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2012兴化市高考英语研讨会资料:2012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导:高考英语书面表达体裁.doc.doc

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2012兴化市高考英语研讨会资料:2012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导:高考英语书面表达体裁.doc.doc

12012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导书面表达体裁内容分类模版江苏省口岸中学徐春秀一、图表作文的模板写作点拨1.仔细观察图表,认真阅读图表前的提示。了解图表所反映的类容,研究图表所反映出来的规律,用简洁的语言概括图表的内容,2.处理相关数据。对数据的处理不必面面俱到,但要概括出特征,为后文分析原因、揭示规律、发表看法做铺垫。3.用好关联词。注意短文内容的衔接、过渡和前后呼应。常用的词语有COMPAREDWITH,ONTHEOTHERHAND,HOWEVER,INMYOPINION等。4.确定文章结构。此类文章的结构一般为开头简明扼要,直接切入主题;通过数据说明基本走势;比较数据,揭示显著特征;必要时对今后的走势做出估计;分析出现这种趋势的原因;指出现实生活中存在的问题后,用一两句话呼应短文的主题。ASISSHOWN/INDICATED/ILLUSTRATEDBYTHEFIGURE/PERCENTAGEINTHETABLEGRAPH/PICTURE/PIE/CHART,___________________HASBEENONRISE/DECREASEGOESUP/INCREASES/DROPS/DECREASES,SIGNIFICANTLY/DRAMATICALLY/STEADILYRISING/DECREASINGFROM______IN_______TO______IN_____FROMTHESHARP/MARKEDDECLINE/RISEINTHECHART,ITGOESWITHOUTSAYINGTHAT________THEREAREATLEASTTWOGOODREASONSACCOUNTINGFOR______ONTHEONEHAND,________ONTHEOTHERHAND,_______ISDUETOTHEFACTTHAT________INADDITION,________ISRESPONSIBLEFOR_______MAYBETHEREARESOMEOTHERREASONSTOSHOW________BUTITISGENERALLYBELIEVEDTHATTHEABOVEMENTIONEDREASONSARECOMMONLYCONVINCINGASFARASIAMCONCERNED,IHOLDTHEPOINTOFVIEWTHAT_______IAMSUREMYOPINIONISBOTHSOUNDANDWELLGROUNDED例一右图是反映城乡教育差别的一幅图,请以EQUALEDUCATIONALOPPORTUNITYFORALLCHILDREN为题写一篇英语短文。简要说明图片中的内容,然后从社会关注、政府投入等方面提出你的建议。注意1字数150左右;2可适当增加细节。EQUALEDUCATIONALOPPORTUNITYFORALLCHILDREN_________________________________________________________________________EQUALEDUCATIONALOPPORTUNITYFORALLCHILDRENTHEPICTURESHOWSTHEWIDEGAPBETWEENTHECITYANDTHECOUNTRYSIDEINEDUCATIONASWECANSEEFROMIT,ACITYBOYISSITTINGONACOMFORTABLECHAIR,READINGHAPPILY,WHILEABOYFROMTHECOUNTRYSIDECANONLYSITONTHESTONETOSTUDY,WITHSOMEFARMWORKTODOTHEEDUCATIONALINEQUALITYHASBECOMEASERIOUSPROBLEMWEAREFACEDWITHATPRESENTURBANSCHOOLSHAVEGOODTEACHERSANDFIRSTCLASSTEACHINGEQUIPMENTBYCONTRAST,HOWEVER,SOMERURALSCHOOLSAREPOORLYEQUIPPED,LETALONEGOODTEACHERSIFEELITISOURDUTYTOHELPTHECHILDRENINTHEPOORAREASIT’SHIGHTIMETHATWETOOKSOMEMEASURESTOSOLVETHISPROBLEMONTHEONEHAND,THEWHOLESOCIETYSHOULDPAYCLOSEATTENTIONANDCALLONPEOPLETODOALLTHEYCANTOHELPTHEMONTHEOTHERHAND,THEGOVERNMENTMUSTMAINTAINTHEEQUALSUPPLYOFEDUCATIONALRESOURCESANDPROVIDEMOREMONEYFORSCHOOLSINTHERURALAREAINADDITION,GOODTEACHERSSHOULDBEENCOURAGEDTOTEACHTHEREONLYINTHISWAYCANALLCHILDRENENJOYTHEEQUALEDUCATIONALOPPORTUNITIESWHETHERTHEYLIVEINTHECITYORINTHECOUNTRYSIDE2例二以下两幅图是关于学生零花钱的问题。请你用英语写一篇短文,谈谈你的理解。短文必须包括以下内容1图画反映了什么2你对其原因的分析。3你的建议。注意1、必须包括所有要点,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。2、词数150左右,开头已给出,不计入总数。3、文中不得提及你所在学校与本人姓名。WITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFOURMODERNSOCIETY,CHILDRENHAVEMOREANDMOREPOCKETMONEY,WHICHISOFPUBLICCONCERN_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________WITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFOURMODERNSOCIETY,CHILDRENHAVEMOREANDMOREPOCKETMONEY,WHICHISOFPUBLICCONCERNASISSEENFROMTHEPICTURES,NEARLYSIXTYPERCENTOFTHESTUDENTSTAKE50100YUANORMOREFROMTHEIRPARENTSEVERYWEEKWHILEFORTYPERCENTGETLESSTHAN10YUANALTHOUGHFOURINTENPARENTSREFUSETOGIVETHEMONEYWHENTHINKINGIT’SNOTREASONABLE,HALFOFTHEMSELDOMREFUSETHEIRCHILDREN’SREQUESTANDONEINTENCARESLITTLEABOUTHOWTHEMONEYISSPENTTHEREFORE,SOMESTUDENTSWITHALARGEAMOUNTOFPOCKETMONEYMAYNOTKNOWHOWTOUSEITAPPROPRIATELYJUSTASTHEPICTURESHOWS,TOSHOWOFFHOWRICHHEIS,ONESTUDENTTREATSHISCLASSMATESTODINNER,ASKINGTHEMTOORDERWHATEVERTHEYLIKEITHINKTHEMAINREASONFORTHISISTHATCHILDRENAREN’TTAUGHTTHESKILLSTOMANAGEMONEYSOIHAVESOMESUGGESTIONSTOMAKEFIRST,PARENTSSHOULDHELPKIDSLEARNMONEYMANAGEMENTSKILLSSUCHASSPENDINGWITHAPLANBESIDES,MOREOPPORTUNITIESSHOULDBEOFFEREDTOKIDS,HELPINGTHEMKNOWEARNINGMONEYISHARDWORKONLYINTHISWAYWILLKIDSTREASURETHEMONEY170WORDS例三读柱状图表写调查报告注意句式变换MIDDLESCHOOLSTUDENTSHAVESOMEIDEASABOUTTHEIRFUTUREJOBSTHEMOSTSTRIKINGCONTRASTISINTEACHING30PERCENTOFTHEGIRLSWOULDLIKETOBECOMETEACHERSWHILEONLY5PERCENTOFTHEBOYSWANTTODOTHEJOB20PERCENTOFTHEBOYSWANTTODOBUSINESSANDANOTHER20PERCENTWANTTOBECOMELAWYERS,WHILEGIRLSMAKEUP15PERCENTINTHESETWOFIELDSWHATBOYSLIKETODOMOSTISTOBECOMEMANAGERSANDTHESECONDLARGESTGROUPWOULDLIKETOBESCIENTISTSBESIDESTEACHING,THESECONDCHOICEFORGIRLSISTOBESCIENTISTSANDMANAGERSTHENUMBERISNOTSMALLGIRLSALSOEXPECTTOSHOWTHEIRABILITIESINTHESETWOFIELDS3例四我国学生过暑假的方式的变化。请根据这两幅图表,用英语写一篇100词左右的文章。参考词汇图表CHART社会调查SOCIALINVESTIGATION减少DECREASEFROMTHETWOCHARTSWECANSEETHATINTHEPASTTENYEARS,STUDENTSWHOGOTRAVELINGANDDOSOCIALINVESTIGATIONHAVEGREATLYINCREASEDWHILETHOSEWHOSTAYATHOMEHAVEDECREASEDALOTTHEREARESEVERALREASONSFORTHECHANGESFIRSTLY,WITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFECONOMY,STUDENTSCANGETSUPPORTFROMTHEIRPARENTSFORTRAVELINGSECONDLY,TOURISMHASGREATLYDEVELOPEDOVERTENYEARSINADDITION,SCHOOLHASBEENENCOURAGINGSTUDENTSTODOSOCIALINVESTIGATIONINBOTHCITIESANDVILLAGESFROMTHECHANGESWECANPREDICTTHATMOREANDMORESTUDENTSWILLMAKETHEIRSUMMERVACATIONCOLORFULANDMEANINGFULBYGOINGOUTSIDEINSTEADOFSTAYINGATHOME例五对学生课余生活进行了调查,结果如下。请根据图表1提供的信息描述学生每天的课余生活,并针对图2中的任何一个数据所反映的情况写出你的看法。词数不少于60。分析1仔细读图,对图表进行说明;2描述当前情况,用一般现在时2由于是说明学生的情况,应用第二人称3要点很清楚SAMPLEWRITINGCHART1SHOWSTHEDAILYAVERAGEAMOUNTOFTIMETHESTUDENTSOFTHESCHOOLSPENDONDIFFERENTAFTERCLASSACTIVITIESTHESTUDENTSPUTTHEMOSTTIME–93MINUTESINTOTHEIRHOMEWORK,NEXTINLINEISWATCHINGTV,WHICHTAKESUP46MINUTESTHEYPUTINABOUTTHESAMEAMOUNTOFTIMELISTENINGTOMUSICANDWORKINGONTHECOMPUTER,34MINUTESAND30MINUTESEACHWHILE25MINUTESISSPENTONSPORTS,ONLY12MINUTESGOESINTOHOUSEWORKASISSHOWNONCHART2,ONLY10OFTHETIMEISTAKENUPWITHSPORTSACTIVITIESITHINKTHESCHOOLSHOULDENCOURAGETHESTUDENTSTODOMOREEXERCISEAFTERCLASSTHISWAY,THEYMAYBEHEALTHIERANDMOREENERGETIC二、阐述主题题型要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.1.阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.2.分析并举例使其更充实.THEGOODOLDPROVERB(名言或谚语)REMINDSUSTHAT释义4INDEED,WECANLEARNMANYTHINGSFORMITFIRSTOFALL,理由一FOREXAMPLE,举例说明SECONDLY,理由二ANOTHERCASEISTHAT举例说明FURTHERMORE,理由三.INMYOPINION,我的观点INSHORT,WHATEVERYOUDO,PLEASEREMEMBERTHESAYAIFYOUUNDERSTANDITANDAPPLYITTOYOURSTUDYORWORK,YOU’LLNECESSARILYBENEFITALOTFROMIT例一“低碳经济”是一个具有广泛社会性的经济前沿理念,最早是在2003年英国政府发布的能源白皮书我们能源的未来创建低碳经济正式提出的。低碳经济包括低碳发展、低碳产业、低碳技术和低碳生活等经济形态,是指在不影响经济发展的前提下,通过技术创新和制度创新,降低能源和资源消耗,尽可能最大限度地减少温室气体和污染物的排放,实现减缓气候变化的目标,促进人类的可持续发展。PROTECTIONOFENVIRONMENT1目前环保还存在着许多问题。2为了保护环境3各国政府做了大量的工作。4我的看法。ONEPOSSIBLEVERSIONTHEREARESTILLMANYPROBLEMSOFENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONINRECENTYEARSONEOFTHEMOSTSERIOUSPROBLEMSISTHESERIOUSPOLLUTIONOFAIR,WATERANDSOILTHEPOLLUTEDAIRDOESGREATHARMTOPEOPLE’SHEALTHTHEPOLLUTEDWATERCAUSESDISEASESANDDEATHWHATISMORE,VEGETATIONHADBEENGREATLYREDUCEDWITHTHERAPIDGROWTHOFMODERNCITIESTOPROTECTTHEENVIRONMENT,GOVERNMENTSOFMANYCOUNTRIESHAVEDONEALOTLEGISLATIVESTEPSHAVEBEENINTRODUCEDTOCONTROLAIRPOLLUTION,TOPROTECTTHEFORESTANDSEARESOURCESANDTOSTOPANYENVIRONMENTALPOLLUTIONTHEREFORE,GOVERNMENTSAREPLAYINGTHEMOSTIMPORTANTROLEINTHEENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONTODAYINMYOPINION,TOPROTECTENVIRONMENT,THEGOVERNMENTMUSTTAKEEVENMORECONCRETEMEASURESFIRST,ITSHOULDLETPEOPLEFULLYREALIZETHEIMPORTANCEOFENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONTHROUGHEDUCATIONSECOND,MUCHMOREEFFORTSSHOULDBEMADETOPUTTHEPOPULATIONPLANNINGPOLICYINTOPRACTICE,BECAUSEMOREPEOPLEMEANSMOREPEOPLEMEANSMOREPOLLUTIONFINALLY,THOSEWHODESTROYTHEENVIRONMENTINTENTIONALLYSHOULDBESEVERELYPUNISHEDWESHOULDLETTHEMKNOWTHATDESTROYINGENVIRONMENTMEANSDESTROYINGMANKINDTHEMSELVES例二可持续发展已成为全球共识,如何实行可持续发展是摆在世人面前的重大问题。请就下面表格所提供的内容进行陈述并谈谈你的看法。目前的状况自然资源日趋减少环境问题依然严重人的环保观念淡薄贫富差距越来越大已采取的措施制定了相关的法律法规投入了大量的资金改善环境对民众进行教育加强了国际间的相互合作你的看法注意不要逐条翻译,可适当发挥;词数150左右;文章的开头部分已给出。参考词汇差距GAP;相关法律RELEVANTLAWSTHEIDEAOFSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTHASBEENACCEPTEDBYTHEWORLDHOWTOKEEPSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTISABIGPROBLEMFACINGOURPLANETTHEIDEAOFSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTHASBEENACCEPTEDBYTHEWORLDHOWTOKEEPSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTISABIGPROBLEMFACINGOURPLANETTHEPRESENTSITUATIONISWORRYINGFIRST,NATURALRESOURCESAREBECOMINGLESSTHANBEFORE5SECOND,ASSOMEPEOPLEARENOTAWAREOFTHEIMPORTANCEOFTHEENVIRONMENTALPROTECTION,THEPROBLEMSWITHITREMAINEXTREMELYSERIOUSTOSOMEDEGREETHEGAPBETWEENTHERICHANDTHEPOORHASTHETENDENCYTOBECOMEWIDERANDWIDERTOOURGREATJOY,MANYCOUNTRIESHAVETAKENACTIONONONEHAND,THEYHAVEMADERELEVANTLAWSANDREGULATIONSANDPUTLARGEAMOUNTSOFMONEYTOTHEENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONONTHEOTHERHAND,POPULARIZEDEDUCATIONALASWELLASINTERNATIONALCOOPERATIONISBEINGCARRIEDOUTASFORMYSELF,ISHOULDTAKETHERESPONSIBILITYTODEVOTEMYSELFTOSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT,OROURFUTUREANDTHELIVESOFOURCHILDRENANDOURGRANDCHILDRENWILLBEINDANGER三、对比观点题型(1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。1.有一些人认为2.另一些人认为3.我的看法THETOPICOF①(主题)ISBECOMINGMOREANDMOREPOPULARRECENTLYTHEREARETWOSIDESOFOPINIONSABOUTITSOMEPEOPLESAYAISTHEIRFAVORITETHEYHOLDTHEIRVIEWFORTHEREASONOF②(支持A的理由一)WHATISMORE,③理由二MOREOVER,④理由三WHILEOTHERSTHINKTHATBISABETTERCHOICEINTHEFOLLOWINGTHREEREASONSFIRSTLY,支持B的理由一SECONDLYBESIDES,⑥(理由二)THIRDLYFINALLY,⑦理由三FROMMYPOINTOFVIEW,ITHINK⑧(我的观点)THEREASONISTHAT⑨原因ASAMATTEROFFACT,THEREARESOMEOTHERREASONSTOEXPLAINMYCHOICEFORME,THEFORMERISSURELYAWISECHOICE例一当今我国大学生就业成功率很低,除了全球性的金融危机影响外,还有就是大学生对工作的选择。有的人认为应该优先选择自己喜欢的工作,而不是自己擅长的;另一部分人相反。你班学生就此事进行讨论,请客观地介绍情况并谈谈你的看法。观点理由一部分人喜欢比擅长重要。兴趣是最好的老师,精通与擅长的可能性会大大增加等。另一部分擅长比喜欢重要。擅长更容易成功,后天努力培养兴趣。你注意1短文须包括所有要点,可适度发挥。2开头已为你写好,但不计人总词数。3词数120左右。RECENTLYTHESTUDENTSINOURCLASSHAVEDISCUSSEDTHEFOLLOWINGTOPICWHICHISMOREIMPORTANTFORCOLLEGEGRADUATESTOCHOOSEJOBS,BEINGINTERESTEDINITORBEINGGOODATIT_________________________RECENTLYTHESTUDENTSINOURCLASSHAVEDISCUSSEDTHEFOLLOWINGTOPICWHICHISMOREIMPORTANTFORCOLLEGEGRADUATESTOCHOOSEJOBS,BEINGINTERESTEDINITORBEINGGOODATITSOMEAGREETHATTHELOVEOFJOBISVERYIMPORTANTBECAUSEINTERESTISTHEBESTTEACHERPEOPLEAREOFTENWILLINGTODOWHATTHEYLIKEDOINGIFYOUARENOTGOODATITINTHEBEGINNING,YOUCANWORKHARDANDGRADUALLYIMPROVEYOURSKILLSTOMAKEYOUGOODATITOTHERSHOLDTHEIRVIEWTHATIFYOUAREGOODATIT,YOUHAVEMORECHANCESTOACHIEVESUCCESSVERYSOONWHILEYOUWORK,YOUCANDOALLYOUCANTOGAINTHEINTERESTINITLITTLEBYLITTLEFROMMYPOINTOFVIEW,ITHINKWESHOULDMAKEFULLUSEOFOURSTRENGTHSTOCHANGETHEMEACHOTHERREGARDLESSOFTHEFACTTHATYOULIKEITORYOUAREGOODATIT例二参与报社等讨论稿(带手机利弊)DEAREDITOR引出话题I’MASENIORTHREESTUDENTI’MWRITINGTOTELLYOUMYOPINIONONWHETHERMIDDLESCHOOLSTUDENTSCANGOTOSCHOOLWITHMOBILEPHONES赞成ITHINKTHEYCANDOTHATBECAUSESTUDENTSCANKEEPINTOUCHWITHTHEIRFRIENDSANDFAMILYWHEREVERTHEYAREBESIDES,THE6MOBILEPHONEISAWAYTOHAVEFUN反对HOWEVER,EVERYCOINHAS2SIDESTHEREARESOMEPROBLEMSWITHUSINGMOBILEPHONESTHERINGOFPHONESCANDISTURBTEACHERSANDSTUDENTSINTHECLASSROOMANOTHERSTUDENTSISTHATSOMESTUDENTSCANSPENDTOOMUCHTIMEANDMONEYONPHONECALLSANDSENDINGMESSAGES个人观点INCONCLUSION,ISUGGESTSTUDENT

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