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2012兴化市高考英语研讨会资料:2012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导:高考英语书面表达体裁.doc.doc

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2012兴化市高考英语研讨会资料:2012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导:高考英语书面表达体裁.doc.doc

12012口岸中学高考英语书面表达辅导书面表达体裁内容分类模版江苏省口岸中学徐春秀一、图表作文的模板写作点拨1.仔细观察图表,认真阅读图表前的提示。了解图表所反映的类容,研究图表所反映出来的规律,用简洁的语言概括图表的内容,2.处理相关数据。对数据的处理不必面面俱到,但要概括出特征,为后文分析原因、揭示规律、发表看法做铺垫。3.用好关联词。注意短文内容的衔接、过渡和前后呼应。常用的词语有comparedwith,ontheotherhand,however,inmyopinion等。4.确定文章结构。此类文章的结构一般为开头简明扼要,直接切入主题通过数据说明基本走势比较数据,揭示显著特征必要时对今后的走势做出估计分析出现这种趋势的原因指出现实生活中存在的问题后,用一两句话呼应短文的主题。Asisshown/indicated/illustratedbythefigure/percentageinthetablegraph/picture/pie/chart,___________________hasbeenonrise/decreasegoesup/increases/drops/decreases,significantly/dramatically/steadilyrising/decreasingfrom______in_______to______in_____.Fromthesharp/markeddecline/riseinthechart,itgoeswithoutsayingthat________.Thereareatleasttwogoodreasonsaccountingfor______.Ontheonehand,________.Ontheotherhand,_______isduetothefactthat________.Inaddition,________isresponsiblefor_______.Maybetherearesomeotherreasonstoshow________.Butitisgenerallybelievedthattheabovementionedreasonsarecommonlyconvincing.AsfarasIamconcerned,Iholdthepointofviewthat_______.Iamsuremyopinionisbothsoundandwellgrounded.例一右图是反映城乡教育差别的一幅图,请以EqualEducationalOpportunityforAllChildren为题写一篇英语短文。简要说明图片中的内容,然后从社会关注、政府投入等方面提出你的建议。注意1.字数150左右2.可适当增加细节。EqualEducationalOpportunityforAllChildren_________________________________________________________________________EqualEducationalOpportunityforAllChildrenThepictureshowsthewidegapbetweenthecityandthecountrysideineducation.Aswecanseefromit,acityboyissittingonacomfortablechair,readinghappily,whileaboyfromthecountrysidecanonlysitonthestonetostudy,withsomefarmworktodo.Theeducationalinequalityhasbecomeaseriousproblemwearefacedwithatpresent.Urbanschoolshavegoodteachersandfirstclassteachingequipment.Bycontrast,however,someruralschoolsarepoorlyequipped,letalonegoodteachers.Ifeelitisourdutytohelpthechildreninthepoorareas.Itshightimethatwetooksomemeasurestosolvethisproblem.Ontheonehand,thewholesocietyshouldpaycloseattentionandcallonpeopletodoalltheycantohelpthem.Ontheotherhand,thegovernmentmustmaintaintheequalsupplyofeducationalresourcesandprovidemoremoneyforschoolsintheruralarea.Inaddition,goodteachersshouldbeencouragedtoteachthere.Onlyinthiswaycanallchildrenenjoytheequaleducationalopportunitieswhethertheyliveinthecityorinthecountryside.2例二以下两幅图是关于学生零花钱的问题。请你用英语写一篇短文,谈谈你的理解。短文必须包括以下内容1.图画反映了什么2.你对其原因的分析。3.你的建议。注意1、必须包括所有要点,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。2、词数150左右,开头已给出,不计入总数。3、文中不得提及你所在学校与本人姓名。Withthedevelopmentofourmodernsociety,childrenhavemoreandmorepocketmoney,whichisofpublicconcern._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Withthedevelopmentofourmodernsociety,childrenhavemoreandmorepocketmoney,whichisofpublicconcern.Asisseenfromthepictures,nearlysixtypercentofthestudentstake50100yuanormorefromtheirparentseveryweekwhilefortypercentgetlessthan10yuan.Althoughfourintenparentsrefusetogivethemoneywhenthinkingitsnotreasonable,halfofthemseldomrefusetheirchildrensrequestandoneintencareslittleabouthowthemoneyisspent.Therefore,somestudentswithalargeamountofpocketmoneymaynotknowhowtouseitappropriately.Justasthepictureshows,toshowoffhowrichheis,onestudenttreatshisclassmatestodinner,askingthemtoorderwhatevertheylike.Ithinkthemainreasonforthisisthatchildrenarenttaughttheskillstomanagemoney.SoIhavesomesuggestionstomake.First,parentsshouldhelpkidslearnmoneymanagementskillssuchasspendingwithaplan.Besides,moreopportunitiesshouldbeofferedtokids,helpingthemknowearningmoneyishardwork.Onlyinthiswaywillkidstreasurethemoney.170words例三读柱状图表写调查报告注意句式变换Middleschoolstudentshavesomeideasabouttheirfuturejobs.Themoststrikingcontrastisinteaching30percentofthegirlswouldliketobecometeacherswhileonly5percentoftheboyswanttodothejob.20percentoftheboyswanttodobusinessandanother20percentwanttobecomelawyers,whilegirlsmakeup15percentinthesetwofields.Whatboysliketodomostistobecomemanagersandthesecondlargestgroupwouldliketobescientists.Besidesteaching,thesecondchoiceforgirlsistobescientistsandmanagers.Thenumberisnotsmall.Girlsalsoexpecttoshowtheirabilitiesinthesetwofields.3例四我国学生过暑假的方式的变化。请根据这两幅图表,用英语写一篇100词左右的文章。参考词汇图表chart社会调查socialinvestigation减少decreaseFromthetwochartswecanseethatinthepasttenyears,studentswhogotravelinganddosocialinvestigationhavegreatlyincreasedwhilethosewhostayathomehavedecreasedalot.Thereareseveralreasonsforthechanges.Firstly,withthedevelopmentofeconomy,studentscangetsupportfromtheirparentsfortraveling.Secondly,tourismhasgreatlydevelopedovertenyears.Inaddition,schoolhasbeenencouragingstudentstodosocialinvestigationinbothcitiesandvillages.Fromthechangeswecanpredictthatmoreandmorestudentswillmaketheirsummervacationcolorfulandmeaningfulbygoingoutsideinsteadofstayingathome.例五对学生课余生活进行了调查,结果如下。请根据图表1提供的信息描述学生每天的课余生活,并针对图2中的任何一个数据所反映的情况写出你的看法。词数不少于60。分析1.仔细读图,对图表进行说明2.描述当前情况,用一般现在时2.由于是说明学生的情况,应用第二人称3.要点很清楚SamplewritingChart1showsthedailyaverageamountoftimethestudentsoftheschoolspendondifferentafterclassactivities.Thestudentsputthemosttime–93minutesintotheirhomework,nextinlineiswatchingTV,whichtakesup46minutes.Theyputinaboutthesameamountoftimelisteningtomusicandworkingonthecomputer,34minutesand30minuteseach..While25minutesisspentonsports,only12minutesgoesintohousework.AsisshownonChart2,only10ofthetimeistakenupwithsportsactivities.Ithinktheschoolshouldencouragethestudentstodomoreexerciseafterclass.Thisway,theymaybehealthierandmoreenergetic.二、阐述主题题型要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.1.阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.2.分析并举例使其更充实.Thegoodoldproverb(名言或谚语)remindsusthat释义.4Indeed,wecanlearnmanythingsformit.Firstofall,理由一.Forexample,举例说明.Secondly,理由二.Anothercaseisthat举例说明.Furthermore,理由三.Inmyopinion,我的观点.Inshort,whateveryoudo,pleaserememberthesayA.Ifyouunderstanditandapplyittoyourstudyorwork,youllnecessarilybenefitalotfromit.例一低碳经济是一个具有广泛社会性的经济前沿理念,最早是在2003年英国政府发布的能源白皮书我们能源的未来创建低碳经济正式提出的。低碳经济包括低碳发展、低碳产业、低碳技术和低碳生活等经济形态,是指在不影响经济发展的前提下,通过技术创新和制度创新,降低能源和资源消耗,尽可能最大限度地减少温室气体和污染物的排放,实现减缓气候变化的目标,促进人类的可持续发展。ProtectionofEnvironment1.目前环保还存在着许多问题。2.为了保护环境3.各国政府做了大量的工作。4.我的看法。OnepossibleversionTherearestillmanyproblemsofenvironmentalprotectioninrecentyears.Oneofthemostseriousproblemsistheseriouspollutionofair,waterandsoil.thepollutedairdoesgreatharmtopeopleshealth.Thepollutedwatercausesdiseasesanddeath.Whatismore,vegetationhadbeengreatlyreducedwiththerapidgrowthofmoderncities.Toprotecttheenvironment,governmentsofmanycountrieshavedonealot.Legislativestepshavebeenintroducedtocontrolairpollution,toprotecttheforestandsearesourcesandtostopanyenvironmentalpollution.Therefore,governmentsareplayingthemostimportantroleintheenvironmentalprotectiontoday.Inmyopinion,toprotectenvironment,thegovernmentmusttakeevenmoreconcretemeasures.First,itshouldletpeoplefullyrealizetheimportanceofenvironmentalprotectionthrougheducation.Second,muchmoreeffortsshouldbemadetoputthepopulationplanningpolicyintopractice,becausemorepeoplemeansmorepeoplemeansmorepollution.Finally,thosewhodestroytheenvironmentintentionallyshouldbeseverelypunished.Weshouldletthemknowthatdestroyingenvironmentmeansdestroyingmankindthemselves.例二可持续发展已成为全球共识,如何实行可持续发展是摆在世人面前的重大问题。请就下面表格所提供的内容进行陈述并谈谈你的看法。目前的状况自然资源日趋减少环境问题依然严重人的环保观念淡薄贫富差距越来越大已采取的措施制定了相关的法律法规投入了大量的资金改善环境对民众进行教育加强了国际间的相互合作你的看法注意不要逐条翻译,可适当发挥词数150左右文章的开头部分已给出。参考词汇差距gap相关法律relevantlawsTheideaofsustainabledevelopmenthasbeenacceptedbytheworld.Howtokeepsustainabledevelopmentisabigproblemfacingourplanet...Theideaofsustainabledevelopmenthasbeenacceptedbytheworld.Howtokeepsustainabledevelopmentisabigproblemfacingourplanet.Thepresentsituationisworrying.First,naturalresourcesarebecominglessthanbefore.5Second,assomepeoplearenotawareoftheimportanceoftheenvironmentalprotection,theproblemswithitremainextremelyserioustosomedegree.Thegapbetweentherichandthepoorhasthetendencytobecomewiderandwider.Toourgreatjoy,manycountrieshavetakenaction.Ononehand,theyhavemaderelevantlawsandregulationsandputlargeamountsofmoneytotheenvironmentalprotection.Ontheotherhand,popularizededucationalaswellasinternationalcooperationisbeingcarriedout.Asformyself,Ishouldtaketheresponsibilitytodevotemyselftosustainabledevelopment,orourfutureandthelivesofourchildrenandourgrandchildrenwillbeindanger.三、对比观点题型(1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。1.有一些人认为2.另一些人认为3.我的看法Thetopicof①(主题)isbecomingmoreandmorepopularrecently.Therearetwosidesofopinionsaboutit.SomepeoplesayAistheirfavorite.Theyholdtheirviewforthereasonof②(支持A的理由一)Whatismore,③理由二.Moreover,④理由三.WhileothersthinkthatBisabetterchoiceinthefollowingthreereasons.Firstly,支持B的理由一.Secondlybesides,⑥(理由二).Thirdlyfinally,⑦理由三.Frommypointofview,Ithink⑧(我的观点).Thereasonisthat⑨原因.Asamatteroffact,therearesomeotherreasonstoexplainmychoice.Forme,theformerissurelyawisechoice.例一当今我国大学生就业成功率很低,除了全球性的金融危机影响外,还有就是大学生对工作的选择。有的人认为应该优先选择自己喜欢的工作,而不是自己擅长的另一部分人相反。你班学生就此事进行讨论,请客观地介绍情况并谈谈你的看法。观点理由一部分人喜欢比擅长重要。兴趣是最好的老师,精通与擅长的可能性会大大增加等。另一部分擅长比喜欢重要。擅长更容易成功,后天努力培养兴趣。你注意1.短文须包括所有要点,可适度发挥。2.开头已为你写好,但不计人总词数。3.词数120左右。Recentlythestudentsinourclasshavediscussedthefollowingtopicwhichismoreimportantforcollegegraduatestochoosejobs,beinginterestedinitorbeinggoodatit_________________________Recentlythestudentsinourclasshavediscussedthefollowingtopicwhichismoreimportantforcollegegraduatestochoosejobs,beinginterestedinitorbeinggoodatitSomeagreethattheloveofjobisveryimportantbecauseinterestisthebestteacher.Peopleareoftenwillingtodowhattheylikedoing.Ifyouarenotgoodatitinthebeginning,youcanworkhardandgraduallyimproveyourskillstomakeyougoodatit.Othersholdtheirviewthatifyouaregoodatit,youhavemorechancestoachievesuccessverysoon.Whileyouwork,youcandoallyoucantogaintheinterestinitlittlebylittle.Frommypointofview,Ithinkweshouldmakefulluseofourstrengthstochangethemeachotherregardlessofthefactthatyoulikeitoryouaregoodatit.例二参与报社等讨论稿(带手机利弊)DearEditor引出话题Imaseniorthreestudent.Imwritingtotellyoumyopiniononwhethermiddleschoolstudentscangotoschoolwithmobilephones.赞成Ithinktheycandothat.Becausestudentscankeepintouchwiththeirfriendsandfamilywherevertheyare.Besides,the6mobilephoneisawaytohavefun.反对However,everycoinhas2sides.Therearesomeproblemswithusingmobilephones.Theringofphonescandisturbteachersandstudentsintheclassroom.Anotherstudentsisthatsomestudentscanspendtoomuchtimeandmoneyonphonecallsandsendingmessages.个人观点Inconclusion,Isuggeststudentsnotusephonesintheclassroom.Also,asitisexpensive,theownershouldtakegoodcareofit.Yourssincerely,LiHua(2)给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点Somepeoplebelievethat①(观点一).Forexample,theythink②(举例说明).Anditwillbringthem③为他们带来的好处.Inmyopinion,Ineverthinkthisreasoncanbethepoint.Foronething,④我不同意该看法的理由一.Foranotherthing,⑤反对的理由之二.FormallwhatIhavesaid,Iagreetothethoughtthat⑥我对文章所讨论主题的看法.例一据报道,法国生产汽车的雪铁龙公司Citroen在广告中使用了我国领导人毛泽东的照片。此事在我国网民中引起了激烈的争论。请你根据下面的调查表所提供的信息,给某英文杂志社写一篇文章,简要叙述此事件并发表自己的看法。被调查者的态度所占比例抗议使用45.3%不反对使用41.6%无所谓13.1%要求1.行文应连贯流畅,内容要充实完整2.词数120150之间,ItisreportedthattheFrenchearmakerCitroenhasusedthephotoofthelateChineseleaderMaoZedongintheadvertisement.ThisamusedheateddiscussionsamongChineseInternetusers.Accordingtoarecentsurvey,about45.3ofthepeoplewereagainstitwhile41.6ofthepeoplewereforit.Only13.1ofthepeopledidntexpresstheiropinions.Inmyopinion,itiswrongforCitroentouseChairmanMaosphotointheiradvertisement.Asweallknow,ChairmanMaowasabelovedleaderinChina.WethinkthisactioninsultingtoChairmanMaothewholeChinesenation.ChinaisabigautomarketforCitroen.IftheChinesepeoplearehurtbythead,theywontbuyCitroencarsinthefuture.Whatsmore,fromthebusinessaspect,itisaviolationoftherightsofcitizens.Sothisactionisbothpoliticallyandculturallyunacceptable.四、解决方法题型要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径1.问题现状2.怎样解决解决方案的优缺点Inrecentdays,wehavetofaceIproblemA,whichisbecomingmoreandmoreserious.First,说明A的现状.Second,举例进一步说明现状ConfrontedwithA,weshouldtakeaseriesofeffectivemeasurestocopewiththesituation.Foronething,解决方法一.Foranother解决方法二.Finally,解决方法三.Personally,Ibelievethat我的解决方法.Consequently,Imconfidentthatabrightfutureisawaitingusbecause带来的好处.例一假如你是李华,请根据以上报道给你在外地的朋友Tom写信,介绍你校目前学生的健康状况以及学校为了防治红眼病所采取的一些具体措施,并表达你对他所在城市该病情的关注。目前学校情况有部分老师同学患病,有老师为了不传染别人,戴着墨镜坚持上课具体措施每天坚持多次洗手少去人多的地方,减少集会尽量避免与患者接触7注意不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。信的开始和结尾已给出。词数150字左右。请将答案写在答题纸上。DearTom,HowarethingsgoingIamwritingtotellyouaboutthepinkeyecontrolhereinourschool._________________________________________________________________________________HowisthepinkeyecontrolinyourcityPleaseletmeknowaboutit.Ihopeeverythingisgoingwellwithyou.TakecareYoursLiHua.DearTom,HowarethingsgoingIamwritingtotellyouaboutthepinkeyecontrolhereinourschool.Thesituationofthediseaseisseriousinourschool.Someteachersandstudents,especiallythoseyoungerstudentsinjuniorgradeshavesufferedfromitalreadyandmanyofthemhavereturnedhometoreceivemedicaltreatment.Wearedeeplymovedbyateacherinourschool.Recentlyshewearsapairofdarksunglasseswhilegivingclassestoherstudentsbecauseshesuffersfromthediseasebutdoesntwanttogiveupherstudentsstudies.Withtherapidspreadofthepinkeye,schoolsinourcityhavebeentakingvariouspreventivemeasuresandourschoolisnoexception.Everyday,ourteachersremindustowashhandsasoftenaspossible,especiallybeforethreemeals.Besides,wearealsoadvisednottogotothecrowdedplacesorbiggatherings.Ifseveralcasesofpinkeyearefoundinaclass,thestudentshavetostayhomeuntiltheyhaverecovered.Inmyopinion,themosteffectivewaytoprotectourselvesisnottouseothersgoodscasuallyandformagoodhabitofeyeusing.HowisthepinkeyecontrolinyourcityPleaseletmeknowaboutit.Ihopeeverythingisgoingwellwithyou.TakecareYoursLiHua例二请你根据下面这幅漫画用英语写一篇短文。短文内容应该包括以下三个方面1.描述这幅漫画的内容。2.是否同意他们的教育方式,并陈述理由。3.对家庭教育提出建议。注意1.词数150左右。2.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。3.参考词汇溺爱spoilv.Ascanbeseeninthecartoon,theyoungcoupleeducatetheirchildindifferentways.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________8Ascanbeseeninthecartoon,theyoungcoupleeducatetheirchildindifferentways.FathereducatestheirchildwitharulerbutMotherwithabarofchocolate.WhatisillustratedinthepictureisthatFatheristoohardontheirchildwhileMotherspoilshim.Theyadoptstrikinglyinconsistentmethods,whichmakestheirchildconfused.Isubscribetoneitheroftheireducationmethods.Ifwealwaysgivechildrenseverepunishment,theywillbecomenervousandlackselfconfidenceorbecomeviolentandaggressive,followinginthefathersfootsteps.Ifwealwayslovechildrentoomuch,theywillturnouttobeselfcenteredanddependent,tendingtodowhatevertheywantto.SofarasIamconcerned,itisbettertouseappropriatemethodsbasedonchildrensindividualpersonalities.Sincepraiseandcriticismbothplayvitalrolesinchildrenseducation,itisessentialthatparentsshouldtrytomaintainthebalancebetweenloveandstrictness.Onlyinthiswaycanchildrenbenefitfromproperfamilyeducationandachieveallrounddevelopment.157words五、说明利弊题型这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)1.说明事物现状2.事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)3.你对现状(或前景)的看法NowadaysmanypeoplepreferAbecauseithasasignificantroleinourdailylife.Generally,itsadvantagescanbeseenasfollows.FirstA的优点之一.Besides(A的优点之二).Buteverycoinhastwosides.Thenegativeaspectsarealsoapparent.OneoftheimportantdisadvantagesisthatA的第一个缺点.Tomakemattersworse,A的第二个缺点.Throughtheaboveanalysis,Ibelievethatthepositiveaspectsoverweighthenegativeones.Therefore,Iwouldliketo我的看法.FromthecomparisonbetweenthesepositiveandnegativeeffectsofA,weshouldtakeitreasonablyanddoitaccordingtothecircumstanceswearein.Onlybythisway,对前景的预测.例一吉尼斯世界纪录近年来在中国受到不少人的追捧,但同时有些记录也受到了一些人的质疑。下表是支持者和反对者的主要观点,请根据此表用英语写一篇短文,并发表自己的观点。观点支持者4.在观看挑战中得到了快乐,同时增长了知识,开阔了视野。5.挑战者坚持不懈的精神值得敬佩。反对者有些人申报的吉尼斯世界纪录是无意义的、浪费的、甚至存在很大的危险性你的观点注意1.行文应连贯、内容应完整2.开头已经给出3.词数100120词左右这是一篇议论文,可采用二段式论证法.第一段提出问题总写,并用论据进行正反两方面的论证(分写)第二段用一两句话谈谈自己的看法。SamplewritingNowadaysmoreandmoreChinesepeopleareinterestedinGuinnessrecords.Theysaythatitsapleasuretowatchthechallengesandtheycanlearnalotfromthem.Whatsmore,thedeterminationofthechallengersdeservesourrespect.Otherssaythatsomerecordswhichareappliedforaremeaningless,wastefulandevendangerousforchallengers.Inmyopinion,weshouldntwastealotoftimeandmoneyinparticipatinginmeaninglesschallengesbutdevoteourselvestosomeinteresting,helpfulandinspiringactivities.例二最近,山东省教育厅下重手整治全省中小学加班加点的现象。作为一名高三学生,请9结合自己及身边的实际谈谈你对这一举措的认识。ShandongProvincialEducationDepartmenthasrecentlytakenstrictmeasurestomakesurethatnostudenthastogotoschoolonweekendsorduringofficialholidays.__________________________________________________________________________ShandongProvincialEducationDepartmenthasrecentlytakenstrictmeasurestomakesurethatnostudenthastogotoschoolonweekendsorduringofficialholidays.ForthefirsttimeinourseniormiddleschoollifemyfriendsandIenjoyedafulllengthwintervacation,andforthefirsttimeinyearswearefreetodowhatisnecessaryandimportanttomeetourpersonalneeds.Inthepastyears,wekeptworkinghardfrommorningtillnightinordertogetahighermarkinthecollegeentranceexam.Weomittedeverythingsuchasartclasses,socialactivities,etc.thatdidnothaveadirectrelationshipwiththatgoal.Consequently,manyofusareweakbothphysicallyandmentally.Over70percentofmyclassmatesarenearsightedIfthewholegenerationofuscontinuetolivethisway,whatwouldthefutureofournationbelikeIdliketoexpressmyheartfeltthankstoourresponsiblegovernmentforitswiseandtimelydecisiontobringallthattoanend.147words

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