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09年4月自考英语二模拟试卷及答案.doc.doc

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09年4月自考英语二模拟试卷及答案.doc.doc

1高等教育自学考试英语(二)模拟试卷1本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。第一部分为选择题,第二部分为非选择题。PARTONE(50POINTS)I.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案.并在答题卡将相应的字母涂黑。1.Theneighborsdonotconsiderhimquiteasmosteveningsheawakensthemwithhisdrunkensinging.A.respectfulB.respectingC.respectableD.respective2.MostArabcountrieshaveasixdayworkweekfromSaturdaythroughThursday.When____withtheMondaytoFridayPracticeinmostwesterncountries,itleavesonlyfourworkdaysshared.A.associatedB.matchedC.satisfiedD.connected3.________,theworseIseemtofeel.A.whenItakesomeatsomeB.themoremedicineItakeC.takingmoreofthemedicineD.themoremedicinetaken4.IdontknowhowtogetSusantogiveupsmoking,butImgoingtodoit_______.A.inanycaseB.innocaseC.bysomemeansD.bynomeans5.Humanbeings_______alottothebirdsandbeastswhoeatinsects.A.obligeB.oweC.thankD.gratitude6._____,heisahealthy,however.A.thougholdasheB.thoughheisasoldC.oldasheisD.oldthoughheis7.ManygraduatesoffouryearcollegesarefindingthatanMBAdegreeisnota______foragoodjob.A.proofB.guaranteeC.certificate2D.evidence8.Nosooner_______hisroomwhenthetelephonerang.A.didheenterB.hehadenteredC.hadheenteredD.hehasentered9.Thevillageswantedverymuchtohaveacinema_____inthisarea.A.tobebuiltB.buildC.builtD.bebuilt10.IwishI_______myresearchpaperyesterday.ButIwastoolate.A.hadfinishedtowriteB.couldhavefinishedwritingC.couldhavefinishedtowriteD.mightfinishwritingII.ClozeTest10points,lpointforeachitem下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。DearSir,Iwasthrilled___11__readyouradvertisementforasalesrepresentativeintheDolmethAdvertiser,becauseIcanstatequitetruthfullythatithasalwaysbeenmyambitiontoworkforyourfirm,whichhas__12_justifiablyhighinternationalreputationforthequalityofitsproducts.IwaseducatedatBarmouthGrammarSchool,whichIleftin1984.Myschoolmastersallspokeveryhighly___13__mywork,andIwasalwaysconsideredthebrightboyofmyclass.Itrainedforsixmonths__14__asalesrepresentativewithEdgeleyBrothers,butIleftbecausetheiroldfashionedsellingmethodsirkedme.Ihadalwaysbeinterestedinthetechniquesofseeling__15_,asmyfathersays,couldsellarefrigeratortoanEskimo.__16_theway,IwonsecondprizeforartinmyfirstyearatBarmouthGrammar.Ishouldexpectafairlyhighsalary,butIshouldarrangethatwithyouattheinterview.Ialwaysbelieve__17__theworkmanisworthyofhishire,dontyouMyrefereesaretwoofthe__18__respectedresidenceinthedistrict.Theirhonestyisbeyonddispute.Thefirstisourvicar,Mr.Brown.Youmayhaveseenhim__19__televisiononLateCall,orononeofhisTVappearances.HisaddressisTheVicarage,BarmouthandNorfolk.Myotherrefereeismyscoutmaster,Mr.W.Johnsonof42,LynmouthCrescent,Barmouth,Norfolk.Hehasknownmealmostallmylife.Ihaveoftenbeenatscoutcampswithhim,wheremyknowledgeofwoodcraftprovedofgreatvalue.AndImsurethatifIamgiventhe__20__youwillneverregretit,andIlookforwardconfidentlytotheinterview.311.A.toB.atC.ofD.with12.A.aB.anC.manyD.much13.A.ofB.inC.aboutD.at14.A.toB.ofC.asD.for15.A.andB.butC.asD.then16.A.inB.byC.ofD.on17.A.thatB.whichC.whatD.where18.A.leastB.bestC.mostD.high19.A.inB.atC.onD.over20.A.jobB.taskC.assignmentD.moneyIII.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Alcoholaffectsthebrainanditsimmediateeffectsaremoremarkedonthosewhoarenotusedtothedrugthanonregulardrinkers.Itisnotastimulantbutadepressant,whichadverselyaffectsconcentration,removesinhabitations,andincreasestheriskofaccidents.Undertheinfluenceofalcoholpeoplearelessabletoexerciseselfcontrolandmaysayanddothingsthattheyafterwardsregretperhapsfortherestoftheirlives.Forexample,agirlwhodoesnotwishtohaveababymaybemadepregnantbyamanwhomshewouldnothavechosenasthefartherofherchildandamanmaymakepregnantawomanwhomhewouldnothavechosenasthemotherofhischild.Someotherformsofdrugtaking,likedrinkingalcoholandsmokingtobacco,arepartofgroupbehavior.Suchdrugtakingisencouragedbythosewhoarealreadyaddictedtothedrug,andbythosewhoprofitbymakingandsellingthedrug.Imeanonewhostartstakingadrugmaysoonbecomeaddictedtoit.Aswithallbadhabits,itisbetternottostartdrugtakingthantosufferthephysicalandemotionalharmcausedbythedrugandtohavetheproblemoftryingtobreaktheaddiction.Itisbest,therefore,torefusethedrugsthatisoffered.Apartfromotherconsiderations,drugsthatcomefromunreliablesourcesbecausetheirmanufactureranddistributionisagainstthelaw.andnotavailableincarefullymeasuredanddosesandtheirpurityarenotguaranteed.Theireffectsareunpredictableandtheymaywellbedangerous.Ifsuchdrugsareofferedbysocalledfriendsyouwouldntbewelladvisedtofindnewfriends,whoshareyourvalues,andtocontinuebeingyourself.21.Regulardrinkersofalcoholarethosewho_______A.arenotusedtothedrugB.manygetimmediateeffectsfromthedrinkC.suffereralotfromthedrinkD.drinkthedrugveryoften22.Undertheinfluenceofalcohol,people____________.A.areabletoconcentratethemselvesB.areabletoexerciseselfcontrol4C.areafraidoftakingtheriskofaccidentsD.mayseeanddothingsthattheyafterwardsregret23.Thegirlinthepassage_________A.ismadepregnantbyamanshedoesntlikeB.wishestomarrythemanwhoisherbabysfartherC.doesnotreallylikethemantomarryherD.doesnothaveababy24.Accordingtotheauthor,weyouareofferedadrug,youdbetter____A.refuseitB.takeitfromreliablesourcesC.acceptitandsoonbecomeaddictedtoitD.startdrugtaking25.Drugsthatcomefromunreliablesources__________A.areillegalB.arenotavailableinmeasureddosesC.areencouragedtotakeD.aremanufacturedabroadPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Everybodygetssick.Diseaseandinjurymakeussufferthroughoutourlivesuntil,finally,someattackonthebodybringsourexistencetoanend.Fortunately,mostofusinmodernindustrializedsocietiescantakerelativelygoodhealthforgrantedmostofthetime.Infact,wetendtofullyrealizetheimportanceofgoodhealthonlywhenweorthoseclosetousbecomeseriouslyill.Atsuchtimeswekeenlyappreciatetheancienttruththathealthisourmostpreciousasset,oneforwhichwemightreadilygiveupsuchrewardsaspower,wealth,orfame荣誉.Becauseillhealthisauniversalproblem,affectingboththeindividualandsociety,thehumanresponsetosicknessinalwayssociallyorganized.Nosocietyleavestheresponsibilityformaintaininghealthandtreatingillhealthentirelytotheindividual.Eachsocietydevelopsitsownconceptsofhealthandsicknessandauthorizescertainpeopletodecidewhoissickandhowthesickshouldbetreated.Aroundthisfocustherearises,overtime,anumberofstandard,values,groups,statuses,androlesinotherwords,aninstitution体系,机构.Tothesociologist社会学家,then,medicineistheinstitutionconcernedwiththemaintenanceofhealthandthetreatmentofdisease.Inthesimplepreindustrialsocieties,medicineisusuallyanaspectofreligion.Thesocialarrangementsfordealingwithsicknessareveryelementary,ofteninvolvingonlytworolesthesickandthehealer治疗者.Thelateristypicallyalsothepriest牧师,whoreliesprimarilyonreligiousceremonies,bothtoidentifyandtotreatdiseaseForexample,bonesmaybethrowntoestablishacause,songsmaybeusedtobringaboutacure.Inmodernindustrializedsocieties,ontheotherhand,theinstitutionhasbecomehighlycomplicatedandspecialized,includingdozensofroles5suchasthoseofbrainsurgeon,druggist,hospitaladministrator,linkedwithorganizationssuchasnursinghouses,insurancecompanies,andmedicalschools.Medicine,infact,hasbecomethesubjectofintensesociologicalinterestpreciselybecauseitisnowoneofthemostpervasiveandcostlyinstitutionsofmodernsociety.26.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueaccordingtoParagraph1A、NowadaysmostpeoplebelieveB、Humanlifeinvolvesagreatdealofpainandsuffering.C、mostofusareawareofthefullvalueofhealthD、ancientpeoplebelievedthathealthwasmoreexpensivethananythingelse.27.Thewordauthorizeinparagraph2means______.A、makewayforB、givepowertoC、writeanorderforD、makeitpossiblefor28.Inparagraph2,welearnthatthesociologistregardsmedicineas______.A、asystemwhosepurposeistotreatdiseaseandkeeppeoplehealthyB、auniversalproblemthataffectseverysocietyC、asocialresponsibilitytotreatillhealthD、asciencethatfocusesonthetreatmentofdisease29.AccordingtoParagraph3,whichofthefollowingisNOTtrueA、Inthepast,bonesmightbeusedtodecidewhypeoplefellillB、InpreindustrialsocietiespriestssometimestreatedpatientsbysingingC、Modernmedicineissocomplicatedthatsociologynolongerhasaplaceinit.D、therewereonlytworolesinanelementarymedicalsystem,thepatientandtheonewhotriedtocurethem.30.Theauthorofthispassageismainlyconcernedwith______.A、sociologicalaspectsinmedicineB、medicaltreatmentofdiseasesC、thedevelopmentofmedicalscienceD、theroleofreligioninmedicinePassagethreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassageLetslookatanotherexampleofhowpeoplescommunicationpatternsdifferthewaypeopleconserve.SomeforeignershaveobservedthatwhenAmericanscarryonaconversation,itseemsasiftheyarehavingaPingPonggame.Onepersonhastheballandthenhitsittotheothersideofthetable.Theotherplayerhitstheballbackandthegamecontinues.Ifonepersondoesntreturntheball,thentheconversationstops.Eachpartoftheconversationfollowsthispatternthegreetingandtheopening,thediscussionofatopic,andtheclosingandfarewell.Ifeitherpersontalkstoomuch,theothermaybecomeimpatientandfeelthatheisdominatingtheconversation.Similarly,ifonepersondoesntsayenoughoraskenoughquestionstokeeptheconversationgoing,theconversationstops.6ManyNorthAmericansareimpatientwithculturallydifferentconversationstylessimplybecausethestylesareunfamiliar.Forexample,tomanyNorthAmericans,itseemsthatsomeLatinAmericansdominateconversations,orholdtheballtoolong.SpeakingofhercoworkersfromseveralLatinAmericancountries,oneNorthAmericanswomansaid,Ijustfinditdifficulttocutin.theyseemtotakesuchalongtimetoexpressthemselves.Theygiveyoualotofunnecessarydetails.whenshetalkedwiththem,shebecametense,becauseshefounditsohardtoparticipate.Yetshealsonotedthatwhentheytalkedtoeachother,nobodyseemeduncomfortableorleftout.TheNorthAmericanwomandidntknowhowtointerrupttheLatinAmericanconversationsbecauseNorthAmericanwaysoflisteningandbreakinginareverydifferent.Shehadbeentaughttolistenpolitelyuntiltheotherpersonhadfinishedtalking.onceagain,therearegender性别differenceithasbeenobservedthatmentendtointerruptwomenmorethanwomeninterruptmen.whentheNorthAmericanwomandidwhatwasnaturalornormalforheri.e.,listenpolitelywithoutinterrupting,shewasnotcomfortableintheconversationwiththeLatinAmericans.Theresultwasthatshebecamemorepassiveinherconversationswithhercoworkers.Thedifferencesbetweentheunspokenrulesofconversationofeachculturalgroupinterferedwiththeironthejobrelationship.31.WhenNorthAmericansconversetogether,eachoneofthegroupissupposedto_______.A.participateinthetalkB.playPingPanggamesC.interruptthespeakerD.dominatetheconversation32.WhenNorthAmericansconversewiththeLatinAmericans,theNorthAmericanswouldfeel_______.A.involvedB.leftoutC.comfortableD.relaxed33.TotheNorthAmericans,theLatinAmericansare__________.A.politeB.communicativeC.dominantD.familiar34.Wecaninferfromthispassagethat____________.A.peoplefromdifferentculturescannotcommunicatewitheachother.B.differentconversationalstylesmayaffectpeoplesrelationshipsC.menaremoretalkativethanwomenD.NorthAmericansconversationalhabitsarebetterthanthoseofLatinAmericans35.Thebesttitleforthispassageis________.A.DifferentConversationStylesB.DifferentConversationTopics7C.DifferentConversationProcessesD.DifferentConversationEffects参考答案I.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案.并在答题卡将相应的字母涂黑。1.CRespectful意为尊敬别人的,恭敬的respectable意为可敬的,值得尊敬的respecting为介词,意为关于respective意为各自的,各个的。2.BMatchwith把与相配,匹配,这里意思为当与相比较时associatewith意思为与联合besatisfiedwith意思为对满意connectwith意思为与联系。3.B比较级的一种形式为the比较级the+比较级,意为越,越。例如themoreyoustudy,thesmarter指youwillbecome.4.CInanycase无论如何只用于否定句中innocase和bynomeans语义都为决不,与句义不符。5.Boweto为固定词组,意思是感谢,归功于。6.C这是一个让步状语从句,将表语old置于句首,用连词as,而不用though,属部分倒装形式。7.BGuarantee保证proof证明certificate证书evidence证据8.CNosooner后接过去完成式的谓语部分,而且nosooner置于句首,需要倒装。9.Chave+名词+动词过去分词等于causesbtodosth使某人做某事10.Bcouldhavedone表示过去能够做,但是实际没有做finish后跟动名词II.ClozeTest10points,lpointforeachitem下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。11.A8Thrilled是一个由动词过去分词充当的形容词,在句子中作表语。答案A中to与后面的read构成不定式,充当表语补足语。其他三个介词都需要名词或者动名词做宾语。12.A这里a修饰后面的中心词reputation。这里hasajustifiablyhighinternationalreputation,拥有相当高的国际赞誉。13.A固定词组。Speakhighlyof赞扬。14.CAsasalesrepresentative作为销售代表。其他三个介词都不能搭配。15.A在原文中,asmyfathersays是一个插入语。这个句子是一个并列结构,Ihadalwaysbeinterestedin这是一部分谓语,后面的couldsellarefrigeratortoanEskimo是另一部分动宾结构。而原文又不是转折结构,所以选择A.16.B固定词组。Bytheway,顺便提一下,顺便提及。17.A分析believe后面的句子结构,是一个完整的句子。Theworkmanisworthyofhishire.不缺少成分。在整个句子中,充当believe的宾语从句。所以选择that。其他三个词在句子中都要充当句子的成分。所以不能选择。18.C这里是选择最高级形式。所以采用themostrespected。我的证明人是本区最受人敬重的两位居民。19.Cin在里on在上。与television搭配,因为是在屏幕上,所以选择on。如果是inthebook则是在内部。20.AJob工作task任务assignment和task含义很相近,可以做任务也可以是作业。如果您能给予我这份工作的话,你一定不会后悔的。III.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。21.D这里作者把酒精比作drug。它及时的影响对那些不适应这种毒药的人远比经常饮酒的人要显著。922.D可以在文章中直接查找答案。在酒精的影响之下,人们自制力变得很差,会说或者作出一些事后遗憾的事情。23.A文章中查找24.A第二段第三行明确表明了作者的观点。25.B答案可在原文查找。非可靠来源的毒品往往剂量等方面不够合理,纯度也不能保证。26.B判断题。我们可以把所给的4个句子逐一与短文第一段进行对照。A与第3句内容不符B与第1、2句的内容相符C与第4句的内容不符D与第5句的内容不符。译文每个人都会生病,疾病和受伤会使我们感到痛苦。27.B猜测词义题。该词出现在第二段第3句,译文每个社会对于健康和疾病都有自己的观念,并且给予人们权力来决定谁生病了以及如何给病人治疗。根据该词所跟的宾语看,B符合题意,意思是给予某人权力。28.A依据短文第2段第5句内容,译文对于社会学家来说,药是保持人们身体健康和治疗疾病的体系。29.C判断题。我们仔细阅读第3题,对所给的4个句子逐一对照,不难看出A,B在第3句中,D在第2句中所谈及。那么只有C的内容未提及。30.A主旨题。纵观全文,作者用很大的篇幅,从社会学方面讨论了对待药的看法。31.A细节题。第一段第二行表示北美人谈话像打乒乓球,任何一方停止谈话,谈话就中止了。所以选择A32.B细节题。第二段第五行表示拉丁美洲人持球时间长,北美人很难加入谈话中。故选B33.C细节题。第二段第三行表明拉丁美洲人爱控制谈话。34.B主旨理解题。文章最后一句话表明不同谈话方式影响两者关系。35.A主旨理解题。每段第一句可以看出全篇都在讨论不同谈话风格。

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