomethingfarlesspleasant,likebeingcalledinyourbosstoexplainwhyyoudidthisanddidthat,andwhyyoudidnotdothisorthat.Terriblemusic,indeed,butithastobefaced.Atsometimeoranother,everyoneofushashadtofacethemusic,especiallyaschildren.WecanrememberfathersangryvoiceIwanttotalktoyouAndonlybecausewedidnotobeyhim.WhatanunpleasantbusinessitwasThephrasefacethemusicisknowntoeveryAmerican,oldandyoung.Itisatleastonehundredyearsold.WheredidtheexpressioncomefromThefirstexplanationcamefromtheAmericannovelistJamesFenimoreCooper.Hesaid,in1851,thatexpressionwasfirstusedbyactorswhilewaitinginthewings(舞台的两侧)togoonstage.Aftertheygottheirclue(暗示)togoon,theyoftensaid,Itstimetogotofacethemusic.Andthatisexactlywhattheydidfacetheorchestra(乐队)whichwasjustbelowthestage.Anactormightbefrightenedornervousashemovedontothestageinfrontoftheaudience(观众)thatmightbefriendly,orperhapsunfriendly,especiallyifheforgothislines.Buthehadtogoout.Ifhedidnot,therewouldbenoplay.Sofacethemusiccametomeanhavingtogothroughsomething,nomatterhowunpleasanttheexperiencemightbe,becauseyouknewyouhadnochoice.73.Theexpressionfacethemusicmeans______.A.plantogotoaconcertB.getonescluetodosomethingC.havetogothroughsomethingfarlesspleasantD.disobeywhatonesfathersays74.Thepassagetellsusthattheexpressionwasfirstusedby_____.A.childrenB.novelistsC.actorsD.audience75.InthelastparagraphtheChinesemeaningofthewordlineis_______.A.老板B.同事C.角色D.台词答案CCDPassage6(贵州省丰都中学2010届高三10月月考)BLondonAmorningstrainridesaway,acrosstheChannel,EnglishkidsaboutLiverpoolssoccerteaminaParispub.SomeParisianshaveevenstartedtogotoworkinLondon.Inthe19thcentury,CharlesDickenscomparedthetwogreatrivalcities,LondonandParis,inATaleofTwoCities.Thesedays,itmightbeATaleofOneCity.ParisiansarethesedayslikelytosmileinsympathyatavisitorsbrokenFrenchandrespondinpoliteEnglish.Asjobsgrewlackathomeoverrecentyears,perhaps250,000FrenchmenmovedacrosstheChannel.Withanunderseatunnel,theycouldtravelbetweencitiesinthreehours.TheEuropeanUnionhasfreedthemfromimmigrationandcustoms.Paris,richinbeauty,ismoreattractive.ButLondonfeelsmorefulloflife,andmorefununtilthepubscloseup.Forme,thedifferenceisthatLondonisreal,alive,saidTrevorWheeler,abanker.ChantalJaouen,aprofessionaldesigner,agrees.IamFrench,butIllstayinLondon.Shesaid.Thereis,ofcourse,theotherview.JulieLenouxisastudentwhomovedtoLondontwoyearsago.IthinkpeoplelaughmoreinParis,shesaid.Infact,LondonandParis,withtheirobviousnewsimilarities,arepasttheolddescriptions.AstheEuropeanUniongraduallyloosenedcontrols,LondonersflockedintoParistoshop,eatandbuyproperty.Bothcitieshavechangedoutofrecognition.saidLarryCollins,awriterandsometimesaLondoner.Likemostpeoplewhoknowbothwell,hefindsthetwonowfittogethercomfortably.IfirstfellinlovewithParisinthe1950s,anditisstillawonderfulplace,Collinssaid.ButifIhadtochoose,itwouldbeLondon.Thingsaresomuchmoreordered,andlifeisbetter.Butcertainlynotcheaper.InfancypartsofLondon,rentscanbetwicethoseonAvenueFochinParis.DecidingbetweenLondonandParisrequiresalifestylechoice.LikeDaphneBenoit,aFrenchjournalismstudentwithperfectEnglish,manyyoungpeoplearehappytobecloseenoughsotheydonthavetochoose.IloveParis,mylittleneighborhood,thewayIcanwalkaroundacenter,butlifeissostructured,shesaid.InLondon,youcanbewhoyouwant.Noonecares.40.Thebesttitleforthispassageis____.A.LondonerandParisiansB.FancyLondonandFashionableParisC.TheSimilarityofTwocitiesD.AmodernTaleofTwoCities41.Wecaninferfromthetext____.A.ParisandLondonhavebecomeperfectpartnersB.LondonfeelsmorefulloflifeC.lifeinParisisstructuredD.ParisandLondonhavebecomefiercecompetitors42.Theunderlinedwordflockedprobablymeans____.A.cameinlargenumbersB.flewalongwayC.rushedhurriedlyD.drovelongdistance43.LivinginParis,youmayfind____.A.lifeisbetter.B.thingsarecheaperC.moreattractivepeopleD.ajobeasily44.Fromthepassagewecanknow____.A.thetwocitieshavedevelopedveryfastB.LondonisbetterthanParisC.ParisisafavoriteplaceforalljournalismstudentsD.peopleinbothLondonandParisnowleadaregularlife答案4044DAABAPassage7(贵州省回龙中学2010届高三10月月考)APeopleintheUnitedStateshonortheirparentswithtwospecialdaysMothersDay,onthesecondSundayinMay,andFathersDay,onthethirdSundayinJune.Thesedaysaresetasidetoshowloveandrespectforparents.Theyraisetheirchildrenandeducatethemtoberesponsiblecitizens.Theygiveloveandcare.Thesetwodaysofferachancetothinkaboutthechangingrolesofmothersandfathers.Moremothersnowworkoutsidethehome.Morefathersmusthelpwithchildcare.Thesetwospecialdaysarecelebratedinmanydifferentways.OnMothersDaypeoplewearcarnations.A.redonestandsforalivingmother.A.whiteoneshowsthatthemotherisdead.Manypeopleattendreligiousservices(宗教仪式)tohonorparents.Itisalsoadaywhenpeoplewhoseparentsaredeadvisittheirgraves.Onthesedays,familiesgettogetherathomeandinrestaurants.TheyoftenhaveoutdoorBBQsforFathersDay.Thesearedaysoffunandgoodfeelingsandmemories.Anothertraditionistogivecardsandgifts.Childrenmaketheminschool.Manypeoplemaketheirownpresents.Thesearevaluedmorethantheonesboughtinstores.Itisnotthevalueofthegiftthatisimportant,butitisthethoughtthatcounts.Greetingcardstores,florists,candymakers,bakeries,telephonescompaniesandotherstoresdoalotofbusinessduringtheseholidays.41.WhichisNOTareasonforchildrentoshowloveandrespectforparents

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