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2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析.doc.doc

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2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析.doc.doc

www.lucy365.comLucy陪你说英语快速提高英语口语秘笈2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析1WhatisitaboutAmericansandfoodWelovetoeat,butwefeel1aboutitafterward.Wesaywewantonlythebest,butwestrangelyenjoyjunkfood.Were2withhealthandweightlossbutfaceanunprecedentedepidemicofobesity肥胖.Perhapsthe3tothisambivalence矛盾情结liesinourhistory.ThefirstEuropeanscametothiscontinentsearchingfornewspicesbutwentinvain.Thefirstcashcrop经济作物wasnteatenbutsmoked.ThentherewasProhibition,intendedtoprohibitdrinkingbutactuallyencouragingmore4waysofdoingit.Theimmigrantexperience,too,hasbeenoneofinharmony.DoasRomansdomeanseatingwhatrealAmericanseat,butournationsfoodhascometobe5byimportspizza,say,orhotdogs.Andsomeofthecountrysmosttreasuredcookingcomesfrompeoplewhoarrivedhereinshackles.Perhapsitshouldcomeasnosurprisethenthatfoodhasbeenamediumforthenationsdefiningstruggles,whetherattheBostonItisintegraltoourconceptsofhealthandevenmoralitywhetheronerefrainsfromalcoholforreligiousreasonsorevadesmeatforpolitical6.Butstrongopinionshavenotbrought7.Americansareambivalentaboutwhattheyputintheirmouths.Wehavebecome8ofourfoods,especiallyaswelearnmoreaboutwhattheycontain.The9infoodisstillprosperousintheAmericanconsciousness.Itsnocoincidence,then,thatthefirstThanksgivingholdstheAmericanimaginationinsuchbondage束缚.Itswhatweeatandhowwe10itwithfriends,family,andstrangersthathelpdefineAmericaasacommunitytoday.A.answerI.creativeB.resultJ.beliefC.shareK.suspiciousD.guiltyL.certaintyE.constantM.obsessedF.definedN.identifyG.vanishO.idealsH.adapted答案及解析1.Dfeel是一个系动词,可以判断此处应填入一个形容词,通过上下文意思,以及后面介词about,可以确定选项为D项guilty,短语feelguiltyaboutsth.对感到有愧。全句的意思为我们很爱吃,但是往往在吃完之后又有负罪感。2.Mbeobsessedwith为固定搭配,原意为被附上/缠住/迷住心窍,放在本句表示十分重视。全句的意思为我们很关心健康和减肥,但肥胖却又空前地在蔓延。3.A本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词to的搭配,可以推断出正确选项answer.4.I本句根据more和ways可以判断出需要填入一个形容词构成比较级,根据上下文,表示旨在禁止酗酒的禁酒令,却激发了更多新奇的方法来酗酒,可以确定I为正确选项。5.F本题较难。根据be和by确定应填入一个过去分词。再根据上下文,上文表示应该吃典型的美国人吃的食物,下文通过but转折,表示实际上美国的食物已经被诸如比萨和热狗这样的舶来品所诠释了,因此可以确定F为正确选项。6.B政治结果,可根据宗教原因religiousreasons来推断此处填政治结果。7.L由于横线后面没有宾语,可以确定不是形成bring的短语,这样本句所缺的为一名词,做bring的宾语。根据下文解释,美国人对他们所吃的食物的态度是矛盾的,可以推出本句意义为坚定的观点也不是确定不变的。因此可以确定L为正确选项。8.K系动词become后应填入一个形容词,和后面介词of形成短语be/becomesuspiciousof对感到怀疑。9.J本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词in的搭配,可以推断出正确选项belief,havebeliefinsth.相信。10.C本句是一般现在时,缺一个动词,且和with搭配,确定选项为share,sharesth.withsb.,与某人分享某事。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析2BaekelandandHartmannreportthattheshortsleepershadbeenmoreorlessaverageintheirsleepneedsuntilthemenwereintheirteens.Butataboutage15orso,themenvoluntarilybegancuttingdowntheirnightlysleeptimebecauseofpressuresfromschool,work,andotheractivities.Thesementendedtoviewtheirnightlyperiodsofunconsciousnessasbothersomeinterruptionsintheirdailyroutines.Ingeneral,theseshortsleepsappearedambitious,active,energetic,cheerful,conformist不动摇intheiropinions,andverysureabouttheircareerchoices.Theyoftenheldseveraljobsatonce,orworkersfullorparttimewhilegoingtoschool.Andmanyofthemhadastrongurgetoappearnormaloracceptabletotheirfriendsandassociates.Whenaskedtorecalltheirdreams,theshortsleepersdidpoorly.Morethanthis,theyseemedtoprefernotremembering.Insimilarfashion,theirusualwayofdealingwithpsychologicalproblemswastodenythattheproblemexisted,andthentokeepbusyinthehopethatthetroublewouldgoaway.Thesleeppatternsoftheshortsleepersweresimilarto,butlessextremethan,sleeppatternsshownbymanymentalpatientscategorizedasmanic疯人.Thelongsleeperswerequitedifferentindeed.BaekelandandHartmannreportthattheseyoungmenhadbeenlengthysleepssincechildhood.Theyseemedtoenjoytheirsleep,protectedit,andwerequiteconcernedwhentheywereoccasionallydeprivedoftheirdesired9hoursofnightlybedrest.Theytendedtorecalltheirdreamsmuchbetterthandidtheshortsleepers.Manyofthelongsleeperswereshy,anxious,introverted内向,inhibited压抑,passive,mildlydepressed,andunsureofthemselvesparticularlyinsocialsituations.Severalopenlystatesthatsleepwasanescapefromtheirdailyproblems.1.Accordingtothereport,______.AmanyshortsleepersneedlesssleepbynatureBmanyshortsleepersareobligedtoreducetheirnightlysleeptimebecausetheyarebusywiththeirworkClongsleeperssleepalongerperiodoftimeduringthedayDmanylongsleeperspreservetheirsleepinghabitformedduringtheirchildhood2.Manyshortsleepersarelikelytoholdtheviewthat_____.AsleepisawithdrawalfromtherealityBsleepinterfereswiththeirsoundjudgementCsleepistheleastexpensiveitemontheirroutineprogramDsleepisthebestwaytodealwithpsychologicaltroubles3.Itisstatedinthethirdparagraphthatshortsleepers_____.AareideallyvigorousevenunderthepressuresoflifeBoftenneglecttheconsequencesofinadequatesleepCdonotknowhowtorelaxproperlyDaremoreunlikelytorunintomentalproblems4.Whensometimestheycannotenjoyadequatesleep,thelongsleepersmight____.AappeardisturbedBbecomeenergeticCfeeldissatisfiedDbeextremelydepressed5.WhichofthefollowingisNotincludedinthepassageAIfonesleepsinadequately,hisperformancesuffersandhismemoryisweakenedBThesleeppatternsofshortsleepersareexactlythesaneasthoseshownbymanymentalpatientsCLongandshortsleepersdifferintheirattitudestowardssleepDShortsleeperswouldbebetteroffwithmorerest答案DCBAB贝克尔和哈特曼报道说,睡眠少的人在未进入少年期之前,其正常睡眠时间大致与所需要的时间差不多。但到了15岁左右,由于学校、工作或其它活动的地压力,他们就故意地减少了夜间睡眠的时间。这些人持有这样的观点夜间睡眠是一件令人讨厌的事情,打断了日常事务。总的说来,这些睡眠少的人表现得雄心勃勃、积极活跃、精力充沛、无意识乐观豁达、立场坚定,对自己职业的选择胸有成竹。他们往往同时从事几项工作,或者一边上学读书,一边从事专职或兼职工作。其中许多人有强烈愿望,想在朋友和熟人面前表现得正常或合群。当让他们回忆梦境时,睡眠少的人回忆不起什么来。更有甚者,他们似乎情愿什么都记不住。类似的情况是他们通常处理心理问题的方式不承认问题的存在,希望只要忙忙碌碌,麻烦总会过去的。睡眠少的人的睡眠模式与被划入疯子之类精神病患者的睡眠模式十分相似,只不过没有那么严重而已。睡眠多的人情形则大不相同。贝克尔和哈特曼报道说,这些年轻人从小的,有抱负的睡眠就一直很长。他们好像注重睡眠,不让睡眠受打搅。偶尔没有所需的9个小时夜间卧床休息,他们便会十分不安。他们比睡眠少的人要更能回忆得起梦的内容。许多睡眠多的人腼腆、焦躁、内向、压抑、消极和稍微有点儿沮丧,尤其在社交场合缺乏自信。好几个人坦言,睡眠是摆脱每天烦恼的一种方式。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析3Uponreachinganappropriateageusuallybetween18and21years,childrenareencouraged,butnotforced,toleavethenestandbeginanindependentlife.Afterchildrenleavehometheyoftenfindsocialrelationshipandfinancialsupportoutsidethefamily.Parentsdonotarrangemarriagesfortheirchildren,nordochildrenusuallyaskpermissionoftheirparentstogetmarried,RomanticloveismostoftenthebasisformarriageintheUnitedStatesyoungadultsmeettheirfuturespouses配偶throughotherfriends,atjobs,andinorganizationsandreligiousinstitutions,Althoughchildrenchoosetheirownspouses,theystillhopetheirparentswillapproveoftheirchoices.Inmanyfamilies,parentsfeelthatchildrenshouldmakemajorlifedecisionsbythemselves.Aparentmaytrytoinfluenceachildtofollowaparticularprofessionbutthechildisfreetochooseanothercareer.Sometimeschildrendopreciselytheoppositeofwhattheirparentswishinordertoasserttheirindependence.Asonmaydeliberatelydecidenottogointohisfathersbusinessbecauseofafearthathewilllosehisautonomyinhisfathersworkplace.Thisindependencefromparentsisnotanindicationthatparentsandchildrendonotloveeachother.StronglovebetweenparentsandchildrenisuniversalandthisisnoexceptionintheAmericanfamilyCoexistingwithsuchloveintheAmericanfamilyareculturalvaluesofself–relianceandindependence.1.ThewriterdiscussesthemarriageofyoungadultsinordertoshowwhichofthefollowingATheyenjoythefreedomofchoosingtheirspouses.BTheywanttowinthepermissionoftheirparents.CTheyhaveastrongdesiretobecomeindependent.DTheywanttochallengetheauthorityoftheirparents.2.MostyoungadultsintheU.S.getmarriedforthesakeof____.AloveBfinancialconcernCtheirparentsDfamilybackground3.Basedonthepassage,itcanbeassumedthat______.AAmericanyoungadultsarelikelytofollowthesuitoftheirparentsBmostAmericanpeoplenevermakemajordecisionsfortheirchildrenCAmericanyoungadultspossessculturalvaluesofindependenceDonceayoungpersonstepsintohistwenties,hewillleavehishomepermanently4.Asonisunwillingtoworkinhisfathersbusinessmainlybecause_____.AhewishestomakefulluseofwhathehaslearntinschoolBhewantstoprovehisindependenceChewishestodotheoppositeofwhathisparentsapproveofDhewantstoshowhisloveforhisparents5.Thesubjectmatterofthisselectionis_____.AfamilyvaluesBmarriagearrangementsCthepursuitofacareerDdecisionmaking答案CACBA子女一旦到适当年龄(通常是18至21岁),要鼓励而不是强迫他们离开窝的,财政的巢,开始独立生活。小孩离开家后,往往在外能够与人交往,并自谋出路。父母不为子女安排婚姻,子女结婚也通常无需获得父母同意。在美国,浪漫的爱情往往是婚姻的基础,青年人通过朋友在学校、单位、组织以及宗教团体认识自己的,爱情的未来的伴侣。尽管子女自己择偶,他们仍然希望父母能认同他们的选择。许多家庭的父母认为,应由子女自己来做他们生活中的重大决定。家长可能会设法影响子女去从事某一职业,但子女也有选择其它职业的自由。有时为了证实自己的独立性,子女从事的工作正好与父母希望的相反。儿子可能执意不去父亲的企业工作,因为担心在那里就不能独立自主。这种不依靠父母的独立性并不意味着父母与子女之间缺乏爱心。父母和子女之间普遍都有挚爱,美国家庭也毫不例外。只不过在美国家庭之中,还融合了自主、独立的文化价值观念。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析4Nowletuslookathowweread.Whenwereadaprintedtext,oureyesmoveacrossapageinshort,jerkymovement.Werecognizewordsusuallywhenoureyesarestillwhentheyfixate.Eachtimetheyfixate,weseeagroupofwords.Thisisknownastherecognitionspanorthevisualspan.Thelengthoftimeofrwhichtheeyesstopthedurationofthefixationvariesconsiderablyfrompersontoperson.Italsovaieswithinanyonepersonaccordingtohispurposeinreadingandhisfamiliaritywiththetext.Furthermore,itcanbeaffectedbysuchfactorsaslightingandtiredness.Unfortunately,inthepast,manyreadingimprovementcourseshaveconcentratedtoomuchonhowoureyesmoveacrosstheprintedpage.Asaresultofthismisleadingemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsofreading,numerousexerciseshavebeendevisedtotraintheeyestoseemorewordsatonefixation.Forinstance,insomeexercises,wordsareflashedontoascreenfor,say,atenthoratwentiethofasecond.Oneoftheexerciseshasrequiredstudentstofixtheireyesonsomecentralpoint,takinginthewordsoneitherside.Suchwordpatternsareoftenconstructedintheshapeofrathersteeppyramidssothereadertakesinmoreandmorewordsateachsuccessivefixation.Alltheseexercisesareveryclever,butitsonethingtoimproveapersonsabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficiently.Readingrequirestheabilitytounderstandtherelationshipbetweenwords.Consequently,forthesereasons,manyexpertshavenowbeguntoquestiontheusefulnessofeyetraining,especiallysinceanyapproachwhichtrainsapersontoreadisolatedwordsandphraseswouldseemunlikelytohelphiminreadingacontinuoustext.Q1.Thetimeoftherecognitionspancanbeaffectedbythefollowingfactsexcept________.A.onesfamiliaritywiththetextB.onespurposeinreadingC.thelengthofagroupofwordsD.lightingandtiredness2.Theauthormaybelievethatreading______.A.requiresareadertotakeinmorewordsateachfixationB.requiresareadertoseewordsmorequicklyC.demandsandeeplyparticipatingmindD.demandsmoremindthaneyes3Whatdoestheauthormeanbysayingbutitsonethingtoimproveapersonsabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficiently.inthesecondparapraphA.Theabilitytoseewordsisnotneededwhenanefficientreadingisconducted.B.Thereadingexercisesmentionedcanthelptoimproveboththeabilitytoseeandtocomprehendwords.C.Thereadingexercisesmentionedcanthelptoimproveanefficientreading.D.Thereadingexercisesmentionedhasdoneagreatjobtoimproveonesabilitytoseewords.4.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueA.Thevisualspanisawordoragroupofwordsweseeeachtime.B.Manyexpertsbegantoquestiontheefficiencyofeyetraining.C.Theemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsismisleading.D.Theeyetrainingwillhelpreadersinreadingacontinuoustext.5.Thetuneoftheauthorinwritingthisarticleis________AcriticalBneutralCprssimisticDoptimistic答案CCCDA解题思路1C。事实细节题。第一段提到了影响视幅的因素不同的人,不同的阅读目的,对材料的熟悉程度,光线,疲劳。C一组词的长度不是能影响视幅的因素,是本题的答案。2C。观点态度题。作者在第二段第二句提到,眼睛训练课程只注重了阅读的视觉因素。倒数第二句书哦,阅读要求具备理解单词间关系的能力。因此选项C阅读需要大脑的深度参与正确。作者没有否定阅读的视觉因素的必要性,但是也没有说读者应该练习拓宽视幅,加快阅读速度。所以AB两项都不正确。作者没有对大脑和眼睛在阅读过程中的重要性进行对比,所以不选D3C。作者在这句话中先是肯定了那些阅读练习提高看单词的能力,然后提出了有效阅读概念。后面句中还指出,有效阅读需要的是理解单词间的联系的能力。所以作者的意思应该是那些(训练眼睛的)阅读练习对与有效的阅读无益。B与文章相反。D句是蕴涵其中一个意思,却不是作者想表达的方向。4D。第二段最后一句说,眼睛训练对于帮助读者阅读连贯文章无益,所以D是错的,是本题答案。5A。参考前面的结构剖析,作者写本文的主要目的是对那些只关注阅读的视觉因素的阅读能力课程进行批判,所以答案应该是A。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析5Ourquarrelwithefficiencyisnotthatitgetsthingsdone,butthatitisathiefoftimewhenitleavesusnoleisuretoenjoyourselves,andthatitstrainsournerveswhenwetrytogetthingsdoneperfectly.Inbuildingbridges,Americanengineerscalculatesofinelyandexactlyastomakethetwoendscometogetherwithinonetenthofaninch.ButwhentwoChinesebegintodigatunnelfrombothsidesofamountainbothcomeoutontheotherside.TheChinesesfirmbeliefisthatitdoesntmattersolongasatunnelisdugthrough,andifwehavetwoinsteadofone,why,wehaveadoubletracktoboot.Thepaceofmodernindustriallifeforbidsthiskindofgloriousandmagnificentidling.But,worsethanthat,itimposesuponusadifferentconceptionoftimeasmeasuredbytheclockandeventuallyturnsthehumanbeingintoaclockhimself.ThissortofthingisboundtocometoChina,asisevident,forinstance,inthecaseofafactoryoftwentythousandworker.Theluxuriousprospectoftwentythousandworkerscominginattheirownsweetpleasureatallhoursis,ofcourse,somewhatterrifying.Nevertheless,suchefficiencyiswhatmakeslifesohardandfullofexcitement.Amanwhohastobepunctuallyatacertainplaceatfiveoclockhasthewholeafternoonfromonetofiveruinedforhimalready.EveryAmericanadultisarranginghistimeonthepatternoftheschoolboythreeoclockforthis,fiveoclockforthat,sixthirtyforchangeofdress,sixfiftyforenteringthetaxi,andsevenoclockforarrivingatthedestination.Itjustmakeslifenotworthliving.1.Thewriterobjectstoefficiencymainlyonthegroundsthatit____.AentitlesustotoomuchleisuretimeBurgesustogetthingsdonepunctuallyCdeprivesusofleisuretimeDimposesonusaperfectconceptoftime2.Intheeyesoftheauthor,theintroductionofindustriallifegivesriseto____.AtheexcitementoflifeBmagnificentidlingoftimeCmoreemphasisonefficiencyDterrifyingschoolboy3.Thepassagetellsus____.AChineseworkerscometoworkwhenitisconvenientBallAmericansareforcedtobeefficientagainsttheirwillCChineseengineersareonbettertermswiththemanagementDAmericansoughtnottoworksohardforefficiency4.Theauthorbelievesthatrelaxingtheruleofpunctualityinfactorieswouldleadto____.AgreatconfusionBincreasedproductionCahardandexcitinglifeDsuccessfulcompletionofatunnel5.WhatisimpliedbutNOTstatedbytheauthoristhat____.AeveryAmericanisarranginghistimeinthepatternofaschoolboyBeveryAmericanisreluctanttobeefficientCeveryoneshouldhavesometimetospendashepleasesDbeingpunctualisanundesirablehabitwhichshouldnotbeformed答案1.Cdeprivesusofleisuretime对应原文第一句butthatitisathiefoftimewhenitleavesusnoleisuretoenjoyourselves.选项A是与作者想法完全相反的选项B虽有章可循,但要注意原文是itstrainsournerveswhenwetrytogetthingsdoneperfectly,而非it直接urgesustogetthingsdonepunctually选项D要看清,原文是adifferentconceptionoftime而非aperfectconceptoftime.2.Cmoreemphasisonefficiency对应原文第二段第一句Thepaceofmodernindustriallifeforbidsthiskindofgloriousandmagnificentidling.通过第一段可以看出,与efficiency对立的是thiskindofgloriousandmagnificentidling,而industriallife又forbids,自然说明industriallifegivesrisetomoreemphasisonefficiency.3.DAmericansoughtnottoworksohardforefficiency.排除法AChineseworkerscometoworkwhenitisconvenient不符合原文中的内容BallAmericansareforcedtobeefficientagainsttheirwill语气太重,不是被强迫讲求效率,也不是违背自己意愿,只是为了适应工业社会CChineseengineersareonbettertermswiththemanagement不属于本文讨论范畴。。。4.Agreatconfusion对应原文ThissortofthingisboundtocometoChina,asisevident,forinstance,inthecaseofafactoryoftwentythousandworker.Theluxuriousprospectoftwentythousandworkerscominginattheirownsweetpleasureatallhoursis,ofcourse,somewhatterrifying.5.Ceveryonshouldhavesometimetospendashepleases,这是4个选项中唯一一个符合isimpliedbutNOTstated两个条件的.A选项有被直接提及,B选项reluctant是不愿的意思,而本文并非讨论愿不愿的问题,D选项beingpunctualisanundesirablehabitwhichshouldnotbeformed,黑体部分分别为守时和不良习惯的意思,显然不是作者本意.总结一下,今天这期比昨天讲小猫小狗的阅读要难一些,是一篇既要求词汇量,同时又要求答题技巧的典型的阅读理解.所谓答题技巧,就是首先要读懂文章的大概意思,然后注意一些关键句子.关键句子很有可能出现在段落的连接部分,比如开头和结尾.一般情况下,阅读理解的前面几道题是可以从原文的关键句子中直接找出答案的,而后面几道题,往往要求综合全文来分析.最近几天的阅读,大体分为两种一种是偏向主观论述的阅读,比如倒数55天的癌症、倒数53天的空调和今天的效率另一种是偏向客观叙述的阅读,比如倒数52天的家养宠物和倒数54天的无家可归的儿童.前者往往要着重考虑作者的中心思想,后者往往要着重考虑作者的整体内容。2010年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题分析6Ofthethousandsofdifferentkindsofanimalsthatexistintheworldmanhaslearnedtomakefriendswithanenormousnumber.Somearepets,andofferhimcompanionshipsomegiveprotection,andsomedohardworkwhichmancannotdoforhimself.Dogs,whichserveman

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