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2005年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2005年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2005年10月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830Ⅰ.DirectionsReadeachofthefollowingstatementscarefully.DecidewhichoneofthefourchoicesbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterA,B,CorDinthebrackets.210201.Thetone,definedaspitchvariation,isanimportantsuprasegmentalfeatureoftonelanguagessuchas.A.ChineseB.EnglishC.ChineseandEnglishD.EnglishandFrench2.Voicingasaqualityofspeechsoundsiscausedbythevibrationof.A.thevelumB.thevocalcordsC.theglottisD.theuvula3.Thewordsthatcontainonlyonemorphemearecalled.A.boundmorphemesB.affixesC.freemorphemesD.roots4.Syntacticmovementisdictatedbyrulestraditionallycalled.A.phasestructurerulesB.syntacticrulesC.lexicalrulesD.transformationalrules5.Thenamingtheorywasproposedby.A.theGreekscholarPlatoB.C.K.OgdenandI.A.RichardsC.theBritishlinguistJ.FirthD.theAmericanlinguistL.Bloomfield6.Speechacttheorywasfirstproposedby.A.JohnAustinB.JohnSearleC.NoamChomskyD.JohnFirth7.linguisticsreferstothestudyofalanguageorlanguagesatasinglepointintime,withoutreferencetoearlierorlaterstages.A.DiachronicB.SynchronicC.HistoricalD.Comparative8.Differentfunctionalspeechvarietiesknownasareexpectedin,say,achurchsermon,adiplomaticencounter,afamilydinner,orasportsbroadcast.A.registersB.stylesC.dialectsD.accents9.isthestudyoflanguageinrelationtothemind.A.PsycholinguisticsB.SociolinguisticsC.LinguisticsD.Semantics10.Ingeneral,childrensholophrasticsentencesbegin.A.inthelatepartofthefirstyearortheearlypartofthesecondyearB.inthesecondhalfofthesecondyearC.betweentwoandthreeyearsold自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站D.betweenfourandfiveyearsoldⅡ.DirectionsFillintheblankineachofthefollowingstatementswithoneword,thefirstletterofwhichisalreadygivenasaclue.NotethatyouaretofillinONEwordonly,andyouarenotallowedtochangethelettergiven.1101011.Languagecanbedefinedasasystemofarbitraryvsymbolsusedforhumancommunication.12.Tosatisfytheneedsofthephoneticiansinthestudyofspeechsounds,asetofsymbolscalleddareaddedtobroadtranscriptiontoshowthemoresubtledifferencesbetweensimilarsounds.13.Themeaningofacompoundisofteni,notalwaysbeingthesumtotalofthemeaningsofitscomponents.14.Theclauseintowhichanotherclauseisembeddediscalledamclause.15.Componentialanalysisisbasedonthebeliefthatthemeaningofawordcanbedissectedintomeaningcomponents,calledsfeatures.16.Cisregardedasconstitutedbyallkindsofknowledgeassumedtobesharedbythespeakerandthehearer.17.ThemajorphonologicalchangeinthehistoryofEnglishknownastheGreatVowelShiftinvolvessevenlong,ort,vowelsofMiddleEnglish.18.Certainwordsinallsocietiesareconsideredttheyareforbiddenortobeavoided.19.Itsknownthatspecializedlinguisticandperceptualskillsareeachlocalizedinaparticularhemisphereofthebrain.Thelocalizationofcognitiveandperceptualfunctionsinaparticularhemisphereofthebrainiscalledl.20.Cspeechreferstothesimple,modifiedspeechusedbyparents,babysitters,etc.whentheytalktoyoungchildrenwhoareacquiringtheirnativelanguage.Ⅲ.DirectionsJudgewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.PutaTfortrueorFforfalseinthebracketsinfrontofeachstatement.Ifyouthinkastatementisfalse,youmustexplainwhyyouthinksoandgivethecorrectversion.2102021.AccordingtoChomsky,aspeakercanproduceandunderstandanunlimitednumberofsentencesbecausehepossessesaninternalizedsetofrulesabouthislanguage.22.Phonologicalrulesarenotlanguagespecific,i.e.onceprovedtobevalid,theycanbeappliedtoalllanguages.23.UndertheCaseConditionprinciple,whentheMoveαruleoperatestochangeasentencefromtheactivevoicetothepassivevoice,itcanmoveanounphrasetoanyCasereceivingposition.24.Lexicalcategoriesaregenerallyknownaspartsofspeech,andalanguagehasmajorandminorlexicalcategoriesofafiniteset.25.Agrammaticallywellformedsentenceisalwayssemanticallywellformed.26.Allillocutionaryactsthatbelongtothesamecategorysharethesamepurposeorthesameillocutionarypoint.27.Borrowingoccurswhenonelanguagetakesawordormorphemefromanother自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站languageandaddsittoitslexicon.28.Itisobviousthatthestandardvarietyoflanguageisthecorrectformoflanguage.29.Humanlinguisticabilitylargelydependsonthestructureoftheirvocalcords.30.AccordingtoBehavioristlearningtheory,childrenarebelievedtograduallyassumecorrectformsofthelanguageoftheircommunitywhentheirbadspeechgetscorrectedandwhentheirgoodspeechgetspositivelyreinforced.Ⅳ.DirectionsExplainthefollowingterms,usingoneortwoexamplesforillustration.3103031.culturaltransmissionasadefiningfeatureofhumanlanguage32.phoneme33.linguisticcompetence34.syntacticmovement35.homonymy36.derivation37.idiolect38.thecriticalperiodhypothesis39.intrapersonalcommunication40.telegraphicspeechⅤ.Answerthefollowingquestions.1022041.Prefixesoccuratthebeginningofaword,andmodifythemeaningofastem,butusuallydonotchangethepartofspeechoftheoriginalword.DoyouthinkitistrueSupportyouranswerwithexamples.42.WhatarethefourmaximsoftheCooperativePrinciplePleasegiveexamplestoshowhowthefloutingofthesemaximsgivesrisetoconversationalimplicatureGiveatleasttwoexamples,eachfloutingadifferentmaxim.

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