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2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题29.doc

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2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题29.doc

www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com考点跟踪训练29~30动词的时态和语态基础巩固Ⅰ.单项选择1.Johnlikesplayingsoccerverymuchandhe________aboutonehourplayingiteveryday.A.spentB.willspendC.hasspentD.spends答案D解析考查时态。由likes和后面everyday可知用一般现在时。2.Whereismysister,mumShe________tothelibrary.Shewillbebacksoon.A.hasbeenB.isgoingC.hasgoneD.willgo答案C解析考查时态和词义。解题思路根据题意妈妈,妹妹哪去了她去图书馆了,一会儿就回来。可知本题用完成时时态,hasbeento表示去过,hasgoneto表示去了。故选C。3.Sofarthisyear,manynewhouses________inWenchuanwiththehelpofthegovernment.A.buildB.arebuiltC.willbuildD.havebeenbuilt答案D解析考查时态。句中有Sofar到目前为止,使用现在完成时态,故选D。4.Thecomputerisbroken.________it________todayA.WillrepairB.HasrepairedC.WillberepairedD.Hasbeenrepaired答案C解析动词时态。根据句意电脑坏了,它今天将会被修理吗由句意可知应该用将来时态,故选C。5.Doyouknowwhocleanedtheblackboard,TinaYes.John________.A.doB.doeswww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.didD.willdo答案C解析考查时态。擦黑板是已经过去发生的动作。在回答时,也应用过去时态,应排除A、B、D,故选C。6.Helikesreadingverymuch.Mostofhismoney________onbooks.A.isspentB.spendC.spendsD.arespent答案A解析考查语态。不可数名词money是动词spend的宾语,提前了,要用被动语态,故选A。7.IsMrSmithstillinShanghaiYes,he________therefortwomonths.A.hasbeenB.hasgoneC.hasbeentoD.hasgoneto答案A解析考查短语辨析。there副词,前不加任何介词,排除C、D项。fortwomonths两个月表达一段时间。bethere在那儿,gothere去那儿。故选A。8.Thegirl________withhergrandparentsforthemomentbecauseherparentsarebothverybusythismonth.A.livedB.islivingC.liveD.wasliving答案B解析考查时态。依据从句becauseherparentsarebothverybusythismonth的时态为一般现在时可推断主句的时态也应是表现在的时态,保留B现在进行时和C一般现在时项thegirl是第三人称单数,所以谓语动词也应是第三人称单数,C项不正确,故选B。9.I________myhometownforalongtime,IreallymissitA.leftB.wentawayfromC.haveleftD.havebeenawayfrom答案Dwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com解析考查时态。由foralongtime可判定该句为现在完成时。排除A和Bleave为短暂性动词,不能和表示一段时间的状语连用排除C状语foralongtime表示一段时间,应该与延续性动词或表状态的词连用,故选D。10.HowdoyoulikeyourEnglishteacherHeisgreat.We________friendssincethreeyearsago.A.wereB.havemadeC.havebeenD.havebecome答案C解析考查现在完成时态。由答句中的sincethreeyearsago可知,主语用现在完成时态,且动词用延续性动词,故选C。11.Ifthereisanychangetotheplan,I________youassoonaspossible.A.toldB.havetoldC.tellD.willtell答案D解析考查时态。作为连词,引导条件状语从句,它表示的意思是假如如果等。在复合句中如果主句用将来时,则if引导的状语从句用一般现在时。故选D。12.IdontknowifAuntLi________thesestayhomechildrentomorrowmorning.IfI________her,Iwouldcomeearlier.A.willcometotakecareofamB.cometolookafterwereC.willcometotakecareofwereD.comestocomeupwitham答案C解析考查虚拟语气。根据题意我不知道李阿姨明天会不会来照顾这些留守儿童。如果我是她,我会来早一点儿。句中第一个if表示是否的意思,引导宾语从句。第二个if用于虚拟语气中,从句使用过去式。故选C。13.AbigpartywasheldinNO.18MiddleSchoollastnight,theteacherwithstudents________singinganddancinghappilyattheparty.A.isB.waswww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.areD.were答案B解析考查主谓一致。本句的主语是theteacher,系动词要用单数形式,根据句子的意思,应用过去时。14.Hewentintohisroom,________thelightandbegantowork.A.hasturnedonB.turnedoffC.turnedonD.hasturnedoff答案C解析考查时态、短语。进房间,开灯、开始工作一系列的顺承动作,均用一般过去时。15.Peoplewhodrinkwine________todriveafterMayDay.A.dontallowB.isntallowedC.mustntallowD.mustntbeallowed答案D解析考查语态。beallowedtodosth.意为同意,许可做某事。其否定形式为mustntbeallowedtodosth.意为不允许。句意五一以后喝酒的人禁止开车。故选D。Ⅱ.词汇运用1.Shewantstobeanactresswhenshe长大up.2010湖州2.Excuseme,sir,butyouarenot允许tosmokehere.2010湖州3.Astrongearthquake发生inYushu,QinghaiProvinceonApril14th.Overtwothousandpeoplediedinit.2010湖州4.Oh,myGodWehave错过thelastbus.2010宁波5.Sofar,weve成功insavingthousandsofpeopleindanger.2010兰州6.Whenwillyoucomeback,DadImyousomuch.2010广州7.Myfriendshavef飞toSouthAfricatowatchthefootballmatchesofthe2010WorldCup.2010芜湖8.TomI邀请allhisbestfriendstohisbirthdaypartywww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comlastSunday.2010安徽9.Isthefirestill燃烧2010苏州10.MadameCuriethexraymachine.发明2010扬州答案1.grows2.allowed3.happened4.missed5.succeeded6.miss7.flown8.invited9.burning10.invented综合提能Ⅰ.完形填空MartinHenfieldtalksaboutsomeofhisexperiences经历asatwinwhenweweresmallmymotherdressedus__1__thesameclothes.Thatwasbadenoughandwedidntlikeit.Butwewentonourfirstcampingtrip,itwaseven__2__.Wewereonlytenyearsold,andwhile__3__wentintotheirsleepingbagsforthe__4__,wewerenothappytosnuggle偎依insideadoublesleepingbagmymothermadeforus.Atschoolourclassmates__5__usHenfieldOneandHenfieldTwo,sopeople__6__evenseeourdifferenceaccordingtoourinitialsbecause__7__ofuswereM.O.ItwasonlywhenIwentto__8__andbegantohavemyownfriendsthatIstartedtofeelmyownfreedomofidentity身份.BeforeIwenttocollege,duringmysecondaryschool__9__,I__10__ajobonabuildingsite.Mytwinbrother,MikeHenfield,didntwork.OnedayIaskedmyboss,CanIhaveaweek__11__Certainly,hesaid,butyouwonthavethejobwhenyou__12__back.Ididntwantto__13__thejob.SoonMondaymorning,Mikewentthereinmy__14__,jacketandhatandheworkedformeforoneweek.__15__ofthemknewthedifference.1.A.inB.forC.onD.with2.A.badderB.worseC.goodD.better3.A.allboysB.anotherboyC.alltheotherboysD.alltheboys4.A.dayB.holidayC.nightD.midnight5.A.calledB.knewwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.toldD.made6.A.didntB.needntC.mustntD.couldnt7.A.veryB.eachC.bothD.all8.A.middleschoolB.collegeC.highschoolD.school9.A.holidaysB.weekC.weekendD.holiday10.A.receivedB.gotC.findD.made11.A.offB.freeC.onD.back12.A.cameB.willgetC.gotD.are13.A.missB.loseC.lostD.losing14.A.coatB.shirtC.shoesD.trousers15.A.NoneB.NobodyC.AllD.Each语篇解读这是一则关于双胞胎的故事,说明了作为双胞胎既有他们苦恼的一面,也有乐趣的一面.在做这则完型填空时,只要抓住双胞胎非常相像这一特点,就很容易理解其中发生的事情了。1.A。给某人穿衣服应为dresssb.in。2.B。根据下文可知野营中的情况比平时更糟糕。3.C。theother加名词复数表示剩余的所有的人。4.C。睡袋应用于夜间。5.A。称呼某人用callsb....。6.D。句意人们甚至不能看出我们的不同。7.C。根据后面的系动词were,应用both表复数。8.B。根据上下文可知,直到大学,这种情况才有所改变。9.D。指中学生涯的最后一个假期。10.B。找到一份工作可用get/findajob,但此处应用过去时。11.A。haveaweekoff休息一个星期。12.D。when引导的时间状语从句中一般现在时表将来。13.B。不定式to后用动词原形。losethejob失业。14.D。人们通常通过人的外衣衣着来辨人。下文已有jacket和hat。15.A。句意没有一个人看出这双胞胎的不同。B项不可带of。www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comⅡ.阅读理解Germs细菌areeverywhere.Youcantseethem,buttheyareonyourdesk,onyourcomputer,andevenintheairLikepeople,germsmovearoundtheworld.Theyflywithusonplanes.Whenfood,clothes,andotherthingstravelaroundtheworld,germstravel,too.Somegermsaresafe,butsomearedangerous.Germscauseillnesseslikecoldsandtheflu.WarmerWeatherBringsGermsTheworldsweatherischanging.Coolercountriesaregettingwarmer,soinsectsfromhotcountriescanmovethere.Someoftheseinsects,likemosquitoes,carrydangerousgerms.Thesegermscauseheadaches,fever,andcanevenkillpeople.UnderYourSkinYourskinprotectsyoufromgerms.Itstopssomegerms,butnotall.Theycanenteryourbodywhenyoueat,orwhenyouhaveacut.Germsareonyourhands,too.Theyenteryourbodywhenyoutouchyoureyes,nose,ormouth.FightingGermsYourimmunesystem免疫系统protectsyou,too.Whengermsgetinsideyourbody,yourimmunesystemfindsandkillsthem.Specialcells细胞movearoundyourbodyandfightgerms.Theyhelpyoustayhealthy.Othercellsmakeantibodies.Antibodieshelpyourbodyfindandstopgerms.WhatcanyoudotofightgermsYoushouldwashyourhandswithsoapandwater.Soapkillsmanygerms,andwaterwashesthemaway.2010杭州1.Accordingtothetext,insects________.A.killgermsB.carrygermsC.protectgermsD.lovegerms2.Theunderlinedwordthererefersto________.A.coolercountriesB.hotcountriesC.everywhereD.theworld3.WhichofthefollowingisrightaccordingtothetextA.Allgermsaredangerous.B.Therearemoregermsincoldplaces.C.Soapcankillallgerms.D.Germscangetintoyourbody.4.WhatdoantibodiesdoA.Theykillgermsandwashthemaway.B.Theyfindanddevelopgerms.www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.Theyhelpprotectusfromgerms.D.Theycarrydangerousgerms.5.WhichcanbethebesttitleforthistextA.GermsAreEverywhereB.WeatherIsChangingC.SkinStopsGermsD.GermsAreDeveloped语篇解读细菌无处不在。1.B。细节理解题。根据第三段第一、二句可知B为正确选项。2.A。推理判断题。语意气候较冷的国家的天气渐渐变温暖,因此来自热带国家的昆虫可能会搬到那儿。可知那儿指气候较冷的国家。故选A。3.D。细节理解题。第四段Theycanenteryourbodywhenyoueat,orwhenyouhaveacut.可知D为正确选项。4.C。推理判断题。倒数第二段最后一句Antibodieshelpyourbodyfindandstopgerms.可知C为正确选项。5.A。归纳概括题。通读全文可知A为正确选项。

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