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2013高考英语_高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀.doc.doc

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2013高考英语_高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀.doc.doc

请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询2013高考英语高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀一、解的十个特征1、体现中心思想(包括段落中心)的是解2、照抄原文的不是解,同义替换的是解3、含义不肯定的是解,如cancouldmayusuallymightmostmoreorlessrelativelybelikelyto含义绝对的不是解mustalwaysneverthemostallanynoneentirely含义相反的是解4、具体的不是解,概括性的、抽象的是解5、带有some的是解someonesomebodysometimesomethingcertain6、简单的不是解,复杂的是解,字面意思不是解,含义深刻的是解7、带虚词的解anotherothermoreeitherbothalsobesideadditionalextradifferentsameparticularnearlynotenough8、变化是解changedelayimprovepostponeincrease9、重要的、基础的是解importantnecessityessentialbasisbebasedon10、二选一反义项有解形似项有解近义项有解阅读题的四种题型及其命题思路1.主旨题-中心思想①Mainidea-whatisthemainidea/pointofthispassage②Maintopic-whatisthemaintopic/subject/title③Purpose-whatistheauthorsmainpurposeinthepassage对策答案多在文章的首句或末句解多为概括性的选项2.细节性问题①Accroding-考查对文章内容的掌握,如时间、地点、事件等细节问题。对策利用题目中的关键词找文章中的对应词,在对应词的周围寻找答案。②Number-考查对文章中数字的掌握,1)运算型通过简单的四则运算求解。对策原始数据不是解。2)多选一型文中出现多个时间或数字,对应不同的事物,考其中的一个。对策对号入座。3)范围型,4)世纪型③Except题型-即三缺一型,要求选出一个不符合文章内容的选项。④Which题型对策这两种主要考并列句、列举句请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询3.推断型问题命题包括以下动词infer,imply,suggest,conclude,assume.对策1)根据文中的关键词、短语、结构进行推断2)通过阅读某段或几段内容3)注意要根据文中内容进行推断,不能凭空猜测。4.词汇型问题①考查熟词偏义或在特定场合具体的词义对策常见含义不是解②生词的含义推断对策根据上下文判断其合理的词义才是唯一的出路。总结常见的命题思路文章的中心、段落的中心指代关系makegainsmakeaprofit因果关系①正因果关系文中A导致B,问题有了B这一结果,为什么,答案是A②反因果关系文中A具有X特性,B与A不同,问,B有何特点,答案是非X特性。或AB,考非A非B二、文章的十大考点1、列举处常考细节题,特别是Which型和Except型2、转折处和对比处常考However,but,yet,infact,although,转折unlike,until,however,but等。3、例子常考推断题和细节题as,suchas,forexample,forinstance,i.e.etc.4、数字和年代常考文中的数字、年代和日期常常是命题的重点。5、最高级和绝对性词汇常考答案具有唯一性must,all,only,anyone,always,never,或most,first.6、专有名词常考人名、地名等专有名词7、细节处常考细节题同位语,插入语,定语,长句的后半句,从句,副词,介词,不定式。8、因果句常考推断题因果连词because,since,for,as,therefore,so,consequentlyetc因果动词cause,resultin,originatefrom,etc因果名词base,basis,result,consequence.etc请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询9、段落中心句常考主题题和细节题段首句和文尾句往往是作者表达中心思想和进行总结综述之处,10、特殊标点常考细节题破折号、括号、冒号表示解释,引号表示引用示例1、Spaceisadangerousplace,notonlybecauseofmeteors流星butalsobecauseofraysfromsunandotherstars.Theatmosphereagainactsasourprotectiveblanketonearth.Lightgetsthrough,andthisisessentialforplantstomakethefoodwhichweeat.Heat,too,makesourenvironmentstolerableandsomeultravioletrayspenetratetheatmosphere.Cosmicraysofvariouskindscomethroughtheairfromouterspace,butenormousquantitiesofradiationfromthesunarescreenedoff.Assoonasmenleavetheatmospheretheyareexposedtothisradiationbuttheirspacesuitsorthewallsoftheirspacecraft,iftheyareinside,dopreventalotofradiationdamage.Radiationisthegreatestknowndangertoexplorersinspace.Thetroubleisthatitisextremelydifficulttobesureaboutradiationdamageapersonmayfeelperfectlywell,butnotcellsofhissexorgansmaybedamaged,andthiswillnotbediscovereduntilthebirthofdeformedchildrenorevengrandchildren.Drugsmighthelptodecreasethedamagedonebyradiation,butnotreallyeffectiveoneshavebeenfoundsofar.Atpresent,radiationseemstobethegreatestphysicalhazardtospacetravelersbutitisimpossibletosayjusthowseriousthehazardwillturnouttobeinthefuture.1、Accordingtothepassage,withoutatmosphereAspaceshipscanneverbeshotintospaceBsunlightcantreachtheearth(具体不是解)CplantscanproducevariedfoodDourenvironmentwouldbeintolerable(概括是解,含义相反的是解)2、WhenmenspendlongperiodinspacetheywillprotectthemselvesbyAtakingspecialdrugsBwearingspecialsuits(替换spacesuits是解)CusingaprotectiveblanketDnosolutionhasbeenfoundyet3、ThegreatestdangertomeninspaceisAmeteorsBweightlessnessCradiationDmagneticforce转折处最高级举处长句后半句转折,长句后半句列举处,因果关系请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询4、WhichofthefollowingstatementistrueaccordingtothepassageAthegrandchildrenofastronautsaredeformedBthechildrenofastronautshavedamagedsexorgansCradiationdamagemayshowonlyinlatergenerations(may是解)Dradiationdoesnotseemtobeveryharmful5、Radiationisdangeroustomen,AbutwedontknowexactlyhowdangerousitisBbutonlyinspace(替换是解)CsoweshouldbuildupourhealthDandwecandonothingaboutitatthepresenttime示例2、Everyweareallinfluencedbythemassmedia.Althoughsomecriticsofthemediaclaimthatthesemeansofcommunicationareusedmainlytocontrolourthinkingandgetustobuyproductsthatwedontneed,themediaalsocontributetokeepingpeopleinformed.Inotherwords,whiledangersdoexist,thebenefitsofthemediafaroutweighthedisadvantages.Mostofthemessagesbroughttoviewers,listeners,andreadersaredesignedeithertoinformortoentertain,andneitherofthesegoalscanbeconsidereddangerousorharmful.Ifconsumersofthemediacouldbetaughtatanearlyagetoexaminemessagescritically,i.e.tothinkcarefullyaboutwhatisbeingcommunicated,theywouldbeabletotakeadvantageoftheinformationandenjoytheentertainmentwithoutbeinghurtbyit.Thekeytocriticalthinkingisrecognizingthepurposesofthenewsorscriptwriters,theadvertisers,andsoon.ArebothsidesofanissuebeingpresentedIstheamountofviolenceandkillingshownnecessarytothepointofastoryHaveenoughfactsaboutaproductbeingadvertisedbeenpresentedBesides,inacountrywithademocraticformofgovernment,thepeoplecanbekeptinformedbythemassmedia.Tobeabletoexpresstheirviewsandvoteintelligently,citizensneedtheopportunitytohearnews,opinions,andpublicaffairsprogramming.Informationaboutcurrenteventsispresentedin-depthonpubliclyfundedTVchannelsandradiostationsaswellasinnewspapers.Inaddition,thepublicbroadcastingmediacanhelpviewersandlistenerstocompleteorfurthertheireducation.Themediaalsogivepeopletheinformationtheyneedintheirdailylivesandthemediacanbeavaluablemeansofeducatingthepublic.Eventhoughthemediacanbemisused,mostoftheireffectsarepositive.1.ThemainpointthewritertriestomakeinthistextisthatA.Advertisingisharmfulwhenitpresentsincorrectinformation.B.Thepositiveeffectsofthemassmediaoutweighthenegativeones.(概括是解)C.Peopleshouldlearntotakeadvantageofthemediasbenefits.D.TVismoreusefulasameansofentertainmentthanasameansofprovidinginformation.2.WhatshouldconsumersofthemassmediabetaughtatanearlyageA.Tobringtheirimaginationintofullplaywhenwatchingprogramsoflowquality.B.Tobuyproductsadvertisedsothatthedemandincreases.C.ToturnofftheTVsetwhenhurtbybadprograms.举例,长句因果,列举,长句后半句转折,长句后半句请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询D.Tothinkcarefullyaboutthemessagesbroughttothem.(替换是解)3.Wecanlearnfromparagraph3thatcitizenswillbeinabetterpositiontoexpresstheirviewsandmaketheirchoicesiftheyareA.HighlyeducatedthroughTVandradio.B.WellprotectedbythegovernmentC.HighlypaidbytheemployersD.Wellinformedbythemedia(概括是解)4.Theunderlinedphrasein-depthinparagraph3couldbebestreplacedbyA.Thoroughly(句义,词形)B.PartlyC.RelativelyD.Simply沈阳吴军高分英语家教地址铁西区启工街地铁口旁第一城A组团3号一层网址www.sypeterwu.com电话2012高考英语翻盘逆转押题预测必考点知识清单主讲人吴军第一部分单项选择定语从句出题思路预测先行词n./pron被定语从句修饰的,根据先行词选择连接词物which/that//whose人who/whom/that/whose当先行词与连接词后面的名词n存在所属关系时(的)〖2012定从预测1〗Myfriendshowedmeroundthetown,wasverykindofhim.A.whichB.thatC.whereD.it〖2012定从预测2〗Theroadconditionsthereturnedouttobeverygood,______wasmorethanwecouldexpect.A.itB.whatC.whichD.that〖2012定从预测3〗Ivebecomegoodfriendswithseveralofthestudentsinmyschool____ImetintheEnglishspeechcontestlastyear.A.whoB.whereC.whenD.which请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询〖2012定从预测4〗Thesettlementishometonearly1,000people,manyoflefttheirvillagehomesforabetterlifeinthecity.A.whomB.whichC.themD.those〖2012定从预测5〗Aperson______emailaccountisfullwontbeabletosendorreceiveanyemails.A.whoB.whomC.whoseD.whoever〖2012定从预测6〗Inchina,thenumberofcitiesisincreasing______developmentisrecognizedacrosstheworld.A.whereB.whichC.whoseD.that〖2012定从预测7〗Lastmonth,partofSoutheastAsiawasstruckbyfloods,fromeffectsthepeoplearestillsuffering.A.thatB.whoseC.thoseD.whatas与which均可替代整个主句在非限制性定语从句中,均可替代整个主句.如从句在主句之后,两者皆可用如从句在主句之前,用as。介词/逗号后,永远不用thatTheyfailedintheexam,as/whichisnatural.Asisknowntoall,theearthmovesaroundthesun.HepassedtheCollegeEntranceExamination,madehisparentsveryhappy.A.asB.whichC.thatD.it〖2012定从预测8〗_____isknowntoeverybody,themoontravelsroundtheearthonceeverymonth.A.ItB.AsC.ThatD.What比较___isknowntoeverybodythatthemoontravelsroundtheearthonceeverymonth.〖2012定从预测9〗Jimpassedthedrivingtest,A.whichB.thatC.thisD.it〖2012定从预测10〗____isreportedinthenewspapers,talksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogress.A.ItB.AsC.ThatD.What〖2012定从预测11〗Helenwasmuchkindertoheryoungestsonthantotheothers,______,ofcourse,madetheothersenvyhim.A.whoB.thatC.whatD.which〖2012定从预测12〗____hasbeenannounced,weshallhaveourfinalexamsnextmonth.A.ThatB.AsC.ItD.What地点where/which/that时间when/which/that〖2012定从预测13〗TheScienceMuseum,wevisitedduringarecenttriptoBritain,is请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询oneofLondonstouristattractions.A.whichB.whatC.thatD.where〖2012定从预测14〗Icanthinkofmanycases_____studentsobviouslyknewalotofEnglishwordsandexpressionsbutcouldntwriteagoodessay.A.whyB.whichC.asD.where〖2012定从预测15〗Occasionsarequiterare.Ihavethetimetospendadaywithmykids.A.whoB.whichC.whyD.when〖2012定从预测16〗Wearelivinginanage______manythingsaredoneoncomputer.A.whichB.thatC.whoseD.when〖2012定从预测17〗Thefilmbroughtthehoursbacktome_______Iwastakengoodcareofinthatfarawayvillage.A.untilB.thatC.whenD.where怎么确定关系代词前用什么介词(1)定语从句中动词和什么介词搭配Guncontrolisasubject_____Americanshavearguedforalongtime.aboutwhichargueaboutsthThereisnoone_____shecanturnwhenintroubletowhomturntosbforhelp(2)先行词常和什么介词搭配。Thereason_________hewaslatewasthathegotuplate.forwhichthereasonfor〖2012定从预测18〗Windpowerisanancientsourceofenergywemayreturninthenearfuture.A.onwhichB.bywhichC.towhichD.fromwhich〖2012定从预测19〗GuncontrolisasubjectAmericanshavearguedforalongtime.A.ofwhichB.withwhichC.aboutwhichD.intowhich〖2012定从预测20〗Formanycitiesintheworld,thereisnoroomtospreadoutfurther,NewYorkisanexample.A.forwhichB.inwhichC.ofwhichD.fromwhich〖2012定从预测21〗Bynineoclock,alltheOlympictorchbearershadreachedthetopofMountQomolangma,appearedararerainbowsoon.A.ofwhichB.onwhichC.fromwhichD.abovewhich易错点插入语和定语干扰请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询〖2012定从预测22〗Sheshowedthevisitorsaroundthemuseum,theconstructionhadtakenmorethanthreeyears.A.forwhichB.withwhichC.ofwhichD.towhich〖2012定从预测23〗Thenewlybuiltcafé,thewallsof_______arepaintedlightgreen,isreallyapeacefulplaceforus,speciallyafterhardwork.A.thatB.itC.whatD.which〖2012定从预测24〗MarywasmuchkindertoJackthanshewastotheothers,,ofcourse,madealltheothersupset.A.whoB.whichC.whatD.that〖2012定从预测25〗Shebroughtwithherthreefriends,noneofIhadevermetbefore.A.themB.whoC.whomD.these〖2012定从预测26〗Lastweek,onlytwopeoplecametolookatthehouse,wantedtobuyit.A.noneofthemB.bothofthemC.noneofwhomD.neitherofwhom定语从句真题练习〖2009辽宁〗Theyvewontheirlastthreematches,________IfindabitsurprisingA.thatB.whenC.whatD.which〖2007辽宁〗Ericreceivedtrainingincomputerforoneyear,hefoundajobinabigcompany.A.afterthat\B.afterwhichC.afteritD.afterthis〖2006辽宁〗Iwastoldthattherewereabout50foreignstudentsChineseintheschool,mostwerefromGermany.A.studyofwhomB.studyofthemC.studyingofthemD.studyingofwhom〖2004辽宁〗Thefactoryproduceshalfamillionpairsofshoeseveryyear,80______aresoldabroad.A.ofwhichB.whichofC.ofthemD.ofthatDBDA名词性从句出题思路预测区别什么从句应看主句,主句不完整时从句肯定是名词性从句。主句完整时,从句可能是定语从句,状语从句,或者同位语从句。Ihaveforgotten∧wherewewentyesterday.Wherewewentyesterday∧iscoveredwithallkindsofflowers.OhThisis∧wherewecameyesterday.Thisistheplacewherewecameyesterday.请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询请上www.sypeterwu.com或上百度,输入沈阳英语家教吴军查询Here,hemadethepromisethathewouldcomehere10yearslater.Iwillmakeamarkwherehemadethepromise.whereunemploymentandcrimearehigh,itcanbeassumedthatthelatterisduetotheformer.需要用什么引导词看从句。名词性从句中缺什么意思用什么意思的引导词缺名词性成份时,指人用who/whom,指物用what不缺意思和成份时用that。That只有在宾语从句中可以省略。〖2011江西卷〗Thevillagershavealreadyknownwelldoistorebuildthebridge.A.thisB.thatC.whatD.which〖2011四川卷〗Ourteachersalwaystellustobelieveinwedoandwhoweareifwewanttosucceed.A.whyB.howC.whatD.which〖2011陕西卷〗Idliketostartmyownbusiness–thatsIddoifIhadthemoney.A.whyB.whenC.whichD.what易错点插入语干扰〖2012名词性从句预测1〗Thecompaniesareworkingtogethertocreatetheyhopewillbethebestmeansoftransportinthe21stcentury.A.whichB.thatC.whatD.who〖2012名词性从句预测2〗wasmostimportanttoher,shetoldme,washerfamily.A.ItB.ThisC.WhatD.As〖2012名词性从句预测3〗Theshopkeeperdidnotwanttosellforhethoughtwasnotenough.A.whereC.whatD.which1Inmyeyes,_______isknowntoall_____Chineseeconomyhastakenoff.2______isknowntoall,Chineseeconomyhastakenoff.3Itooksomemedicineforthebadcold,but_____didnthelp.4Itooksomemedicineforthebadcold,______didnthelp.5Ifind______isapitythathefailedinthedrivingtest.A.whichB.thatC.itD.As〖2012名词性从句预测4〗isknowntousallisthatthe2014OlympicGameswilltakeplaceinL.A.ItB.WhatC.AsD.Which

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