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2013初中英语语法真题讲义.doc

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2013初中英语语法真题讲义.doc

沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889482012初二英语语法真题讲义UNIT11JACK,GOODBOYPLEASEPASS________THEGLASSESIWANTTOREADTHENEWSPAPERAYOUBMECHIMDHER2THISMORNINGIHAD________EGGANDABOTTLEOFMILKFORMYBREAKFASTAANBACTHED不填冠词不定冠词用法例句用于可数名词单数形式前SUSANISASCIENTISTPASSMEANORANGE,PLEASE不特指某人或某物ABOYISLOOKINGFORYOUWEWORKFIVEDAYSAWEEK表示“一”的数量,但没有ONE强烈WEAREGOINGTOHAVEANENGLISHLESSONTOMORROWIHAVEAMOUTH,ANOSE,TWOEYESANDTWOEARS用于固定词组中AFEW,ALITTLE,ALOTOF,AMOMENTAGO定冠词用法例句特指某人或者某物SHOWMETHEPHOTOOFTHEBOY双方都知道的事物或人WHEREARETHENEWBOOKS,JIMTHEYAREONTHESMALLTABLE上文提过的人或物JIWEILIVESONAFARMTHEFARMISNOTBIG独一无二THESUNISBIGGERTHANTHEMOON序数词和形容词最高级前THEFIRSTMONTHOFTHEYEARISJANUARY普通名词构成的专有名词前THEGREATWALL习惯用语INTHEMORNINGONTHELEFT零冠词用法例句专有名词和不可数名词前CHINA名词已经有定语THIS,THAT,MY,YOUR,SOME,ANY等THATLETTERISINHERBAG复数名词表示一类人或物MYFATHERANDMOTHERARETEACHERS星期、月份、季节、节日前ITISSUNDAYTODAY称呼前WHATCOLOURAREMRSGREEN’SSHOES沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM02431688948三餐和球类运动前HEWENTTOSCHOOLBEFOREBREAKFASTTHISMORNING3HOWMANY________CANYOUSEEINTHEFOLLOWINGPICTURESTHREEABOYSBANIMALSCFILMSDBUILDINGS4TIMMYGOESTOSCHOOL________EVERYDAYITS5MINUTESWALKFROMHISHOMETOSCHOOLAINABUSBBYPLANECONFOOTDBYBOAT5EVERYTHINGIS________ATNIGHTMARKETSYOUDONTNEEDALOTOFMONEYTOHAVEAGOODTIMEACHEAPBBADCTIREDDDEAR6EXCUSEME,________ISTHENEARESTBOOKSHOPGODOWNTHESTREETANDTURNLEFTATTHESECONDCORNERAHOWBWHATCWHEREDWHO7THESIGNTELLSUS________ANOSMOKINGBNOPARKINGCNOPHOTOSDNOFOOD8CANYOUPLAYFOOTBALLYES,ICAN,________ICANTPLAYITVERYWELL转折关系AORBANDCSODBUT9LASTMONTH,STUDENTSHADTOHAVETHEIRLESSONSBYINTERNET________BECAUSEOFSARSAONTHEPLAYGROUNDBATHOMECINTHESTREETDNEARTHEHOSPITAL10ITIS________TODAYTHANYESTERDAYSHALLWEGOSWIMMINGTHISAFTERNOONATHEHOTTESTBHOTCHOTTESTDHOTTER最高级要加THE,由于HOT为重读闭音节所以要双写T加EST。11LISTENSOMEOFTHEGIRLS________ABOUTHARRYPOTTERLETSJOINTHEMAARETALKINGBTALKCWILLTALKDTALKED出现LISTEN,LOOK等词,优先考虑使用进行时态。12________CHINESEARELOOKINGFORWAYSTOLEARNENGLISHWELLBEFOREBEIJING2008OLYMPICSATHOUSANDBTHOUSANDSCTHOUSANDOFDTHOUSANDSOF数字THOUSAND原形正确THOUSANDSOF正确,其他形式不正确13OURTEACHER,MISSCHEN,________ENGLISHONTHERADIOTHEDAYBEFOREYESTERDAYATEACHESBTAUGHTCWILLTEACHDHADTAUGHT14DOYOUKNOW________DURINGTHECOMINGSUMMERHOLIDAYAWHATWILLTOMDOBWHATDIDTOMDOCWHATTOMWILLDODWHATTOMDID沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM02431688948考虑两点问题就能解题1.语序陈述语序2.时态看时间状语15THEENGLISHNOVELISQUITEEASYFORYOUTHEREARE________NEWWORDSINITAALITTLEBLITTLECAFEWDFEW判断标准1.LITTLEFEW的区别2.肯定还是否定16IDONTTHINKI________YOUINTHATDRESSBEFOREAHAVESEENBWASSEEINGCSAWDSEE17TODAYSOMENEWLYPRODUCEDMOBILEPHONESCANTAKEPICTURES________ACAMERAAASBFORCLIKEDOF18YOUWANT________SANDWICHYES,IUSUALLYEATALOTWHENIMHUNGRYAOTHERBANOTHERCOTHERSDTHEOTHER19DONTYOUTHINKYOUSHOULDPAINTTHEWALLWHOWOULD________ASEEBLOOKCWATCHDNOTICE20IFORGOTTOBRINGMYNOTEBOOK________YOUCANBORROWSOMEPAPERFROMMEAHELPYOURSELFBIMSORRYCNOPROBLEMDSOCARELESS答案UNIT1BABCACADBDADBCDACBDCUNIT21THATGIRLISNEWINOURCLASSDOYOUKNOW________NAMEAHERBSHECHEDHIS2LOOKTHERE________SOMEAPPLESINTHATTREEAISBWASCAREDWERE判断条件1.倒装真正的主语的单数复数2.时态3CANYOUPLAYWITHAYOYO,JIMYES,I________ITSEASYAMUSTBCANCNEEDDMAYCAN与MAY的区别CAN表示自身能力,MAY表示许可4IDLIKESOMETHINGTOREADWOULDYOUPLEASEPASSMETHE________APENBBOXCRULERDBOOK5THECOMPUTERISVERYUSEFULINOURLIFE,________ITAISNTBWASNTCHASNTDDOESNT反意疑问句中提问部分助动词和主句要一致沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889486________ISATICKETFORTHEFILMHACKERIIABOUTFORTYYUANAHOWOLDBHOWMANYCHOWMUCHDHOWOFTEN7SEPTEMBER10THIS________AWOMENSDAYBCHILDRENSDAYCMIDAUTUMNDAYDTEACHERSDAY8BECAREFUL,________YOUWILLFALLOFFTHETREEASOBORCBUTDAND9LILEIDIDVERYWELLINTHEENGLISHEXAMOH,YEAHHEIS________ENGLISHAWEAKINBANGRYWITHCGOODATDAFRAIDOF10SHEWILLHAVEAHOLIDAYASSOONASSHE________THEWORKNEXTWEEKAFINISHESBDOESNTFINISHCWILLFINISHDWONTFINISH条件句中一般现在时表示将来时态为考试的考察重点内容11THISSECONDHANDCAMERAISMUCH________THANTHATNEWONEACHEAPBCHEAPERCDEARDDEAREST12WHEREISMRGREENNOWIHAVENTSEENHIMFORAFEWDAYSHE________HONGKONGAHASBEENTOBHADBEENTOCHADGONETODHASGONETO注意BEENTO在考试中从来没有作为正确选项13COULDYOULETMEKNOW________YESTERDAYBECAUSETHETRAFFICWASHEAVYAWHYDIDYOUCOMELATEBWHYYOUCAMELATECWHYDOYOUCOMELATEDWHYYOUCOMELATE14ITSTOODARKHEREPLEASE________THELIGHTATURNBACKBTURNDOWNCTURNONDTURNOFF15WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGMEANSNOPHOTOS答案UNIT2ACBDACDBCABDBCAUNIT31COULDYOUSHOWMETHEWAYTOTHEPOSTOFFICEAMAKEBASKCTELLDWANT2MOSTOFTHEAMERICANPEOPLEAREFRIENDLYAFRIENDBLUCKYCWELLDKIND选择替代词的时候一定要保证词性一致沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889483SHELOOKEDTIREDAFTERALONGWALKASEEMEDBSAWCWATCHEDDFOUND系动词有BE动词KEEP,REMAIN,STAY,LIE,STANDSEEM,APPEAR,LOOKFEEL,SMELL,SOUND,TASTEBECOME,GROW,TURN,GET,TRUNOUT4HISNEWSHIRTISTOOEXPENSIVEADEARBLARGECLONGDCHEAP5IRECEIVEDALETTERFROMONEOFMYFRIENDSINBEIJINGYESTERDAYAREADALETTERFORBHEARDFROMCWROTEALETTERTODHEARD6THISRULERISMINE________ISOVERTHEREASHEBSHESCHERDHERS形容词性物主代词名词名词性物主代词7THERE________SOMECHILDRENPLAYINGONTHEPLAYGROUNDAISBARECHASDHAVE8WEAREALLHERE________LIMINGBECAUSEHEISILLABESIDESBANDCEXCEPTDOFBESIDES是包含关系EXCEPT是不包含关系9THEIRDAUGHTERIS________LUCYAOLDTHANBVERYOLDTHANCASOLDERASDASOLDAS10________MAKEHIMDOTHATHEISTOOYOUNGADONTBNOTTOCTONOTDTODONT祈使句用DON’T开头否定11IDONTHAVE________DRESSES,BUTIHAVE________SKIRTSAANY,ANYBSOME,SOMECANY,SOMEDSOME,ANY12ISIT________ENGLISHDICTIONARYYES,ANDITIS________USEFULONEAA,ABA,ANCAN,AD,AN,AN13EATLESS,________YOULLGETFATAORBANDCBUTDSO14IDONTKNOWTHEWORDCOULDYOUHELPMETO________INTHEDICTIONARYALOOKITBLOOKATITCLOOKAFTERITDLOOKITUP15________PEOPLEAREFIGHTINGAGAINSTSARSAMILLIONOFBAMILLIONOFCMILLIONSOFDSEVERALMILLIONS沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM0243168894816________TOASKMEFORHELPAWHYDONTCOMEBWHYNOTCOMECWHYNOTTOCOMEDWHYTONOTCOME17HAVEYOUEVERHEARD________INTERESTINGSTORYASOBSUCHCSOANDSUCHAN18YOU________COMEIFYOU________BUSYTOMORROWANOTNEED,AREBMUST,WILLBECNEEDNT,AREDNEEDNT,BE19ISYOURFATHERINNO,HE________FORTHREEHOURSAWASOUTBHASBEENOUTCWENTOUTDHASGONEOUT20IDIDNTKNOW________THEYCOULDPASSTHEEXAMORNOTATHATBWHATCWHICHDWHETHER答案UNIT3CDAABDBCDACCADCBDCBDUNIT41DOYOUENJOYYOURSTAYINHANGZHOUYESIVEHAD________WONDERFULTIMEAABANCTHED不填2THISDIGITALCAMERAISREALLYCHEAPTHE________THEBETTERIMSHORTOFMONEY,YOUSEEACHEAPBCHEAPERCEXPENSIVEDMOREEXPENSIVE3ITSANICECAR________HAVEYOUBEENINITJUSTTOSHANGHAIAHOWMUCHBHOWLONGCHOWSOONDHOWFAR4WHATISAWRITINGBRUSH,DOYOUKNOWITSUSED________WRITINGANDDRAWINGAWITHBTOCFORDBYBEUSEDTODOING习惯做某事USEDTODO过去常常做某事BEUSEDTODO被动形式,表示什么东西被用来做什么BEUSEDFORDOING被动形式,表示什么东西被用来做什么5WHEREISJACK,PLEASEHE________BEINTHEREADINGROOMACANBNEEDCWOULDDMUST情态动词表示推断为情态动词重点考试内容。肯定句中MIGHTMAYMUST否定句中CAN’TCOULDN’T6DIDYOUSEETOMATTHEPARTYNO,HE________BYTHETIMEIGOTTHERE沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM02431688948ALEFTBWASLEAVINGCHADLEFTDHASLEFT过去完成时态一定是过去的过去概念。ABC过去完成时过去时现在7ALICE,YOU________ONTHEPHONEIMCOMINGTHANKSAWANTBAREWANTEDCAREWANTINGDHAVEWANTED8TRACYCANTPLAYTHEMATCHNOWPLEASE________INSTEADAHAVELILYDOITBHAVELILYTODOITCMAKELILYTODOITDLETLILYTODOIT9MYSCHOOLISABOUTTWENTY_________WALKFROMHEREAMINUTEBMINUTESCMINUTESDMINUTES10ITISSAIDTHATSARSHASKILLEDMORETHAN________PEOPLEWORLDWIDEATWOHUNDREDSBTWOHUNDREDSCTWOHUNDREDSDTWOHUNDRED11GEORGEMALLORYWASANENGLISHSCHOOLTEACHER________LOVEDCLIMBINGAWHOBWHOMCHEDWHICH定语从句WEALLLIKEOLDFISHTHATISHANDSOME先行词关系词关系代词WHICH,WHO,WHOM,WHOSE,THAT关系副词WHEN,WHY,WHERE1.先行词指人,用WHO/WHOM(1)WHO可以做主语、宾语、或者表语,但WHO之前不能有介词(2)WHOM只能做宾语或者表语,但在ALLOF/MANYOF加先行词时后只能加WHOM注意WHOWHOM做宾语可以省略2.先行词为物,用WHICH(1)WHICH可以代单词(2)WHICH可以代短语(3)WHICH可以代句子3.THAT与WHICH区别(1)只能用THAT情况先行词有人有物先行词为ALL,LITTLE,FEW,MUCH,NONE,THEFIRST,ETC先行词为不定代词先行词前修饰词为ANY,ONLY,EVERY,NO,SOME,MUCH,FEW,LITTLE,THEFIRST,THEBEST,THEONLY,THEON,THEVERY,THERIGHT,THELAST(2)只能用WHICH情况非限定性定语从句关系词前有介词沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889484.WHOSE表示所属关系(1)WHOSE后加名词(2)可以代人可以代物(3)先行词加WHOSE加名词先行词加名词OFWHICH结构介词关系代词关系副词关系代词后加不完整句关系副词/介词关系代词后加完整句主系表主系表都有,完整句主系表缺一个,不完整句主谓宾谓语动词为及物动词主谓宾都有,完整句主谓宾缺一个,不完整句谓语动词为不及物动词主动词介词宾语,完整句主动词,完整句主动词介词,不完整句12IMWAITINGFORTHEMAILDOYOUKNOW________ITWILLARRIVEUSUALLYITCOMESBY400AHOWBWHERECWHENDWHAT13THISDRESSWASLASTYEARSSTYLEITHINKITSTILLLOOKSPERFECT________ITHASGONEOUTTHISYEARASOTHATBEVENTHOUGHCASIFDEVERSINCE14IVEGOTANOFFERINNEWYORKOH,________BUTIMGOINGTOMISSYOUATHATSTOOBADBIMSORRYCIBEGYOURPARDONDTHATSGREAT15MYWORKIS________DONEILLBERIGHTWITHYOUAHOURAFTERHOURBNOWANDTHENCMOREORLESSDMOREANDMORE答案UNIT4ABDCDCBABDACBDCUNIT51EVERYDAYMRHUCHECKS________HOMEWORKANDCORRECTSTHEMISTAKESWEMAKEAHISBHERCOURDITS2________AREYOUGOINGTOLONDONBYAIRAHOWBWHENCWHEREDWHY3________HERWAYHOME,LIUMEIHELPEDALOSTCHILDFINDHISMOTHERABYBINCATDON4LETMEHAVEA________IMSOTIREDAFTERTHELONGWALK沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM02431688948ALOOKBTALKCRESTDSWIM5AFTERYEARSOFHARDWORK,HISDREAM________INTHEENDACAMEOUTBCAMETRUECCAMEOVERDCAMEUP6THEDUMPLINGSTASTE________PLEASEHELPYOURSELFABADBSOSOCWELLDDELICIOUS7THEPLANISALLRIGHT________,ITCANBEMADEBETTERATHENBHOWEVERCANDDOR8JACKJUMPED________THANJIMINTHELONGJUMPAHIGHERBFASTERCFARTHERDLONGERLONGJUMP为跳远,比较时只能用FARTHER9ASINGLEGOODPLAYERCANNEVERWINATEAMMATCH,________HEACANBCANTCMUSTDNEEDNT10________,CHINAWILLSENDUPASPACESHIPWITHPEOPLEINTOSPACEABEFORELONGBSOFARCFROMTHENONDLONGBEFOREBEFORELONG用将来时,表示不久之后LONGBEFORE用过去时,表示在很久以前11INOURSCHOOLSEVERAL________STUDENTSAREABLETOSEARCHTHEINTERNETFORUSEFULINFORMATIONNOWAHUNDREDOFBHUNDREDSFORCHUNDREDDHUNDREDS12WHATELSEDOYOUWANTOH,WEDONTNEED________ANOTHINGMOREBSOMETHINGMORECMOREANYTHINGDANYTHINGMORE13HELLOWOULDYOULIKETOGOTOTHECONCERTWITHMETONIGHTIMSORRYICANTMOTHERWONT________METOGOOUTINTHEEVENINGALETBALLOWCOFFERDASK14HOWDOYOULIKETHEDVD________AITSLIKEABOOKBITSMADEINHONGKONGCITSABOUTTRAVELDITSWONDERFULHOWDOYOULIKE问的是评价。15THESEPICTURESWILLSHOWYOU________AWHATDOESOURHOMETOWNLOOKLIKEBWHATOURHOMETOWNLOOKSLIKECHOWDOESOURHOMETOWNLOOKLIKEDHOWOURHOMETOWNLOOKSLIKE答案UNIT5CADCBDBCAACDBDBUNIT6

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