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2004年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2004年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2004年10月高等教育自学考试外语教学法试题课程代码00833Ⅰ.MultipleChoice15DirectionsInthissection,youaregiven15questionsbeneatheachofwhicharefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andD.Youaretomakethebestchoiceeithertocompletetheincompletestatementortoanswerthequestion.Onepointisgiventoeachcorrectchoice.1.TheCommunicativeApproachisessentiallyamanifestationofthe.A.1950sB.1960sC.1970sD.1980s2.GeorgiLozanowasthefounderof.A.TheSilentWayB.SuggestopaediaC.TheTotalPhysicalResponseD.CommunityLanguageLearning3.Thefunctionallinguisticsdevelopsdirectlyfrom.A.thetransformationalgenerativegrammarB.thehabitformationtheoryC.theAmericanSchoolofLinguisticsD.theLondonSchoolofLinguistics4.Traditionallinguistsbelievethatthewrittenformoflanguageistothespokenform.A.seniorB.juniorC.inferiorD.superior5.WhoappliedthetheoryofconditioningtothewayhumansacquirelanguageinabookentitledVerbalBehaviorA.SkinnerB.BrunerC.BloomfieldD.Piaget6.Languagemeaningdependstoalargeextentonthecontextsinwhichspeechactsoccurred.A.linguisticB.grammaticalC.culturalD.sociocultural7.TheOralApproachbelievesinatheoryoflearningthatisbasedonatypeoftheory.A.behaviouristB.cognitiveC.discoveryD.hypothesistesting8.Asaninterdisciplinaryscience,FLTMmakesuseofofdifferentsubjects.A.theoriesB.rulesC.methodsD.languages9.InPalmerandHornbysview,theorganizationofthegrammaticalcontentofalanguagecourseshouldbebasedontheprincipleof.A.cognitionB.automaticityC.deductionD.gradation10.WhichofthefollowingbecameakeyfeatureoftheOralApproachinthe1960sA.Priorityofspokenlanguage.B.Classroominstructioninthetargetlanguage.C.Situationalpresentationandpractice.D.Vocabularyselection.11.MaterialsintheAudiolingualMethodareprimarily.A.teacherorientedB.learnerorientedC.textorientedD.activityoriented自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站12.TheSilentWaytakestotheorganizationoflanguagetobetaught.A.adiscoverymethodB.acognitiveapproachC.directandindirectmethodD.astructuralapproach13.ThemostobviouscharacteristicoftheCommunicativeApproachisthatalmosteverythingisdonewithacommunicative.A.situationB.settingC.informationD.intent14.Allofthefollowingprinciplesreflecttheinfluenceofstructurallinguisticsandbehaviouristpsychologyinlanguageteachingexceptthat.A.languageisspeech,notwritingB.alanguageiswhatitsnativespeakerssay,notwhatsomeonethinkstheyoughttosayC.languagesaredifferentD.competencecomesbeforeperformance15.WhatarethefivefactorswhichareconsideredcrucialcomponentsinforeignlanguageteachingintheASSRFMethodA.Attention,security,structure,retentionandfunction.B.Approach,situation,skill,readingandformation.C.Affectivefactors,situation,structure,ruleandfunction.D.Attention,summarizing,situation,reflectionandform.Ⅱ.FillingBlanks20DirectionsInthissectionthereare15statementswith20blanks.YouaretofilleachblankwithONEappropriateword.Onepointisgiventoeachblank.16.Generallyspeaking,theGrammarTranslationMethodbelongstotheschooloflinguistics.17.AccordingtotheadvocatesoftheDirectMethod,theverbalexpressionofaneventisaword,buta.18.ThecognitivetheoryoflearningasputforwardbyAusubelisperhapsbestunderstoodbycontrastinglearningandmeaningfullearning.19.Towardstheendofthe19thcentury,thelanguageteachinginnovationturnedintotheMovement.20.Chomskymadeadifferencebetweenthegrammaticalknowledgeandthesentencesitproduced.Hecalledtheknowledgeofgrammarrules.21.ThebookTheNaturalApproachLanguageAcquisitionintheClassroomstatestheandoftheNaturalApproach.22.IntheviewofGrammarTranslationMethod,thefirstlanguageismaintainedastheintheacquisitionofthetargetlanguage.23.GrammarislearnedbylisteningandspeakingactivitiesintheDirectMethod,thatis,byencouraginglearnerstoinducerulesbyactiveuseoflanguage.24.Theprocessoflearningbydiscoveryinvolvestakingparticularinstancesandusingthemtodeviseageneralcasewiththeminimumofinstruction,anderrorful.25.AccordingtothepsychologicalprinciplesoftheGermanscholarF.Franke,adirectassociationbetweenformsandinthetargetlanguageshouldbeestablished.26.InGrammarTranslationMethod,grammaristhemaininforeignlanguageclassrooms.自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站27.Piagetsawcognitivedevelopmentasessentiallyaprocessof,withinwhichgeneticsandexperienceinteract.28.IntheopinionofKrashenandTerrell,istheprimaryfunctionoflanguage.29.Intheacquisitionlearninghypothesis,itissaidthatspeakersareconcernedwithnotthebuttheoflanguage.30.ThetheoryoflearningunderlyingtheGrammarTranslationMethodwasPsychology.Ⅲ.Matching15DirectionsThissectionconsistsofthreegroupsofpairslistedintwocolumns,AandB.Youaretomatchtheonemarked①,②,③,④,or⑤inColumnAwiththeonemarkeda,b,c,d,oreinColumnB.Onepointisgiventoeachcorrectpairyoumatch.31.AtechniquesusedinBthepurposeGrammarTranslationMethod①readinga.topresentnewitemsortounderstandthepassage②analysisandcomparisonb.toapplythenewitems③translationc.tochecktheunderstandingofthereadingpassage④readingcomprehensionquestionsd.tointroducenewwordsandgrammarrules⑤writtenworke.toapplythegrammarrulestoexamplesandtounderstandthereadingpassage32.Aprocedures/techniquesusedBthepurposeintheOralApproach①individualimitationa.toencouragethestudentstolistentoeachothercarefully②buildingupanewmodelb.tocheckthepronunciation③listeningpracticec.tofamiliarizethestudentswiththepronunciationandthepattern④choralimitationd.tointroducethenewmodel⑤correctionbythestudentsthemselvese.toobtainstudentsattention33.AtechniquesusedintheCognitiveBthepurposeApproach①theASSRFmethoda.WangCairen②dualactivitymethodb.ZhangSizhong③globalmethodc.ZhangJianzhong④leveledmethodd.LiuZhaoyi⑤ZhangSizhongmethode.HaoYoumingⅣ.QuestionsforBriefAnswers30DirectionsThissectionhassixquestions.Youaretobrieflyanswerthem.Fivepointsaregiventoeachquestion.34.WhataretherolesoftheteacherintheCommunicativeApproach35.Accordingtothecognitivetheory,whataretwoprocessesthatsecondlanguageacquisition自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站involves36.WhatarethedisadvantagesoftheNaturalApproach37.WhatlanguageskillsareemphasizedbytheDirectMethodWhy38.Whywasspeechgivenapriorityinaudiolingualclassroompractice39.WhatsortoflinguisticsistheGrammarTranslationMethodbasedonⅤ.QuestionsforLongAnswers20DirectionsThetwoquestionsinthissectionaretobeansweredonthebasisofyourownteachingexperienceaswellasthetheoreticalknowledgeyouvelearned.Tenpointsaregiventoeachquestion.40.WhattheoriesoflanguageareusedbytheCommunicativeApproachasitstheoreticalbasis41.DoyouthinktheDirectMethodcanbeusedinthesecondlanguageclassroomstodayWhyorwhynot

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