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2012考研英语真题无解析:英语一阅读理解(新东方).doc.doc

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2012考研英语真题无解析:英语一阅读理解(新东方).doc.doc

2012年考研英语(一)真题完整版2012年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)SECTIONIUSEOFENGLISHDIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGTEXTCHOOSETHEBESTWORDSFOREACHNUMBEREDBLANKANDMARKA,B,CORDONANSWERSHEET110POINTSREADTHEFOLLOWINGTEXTCHOOSETHEBESTWORDSFOREACHNUMBEREDBLANKANDMARKA,B,CORDONANSWERSHEET110POINTSTHEETHICALJUDGMENTSOFTHESUPREMECOURTJUSTICESHAVEBECOMEANIMPORTANTISSUERECENTLYTHECOURTCANNOT_1_ITSLEGITIMACYASGUARDIANOFTHERULEOFLAW_2_JUSTICESBEHAVELIKEPOLITICIANSYET,INSEVERALINSTANCES,JUSTICESACTEDINWAYSTHAT_3_THECOURT’SREPUTATIONFORBEINGINDEPENDENTANDIMPARTIALJUSTICEANTONINSCALIA,FOREXAMPLE,APPEAREDATPOLITICALEVENTSTHATKINDOFACTIVITYMAKESITLESSLIKELYTHATTHECOURT’SDECISIONSWILLBE_4_ASIMPARTIALJUDGMENTSPARTOFTHEPROBLEMISTHATTHEJUSTICESARENOT_5_BYANETHICSCODEATTHEVERYLEAST,THECOURTSHOULDMAKEITSELF_6_TOTHECODEOFCONDUCTTHAT_7_TOTHERESTOFTHEFEDERALJUDICIARYTHISANDOTHERSIMILARCASES_8_THEQUESTIONOFWHETHERTHEREISSTILLA_9_BETWEENTHECOURTANDPOLITICSTHEFRAMERSOFTHECONSTITUTIONENVISIONEDLAW_10_HAVINGAUTHORITYAPARTFROMPOLITICSTHEYGAVEJUSTICESPERMANENTPOSITIONS_11_THEYWOULDBEFREETO_12_THOSEINPOWERANDHAVENONEEDTO_13_POLITICALSUPPORTOURLEGALSYSTEMWASDESIGNEDTOSETLAWAPARTFROMPOLITICSPRECISELYBECAUSETHEYARESOCLOSELY_14_CONSTITUTIONALLAWISPOLITICALBECAUSEITRESULTSFROMCHOICESROOTEDINFUNDAMENTALSOCIAL_15_LIKELIBERTYANDPROPERTYWHENTHECOURTDEALSWITHSOCIALPOLICYDECISIONS,THELAWIT_16_ISINESCAPABLYPOLITICALWHICHISWHYDECISIONSSPLITALONGIDEOLOGICALLINESARESOEASILY_17_ASUNJUSTTHEJUSTICESMUST_18_DOUBTSABOUTTHECOURT’SLEGITIMACYBYMAKINGTHEMSELVES_19_TOTHECODEOFCONDUCTTHATWOULDMAKERULINGSMORELIKELYTOBESEENASSEPARATEFROMPOLITICSAND,_20_,CONVINCINGASLAW1AEMPHASIZEBMAINTAINCMODIFYDRECOGNIZE2AWHENBLESTCBEFOREDUNLESS3ARESTOREDBWEAKENEDCESTABLISHEDDELIMINATED4ACHALLENGEDBCOMPROMISEDCSUSPECTEDDACCEPTED5AADVANCEDBCAUGHTCBOUNDDFOUNDED6ARESISTANTBSUBJECTCIMMUNEDPRONE7ARESORTSBSTICKSCLOADSDAPPLIES8AEVADEBRAISECDENYDSETTLE9ALINEBBARRIERCSIMILARITYDCONFLICT10ABYBASCTHOUGHDTOWARDS11ASOBSINCECPROVIDEDDTHOUGH12ASERVEBSATISFYCUPSETDREPLACE13ACONFIRMBEXPRESSCCULTIVATEDOFFER14AGUARDEDBFOLLOWEDCSTUDIEDDTIED15ACONCEPTSBTHEORIESCDIVISIONSDCONCEPTIONS16AEXCLUDESBQUESTIONSCSHAPESDCONTROLS17ADISMISSEDBRELEASEDCRANKEDDDISTORTED18ASUPPRESSBEXPLOITCADDRESSDIGNORE19AACCESSIBLEBAMIABLECAGREEABLEDACCOUNTABLE20ABYALLMESNSBATALLCOSTSCINAWORDDASARESULTSECTIONIIREADINGCOMPREHENSIONPARTADIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGFOURTEXTSANSWERTHEQUESTIONSBELOWEACHTEXTBYCHOOSINGA,B,CORDMARKYOURANSWERSONANSWERSHEET140POINTSTEXT1COMEONEVERYBODY’SDOINGITTHATWHISPEREDMESSAGE,HALFINVITATIONANDHALFFORCING,ISWHATMOSTOFUSTHINKOFWHENWEHEARTHEWORDSPEERPRESSUREITUSUALLYLEADSTONOGOODDRINKING,DRUGSANDCASUALSEXBUTINHERNEWBOOKJOINTHECLUB,TINAROSENBERGCONTENDSTHATPEERPRESSURECANALSOBEAPOSITIVEFORCETHROUGHWHATSHECALLSTHESOCIALCURE,INWHICHORGANIZATIONSANDOFFICIALSUSETHEPOWEROFGROUPDYNAMICSTOHELPINDIVIDUALSIMPROVETHEIRLIVESANDPOSSIBLYTHEWORDROSENBERG,THERECIPIENTOFAPULITZERPRIZE,OFFERSAHOSTOFEXAMPLEOFTHESOCIALCUREINACTIONINSOUTHCAROLINA,ASTATESPONSOREDANTISMOKINGPROGRAMCALLEDRAGEAGAINSTTHEHAZESETSOUTTOMAKECIGARETTESUNCOOLINSOUTHAFRICA,ANHIVPREVENTIONINITIATIVEKNOWNASLOVELIFERECRUITSYOUNGPEOPLETOPROMOTESAFESEXAMONGTHEIRPEERSTHEIDEASEEMSPROMISING,ANDROSENBERGISAPERCEPTIVEOBSERVERHERCRITIQUEOFTHELAMENESSOFMANYPUBICHEALTHCAMPAIGNSISSPOTONTHEYFAILTOMOBILIZEPEERPRESSUREFORHEALTHYHABITS,ANDTHEYDEMONSTRATEASERIOUSLYFLAWEDUNDERSTANDINGOFPSYCHOLOGY”DARETOBEDIFFERENT,PLEASEDON’TSMOKE”PLEADSONEBILLBOARDCAMPAIGNAIMEDATREDUCINGSMOKINGAMONGTEENAGERSTEENAGERS,WHODESIRENOTHINGMORETHANFITTINGINROSENBERGARGUESCONVINCINGLYTHATPUBLICHEALTHADVOCATESOUGHTTOTAKEAPAGEFROMADVERTISERS,SOSKILLEDATAPPLYINGPEERPRESSUREBUTONTHEGENERALEFFECTIVENESSOFTHESOCIALCURE,ROSENBERGISLESSPERSUASIVEJOINTHECLUBISFILLEDWITHTOOMUCHIRRELEVANTDETAILANDNOTENOUGHEXPLORATIONOFTHESOCIALANDBIOLOGICALFACTORSTHATMAKEPEERPRESSURESOPOWERFULTHEMOSTGLARINGFLAWOFTHESOCIALCUREASIT’SPRESENTEDHEREISTHATITDOESN’TWORKVERYWELLFORVERYLONGRAGEAGAINSTTHEHAZEFAILEDONCESTATEFUNDINGWASCUTEVIDENCETHATTHELOVELIFEPROGRAMPRODUCESLASTINGCHANGESISLIMITEDANDMIXEDTHERE’SNODOUBTTHATOURPEERGROUPSEXERTENORMOUSINFLUENCEONOURBEHAVIORANEMERGINGBODYOFRESEARCHSHOWSTHATPOSITIVEHEALTHHABITSASWELLASNEGATIVEONESSPREADTHROUGHNETWORKSOFFRIENDSVIASOCIALCOMMUNICATIONTHISISASUBTLEFORMOFPEERPRESSUREWEUNCONSCIOUSLYIMITATETHEBEHAVIORWESEEEVERYDAYFARLESSCERTAIN,HOWEVER,ISHOWSUCCESSFULLYEXPERTSANDBUREAUCRATSCANSELECTOURPEERGROUPSANDSTEERTHEIRACTIVITIESINVIRTUOUSDIRECTIONSIT’SLIKETHETEACHERWHOBREAKSUPTHETROUBLEMAKERSINTHEBACKROWBYPAIRINGTHEMWITHBETTERBEHAVEDCLASSMATESTHETACTICNEVERREALLYWORKSANDTHAT’STHEPROBLEMWITHASOCIALCUREENGINEEREDFROMTHEOUTSIDEINTHEREALWORLD,ASINSCHOOL,WEINSISTONCHOOSINGOUROWNFRIENDS21ACCORDINGTOTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPH,PEERPRESSUREOFTENEMERGESASAASUPPLEMENTTOTHESOCIALCUREBASTIMULUSTOGROUPDYNAMICSCANOBSTACLETOSCHOOLPROGRESSDACAUSEOFUNDESIRABLEBEHAVIORS22ROSENBERGHOLDSTHATPUBLICADVOCATESSHOULDARECRUITPROFESSIONALADVERTISERSBLEARNFROMADVERTISERS’EXPERIENCECSTAYAWAYFROMCOMMERCIALADVERTISERSDRECOGNIZETHELIMITATIONSOFADVERTISEMENTS23INTHEAUTHO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