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2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析.doc.doc

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2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析.doc.doc

WWWLUCY365COMLUCY陪你说英语快速提高英语口语秘笈2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析1WHATISITABOUTAMERICANSANDFOODWELOVETOEAT,BUTWEFEEL1ABOUTITAFTERWARDWESAYWEWANTONLYTHEBEST,BUTWESTRANGELYENJOYJUNKFOODWE’RE2WITHHEALTHANDWEIGHTLOSSBUTFACEANUNPRECEDENTEDEPIDEMICOFOBESITY肥胖PERHAPSTHE3TOTHISAMBIVALENCE矛盾情结LIESINOURHISTORYTHEFIRSTEUROPEANSCAMETOTHISCONTINENTSEARCHINGFORNEWSPICESBUTWENTINVAINTHEFIRSTCASHCROP经济作物WASN’TEATENBUTSMOKEDTHENTHEREWASPROHIBITION,INTENDEDTOPROHIBITDRINKINGBUTACTUALLYENCOURAGINGMORE4WAYSOFDOINGITTHEIMMIGRANTEXPERIENCE,TOO,HASBEENONEOFINHARMONYDOASROMANSDOMEANSEATINGWHAT“REALAMERICANS”EAT,BUTOURNATION’SFOODHASCOMETOBE5BYIMPORTSPIZZA,SAY,ORHOTDOGSANDSOMEOFTHECOUNTRY’SMOSTTREASUREDCOOKINGCOMESFROMPEOPLEWHOARRIVEDHEREINSHACKLESPERHAPSITSHOULDCOMEASNOSURPRISETHENTHATFOODHASBEENAMEDIUMFORTHENATION’SDEFININGSTRUGGLES,WHETHERATTHEBOSTONITISINTEGRALTOOURCONCEPTSOFHEALTHANDEVENMORALITYWHETHERONEREFRAINSFROMALCOHOLFORRELIGIOUSREASONSOREVADESMEATFORPOLITICAL6BUTSTRONGOPINIONSHAVENOTBROUGHT7AMERICANSAREAMBIVALENTABOUTWHATTHEYPUTINTHEIRMOUTHSWEHAVEBECOME8OFOURFOODS,ESPECIALLYASWELEARNMOREABOUTWHATTHEYCONTAINTHE9INFOODISSTILLPROSPEROUSINTHEAMERICANCONSCIOUSNESSIT’SNOCOINCIDENCE,THEN,THATTHEFIRSTTHANKSGIVINGHOLDSTHEAMERICANIMAGINATIONINSUCHBONDAGE束缚IT’SWHATWEEATANDHOWWE10ITWITHFRIENDS,FAMILY,ANDSTRANGERSTHATHELPDEFINEAMERICAASACOMMUNITYTODAYAANSWERICREATIVEBRESULTJBELIEFCSHAREKSUSPICIOUSDGUILTYLCERTAINTYECONSTANTMOBSESSEDFDEFINEDNIDENTIFYGVANISHOIDEALSHADAPTED答案及解析1DFEEL是一个系动词,可以判断此处应填入一个形容词,通过上下文意思,以及后面介词ABOUT,可以确定选项为D项GUILTY,短语FEELGUILTYABOUTSTH“对感到有愧”。全句的意思为“我们很爱吃,但是往往在吃完之后又有负罪感”。2MBEOBSESSEDWITH为固定搭配,原意为“被附上/缠住/迷住心窍”,放在本句表示“十分重视”。全句的意思为“我们很关心健康和减肥,但肥胖却又空前地在蔓延”。3A本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词TO的搭配,可以推断出正确选项ANSWER4I本句根据MORE和WAYS可以判断出需要填入一个形容词构成比较级,根据上下文,表示“旨在禁止酗酒的禁酒令,却激发了更多新奇的方法来酗酒”,可以确定I为正确选项。5F本题较难。根据BE和BY确定应填入一个过去分词。再根据上下文,上文表示“应该吃典型的美国人吃的食物”,下文通过BUT转折,表示实际上“美国的食物已经被诸如比萨和热狗这样的舶来品所诠释了”,因此可以确定F为正确选项。6B政治结果,可根据宗教原因RELIGIOUSREASONS来推断此处填政治结果。7L由于横线后面没有宾语,可以确定不是形成BRING的短语,这样本句所缺的为一名词,做BRING的宾语。根据下文解释,“美国人对他们所吃的食物的态度是矛盾的”,可以推出本句意义为“坚定的观点也不是确定不变的”。因此可以确定L为正确选项。8K系动词BECOME后应填入一个形容词,和后面介词OF形成短语BE/BECOMESUSPICIOUSOF“对感到怀疑”。9J本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词IN的搭配,可以推断出正确选项BELIEF,HAVEBELIEFINSTH“相信”。10C本句是一般现在时,缺一个动词,且和WITH搭配,确定选项为SHARE,SHARESTHWITHSB,“与某人分享某事”。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析2BAEKELANDANDHARTMANNREPORTTHATTHE“SHORTSLEEPERS”HADBEENMOREORLESSAVERAGEINTHEIRSLEEPNEEDSUNTILTHEMENWEREINTHEIRTEENSBUTATABOUTAGE15ORSO,THEMENVOLUNTARILYBEGANCUTTINGDOWNTHEIRNIGHTLYSLEEPTIMEBECAUSEOFPRESSURESFROMSCHOOL,WORK,ANDOTHERACTIVITIESTHESEMENTENDEDTOVIEWTHEIRNIGHTLYPERIODSOFUNCONSCIOUSNESSASBOTHERSOMEINTERRUPTIONSINTHEIRDAILYROUTINESINGENERAL,THESE“SHORTSLEEPS”APPEAREDAMBITIOUS,ACTIVE,ENERGETIC,CHEERFUL,CONFORMIST不动摇INTHEIROPINIONS,ANDVERYSUREABOUTTHEIRCAREERCHOICESTHEYOFTENHELDSEVERALJOBSATONCE,ORWORKERSFULLORPARTTIMEWHILEGOINGTOSCHOOLANDMANYOFTHEMHADASTRONGURGETOAPPEAR“NORMAL”OR“ACCEPTABLE”TOTHEIRFRIENDSANDASSOCIATESWHENASKEDTORECALLTHEIRDREAMS,THE“SHORTSLEEPERS”DIDPOORLYMORETHANTHIS,THEYSEEMEDTOPREFERNOTREMEMBERINGINSIMILARFASHION,THEIRUSUALWAYOFDEALINGWITHPSYCHOLOGICALPROBLEMSWASTODENYTHATTHEPROBLEMEXISTED,ANDTHENTOKEEPBUSYINTHEHOPETHATTHETROUBLEWOULDGOAWAYTHESLEEPPATTERNSOFTHE“SHORTSLEEPERS”WERESIMILARTO,BUTLESSEXTREMETHAN,SLEEPPATTERNSSHOWNBYMANYMENTALPATIENTSCATEGORIZEDASMANIC疯人THE“LONGSLEEPERS”WEREQUITEDIFFERENTINDEEDBAEKELANDANDHARTMANNREPORTTHATTHESEYOUNGMENHADBEENLENGTHYSLEEPSSINCECHILDHOODTHEYSEEMEDTOENJOYTHEIRSLEEP,PROTECTEDIT,ANDWEREQUITECONCERNEDWHENTHEYWEREOCCASIONALLYDEPRIVEDOFTHEIRDESIRED9HOURSOFNIGHTLYBEDRESTTHEYTENDEDTORECALLTHEIRDREAMSMUCHBETTERTHANDIDTHE“SHORTSLEEPERS”MANYOFTHE“LONGSLEEPERS”WERESHY,ANXIOUS,INTROVERTED内向,INHIBITED压抑,PASSIVE,MILDLYDEPRESSED,ANDUNSUREOFTHEMSELVESPARTICULARLYINSOCIALSITUATIONSSEVERALOPENLYSTATESTHATSLEEPWASANESCAPEFROMTHEIRDAILYPROBLEMS1ACCORDINGTOTHEREPORT,______AMANYSHORTSLEEPERSNEEDLESSSLEEPBYNATUREBMANYSHORTSLEEPERSAREOBLIGEDTOREDUCETHEIRNIGHTLYSLEEPTIMEBECAUSETHEYAREBUSYWITHTHEIRWORKCLONGSLEEPERSSLEEPALONGERPERIODOFTIMEDURINGTHEDAYDMANYLONGSLEEPERSPRESERVETHEIRSLEEPINGHABITFORMEDDURINGTHEIRCHILDHOOD2MANY“SHORTSLEEPERS”ARELIKELYTOHOLDTHEVIEWTHAT_____ASLEEPISAWITHDRAWALFROMTHEREALITYBSLEEPINTERFERESWITHTHEIRSOUNDJUDGEMENTCSLEEPISTHELEASTEXPENSIVEITEMONTHEIRROUTINEPROGRAMDSLEEPISTHEBESTWAYTODEALWITHPSYCHOLOGICALTROUBLES3ITISSTATEDINTHETHIRDPARAGRAPHTHATSHORTSLEEPERS_____AAREIDEALLYVIGOROUSEVENUNDERTHEPRESSURESOFLIFEBOFTENNEGLECTTHECONSEQUENCESOFINADEQUATESLEEPCDONOTKNOWHOWTORELAXPROPERLYDAREMOREUNLIKELYTORUNINTOMENTALPROBLEMS4WHENSOMETIMESTHEYCANNOTENJOYADEQUATESLEEP,THELONGSLEEPERSMIGHT____AAPPEARDISTURBEDBBECOMEENERGETICCFEELDISSATISFIEDDBEEXTREMELYDEPRESSED5WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTINCLUDEDINTHEPASSAGEAIFONESLEEPSINADEQUATELY,HISPERFORMANCESUFFERSANDHISMEMORYISWEAKENEDBTHESLEEPPATTERNSOFSHORTSLEEPERSAREEXACTLYTHESANEASTHOSESHOWNBYMANYMENTALPATIENTSCLONGANDSHORTSLEEPERSDIFFERINTHEIRATTITUDESTOWARDSSLEEPDSHORTSLEEPERSWOULDBEBETTEROFFWITHMOREREST答案DCBAB贝克尔和哈特曼报道说,“睡眠少的人”在未进入少年期之前,其正常睡眠时间大致与所需要的时间差不多。但到了15岁左右,由于学校、工作或其它活动的地压力,他们就故意地减少了夜间睡眠的时间。这些人持有这样的观点夜间睡眠是一件令人讨厌的事情,打断了日常事务。总的说来,这些“睡眠少的人”表现得雄心勃勃、积极活跃、精力充沛、无意识乐观豁达、立场坚定,对自己职业的选择胸有成竹。他们往往同时从事几项工作,或者一边上学读书,一边从事专职或兼职工作。其中许多人有强烈愿望,想在朋友和熟人面前表现得“正常”或“合群”。当让他们回忆梦境时,“睡眠少的人”回忆不起什么来。更有甚者,他们似乎情愿什么都记不住。类似的情况是他们通常处理心理问题的方式不承认问题的存在,希望只要忙忙碌碌,麻烦总会过去的。“睡眠少的人”的睡眠模式与被划入疯子之类精神病患者的睡眠模式十分相似,只不过没有那么严重而已。“睡眠多的人”情形则大不相同。贝克尔和哈特曼报道说,这些年轻人从小的,有抱负的睡眠就一直很长。他们好像注重睡眠,不让睡眠受打搅。偶尔没有所需的9个小时夜间卧床休息,他们便会十分不安。他们比“睡眠少的人”要更能回忆得起梦的内容。许多“睡眠多的人”腼腆、焦躁、内向、压抑、消极和稍微有点儿沮丧,尤其在社交场合缺乏自信。好几个人坦言,睡眠是摆脱每天烦恼的一种方式。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析3UPONREACHINGANAPPROPRIATEAGEUSUALLYBETWEEN18AND21YEARS,CHILDRENAREENCOURAGED,BUTNOTFORCED,TO“LEAVETHENEST”ANDBEGINANINDEPENDENTLIFEAFTERCHILDRENLEAVEHOMETHEYOFTENFINDSOCIALRELATIONSHIPANDFINANCIALSUPPORTOUTSIDETHEFAMILYPARENTSDONOTARRANGEMARRIAGESFORTHEIRCHILDREN,NORDOCHILDRENUSUALLYASKPERMISSIONOFTHEIRPARENTSTOGETMARRIED,ROMANTICLOVEISMOSTOFTENTHEBASISFORMARRIAGEINTHEUNITEDSTATES;YOUNGADULTSMEETTHEIRFUTURESPOUSES配偶THROUGHOTHERFRIENDS,ATJOBS,ANDINORGANIZATIONSANDRELIGIOUSINSTITUTIONS,ALTHOUGHCHILDRENCHOOSETHEIROWNSPOUSES,THEYSTILLHOPETHEIRPARENTSWILLAPPROVEOFTHEIRCHOICESINMANYFAMILIES,PARENTSFEELTHATCHILDRENSHOULDMAKEMAJORLIFEDECISIONSBYTHEMSELVESAPARENTMAYTRYTOINFLUENCEACHILDTOFOLLOWAPARTICULARPROFESSIONBUTTHECHILDISFREETOCHOOSEANOTHERCAREERSOMETIMESCHILDRENDOPRECISELYTHEOPPOSITEOFWHATTHEIRPARENTSWISHINORDERTOASSERTTHEIRINDEPENDENCEASONMAYDELIBERATELYDECIDENOTTOGOINTOHISFATHER’SBUSINESSBECAUSEOFAFEARTHATHEWILLLOSEHISAUTONOMYINHISFATHER’SWORKPLACETHISINDEPENDENCEFROMPARENTSISNOTANINDICATIONTHATPARENTSANDCHILDRENDONOTLOVEEACHOTHERSTRONGLOVEBETWEENPARENTSANDCHILDRENISUNIVERSALANDTHISISNOEXCEPTIONINTHEAMERICANFAMILYCOEXISTINGWITHSUCHLOVEINTHEAMERICANFAMILYARECULTURALVALUESOFSELF–RELIANCEANDINDEPENDENCE1THEWRITERDISCUSSESTHEMARRIAGEOFYOUNGADULTSINORDERTOSHOWWHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGATHEYENJOYTHEFREEDOMOFCHOOSINGTHEIRSPOUSESBTHEYWANTTOWINTHEPERMISSIONOFTHEIRPARENTSCTHEYHAVEASTRONGDESIRETOBECOMEINDEPENDENTDTHEYWANTTOCHALLENGETHEAUTHORITYOFTHEIRPARENTS2MOSTYOUNGADULTSINTHEUSGETMARRIEDFORTHESAKEOF____ALOVEBFINANCIALCONCERNCTHEIRPARENTSDFAMILYBACKGROUND3BASEDONTHEPASSAGE,ITCANBEASSUMEDTHAT______AAMERICANYOUNGADULTSARELIKELYTOFOLLOWTHESUITOFTHEIRPARENTSBMOSTAMERICANPEOPLENEVERMAKEMAJORDECISIONSFORTHEIRCHILDRENCAMERICANYOUNGADULTSPOSSESSCULTURALVALUESOFINDEPENDENCEDONCEAYOUNGPERSONSTEPSINTOHISTWENTIES,HEWILLLEAVEHISHOMEPERMANENTLY4ASONISUNWILLINGTOWORKINHISFATHER’SBUSINESSMAINLYBECAUSE_____AHEWISHESTOMAKEFULLUSEOFWHATHEHASLEARNTINSCHOOLBHEWANTSTOPROVEHISINDEPENDENCECHEWISHESTODOTHEOPPOSITEOFWHATHISPARENTSAPPROVEOFDHEWANTSTOSHOWHISLOVEFORHISPARENTS5THESUBJECTMATTEROFTHISSELECTIONIS_____AFAMILYVALUESBMARRIAGEARRANGEMENTSCTHEPURSUITOFACAREERDDECISIONMAKING答案CACBA子女一旦到适当年龄(通常是18至21岁),要鼓励而不是强迫他们“离开窝的,财政的巢”,开始独立生活。小孩离开家后,往往在外能够与人交往,并自谋出路。父母不为子女安排婚姻,子女结婚也通常无需获得父母同意。在美国,浪漫的爱情往往是婚姻的基础,青年人通过朋友在学校、单位、组织以及宗教团体认识自己的,爱情的未来的伴侣。尽管子女自己择偶,他们仍然希望父母能认同他们的选择。许多家庭的父母认为,应由子女自己来做他们生活中的重大决定。家长可能会设法影响子女去从事某一职业,但子女也有选择其它职业的自由。有时为了证实自己的独立性,子女从事的工作正好与父母希望的相反。儿子可能执意不去父亲的企业工作,因为担心在那里就不能独立自主。这种不依靠父母的独立性并不意味着父母与子女之间缺乏爱心。父母和子女之间普遍都有挚爱,美国家庭也毫不例外。只不过在美国家庭之中,还融合了自主、独立的文化价值观念。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析4NOWLETUSLOOKATHOWWEREADWHENWEREADAPRINTEDTEXT,OUREYESMOVEACROSSAPAGEINSHORT,JERKYMOVEMENTWERECOGNIZEWORDSUSUALLYWHENOUREYESARESTILLWHENTHEYFIXATEEACHTIMETHEYFIXATE,WESEEAGROUPOFWORDSTHISISKNOWNASTHERECOGNITIONSPANORTHEVISUALSPANTHELENGTHOFTIMEOFRWHICHTHEEYESSTOPTHEDURATIONOFTHEFIXATIONVARIESCONSIDERABLYFROMPERSONTOPERSONITALSOVAIESWITHINANYONEPERSONACCORDINGTOHISPURPOSEINREADINGANDHISFAMILIARITYWITHTHETEXTFURTHERMORE,ITCANBEAFFECTEDBYSUCHFACTORSASLIGHTINGANDTIREDNESSUNFORTUNATELY,INTHEPAST,MANYREADINGIMPROVEMENTCOURSESHAVECONCENTRATEDTOOMUCHONHOWOUREYESMOVEACROSSTHEPRINTEDPAGEASARESULTOFTHISMISLEADINGEMPHASISONTHEPURELYVISUALASPECTSOFREADING,NUMEROUSEXERCISESHAVEBEENDEVISEDTOTRAINTHEEYESTOSEEMOREWORDSATONEFIXATIONFORINSTANCE,INSOMEEXERCISES,WORDSAREFLASHEDONTOASCREENFOR,SAY,ATENTHORATWENTIETHOFASECONDONEOFTHEEXERCISESHASREQUIREDSTUDENTSTOFIXTHEIREYESONSOMECENTRALPOINT,TAKINGINTHEWORDSONEITHERSIDESUCHWORDPATTERNSAREOFTENCONSTRUCTEDINTHESHAPEOFRATHERSTEEPPYRAMIDSSOTHEREADERTAKESINMOREANDMOREWORDSATEACHSUCCESSIVEFIXATIONALLTHESEEXERCISESAREVERYCLEVER,BUTIT’SONETHINGTOIMPROVEAPERSON’SABILITYTOSEEWORDSANDQUITEANOTHERTHINGTOIMPROVEHISABILITYTOREADATEXTEFFICIENTLYREADINGREQUIRESTHEABILITYTOUNDERSTANDTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENWORDSCONSEQUENTLY,FORTHESEREASONS,MANYEXPERTSHAVENOWBEGUNTOQUESTIONTHEUSEFULNESSOFEYETRAINING,ESPECIALLYSINCEANYAPPROACHWHICHTRAINSAPERSONTOREADISOLATEDWORDSANDPHRASESWOULDSEEMUNLIKELYTOHELPHIMINREADINGACONTINUOUSTEXTQ1THETIMEOFTHERECOGNITIONSPANCANBEAFFECTEDBYTHEFOLLOWINGFACTSEXCEPT________AONE’SFAMILIARITYWITHTHETEXTBONE’SPURPOSEINREADINGCTHELENGTHOFAGROUPOFWORDSDLIGHTINGANDTIREDNESS2THEAUTHORMAYBELIEVETHATREADING______AREQUIRESAREADERTOTAKEINMOREWORDSATEACHFIXATIONBREQUIRESAREADERTOSEEWORDSMOREQUICKLYCDEMANDSANDEEPLYPARTICIPATINGMINDDDEMANDSMOREMINDTHANEYES3WHATDOESTHEAUTHORMEANBYSAYING“BUTIT’SONETHINGTOIMPROVEAPERSON’SABILITYTOSEEWORDSANDQUITEANOTHERTHINGTOIMPROV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