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2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc

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2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷第一部分选择题(共50分)I.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Sixoutofeverytenprisonersinchainsareblack,whichis________thechaingangscallupimagesofslaveryincenturiesgoneby.A、whereB、whenC、whatD、why2.Einsteinclaimedthatmatterandenergyareinterchangeable,________thereisnoabsolutetimeandspace.A、sothatB、evenifC、incaseD、inorder3.Thenextgenerationofrobotswillhaveasenseof_______.A、feelB、touchC、contactD、grasp4.Scientistsbelievethatyouusually________tooneideaatatime.A、attendB、tendC、pretendD、extend5.Fromasystemspointof________,problemshavemultiplecauses.A、sightB、ideaC、perspectiveD、view6.Inasense,menofthiskindbeginnotsomuchwithamusicaltheme______withacompletedcomposition.A、butB、thanC、asD、that7.Tothesenowfamiliarfactsanumberoffurtherfactsmaybe______,someofthemonlyrecentlyrecognized.A、shownB、proposedC、derivedD、added8.Hearguesthateuthanasiadoesnttakeinto______thattherearewaysofcaringforthedying.A、opinionB、thoughtC、mindD、account9.Twothirdsofthenationsvotersstillidentifythemselves______DemocratsofRepublicans.A、forB、asC、byD、over10.Youmustpushawaythemanytemptationsthatarealwayspresent______yourscheduleisuseless.A、andB、butC、orD、forII.CloseTest10points,1pointsforeachitem下列短文中有十个空格,每个空格有四个选项。根据上下文要求先出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。Atthemomentsome170,000youngpeoplethroughoutBritainaresufferingwhatispotentiallythemosttenseandanxioustimeoftheirlives.Thatisthenumberofstudentscurrently___11__tositfortheirAlevelsExaminationswhich__12__whetherastudentproceedssmoothlyontothenextrung梯级oftheacademicladderor__13__sixyearsofworkatsecondaryschoolwillbespentinthebitterdisappointmentoffailure.__14__themedicalstresschartsexaminationsrank__15__behindadeathinthefamily,adivorceoreventhelossofajob__16__thesymptomsofanxietyareallthemostweakeningbecause__17__beforetheeventratherthanafterit,andmayinthemselvesbeenoughtobring__18__thestudentsworstfearsfailing.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....Themostcrucialpoint__19__preexaminationstressisthatitissomethingthestudentcatchesfromotherpeople.Heorsheisnot,afterall,theonlypersonwithaninterest__20__theexaminationresult.11.A、arepreparingB、prepareC、preparingD、toprepare12.A、willdecideB、hasdecidedC、decideD、todecide13.A、whetherB、howC、whatD、why14.A、AtB、InC、AboveD、Within15.A、everywhereB、nowhereC、anywhereD、somewhere16.A、thusB、forC、butD、or17.A、itisB、theyareC、whichisD、whichare18.A、backB、alongC、aboutD、through19.A、aboutB、behindC、fromD、on20.A、ofB、inC、onD、withIII.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Tomeetstrictairpollutionstandardsscheduledtotakeeffectoverthenextfewyears,oilcompaniesareracingtomaketheirfossilfuelsaspollutionfreeasthealternatives,chieflymethanol甲醇andnaturalgas.LastweekAtlanticRichfield,theeighthlargestU.S.oilcompany,saidithaddevelopedjustsuchafuelacleanerburninggasthatthecompanyclaimswillcuttoxicemissions气体的排放nearly50.Ifmakingabettergasissoeasy,whyhasntanyonedoneifbeforeThesimpleanswercleanerfuelsaremoreexpensive.ARCOsnewgaswillcostmoreatthepumpthanstandardgas.IfARCOsimplypassedthosechargesontoitscustomers,theywouldsoonfindnewplacestorefuel.ButtheLosAngelesbasedcompanyknowsthatCaliforniaisabouttosetnewfuelstandardsthatwillrequirealloilcompaniesinthestatetoreformulatetheirgasorswitchtoalternativefuels.ARCOhasnoplanstosellECXuntilitisorderedtomeetthenewstandards,whichwilltakeeffectsoon.Producingcleanergasisamatterofimprovingtherefiningprocess.Gasisamixtureofasmanyas100carbonbasedcompoundsobtainedfromcrudeoilbyselectivelydistilling,i.e.gettingridofvarioushydrocarbons碳氢化合物.ARCOsgoalwastoreducetheconcentrationofpollutantelements.TomakeECX,thecompanyschemistshavetoaddcompoundsthatcostmoretorefine.ThecleanergashasadvantagesoverfuelslikemethanolM85,amixtureof15gasand85alcohol,whichcosts25centsto40centsmorethanstandardgas.Unlikemethanol,ECXcanbeusedinanycarwithoutmechanicaladjustmentsorlossofpower.Asaresult,thedevelopmentcouldstopthemassiveswitchovertoalternativefuels.Switchingtosuchfuelsasmethanolandnaturalgaswouldrequiremechanicaladjustmentsofthemillionsofcarsbuilteachyearandinstallingnewpumpsandtanksat200,000USservicestations.Itwouldalsoendtheautofuelmonopolytheoilindustryhasenjoyedfornearlyacentury.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....21.Oilcompaniesarecompetingwitheachothertodevelop______.A、cleanerfossilfuelsB、alternativesforgasC、pollutionfreenaturalgasD、alternativesformethanol22.Theunderlinedwordtoxicparagraph1canbestbereplacedby______.A、wastefulB、poisonousC、radioactiveD、impure23.IfARCOsoldECXnow,itsconsumerswould______.A、askittoreformulatethenewfuelB、accepttheproductwithoutcomplaintC、refusetopaytheextrachargesD、turntootheroilcompanies24.ECXismoreexpensivethanstandardfuelsbecauseit______.A、containsmorehydrocarbonsB、needsmorecrudeoiltoproduceC、costsmoreintherefiningprocessD、savesmoreenergyinapplication25.ThewriterseemstobelievethatECXwillhelpto_______.A、developtheoilindustryB、improvetheautotechnologyC、establishadiversifiedautofuelmarketD、increasetheoutputofalternativefuelsPassageTwoQuestion26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Anyonewhohasafatfriendorwhois,perhaps,himselffat,knowsonlytoowellnowlittleprovisionoursocietymakesforsuchpeople.Eventhedailyroundprovidesnumerousproblems.Therearefewpiecesofclothingthatcanbebought,seatsincinemasortheatresaresouncomfortablethatfewfatpeopleattendthem.Fortunatelygoodperformancesarerare.Homefurnitureisalsohopelesslyinadequate.Thentherearetheproblemsofhavingabaththestandardsizeofbathjustdoesnotallowafatpersontotakeupahorizontal水平的positionbutdemandshimtostandinit.Intodaysworld,however,theseareminorworriesinaculturewhereslimnessisinfashionandallthingsdesirablecometothepersonwithanattractivelythinanddelicatefigure.Especiallyinwomen,thisattributeisamustiftheyaretocompeteinthemarriagemarket.Infactslimnessisnotnecessarilyeitheranidealconditionfromaphysiologicalpointofvieworanaturalcharacteristic.Butthisisoflittlecomforttothefatmanorwomenlivinginourpresentsociety.Thisfashionhasbeenjustanotheraspectofthedesireforconformity一致wehavechartsshowingcorrectweightsforeachheight,andtherearewholecountersinmanyshopsgivenovertothedisplayofnonfatteningfoods.Thefatpersonisdoublyunfortunateinthatbecannothidehisnonconformity,unlikesomanyofuswhohaveperhapsmoresubtleformsofeccentricity怪癖.Inthosecaseswherefatnessistheresultofovereating,itis,ofcourse,areactiontosomeformofinnerconflictandamuchlessharmfulonethan,say,drugabuse.Wheretheoverweightisduetosomedisorderofthebody,thefatpersonisanallroundloser,fornotonlyhasheaphysicalillnesstocopewithbutismockedforhavingitbymanypeoplewhoshouldknowbetter.Perhapsfashionwilleventuallychangetoallowafatframetobecomeacceptable,butatpresentitseemsthatthepencilslimfashionmodelsareinsafejobs.26.Accordingtothewriter,oursocietyfailsto______.A、preventpeoplefromgettingfatB、helpfatpeopletoloseweightC、recognizetheneedsoffatpeopleD、informpeopleofweightstandards自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....27.Intodaysworld,thebiggestproblemforfatwomenistheirdifficultyin______.A、findinganidealhusbandB、buyingsuitableclothesC、buildingandattractivefigureD、competinginthejobmarket28.Itisoflittlecomforttofatpeoplethat______.A、slimnessisnotalwaysanidealconditionB、slimnessisonlyafashionatpresentC、fatnessisnotalwaysaphysiologicalproblemD、fatnessisonlyanaturalcharacteristic29.Afatpersonisunfortunatebecause______.A、hehasnowheretohidehimselfB、hehasnoonetoturntoforhelpC、heisunabletocopewithhisillnessD、heisunabletoconcealhisfatness30.Thewriterstonecanbestbedescribedasoneof______.A、impatienceB、dissatisfactionC、threatD、reliefPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Appreciationofsculpture雕塑dependsupontheabilitytorespondtoforminthreedimensions.Thatisperhapswhysculpturehasbeendescribedasthemostdifficultofallartscertainlyitismoredifficultthantheartswhichinvolveappreciationofflatforms,shapeinonlyfirstdistinguishesonlytwodimensionalshapeitcannotjudgedistances,depths.Later,foritspersonalsafelyandpracticalneeds,ithastodeveloppartlybymeansoftouchtheabilitytojudgeroughlythreedimensionaldistances.Buthavingsatisfiedtherequirementsofpracticalnecessity,mostpeoplegonofurther.Thoughtheymayattainconsiderableaccuracyinperceivingflatform,theydonotmakethefurtherintellectualandemotionaleffortneededtoperceiveforminitsfullspatial空间的existence.Thisiswhatthesculptor雕塑家mustdo.Hemustthinkof,anduse,forminitsfullspatialcompleteness.Hegetsthesolidshape,asitwere,insidehishead–hethinksofit,whateveritssize,asifhewereholdingitcompletelyinhishand.Hementallyvisualizesacomplexformfromallrounditselfheknowswhilehelooksatonesidewhattheothersideislikeheidentifieshimselfwithitscenterofgravity,itsmass,itsweight.Andthesensitiveobserverofsculpturemustalsolearntofeelshapesimplyasshape,notasdescription.Hemust,forexample,perceiveaneggasasimplesinglesolidshape,quiteapartfromitssignificanceasfood,orfromtheliteraryideathatitwillbecomeabird,acat,aheart,atree,agate,abook,abone.Fromthesehecangoontoappreciatemorecomplexformsorcombinationsofseveralforms.31.Sculptureisregardedasthemostdifficultofallartsbecauseitcanbeappreciatedonlybypeoplewho______.A、canjudgeroughlythreedimensionaldistancesB、canperceiveforminitsfullspatialexistenceC、haveattainedaccuracyinperceivingflatformD、havemettherequirementsofpracticalnecessity32.Aformblindmanisunableto______.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....A、judgetwodimensionaldistancesB、seeobjectsclearlyatadistanceC、distinguishtwodimensionalformD、respondtoforminthreedimensions33.Thewriterimpliesthatthesensitiveobserver______.A、mayhavetroubleappreciatingsculptureB、maygetsolidshapesinsidehisheadC、preferscomplexsculptureD、feelsshapesimplyasshape34.Theunderlinedphrasetheliteraryideaparagraph3canbestbereplacedby______.A、theimaginationB、theimplicationC、thesimplefactD、thenaturallaw35.Accordingtothewriter,thesculptorcanactually_______.A、getthesolidshapeinhisheadB、putthesolidshapeinhishandC、perceivedescriptionasshapeD、fellshapesimplyasshape第二部分非选择题(共50分)IV.Wordspelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为作示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。36.否定,否认vt.d___37.使暴露,揭发vt.e_____38.追赶,追求vt.p_____39.宗教,宗教信仰n.r_______40.汗n.s____41.禁止,取缔vt.b__42.分别地ad.r___________43.心情,情绪n.m___44.多样性n.d________45.和谐,融洽n.h______46.含糊的a.v____47.富裕的,丰富的a.w______48.献身,忠诚n.d_______49.松驰,放松v.r____50.相等地ad.e______51.特权n.p________52.城市的a.u____53.港n.p___54.文化,教养n.c______55.硬币,钱币n.c___V.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空格。56.Ifthatsoundslikefarfetchedfantasy,considertheseinterestingfindingsthat____________自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....emergefromeightyearsofsleepanddreamresearchattheVAHospital.57.Youmayfindyourself__________________________faceoneinterviewerorpanel.58.Ifthalidomide____________________________inventtoday,itwouldneverbereleasedforhumanusebecausenewtestsonpregnantanimalswouldrevealthedangers.59.________________________understandtheeffectsofapartheiditisnecessarytothinkofthedailylivesofthepeople.60.Thedomesticscanhavetheirpassportsremoved,__________________makeleavingorescapingvirtuallyimpossible.61.MissHannahArentwasthefirstperson________________definethedifferencebetweenworkandlabor.62.IsthisbecausepupilsfromBritainsprivateschoolsaremoreintelligentthanthosefromstateschools,oraretheysimply________________________wellprepared63.Agreatnumberofthebodysevents__________________________scheduletooccuratacertaintimeofday.64.Theyaretooeasilyregardedasuatedcertaintiesratherthanas_____________rawofrawmaterialscryingtobeprocessedintothetextureoflogic.65.Itisthesemessagesthat_________________formthebasisofthechildsselfesteem.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem将下列各句译成英语。66.演唱者是由他的学生担任钢琴伴奏的。67.所有的理论都来源于实践,并反过来为实践服务。68.最新的研究成果表明,白日做梦是日常生活的一部分。69.这家航空公司经营五条主干线和二十条支线。70.候选人都尽力突出表现一种强有力的领导的形象。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语。71.Likemanyloversofbooks,Maryandherhusband,Richard,seldomwalkedpastabookstorewithoutstoppingtolookinside.Theyoftentalkedofopeningtheirownstoreoneday.In1992,theyopenedtheMysteryLoversBookshopneartheirhome.Withthreechildrenincollege,thecouplecouldnotspendallthefamilysmoneytostartashop.Tocoverthe100,000cost,theydrewsomeoftheirsavingsborrowedfromrelativesandfromabank.Thestorenearlybrokeeveninitsfirstyear,withonly120,000insales.ButtodayMysteryLoversmakessalesofabout420,000ayear.Afterpayingtaxes,businesscostsandthesixparttimesalesclerks,RichardandMarytogetherearnabout34,000.thejobyoulovemaynotgohandinhandwithamilliondollarincome,saysRichard.Thishasalwaysbeenaboutanenjoyablelifeforourselves,notaboutmakingalotofmoney.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台.....以上资料由百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部杨尚杰为你精心编辑

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