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2003年4月全国自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

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2003年4月全国自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)一、从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。每小题1分,共10分1.Ittookalongtimeforherto______thefactthatherhusbandwasdismissed.A.comeupagainstB.comeuptoC.comeupwithD.cometotermswith2.Wasitinthatschool______hedevelopedhisinterestinphysicsA.whichB.fromwhichC.whereD.that3.______foryourhelp,Iwouldnothaveovercomethepsychologicalpressuresandtensions.A.NotbeenB.WithoutbeingC.HaditnotbeenD.Nothavingbeen4.______nothingtosay,theboyshiedwayfromthecrowd.A.HaveB.HavingC.HadD.Havingbeing5.Asactivitycarried_____asonethinksfitinonessparetime,leisurehasseveralfunctions.A.onB.outC.offD.over6.Whydoyoublamehimforhispoorjudgmentonthematter______hereallyneedsisencouragementA.whenthatB.sincethatC.whenwhatD.nowthat7.Theothertimingsystembelongsinourinternalclocks,which,left______wouldtiethebodytoa25hourrhythm.A.behindB.aloneC.outD.aside8.Ithasbeenyears______Ireturnedhome.A.afterB.thatC.sinceD.when9.Wellkeepyou______anynews.A.uptodatewithB.instepwithC.inlinewithD.intermsof10.Idliketogotothecinema,butIm______to.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)A.enableB.disableC.unableD.able二、下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案每选项1分,共10分)Japanisasmallcountrywithfewnaturalresources.11this,Japaneseproductivity,therateatwhichgoodsareproduced,12morethaneleventimesinthepastthirtyyears.ManypeopleintheWestwonderhowtheJapanesedoit.Thekey13JapanssuccesscanbediscoveredbylookingatsomebasicdifferencesbetweenJapaneseandWesternattitudestowardswork.Peopleinthewestgenerallyviewwork14anecessaryevilonemustgiveuppartofonesfreedomtoearnthemoneyneededtolive.TotheJapanese,however,workisthecentralinterestofoneslifeits15thataJapaneseestablisheshisidentity.AJapanesebusinessfirmislikeafamily,Whenanemployeejoinsacompany,heexpectstoworkforthatcompanyfortherestofhisworkinglife16isanyonedismissed.Promotionisbasedonthesenioritysystem,thelengthofemployment17onesrankinthecompany.Thoseatthebottomdonot18chancesforpromotionbecausethoseatthetopretireatacertainage19othersmayhavetheirturn.Inaddition,thedifferencebetweenthelowestandthehighestsalariesismuchlessthan20intheWest.11.A.BecauseofB.AsforC.AlthoughD.Despite12.A.haveincreasedB.hasincreasedC.areincreasingD.isincreasing13.A.toB.ofC.forD.in14.A.likeB.forC.aboutD.as15.A.thisB.thatC.hereD.where16.A.barelyB.rarelyC.occasionallyD.frequently17.A.determinesB.hasdeterminedC.determiningD.todetermine自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)18.A.careaboutB.careforC.worryaboutD.concernwith19.A.inthatB.suchthatC.forthatD.sothat20.A.thatB.thoseC.oneD.ones三、从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。每选项2分,共30分PassageOneQuestion21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Whotalksmore,womenormenTheseeminglyconflictingevidenceisresolvedbythedifferencebetweenwhatIcallpublicandprivatespeaking.Moremenfeelcomfortabledoingpublicspeaking,whilemorewomenfeelcomfortabledoingprivatespeaking.Anotherwayofcapturingthesedifferencesisbyusingthetermsreporttalkandrapporttalk.Formostwomen,thelanguageofconversationisprimarilyalanguageofrapportawayofestablishingconnectionsandnegotiatingrelationships.Emphasisisplacedondisplayingsimilaritiesandmatchingexperiences.Fromchildhood,girlscriticizetheirfriendswhotrytostandoutorappearbetterthanothers.Peoplefeeltheirclosestconnectionsathome,orinplaceswheretheyfeelathomewithoneorafewpeopletheyfeelclosetoandcomfortablewithinotherwords,duringprivatespeaking.Buteventhemostpublicsituationscanbeapproachedlikeprivatespeaking.Formostwomen,talkisprimarilyameanstopreserveindependenceandnegotiateandmaintainstatusinahierarchical等级制度的socialorder.Thisisdonebyexhibitingknowledgeandskill,andbyho1dingcenterstagethroughverbalperformancesuchasstorytelling,joking,orconveyinginformation.Fromchildhood,menlearntousetalkingasawaytogetandkeepattention.Therefore,theyaremorecomfortablespeakingin1argergroupsmadeupofpeopletheyknow1esswell,inthebroadestsense,publicspeaking.Buteventhemostprivatesituationscanbeapproachedlikepublicspeaking,morelikegivingareportthanestablishingrapport.21.Asimilartermforprivatetalkingis___________.A.reporttalkB.rapporttalkC.persuasivetalkD.womenstalk自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)22.Whenwomentalk,theytendto________.A.admiretheirfriendswhostandoutB.makeothersfeelathomeC.approachpublicsituationslikeprivatetalkingD.seekcloserelationshipwithotherspeakers23.Mentalkinorderto________.A.makenewfriendsB.shareexperienceC.arguewithothersD.attractattention24.Thepurposeofthispassageisto_______.A.contrastthemaleandfemaletalkingstylesB.provethatmentalkmoreeffectivelythanwomenC.analyzewhymenandwomenaredifferentD.drawpeoplesattentiontothedifferencebetweenmenandwomen25.WhichofthefollowingistrueA.Mentalkmorethanwomen.B.Menfeelmorecomfortablemakingapublicspeechthanwomen.C.Menaremoreknowledgeablethanwomen.D.Menaremoreindependentthanwomen.PassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Thebestexampleofhowassociationsinfluenceeatingisthatweofteneatnotbecausewerehungrybutbecauseitslunchtime,becausefoodssmellgood,orbecauseourfriendsareeating.Moreevidencethatassociationsinfluenceeatingcomesfrommarketingandadvertisingpressurestosellfoodsbyofferinghugeservings.Forexample,movietheatresofferanextralargeboxofpopcorn爆玉米花,which,atalmost900calories,isequivalenttoamajormeal.Healthprofessionalswarnthataschildren,adolescents青少年,andadultslearntopreferlargeportionsandtastyfoodshighinfat,sugar,andcalories,therehasbeenacorrespondingincreaseinratesofbeingoverweightfrom25in1988to34in1998.Researchersareespeciallyconcernedabout自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)thecontinuedratesofoverweightandobesity肥胖inchildrensincechildhoodobesityisverydifficulttotreatandanobesechildhasahighprobabilityofbecominganobeseadultwiththeassociatedhealthriskswediscussedearlier.Healthprofessionalssuggestthattoavoidfutureincreasesinratesofoverweightandobesity,weneedtotryhardtoforgetmanyofourfoodassociations,whichprimarilyinvolvesdecreasingsizeoffoodportions,increasinglevelsofactivitytoburnoffexcesscalories.26.TheinfluenceoffoodassociationcanbeseenclearlyfromtheexamplethatweofteneatNOTbecause________.A.itstimeforlunchB.werehungryC.foodssmelldeliciousD.ourfriendsareeating27.Fromthepassagewecaninferthattheservinginthesecondparagraphmostprobablymeans________.A.anamountoffoodB.aspecialserviceC.amealD.somecalories28.Accordingtotheauthor,becauseofanunhealthyfoodpreference,theincreaseinratesofbeingoverweightwasalmost______duringthetenyearsfrom198to1998.A.10percentB.20percentC.30percentD.40percent29.Accordingtothepassage,anobesechildis_____.A.lessatriskofheartdiseasesB.healthilyfatC.veryhardtogetalongwithD.morelikelytobecomeanobeseadult自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)30.Inordertoavoidfutureincreasesinratesofoverweightandobesity,weneedtodoa11thefollowingEXCEPT______.A.makeanefforttoforgetourfoodassociationB.eatlesshighfatfoodC.domoreexercisetoconsumeexcesscaloriesD.eatlessfoodPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Laborforceisdennedasbeingthetotalnumberofpeoplewhoareavailabletoworkandearnincome.Thisdefinitionincludeseveryonewhoisemployedorseekingpaidemployment,soitincludesemployersandtheselfemployed.Laborisoneofthecountrysresourceswhichcanbecombinedwithotherresourcestoproducethegoodsandserviceswantedbythecommunity.Althoughthesizeoftheworkforcedependsagreatdealonthesizeofthetotalpopulation,thereareseveralotherinfluenceswhicha1soaffectit.Theagedistributionofthetotalpopulationhasaverymarkedeffectontheavailableworkforce.Ifthepopulationhasahighproportionofveryyoungpeopleorofthosetooo1dtowork,thentheavailableworkforcewouldbelowerthaniftherewereanevenlyspreadagedistribution.Ifthepopulationnaturallygrowsrapidly,i.e.thenumberofbirthsgreatlyexceedsthenumberofdeaths,thenasatotalpopulationincreasestheproportionintheworkforcedeclines.Sometimesapopulationisdescribedasaging,whichmeansthatthebirthrateiseitherfallingorgrowingveryslowly,andaspeopleretirefromtheworkforcethereareinsufficientnumbersofyoungpeopleenteringittoreplacethosewhoareleavingit.Thepopulationistopheavy头重脚轻witholderpeople.Sothepercentageofthepopulationintheworkforcedeclineswhenthereiseitherarapidincreaseinbirthsorafallingbirthrate.Theagedistributionofthepopulationhasseveralimportanteffectsontheeconomy.Ifthepopulationisagingandthereisanincreaseinthenumberofpeopleretiringwithoutacorrespondingincreaseinthenumberenteringtheworkforce,thisraisestheproblemoftheabilityoftheeconomytoprovideareasonable1evelofsocialservicestotheretiredgroup.Iftheagedaretobecaredforinspecialhomes,financemustbeavai1ableforthatpurpose.Ifthesizeoftheworkforceissmallrelativetothetotalpopulation,thenthegovernmenttaxrevenueisrelativelylowandeitherthegovernmenthaslessmoneyavailabletoitortheworkforcemembershavetobetaxedmoreheavily.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)31.Laborforceisreferredtoas______.A.peoplewhoareavailabletoworkandearnincomeB.selfemployedpeopleonlyC.onlythosewhoarelookingforanemploymentD.onlytheemployers32.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingfactorsisNOTmentionedasaninfluenceonthesizeoftheworkforceA.Thesizeofthepopulation.B.Theagedistributionofthepopulation.C.Thenationaleconomy.D.Thenumberofbirthsanddeaths.33.Theconclusionwhichcanbedrawnsafelyfromthesecondparagraphisthat___.A.apopulationgrowthfromnaturalincreaseleadstoagreaterproportionoftheworkforceB.alargepopulationdoesnotnecessarilymeanahigherproportionofworkforceC.thelargerthenumberoftheagedinapopulation,thehighertheproportionoftheworkforceD.ifthepopulationhasanevenlyspreadagedistribution,theworkforcewillbelower34.Whenapopulationissaidtoaging,_______.A.therearemorepeopleretiringthanthoseenteringtheworkforce.B.thebirthratemustbegrowingC.thereshouldbeanoversupplyofworkforceD.youngpeopleoutnumberoldpeople35.Thepopulationwhichistopheavywitholderpeopleexertspressureon____.A.theemployersB.theselfemployedC.theyoungpeopleD.theeconomyofthecountry四、将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个词的词类和第一个字母以及用短线表示的其余字母数,已给出。共20分36.专门小组n.p____自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)37.象征的a.s_______38.促进发扬v.p______39.给人印象深刻的a.i_________40.交流v.e_______41.协调和谐n.h______42.引入歧途的a.m_________43.完全,总共ad.a_________44.下来,下降v.d______45.天文台了望台n.o__________46.财政的,金融的a.f_________47.闪闪发光,闪烁v.g______48.生物学n.b______49.推迟,延期v.p_______50.加强,巩固v.s_________51.相应地d.a__________52.志愿者,志愿兵n.v________53.暂时的,临时的a.t________自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)54.维持维修n.m_________55.积累,积聚v.a_________五、将括号内的各词变为适当的形式。(共10分)56.Itstimesomething_________doaboutthetrafficproblemdowntown.57.Formanagers,everydecisionhasconstraints_________baseonpolicies,proceduresandlaws.58.Manyawriterofnewspaperarticles_____________turntowritingnovelsduringthepastdecade.59.There___________estimatetobemorethan20,000overseasdomesticservantsworkinginBritainin1995.60.AsIllbeawayforayear,Idappreciate______________hearfromyounowandthen.61.Theeffectofrapidtravelonthebodyisactuallyfar_______disturbthanwerealize.62.Whatdevelopedwasamusicreadily___________takeonvariousformsandcapableofanalmostlimitlessrangeofexpression.63.Manyothernewtechniquesareavailablethatenablemoreresearch__________dointhetesttube.64.__________not,getenoughhands,shehadgreatdifficultyinaccomplishingthetask.65.AFilipinomaidwasexecutedinSingaporeafter_____________convictofmurder.六、将下列各句翻译成英语。共15分)66.企业必须对市场需求敏感。

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