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2003年4月全国自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

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2003年4月全国自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)一、从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。每小题1分,共10分1ITTOOKALONGTIMEFORHERTO______THEFACTTHATHERHUSBANDWASDISMISSED.ACOMEUPAGAINSTBCOMEUPTOCCOMEUPWITHDCOMETOTERMSWITH2WASITINTHATSCHOOL______HEDEVELOPEDHISINTERESTINPHYSICSAWHICHBFROMWHICHCWHEREDTHAT3______FORYOURHELP,IWOULDNOTHAVEOVERCOMETHEPSYCHOLOGICALPRESSURESANDTENSIONS.ANOTBEENBWITHOUTBEINGCHADITNOTBEENDNOTHAVINGBEEN4______NOTHINGTOSAY,THEBOYSHIEDWAYFROMTHECROWD.AHAVEBHAVINGCHADDHAVINGBEING5ASACTIVITYCARRIED_____ASONETHINKSFITINONE’SSPARETIME,LEISUREHASSEVERALFUNCTIONSAONBOUTCOFFDOVER6WHYDOYOUBLAMEHIMFORHISPOORJUDGMENTONTHEMATTER______HEREALLYNEEDSISENCOURAGEMENTAWHENTHATBSINCETHATCWHENWHATDNOWTHAT7THEOTHERTIMINGSYSTEMBELONGSINOURINTERNALCLOCKS,WHICH,LEFT______WOULDTIETHEBODYTOA25HOURRHYTHMABEHINDBALONECOUTDASIDE8ITHASBEENYEARS______IRETURNEDHOME.AAFTERBTHATCSINCEDWHEN9WE’LLKEEPYOU______ANYNEWS.AUPTODATEWITHBINSTEPWITHCINLINEWITHDINTERMSOF10IDLIKETOGOTOTHECINEMA,BUTI’M______TO.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)AENABLEBDISABLECUNABLEDABLE二、下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案每选项1分,共10分)JAPANISASMALLCOUNTRYWITHFEWNATURALRESOURCES11THIS,JAPANESEPRODUCTIVITY,THERATEATWHICHGOODSAREPRODUCED,12MORETHANELEVENTIMESINTHEPASTTHIRTYYEARS.MANYPEOPLEINTHEWESTWONDERHOWTHEJAPANESEDOIT.THEKEY13JAPAN’SSUCCESSCANBEDISCOVEREDBYLOOKINGATSOMEBASICDIFFERENCESBETWEENJAPANESEANDWESTERNATTITUDESTOWARDSWORK.PEOPLEINTHEWESTGENERALLYVIEWWORK14ANECESSARYEVILONEMUSTGIVEUPPARTOFONE’SFREEDOMTOEARNTHEMONEYNEEDEDTOLIVETOTHEJAPANESE,HOWEVER,WORKISTHECENTRALINTERESTOFONE’SLIFE;IT’S15THATAJAPANESEESTABLISHESHISIDENTITYAJAPANESEBUSINESSFIRMISLIKEAFAMILY,WHENANEMPLOYEEJOINSACOMPANY,HEEXPECTSTOWORKFORTHATCOMPANYFORTHERESTOFHISWORKINGLIFE;16ISANYONEDISMISSED.PROMOTIONISBASEDONTHESENIORITYSYSTEM,THELENGTHOFEMPLOYMENT17ONE’SRANKINTHECOMPANYTHOSEATTHEBOTTOMDONOT18CHANCESFORPROMOTIONBECAUSETHOSEATTHETOPRETIREATACERTAINAGE19OTHERSMAYHAVETHEIRTURN.INADDITION,THEDIFFERENCEBETWEENTHELOWESTANDTHEHIGHESTSALARIESISMUCHLESSTHAN20INTHEWEST.11ABECAUSEOFBASFORCALTHOUGHDDESPITE12AHAVEINCREASEDBHASINCREASEDCAREINCREASINGDISINCREASING13ATOBOFCFORDIN14ALIKEBFORCABOUTDAS15ATHISBTHATCHEREDWHERE16ABARELYBRARELYCOCCASIONALLYDFREQUENTLY17ADETERMINESBHASDETERMINEDCDETERMININGDTODETERMINE自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)18ACAREABOUTBCAREFORCWORRYABOUTDCONCERNWITH19AINTHATBSUCHTHATCFORTHATDSOTHAT20ATHATBTHOSECONEDONES三、从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。每选项2分,共30分PASSAGEONEQUESTION21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEWHOTALKSMORE,WOMENORMENTHESEEMINGLYCONFLICTINGEVIDENCEISRESOLVEDBYTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENWHATICALLPUBLICANDPRIVATESPEAKING.MOREMENFEELCOMFORTABLEDOINGPUBLICSPEAKING,WHILEMOREWOMENFEELCOMFORTABLEDOINGPRIVATESPEAKINGANOTHERWAYOFCAPTURINGTHESEDIFFERENCESISBYUSINGTHETERMSREPORTTALKANDRAPPORTTALKFORMOSTWOMEN,THELANGUAGEOFCONVERSATIONISPRIMARILYALANGUAGEOFRAPPORTAWAYOFESTABLISHINGCONNECTIONSANDNEGOTIATINGRELATIONSHIPSEMPHASISISPLACEDONDISPLAYINGSIMILARITIESANDMATCHINGEXPERIENCESFROMCHILDHOOD,GIRLSCRITICIZETHEIRFRIENDSWHOTRYTOSTANDOUTORAPPEARBETTERTHANOTHERSPEOPLEFEELTHEIRCLOSESTCONNECTIONSATHOME,ORINPLACESWHERETHEYFEELATHOMEWITHONEORAFEWPEOPLETHEYFEELCLOSETOANDCOMFORTABLEWITHINOTHERWORDS,DURINGPRIVATESPEAKINGBUTEVENTHEMOSTPUBLICSITUATIONSCANBEAPPROACHEDLIKEPRIVATESPEAKINGFORMOSTWOMEN,TALKISPRIMARILYAMEANSTOPRESERVEINDEPENDENCEANDNEGOTIATEANDMAINTAINSTATUSINAHIERARCHICAL等级制度的SOCIALORDER.THISISDONEBYEXHIBITINGKNOWLEDGEANDSKILL,ANDBYHO1DINGCENTERSTAGETHROUGHVERBALPERFORMANCESUCHASSTORYTELLING,JOKING,ORCONVEYINGINFORMATION.FROMCHILDHOOD,MENLEARNTOUSETALKINGASAWAYTOGETANDKEEPATTENTION.THEREFORE,THEYAREMORECOMFORTABLESPEAKINGIN1ARGERGROUPSMADEUPOFPEOPLETHEYKNOW1ESSWELL,INTHEBROADESTSENSE,PUBLICSPEAKING”BUTEVENTHEMOSTPRIVATESITUATIONSCANBEAPPROACHEDLIKEPUBLICSPEAKING,MORELIKEGIVINGAREPORTTHANESTABLISHINGRAPPORT21ASIMILARTERMFORPRIVATETALKINGIS___________AREPORTTALKBRAPPORTTALKCPERSUASIVETALKDWOMENSTALK自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)22WHENWOMENTALK,THEYTENDTO________AADMIRETHEIRFRIENDSWHOSTANDOUTBMAKEOTHERSFEELATHOMECAPPROACHPUBLICSITUATIONSLIKEPRIVATETALKINGDSEEKCLOSERELATIONSHIPWITHOTHERSPEAKERS23MENTALKINORDERTO________AMAKENEWFRIENDSBSHAREEXPERIENCECARGUEWITHOTHERSDATTRACTATTENTION24THEPURPOSEOFTHISPASSAGEISTO_______ACONTRASTTHEMALEANDFEMALETALKINGSTYLESBPROVETHATMENTALKMOREEFFECTIVELYTHANWOMENCANALYZEWHYMENANDWOMENAREDIFFERENTDDRAWPEOPLESATTENTIONTOTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENMENANDWOMEN25WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEAMENTALKMORETHANWOMENBMENFEELMORECOMFORTABLEMAKINGAPUBLICSPEECHTHANWOMENCMENAREMOREKNOWLEDGEABLETHANWOMENDMENAREMOREINDEPENDENTTHANWOMENPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGETHEBESTEXAMPLEOFHOWASSOCIATIONSINFLUENCEEATINGISTHATWEOFTENEATNOTBECAUSEWEREHUNGRYBUTBECAUSEITSLUNCHTIME,BECAUSEFOODSSMELLGOOD,ORBECAUSEOURFRIENDSAREEATINGMOREEVIDENCETHATASSOCIATIONSINFLUENCEEATINGCOMESFROMMARKETINGANDADVERTISINGPRESSURESTOSELLFOODSBYOFFERINGHUGESERVINGSFOREXAMPLE,MOVIETHEATRESOFFERANEXTRALARGEBOXOFPOPCORN爆玉米花,WHICH,ATALMOST900CALORIES,ISEQUIVALENTTOAMAJORMEALHEALTHPROFESSIONALSWARNTHATASCHILDREN,ADOLESCENTS青少年,ANDADULTSLEARNTOPREFERLARGEPORTIONSANDTASTYFOODSHIGHINFAT,SUGAR,ANDCALORIES,THEREHASBEENACORRESPONDINGINCREASEINRATESOFBEINGOVERWEIGHTFROM25IN1988TO34IN1998RESEARCHERSAREESPECIALLYCONCERNEDABOUT自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)THECONTINUEDRATESOFOVERWEIGHTANDOBESITY肥胖INCHILDRENSINCECHILDHOODOBESITYISVERYDIFFICULTTOTREATANDANOBESECHILDHASAHIGHPROBABILITYOFBECOMINGANOBESEADULTWITHTHEASSOCIATEDHEALTHRISKSWEDISCUSSEDEARLIERHEALTHPROFESSIONALSSUGGESTTHATTOAVOIDFUTUREINCREASESINRATESOFOVERWEIGHTANDOBESITY,WENEEDTOTRYHARDTOFORGETMANYOFOURFOODASSOCIATIONS,WHICHPRIMARILYINVOLVESDECREASINGSIZEOFFOODPORTIONS,INCREASINGLEVELSOFACTIVITYTOBURNOFFEXCESSCALORIES26THEINFLUENCEOFFOODASSOCIATIONCANBESEENCLEARLYFROMTHEEXAMPLETHATWEOFTENEATNOTBECAUSE________AITSTIMEFORLUNCHBWEREHUNGRYCFOODSSMELLDELICIOUSDOURFRIENDSAREEATING27FROMTHEPASSAGEWECANINFERTHATTHESERVINGINTHESECONDPARAGRAPHMOSTPROBABLYMEANS________AANAMOUNTOFFOODBASPECIALSERVICECAMEALDSOMECALORIES28ACCORDINGTOTHEAUTHOR,BECAUSEOFANUNHEALTHYFOODPREFERENCE,THEINCREASEINRATESOFBEINGOVERWEIGHTWASALMOST______DURINGTHETENYEARSFROM198TO1998A10PERCENTB20PERCENTC30PERCENTD40PERCENT29ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,ANOBESECHILDIS_____ALESSATRISKOFHEARTDISEASESBHEALTHILYFATCVERYHARDTOGETALONGWITHDMORELIKELYTOBECOMEANOBESEADULT自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)30INORDERTOAVOIDFUTUREINCREASESINRATESOFOVERWEIGHTANDOBESITY,WENEEDTODOA11THEFOLLOWINGEXCEPT______AMAKEANEFFORTTOFORGETOURFOODASSOCIATIONBEATLESSHIGHFATFOODCDOMOREEXERCISETOCONSUMEEXCESSCALORIESDEATLESSFOODPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGELABORFORCEISDENNEDASBEINGTHETOTALNUMBEROFPEOPLEWHOAREAVAILABLETOWORKANDEARNINCOME.THISDEFINITIONINCLUDESEVERYONEWHOISEMPLOYEDORSEEKINGPAIDEMPLOYMENT,SOITINCLUDESEMPLOYERSANDTHESELFEMPLOYEDLABORISONEOFTHECOUNTRYSRESOURCESWHICHCANBECOMBINEDWITHOTHERRESOURCESTOPRODUCETHEGOODSANDSERVICESWANTEDBYTHECOMMUNITYALTHOUGHTHESIZEOFTHEWORKFORCEDEPENDSAGREATDEALONTHESIZEOFTHETOTALPOPULATION,THEREARESEVERALOTHERINFLUENCESWHICHA1SOAFFECTIT.THEAGEDISTRIBUTIONOFTHETOTALPOPULATIONHASAVERYMARKEDEFFECTONTHEAVAILABLEWORKFORCE.IFTHEPOPULATIONHASAHIGHPROPORTIONOFVERYYOUNGPEOPLEOROFTHOSETOOO1DTOWORK,THENTHEAVAILABLEWORKFORCEWOULDBELOWERTHANIFTHEREWEREANEVENLYSPREADAGEDISTRIBUTIONIFTHEPOPULATIONNATURALLYGROWSRAPIDLY,IETHENUMBEROFBIRTHSGREATLYEXCEEDSTHENUMBEROFDEATHS,THENASATOTALPOPULATIONINCREASESTHEPROPORTIONINTHEWORKFORCEDECLINES.SOMETIMESAPOPULATIONISDESCRIBEDASAGING,WHICHMEANSTHATTHEBIRTHRATEISEITHERFALLINGORGROWINGVERYSLOWLY,ANDASPEOPLERETIREFROMTHEWORKFORCETHEREAREINSUFFICIENTNUMBERSOFYOUNGPEOPLEENTERINGITTOREPLACETHOSEWHOARELEAVINGIT.THEPOPULATIONISTOPHEAVY头重脚轻WITHOLDERPEOPLE.SOTHEPERCENTAGEOFTHEPOPULATIONINTHEWORKFORCEDECLINESWHENTHEREISEITHERARAPIDINCREASEINBIRTHSORAFALLINGBIRTHRATE.THEAGEDISTRIBUTIONOFTHEPOPULATIONHASSEVERALIMPORTANTEFFECTSONTHEECONOMY.IFTHEPOPULATIONISAGINGANDTHEREISANINCREASEINTHENUMBEROFPEOPLERETIRINGWITHOUTACORRESPONDINGINCREASEINTHENUMBERENTERINGTHEWORKFORCE,THISRAISESTHEPROBLEMOFTHEABILITYOFTHEECONOMYTOPROVIDEAREASONABLE1EVELOFSOCIALSERVICESTOTHERETIREDGROUP.IFTHEAGEDARETOBECAREDFORINSPECIALHOMES,FINANCEMUSTBEAVAI1ABLEFORTHATPURPOSEIFTHESIZEOFTHEWORKFORCEISSMALLRELATIVETOTHETOTALPOPULATION,THENTHEGOVERNMENTTAXREVENUEISRELATIVELYLOWANDEITHERTHEGOVERNMENTHASLESSMONEYAVAILABLETOITORTHEWORKFORCEMEMBERSHAVETOBETAXEDMOREHEAVILY自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园;俱乐部ID5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部ID,可以直接进入俱乐部);俱乐部URL地址HTTP//TIEBABAIDUCOM/CLUB/5346389(您也可以通过此URL进入俱乐部。)31LABORFORCEISREFERREDTOAS______APEOPLEWHOAREAVAILABLETOWORKANDEARNINCOMEBSELFEMPLOYEDPEOPLEONLYCONLYTHOSEWHOARELOOKINGFORANEMPLOYMENTDONLYTHEEMPLOYERS32ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGFACTORSISNOTMENTIONEDASANINFLUENCEONTHESIZEOFTHEWORKFORCEATHESIZEOFTHEPOPULATIONBTHEAGEDISTRIBUTIONOFTHEPOPULATIONCTHENATIONALECONOMYDTHENUMBEROFBIRTHSANDDEATHS33THECONCLUSIONWHICHCANBEDRAWNSAFELYFROMTHESECONDPARAGRAPHISTHAT___AAPOPULATIONGROWTHFROMNATURALINCREASELEADSTOAGREATERPROPORTIONOFTHEWORKFORCEBALARGEPOPULATIONDOESNOTNECESSARILYMEANAHIGHERPROPORTIONOFWORKFORCECTHELARGERTHENUMBEROFTHEAGEDINAPOPULATION,THEHIGHERTHEPROPORTIONOFTHEWORKFORCEDIFTHEPOPULATIONHASANEVENLYSPREADAGEDISTRIBUTION,THEWORKFORCEWILLBELOWER34WHENAPOPULATIONISSAIDTOAGING,_______ATHEREAREMOREPEOPLERETIRINGTHANTHOSEENTERINGTHEWORKFORCEBTHEBIRTHRATEMUSTBEGROWINGCTHERESHOULDBEANOVERSUPPLYOFWORKFORCEDYOUNGPEOPLEOUTNUMBEROLDPEOPLE35THEPOPULATIONWHICHISTOPHEAVYWITHOLDERPEOPLEEXERT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