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2003年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2003年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2003年10月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830I.DirectionsReadeachofthefollowingstatementscarefully.DecidewhichoneofthefourchoicesbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterA,B,CorDinthebrackets.210201.Linguisticsisthescientificstudyof__________.A.aparticularlanguageB.theEnglishlanguageC.humanlanguagesingeneralD.thesystemofaparticularlanguage2.TheconsonantfinEnglishcanbecorrectlydescribedashavingthefollowingphoneticfeatures__________.A.voiceless,bilabial,stopB.voiceless,labiodental,fricativeC.voiced,bilabial,stopD.voiced,labiodental,fricative3.Therearedifferenttypesofaffixesormorphemes.Theaffixedinthewordlearnedisknownasan__________.A.derivationalmorphemeB.freemorphemeC.inflectionalmorphemeD.freeform4.InthephrasestructureruleS→NPVP,thearrowcanbereadas__________.A.isequaltoB.consistsofC.hasD.generates5.Iboughtsomeroses__________Iboughtsomeflowers.A.entailsB.presupposesC.isinconsistentwithD.issynonymouswith6.Ysutteranceinthefollowingconversationexchangeviolatesthemaximof__________.XWhowasthatyouwerewithlastnightYDidyouknowthatyouwerewearingoddsocksA.qualityB.quantityC.relationD.manner7.Changesinalanguagearechangesinthegrammarofthespeakersofthelanguage.Thismeansthatphonemes,__________,wordsandgrammaticalrulesmaybeborrowed,added,lostoraltered.A.phrasesB.sentencesC.morphemesD.utterances8.Inaspeechcommunitypeoplehavesomethingincommon__________alanguageoraparticularvarietyoflanguageandrulesforusingit.A.sociallyB.linguisticallyC.culturallyD.pragmatically9.Whichofthemajormentalfunctionslistedbelowisnotunderthecontrolofthelefthemisphereinmostpeople__________.A.languageandspeechB.visualandspatialskills自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站C.readingandwritingD.analyticreasoning10.Ingeneral,the__________stagebeginsroughlyinthesecondhalfofthechildssecondyear.A.babblingB.onewordC.twowordD.multiwordⅡ.DirectionsFillintheblankineachofthefollowingstatementswithoneword,thefirstletterofwhichisalreadygivenasaclue.NotethatyouaretofillinONEwordonly,andyouarenotallowedtochangethelettergiven.1101011.Asthefirststepoftheirscientificinvestigationoflanguage,linguistshavetoobserveandcollectlinguisticfbeforetheycandoanythingelse.12.Phonologicalrulesthatgovernthecombinationofsoundsinaparticularlanguagearecalledsrules.13.Anindependentunitofmeaningthatcanbeusedfreelybyitselfiscalledaf___________morpheme.14.Acsentencecontainstwoclausesjoinedbyalinkingword,suchasand,but,or.15.Thestudyofthelinguisticmeaningofwords,phrases,andsentencesiscalleds.16.Inmakingconversation,thegeneralprinciplethatallparticipantsareexpectedtoobserveiscalledtheCprincipleproposedbyJ.Grice.17.Inadditiontosocialchanges,oneofthemostpervasivesourcesoflanguagechangeseemstobethecontinualprocessofculturaltacrossgenerations.18.Languageitselfisnotsexist,butitsusemayreflectthesattitudeconnotedinthelanguagethatissexist.19.Whenlanguageandthoughtareidenticalorcloselyparalleltoeachother,wemayregardthoughtassspeech,andspeechasovertthought.Insuchacase,speakingandthinkingtakeplacesimultaneously.20.IisthelanguagethatalearnerconstructsatagivenstageofSLA.Ⅲ.DirectionsJudgewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.PutaTfortrueorFforfalseinthebracketsinfrontofeachstatement.Ifyouthinkastatementisfalse,youmustexplainwhyyouthinksoandgivethecorrectversion.2102021.Animportantdifferencebetweentraditionalgrammariansandmodernlinguistsintheirstudyoflanguageisthattheformertendedtooveremphasizethewrittenformoflanguageandencouragepeopletoimitatethebestauthorsforlanguageusage.22.InclassifyingtheEnglishconsonantsandvowels,thesamecriteriacanbeapplied.23.Wecanalwaystellbythewordsacompoundcontainswhatitmeansbecausethemeaningofacompoundisalwaysthesumofthemeaningsofitsparts.24.Phrasestructurerulescangenerateaninfinitenumberofsentencesandsentenceswithinfinitelength,duetotheirrecursiveproperites.25.Theconceptualistviewofmeaningholdsthatthereisnodirectlinkbetweenasymbolandreference,i.e.betweenlanguageandthought.自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站26.Oftheviewsconcerningthestudyofsemantics,thecontextualview,whichplacesthestudyofmeaninginthecontextinwhichlanguageisused,isoftenconsideredastheinitialefforttostudymeaninginapragmaticsense.27.Infirstlanguageacquisitionchildrensgrammarmodelsexactlyafterthegrammarofadultlanguage.28.ThesentencesHecrazyandHebesickallthetimearebothacceptableinBlackEnglishvernacularbecausecopuladeletionandhabitualbearetwofamousfeaturesofBlackEnglish.29.Speakersofdifferentlanguagesarecapableofdistinguishingandrecognizingexperiencesofthesameobjectiveworldaccordingtotheirrespectivedifferentlinguisticcodingsystem.30.Instructionandcorrectionarekeyfactorsinchildlanguagedevelopment.Ⅳ.DirectionsExplainthefollowingterms,usingoneortwoexamplesforillustration.3103031.synchroniclinguistics32.displacement33.aminimalpair34.derivationalaffixes35.syntax36.languagetransfer37.hyponymy38.sentencemeaning39.linguafranca40.cerebralcortexⅤ.Answerthefollowingquestions.1022041.ExplainsociologicaltriggersforlanguagechangebygivingatypicalexampleinthehistoryofEnglish.42.Explainbrieflythefourmainindividuallearnerfactorsthataffectalearnersacquisitionofasecondlanguage.

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