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2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题38.doc

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2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题38.doc

www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com考点跟踪训练40完形填空281284页一2011衢州GeorgeWashingtonCarverwasbornin1864.Hewasbornaslave奴隶.Whenhewasstillababy,hismotherwasstolen.Hewaskeptbyhismaster.AllhislifeGeorgeloved__1__.Whenhewasonlysevenyearsold,healreadyknewso__2__aboutplantsthatpeopleinhishometowncalledhimtheplantdoctor.Georgewantedtolearnasmuchashecould,buttherewasno__3__forblackchildrenwherehelived.Whenhewasten,helefthometofindatownthatwouldallow__4__childrentoattendschool.HestudiedinMissouriandKansas__5__hefinishedhighschool.Allthistimehehadtoworkto__6__hisownexpense费用.Heworkedasacookandopenedhisownlaundry.In1890,Georgebegancollege.Atfirsthestudiedart,buthestillhada__7__ofplants.Hebegantostudyagriculture农业.Afterhegraduated,thefamousinventorThomasEdisonaskedhimtoworkinhislabbutGeorge__8__.Hehadother__9__.HestartedanagriculturalorganizationforblackstudentsinAlabama.Inthosedays,many__10__inthesouthgrewonlycotton.Thiswas__11__tothesoil土壤.Afterawhilethe__12__wouldnotgrowaswell.GeorgeWashingtonCarverwantedtohelpfarmersinthesouthtogrowplantslikepeanutsandsweetpotatoes.Theseplantshelpedthe__13__.Overtheyearsheinventedhundredsofwaystousethesetwoplants.GeorgeWashingtonCarverinventedsomanythingsthathewas__14__TheWizard能手ofTuskegee.Hediedin1943atthe__15__of79.1.A.animalsB.plantsC.buildingsD.photos2.A.muchB.manyC.littleD.few3.A.houseB.farmC.hospitalD.school4.A.brownB.yellowC.blackD.white5.A.whenB.untilC.forD.since6.A.costB.spendwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.payD.take7.A.loveB.hateC.questionD.surprise8.A.acceptedB.refusedC.understoodD.cared9.A.situationsB.suggestionsC.playsD.plans10.A.farmersB.scientistsC.doctorsD.inventors11.A.helpfulB.harmfulC.carefulD.wonderful12.A.pumpkinB.peanutC.cottonD.potato13.A.soilB.waterC.airD.weather14.A.seenB.lookC.foundD.called15.A.timeB.yearC.ageD.season语篇解读本篇短文讲述了一个奴隶孤儿George自强不息的奋斗经历。他不仅自学成才,而且矢志为改善黑人同胞的生活努力。1.B。根据后文可知George很喜欢植物,故选B。2.A。George对植物知道很多,many后面要跟可数名词。3.D。句意是George想尽可能多的学习,但是他住的地方没有黑人孩子的学校。4.C。结合上句可知他找到一所接受黑人孩子的学校。5.B。他在这两个地方学习,直到高中毕业。until,直到。6.C。句意是一直以来他必须自己工作挣钱支付学习的费用。cost,spend,take都是花费的意思,不符合句意。只有pay,是支付的意思。7.A。开始他学的是艺术,但他仍然喜爱植物。通过上下文可知,他一直很喜爱植物。8.B。根据前后文可知,他拒绝了爱迪生的邀请,故选B,refuse,拒绝。9.D。从下文看出,他拒绝爱迪生,是因为他有自己的计划。10.A。句意是在当时,南方的农民只种植棉花。11.B。从下文看出,只种植棉花对土壤是有害的。故选B,harmful,有伤害的。12.C。结合上下文可知,长时间只种植棉花,对土壤不利,棉花的生长也不好。www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com13.A。与上文对应,种植这些植物对土壤是有利的。14.D。句意他发明了很多东西,因此被称为塔斯基吉的能手。becalled,被称为。15.C。固定用法,attheageof,在岁时。二2011江西ItSeemedLikeaGoodIdeaattheTimeIreallyonlymeantitasajoke.Iwasnttryingtostealanythinghonestly.MyfriendMatthewstartedbringinghisnewcellphonetoclasslastweek.Hewaswalkingaroundbragging吹嘘aboutittoeveryone.Hewassaying,Mycellphonecandownload下载thenewest__1__offtheinternet.Thenhe__2__everyonebydownloadingagameandstartingtoplayit.Thepicturesandsoundwerereally__3__.__4__class,hewouldusehiscellphonetowatchTV.Therestofusdidnthaveaphonelike__5__,sowehadtocrowdaroundhim.Iwasjusttryingtoseethescreen,__6__thereweresomanyotherkidsthatIcouldnotseeitclearly.Iwasgettingreallyjealous嫉妒.Butthenyesterday,heforgothiscellphoneattheendofclass.Heleftitrightonhisdesk.__7__noticeditwasthereexceptme.Idecidedtoteachhimalesson.Itookhisphonequietlyoffthedesk,andputitinmyownbag.My__8__wastogiveitbacktohimthenextday.I__9__wantedtoseehisreaction反应.Maybehewouldstopbeingsuchashow-off.Butthismorningherushedintoclass,screamingandyelling吼叫.Hewasvery__10__andalmostmad.Hestartedaccusing指责differentpeopleof__11__hisphone,butIhaditinmy__12__thewholetime.Heevenstartedfightingwithanotherclassmate__13____Matthewwassurethatpersonhadtakenit.Theteachersentthemtotheheadmastersoffice.They__14__gotinalotoftrouble.NowIdontknowwhatto__15__IfItellhimthatItookthecellphone,hellthinkIstoleit.IfIdonttellhim,thenIreallydidstealit.HowdidIgetintosuchatrouble1.A.adsB.songswww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.filmsD.games2.A.gaveB.showedC.lentD.asked3.A.goodB.badC.noisyD.unclear4.A.AfterB.DuringC.InD.From5.A.hersB.oursC.hisD.theirs6.A.andB.butC.thenD.so7.A.EverybodyB.SomebodyC.AnybodyD.Nobody8.A.planB.suggestionC.dreamD.action9.A.alwaysB.hardlyC.justD.sometimes10.A.happyB.quietC.sadD.angry11.A.losingB.stealingC.playingD.using12.A.deskB.handC.bagD.pocket13.A.ifB.becauseC.untilD.though14.A.bothB.allC.neitherD.none15.A.sayB.takeC.seeD.do语篇解读我朋友的新手机有新功能,而他大肆炫耀,为了不让朋友出风头、大肆炫耀。我想了一个在当时看来不错的办法,将他的手机藏起来。但事情的发展却使我左右为难。1.D。根据下文下载下来玩游戏,可知手机能下载最新的游戏。2.B。此处应为通过下载游戏玩向同学演示。3.A。新手机当然图画和声音都很好。4.A。应为下课后,他用手机看电视。5.C。代词的考查。Matthew是男孩,此处的his是名词性物主代词,相当于hiscellphone。我们没有和他的手机一样的。6.B。连词的考查。应是转折关系但是有许多孩子在哪儿7.D。根据上下文,除了我没有人。www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com8.A。词义辨析。我的计划是第二天给他。9.C。词义辨析。我就想看看他的反应。10.D。Matthew的手机不见了,当然很生气快疯了。11.B。此处应为Matthew开始指责偷他手机的人。12.C。根据上文作者把Matthew的手机放在自己的包里。13.B。连词的考查。Matthew开始与另一个同学打架,因为他确信那个人拿了他的手机。14.A。Matthew与另一位同学被送到校长办公室,他们两个当然遇到很多麻烦。both两者都。15.D。句意为我不知怎么做。三2011北京IcantbelievewhatImhearingIthoughttomyself.Jeffwasthelastcandidate候选人forpresidentofStudentCouncil.MybestfriendTonycametomeandsaid,Imsorry,Mike,Ireallythoughtyoushouldbe__1__.Laterthatday,IhappenedtopassJeffinthediningroom.Iofferedhima__2__congratulationsandwalkedtomyusualtable.Tomysurprise,Jeffputhisplatebesidemine.Im,erImjustwanderingifyouwould...considercomingtoworkonmyteam,hesaid__3__.Youarereallysmart,andyouwouldheagreatmanager.Idontthinkso,Ireplied,feelingunsure.Well,ifyouchangeyourmind,wearemeetingtomorrow,hesaidbeforemovingtoanothertable.Allright,Ithoughtaboutthe__4__fromJeff.Maybebeingapartoftheelectionprocess选举过程wouldgive__5__achancetomakeimportantchangesatourschool.Idecidedtojointhem.Myfirstgoalwasto__6__acatchyadvertisement.Withinafewdays,wedesignedaposterwithJeffspicturesshowinghiminanumberofactivities.Noonecouldwalkthroughanyhallway__7__passingJeffssmilingface.www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comMynextstepwasto__8__whichnewactivitiesstudentswouldliketohaveatourschool.Manyofthemwantedachessclubandavolleyballteam.WiththeinformationIhadcollected,Jeffmetwiththeheadmaster.Theheadmaster__9__toaddtheseactivitiestoourschoolprogram.Withmyhelp,Jeffandourideaswerewell__10__atschool.Aneighthgradersaid,ItllbelikeattendinganewschoolwithJeffaspresident.Hearingthesewordsmademyheartfilledwith__11__.IhadwantedtobecomepresidentofStudentCounciltomakeadifference.IachievedthatandmorebyworkingasamemberofJeffsteam.HebecamethemostpopularcandidateandIwasalargepartofhis__12__.Thefactthatithasmadeadifferenceinotherpeopleslivesistherealprize.Whatagreatfeeling1.A.beardB.chosenC.invitedD.followed2.A.politeB.loudC.warmD.cheerful3.A.proudlyB.quicklyC.nervouslyD.regretfully4.A.adviceB.chanceC.messageD.offer5.A.themB.himC.meD.us6.A.printB.inventC.createD.send7.A.forB.fromC.withD.without8.A.carryoutB.tryoutC.workoutD.findout9.A.agreedB.wantedC.expectedD.asked10.A.allowedB.receivedC.introducedD.required11.A.prideB.surpriseC.patienceD.hope12.A.hickB.spiritC.lifeD.success语篇解读本文主要讲述了通过帮助他人体验幸福的秘密。1.B。词义辨析,联系上下文,上文给出thelastcandidate候选人,下文对应的动词应该是bechosen你应该被当选。2.A。形容词感情色彩+联系上下文。由本段出现的第一个形容www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com词usual来判断作者的感情色彩是平淡的,故排除B和D选项,由surprise来判断,作者与Jeff的关系不是非常亲密所以排除C选项,跟Jeff说祝贺的时候自然是礼貌地说。3.C。根据前文可推断是有点紧张,故选C。4.D。考查名词的辨析,Jeff希望我能加入他的团队,对我来讲,这是给我提供了一个工作岗位,并非机会chance,故选D。5.C。根据上文可知主语是I,故选C。6.C。词义辨析,根据句意是想方设法创造有吸引力的广告,而不是发明或印刷,迷惑项是print广告也不一定非要印刷,这里其实是设计的意思,只有create一词可以表示创作、设计的意思。7.D。介词搭配。最能突显出poster效果的介词是without,否定介词与前面的no相呼应,双重否定表肯定,构成人人都常经过的走廊里贴满了Jeff笑脸的广告。8.D。短语辨析。carryout实施,tryout尝试,workout解决,findout找出+事实/真相。结合下文wantedachessclubandavolleyballteam,下文collectinformation空后是宾语从句学生在学校里喜欢玩那些活动,不是算出,执行,实验,而是找出。故选D。9.A。根据上下文,Jeff带着这些信息去见校长,校长也就同意把这些活动加上了。10.B。receive在此表示的是接纳,并不是我们熟悉的收到,所以此题为难题。11.A。我和Jeff的工作得到了他人的认可,心中感到自豪和满足,故选A。12.D。此题考查句意分析能力。前文说他成了最受欢迎的候选人,接着有连词and,也就意味着要填的空即是Hebecamethemostpopularcandidate,这样看来,是Jeff的成功,故选D。四2011资阳Afarmerhadsomelittledogstosell.Ashewasputtingupanadvertisementonthefenceofhisyard,a__1__happenedtopassby.Iwantto__2__oneofyourdogs,sir.Well,saidthefarmer,thesedogscomefromfineparentsandcostalotof__3__.Theboy__4__hisheadforamoment.Thenhereacheddeepintohis__5__andpulledoutsomechange.Ivegotthirtyninecents美分.www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comIsthat__6__totakealook__7__,saidthefarmer.Andwiththatheletoutawhistle口哨,Here,DollyDollyranoutofthedoghouse__8__byfourlittledogs.Theboyseyesdancedwithjoy.Asthedogsmadetheirwaytothefence,thelittleboynoticedsomethingelsemovinginsidethe__9__.Slowlyanotherlittledog__10__thisonemuchsmaller.Itwasdoingitsbestto__11__...Iwantthatone,thelittleboysaid.Thefarmersaid,Son,dontwantthatdog.Hewill__12__beabletorunandplaywithyouliketheotherdogswould.Theboyrolledup卷起onelegofhispantsandshowedasteel钢__13__.Lookingbackupatthefarmer,hesaid,Yousee,sir,Idont__14__toowellmyself,andhewillneedsomeonewho__15__.1.A.boyB.dogC.farmerD.son2.A.sellB.seeC.buyD.feed3.A.timeB.moneyC.workD.study4.A.shookB.coveredC.knockedD.dropped5.A.pocketB.yardC.heartD.mouth6.A.enoughB.easyC.necessaryD.simple7.A.NoB.SureC.SorryD.Thanks8.A.sentB.drivenC.followedD.taught9.A.farmB.fenceC.advertisementD.doghouse10.A.diedB.shoutedC.appearedD.watched11.A.catchupB.goawayC.giveupD.lookout12.A.sometimesB.alwaysC.oftenD.never13.A.handB.backC.armD.leg14.A.speakB.runwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comC.walkD.swim15.A.asksB.understandsC.thinksD.succeeds语篇解读本文作者讲述了一个残疾儿童买一只残疾小狗的事情。在平淡的语言中,你会感到一种人性的美,和世间的浓浓温情。1.A。由下文的boy可知。2.C。句意为我想要买你的小狗。3.B。由下文小男孩掏出了一些零花钱,可知小狗是要花费一些钱的。4.D。shook摇头covered覆盖knocked敲打dropped放下低下。5.A。由下文掏出钱来,可知是把手伸进口袋。6.A。句意为看一下这些钱够吗7.B。由他把小狗们叫出来,可知这些钱是够的。8.C。sent派送driven驾驶followed跟着taught教。句意为多利跑出来,身边跟着一群小狗。9.D。根据上句别的小狗已经从狗窝中跑了出来,可知这只小狗还在狗窝里。10.C。died死shouted叫appeared出现watched观看。句意为另一只小狗出现了。11.D。小狗尽力地向外张望。12.D。它永远不会像其他的小狗那样跟着你跑,陪着你玩耍。13.D。男孩卷起裤腿,可知露出了腿。14.B。男孩说我跑的也不快。15.B。小狗也需要一个人理解他啊。五2011沈阳Withadetermined坚定的lookonhisface,ChicagosMichaelMcCarthyheldontothebanister扶手andclimbedtothetopoftheWillisTowernotlongago.TheTowerstands1,451feet442meterstall,the__1__buildingintheUS.Ashegottothelaststep,McCarthy__2__felldown,butthatdidntstophim.The14yearoldboyfinallyfinishedclimbingthe2,109stepsandarrivedatthetop,wherehe__3__cheersfrommanypeople.Ijustwanttoshowpeoplethat__4__akidwithnolegscandoit,anyonecandoit,McCarthysaid.McCarthy,whowasbornwithoutlegs,hastowearprostheticlegs假肢anduseasticktowalk.ButMcCarthyhasastrong__5__.Hebelieveshavingadisability残疾shouldntstopanyone__6__achieving

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