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2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc

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2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷第一部分选择题(共50分)IVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1SIXOUTOFEVERYTENPRISONERSINCHAINSAREBLACK,WHICHIS________THECHAINGANGSCALLUPIMAGESOFSLAVERYINCENTURIESGONEBYA、WHEREB、WHENC、WHATD、WHY2EINSTEINCLAIMEDTHATMATTERANDENERGYAREINTERCHANGEABLE,________THEREISNO“ABSOLUTE”TIMEANDSPACEA、SOTHATB、EVENIFC、INCASED、INORDER3THENEXTGENERATIONOFROBOTSWILLHAVEASENSEOF_______A、FEELB、TOUCHC、CONTACTD、GRASP4SCIENTISTSBELIEVETHATYOUUSUALLY________TOONEIDEAATATIMEA、ATTENDB、TENDC、PRETENDD、EXTEND5FROMASYSTEMSPOINTOF________,PROBLEMSHAVEMULTIPLECAUSESA、SIGHTB、IDEAC、PERSPECTIVED、VIEW6INASENSE,MENOFTHISKINDBEGINNOTSOMUCHWITHAMUSICALTHEME______WITHACOMPLETEDCOMPOSITIONA、BUTB、THANC、ASD、THAT7TOTHESENOWFAMILIARFACTSANUMBEROFFURTHERFACTSMAYBE______,SOMEOFTHEMONLYRECENTLYRECOGNIZEDA、SHOWNB、PROPOSEDC、DERIVEDD、ADDED8HEARGUESTHATEUTHANASIADOESN’TTAKEINTO______THATTHEREAREWAYSOFCARINGFORTHEDYINGA、OPINIONB、THOUGHTC、MINDD、ACCOUNT9TWOTHIRDSOFTHENATION’SVOTERSSTILLIDENTIFYTHEMSELVES______DEMOCRATSOFREPUBLICANSA、FORB、ASC、BYD、OVER10YOUMUSTPUSHAWAYTHEMANYTEMPTATIONSTHATAREALWAYSPRESENT______YOURSCHEDULEISUSELESSA、ANDB、BUTC、ORD、FORIICLOSETEST10POINTS,1POINTSFOREACHITEM下列短文中有十个空格,每个空格有四个选项。根据上下文要求先出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。ATTHEMOMENTSOME170,000YOUNGPEOPLETHROUGHOUTBRITAINARESUFFERINGWHATISPOTENTIALLYTHEMOSTTENSEANDANXIOUSTIMEOFTHEIRLIVESTHATISTHENUMBEROFSTUDENTSCURRENTLY___11__TOSITFORTHEIRALEVELSEXAMINATIONSWHICH__12__WHETHERASTUDENTPROCEEDSSMOOTHLYONTOTHENEXTRUNG梯级OFTHEACADEMICLADDEROR__13__SIXYEARSOFWORKATSECONDARYSCHOOLWILLBESPENTINTHEBITTERDISAPPOINTMENTOFFAILURE__14__THEMEDICAL“STRESSCHARTS”EXAMINATIONSRANK__15__BEHINDADEATHINTHEFAMILY,ADIVORCEOREVENTHELOSSOFAJOB;__16__THESYMPTOMSOFANXIETYAREALLTHEMOSTWEAKENINGBECAUSE__17__BEFORETHEEVENTRATHERTHANAFTERIT,ANDMAYINTHEMSELVESBEENOUGHTOBRING__18__THESTUDENT’SWORSTFEARSFAILING自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台THEMOSTCRUCIALPOINT__19__PREEXAMINATIONSTRESSISTHATITISSOMETHINGTHESTUDENTCATCHESFROMOTHERPEOPLEHEORSHEISNOT,AFTERALL,THEONLYPERSONWITHANINTEREST__20__THEEXAMINATIONRESULT11A、AREPREPARINGB、PREPAREC、PREPARINGD、TOPREPARE12A、WILLDECIDEB、HASDECIDEDC、DECIDED、TODECIDE13A、WHETHERB、HOWC、WHATD、WHY14A、ATB、INC、ABOVED、WITHIN15A、EVERYWHEREB、NOWHEREC、ANYWHERED、SOMEWHERE16A、THUSB、FORC、BUTD、OR17A、ITISB、THEYAREC、WHICHISD、WHICHARE18A、BACKB、ALONGC、ABOUTD、THROUGH19A、ABOUTB、BEHINDC、FROMD、ON20A、OFB、INC、OND、WITHIIIREADINGCOMPREHENSION30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGETOMEETSTRICTAIRPOLLUTIONSTANDARDSSCHEDULEDTOTAKEEFFECTOVERTHENEXTFEWYEARS,OILCOMPANIESARERACINGTOMAKETHEIRFOSSILFUELSASPOLLUTIONFREEASTHEALTERNATIVES,CHIEFLYMETHANOL甲醇ANDNATURALGASLASTWEEKATLANTICRICHFIELD,THEEIGHTHLARGESTUSOILCOMPANY,SAIDITHADDEVELOPEDJUSTSUCHAFUELACLEANERBURNINGGASTHATTHECOMPANYCLAIMSWILLCUTTOXICEMISSIONS气体的排放NEARLY50IFMAKINGABETTERGASISSOEASY,WHYHASN’TANYONEDONEIFBEFORETHESIMPLEANSWERCLEANERFUELSAREMOREEXPENSIVEARCO’SNEWGASWILLCOSTMOREATTHEPUMPTHANSTANDARDGASIFARCOSIMPLYPASSEDTHOSECHARGESONTOITSCUSTOMERS,THEYWOULDSOONFINDNEWPLACESTOREFUELBUTTHELOSANGELESBASEDCOMPANYKNOWSTHATCALIFORNIAISABOUTTOSETNEWFUELSTANDARDSTHATWILLREQUIREALLOILCOMPANIESINTHESTATETOREFORMULATETHEIRGASORSWITCHTOALTERNATIVEFUELSARCOHASNOPLANSTOSELLECXUNTILITISORDEREDTOMEETTHENEWSTANDARDS,WHICHWILLTAKEEFFECTSOONPRODUCINGCLEANERGASISAMATTEROFIMPROVINGTHEREFININGPROCESSGASISAMIXTUREOFASMANYAS100CARBONBASEDCOMPOUNDSOBTAINEDFROMCRUDEOILBYSELECTIVELYDISTILLING,IEGETTINGRIDOFVARIOUSHYDROCARBONS碳氢化合物ARCO’SGOALWASTOREDUCETHECONCENTRATIONOFPOLLUTANTELEMENTSTOMAKEECX,THECOMPANY’SCHEMISTSHAVETOADDCOMPOUNDSTHATCOSTMORETOREFINETHECLEANERGASHASADVANTAGESOVERFUELSLIKEMETHANOLM85,AMIXTUREOF15GASAND85ALCOHOL,WHICHCOSTS25CENTSTO40CENTSMORETHANSTANDARDGASUNLIKEMETHANOL,ECXCANBEUSEDINANYCARWITHOUTMECHANICALADJUSTMENTSORLOSSOFPOWERASARESULT,THEDEVELOPMENTCOULDSTOPTHEMASSIVESWITCHOVERTOALTERNATIVEFUELSSWITCHINGTOSUCHFUELSASMETHANOLANDNATURALGASWOULDREQUIREMECHANICALADJUSTMENTSOFTHEMILLIONSOFCARSBUILTEACHYEARANDINSTALLINGNEWPUMPSANDTANKSAT200,000USSERVICESTATIONSITWOULDALSOENDTHEAUTOFUELMONOPOLYTHEOILINDUSTRYHASENJOYEDFORNEARLYACENTURY自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台21OILCOMPANIESARECOMPETINGWITHEACHOTHERTODEVELOP______A、CLEANERFOSSILFUELSB、ALTERNATIVESFORGASC、POLLUTIONFREENATURALGASD、ALTERNATIVESFORMETHANOL22THEUNDERLINEDWORD“TOXIC”PARAGRAPH1CANBESTBEREPLACEDBY______A、WASTEFULB、POISONOUSC、RADIOACTIVED、IMPURE23IFARCOSOLDECXNOW,ITSCONSUMERSWOULD______A、ASKITTOREFORMULATETHENEWFUELB、ACCEPTTHEPRODUCTWITHOUTCOMPLAINTC、REFUSETOPAYTHEEXTRACHARGESD、TURNTOOTHEROILCOMPANIES24ECXISMOREEXPENSIVETHANSTANDARDFUELSBECAUSEIT______A、CONTAINSMOREHYDROCARBONSB、NEEDSMORECRUDEOILTOPRODUCEC、COSTSMOREINTHEREFININGPROCESSD、SAVESMOREENERGYINAPPLICATION25THEWRITERSEEMSTOBELIEVETHATECXWILLHELPTO_______A、DEVELOPTHEOILINDUSTRYB、IMPROVETHEAUTOTECHNOLOGYC、ESTABLISHADIVERSIFIEDAUTOFUELMARKETD、INCREASETHEOUTPUTOFALTERNATIVEFUELSPASSAGETWOQUESTION26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEANYONEWHOHASAFATFRIENDORWHOIS,PERHAPS,HIMSELFFAT,KNOWSONLYTOOWELLNOWLITTLEPROVISIONOURSOCIETYMAKESFORSUCHPEOPLEEVENTHEDAILYROUNDPROVIDESNUMEROUSPROBLEMSTHEREAREFEWPIECESOFCLOTHINGTHATCANBEBOUGHT,SEATSINCINEMASORTHEATRESARESOUNCOMFORTABLETHATFEWFATPEOPLEATTENDTHEMFORTUNATELYGOODPERFORMANCESARERAREHOMEFURNITUREISALSOHOPELESSLYINADEQUATETHENTHEREARETHEPROBLEMSOFHAVINGABATH;THESTANDARDSIZEOFBATHJUSTDOESNOTALLOWAFATPERSONTOTAKEUPAHORIZONTAL水平的POSITIONBUTDEMANDSHIMTOSTANDINITINTODAY’SWORLD,HOWEVER,THESEAREMINORWORRIESINACULTUREWHERESLIMNESSISINFASHIONANDALLTHINGSDESIRABLECOMETOTHEPERSONWITHANATTRACTIVELYTHINANDDELICATEFIGUREESPECIALLYINWOMEN,THISATTRIBUTEISAMUSTIFTHEYARETOCOMPETEINTHEMARRIAGEMARKETINFACTSLIMNESSISNOTNECESSARILYEITHERANIDEALCONDITIONFROMAPHYSIOLOGICALPOINTOFVIEWORANATURALCHARACTERISTICBUTTHISISOFLITTLECOMFORTTOTHEFATMANORWOMENLIVINGINOURPRESENTSOCIETYTHISFASHIONHASBEENJUSTANOTHERASPECTOFTHEDESIREFORCONFORMITY一致;WEHAVECHARTSSHOWINGCORRECTWEIGHTSFOREACHHEIGHT,ANDTHEREAREWHOLECOUNTERSINMANYSHOPSGIVENOVERTOTHEDISPLAYOFNONFATTENINGFOODSTHEFATPERSONISDOUBLYUNFORTUNATEINTHATBECANNOTHIDEHISNONCONFORMITY,UNLIKESOMANYOFUSWHOHAVEPERHAPSMORESUBTLEFORMSOFECCENTRICITY怪癖INTHOSECASESWHEREFATNESSISTHERESULTOFOVEREATING,ITIS,OFCOURSE,AREACTIONTOSOMEFORMOFINNERCONFLICTANDAMUCHLESSHARMFULONETHAN,SAY,DRUGABUSEWHERETHEOVERWEIGHTISDUETOSOMEDISORDEROFTHEBODY,THEFATPERSONISANALLROUNDLOSER,FORNOTONLYHASHEAPHYSICALILLNESSTOCOPEWITHBUTISMOCKEDFORHAVINGITBYMANYPEOPLEWHOSHOULDKNOWBETTERPERHAPSFASHIONWILLEVENTUALLYCHANGETOALLOWAFATFRAMETOBECOMEACCEPTABLE,BUTATPRESENTITSEEMSTHATTHEPENCILSLIMFASHIONMODELSAREINSAFEJOBS26ACCORDINGTOTHEWRITER,OURSOCIETYFAILSTO______A、PREVENTPEOPLEFROMGETTINGFATB、HELPFATPEOPLETOLOSEWEIGHTC、RECOGNIZETHENEEDSOFFATPEOPLED、INFORMPEOPLEOFWEIGHTSTANDARDS自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台27INTODAY’SWORLD,THEBIGGESTPROBLEMFORFATWOMENISTHEIRDIFFICULTYIN______A、FINDINGANIDEALHUSBANDB、BUYINGSUITABLECLOTHESC、BUILDINGANDATTRACTIVEFIGURED、COMPETINGINTHEJOBMARKET28ITISOFLITTLECOMFORTTOFATPEOPLETHAT______A、SLIMNESSISNOTALWAYSANIDEALCONDITIONB、SLIMNESSISONLYAFASHIONATPRESENTC、FATNESSISNOTALWAYSAPHYSIOLOGICALPROBLEMD、FATNESSISONLYANATURALCHARACTERISTIC29AFATPERSONISUNFORTUNATEBECAUSE______A、HEHASNOWHERETOHIDEHIMSELFB、HEHASNOONETOTURNTOFORHELPC、HEISUNABLETOCOPEWITHHISILLNESSD、HEISUNABLETOCONCEALHISFATNESS30THEWRITER’STONECANBESTBEDESCRIBEDASONEOF______A、IMPATIENCEB、DISSATISFACTIONC、THREATD、RELIEFPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEAPPRECIATIONOFSCULPTURE雕塑DEPENDSUPONTHEABILITYTORESPONDTOFORMINTHREEDIMENSIONSTHATISPERHAPSWHYSCULPTUREHASBEENDESCRIBEDASTHEMOSTDIFFICULTOFALLARTS;CERTAINLYITISMOREDIFFICULTTHANTHEARTSWHICHINVOLVEAPPRECIATIONOFFLATFORMS,SHAPEINONLYFIRSTDISTINGUISHESONLYTWODIMENSIONALSHAPE;ITCANNOTJUDGEDISTANCES,DEPTHSLATER,FORITSPERSONALSAFELYANDPRACTICALNEEDS,ITHASTODEVELOPPARTLYBYMEANSOFTOUCHTHEABILITYTOJUDGEROUGHLYTHREEDIMENSIONALDISTANCESBUTHAVINGSATISFIEDTHEREQUIREMENTSOFPRACTICALNECESSITY,MOSTPEOPLEGONOFURTHERTHOUGHTHEYMAYATTAINCONSIDERABLEACCURACYINPERCEIVINGFLATFORM,THEYDONOTMAKETHEFURTHERINTELLECTUALANDEMOTIONALEFFORTNEEDEDTOPERCEIVEFORMINITSFULLSPATIAL空间的EXISTENCETHISISWHATTHESCULPTOR雕塑家MUSTDOHEMUSTTHINKOF,ANDUSE,FORMINITSFULLSPATIALCOMPLETENESSHEGETSTHESOLIDSHAPE,ASITWERE,INSIDEHISHEAD–HETHINKSOFIT,WHATEVERITSSIZE,ASIFHEWEREHOLDINGITCOMPLETELYINHISHANDHEMENTALLYVISUALIZESACOMPLEXFORMFROMALLROUNDITSELF;HEKNOWSWHILEHELOOKSATONESIDEWHATTHEOTHERSIDEISLIKE;HEIDENTIFIESHIMSELFWITHITSCENTEROFGRAVITY,ITSMASS,ITSWEIGHTANDTHESENSITIVEOBSERVEROFSCULPTUREMUSTALSOLEARNTOFEELSHAPESIMPLYASSHAPE,NOTASDESCRIPTIONHEMUST,FOREXAMPLE,PERCEIVEANEGGASASIMPLESINGLESOLIDSHAPE,QUITEAPARTFROMITSSIGNIFICANCEASFOOD,ORFROMTHELITERARYIDEATHATITWILLBECOMEABIRD,ACAT,AHEART,ATREE,AGATE,ABOOK,ABONEFROMTHESEHECANGOONTOAPPRECIATEMORECOMPLEXFORMSORCOMBINATIONSOFSEVERALFORMS31SCULPTUREISREGARDEDASTHEMOSTDIFFICULTOFALLARTSBECAUSEITCANBEAPPRECIATEDONLYBYPEOPLEWHO______A、CANJUDGEROUGHLYTHREEDIMENSIONALDISTANCESB、CANPERCEIVEFORMINITSFULLSPATIALEXISTENCEC、HAVEATTAINEDACCURACYINPERCEIVINGFLATFORMD、HAVEMETTHEREQUIREMENTSOFPRACTICALNECESSITY32A“FORMBLIND”MANISUNABLETO______自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台A、JUDGETWODIMENSIONALDISTANCESB、SEEOBJECTSCLEARLYATADISTANCEC、DISTINGUISHTWODIMENSIONALFORMD、RESPONDTOFORMINTHREEDIMENSIONS33THEWRITERIMPLIESTHATTHESENSITIVEOBSERVER______A、MAYHAVETROUBLEAPPRECIATINGSCULPTUREB、MAYGETSOLIDSHAPESINSIDEHISHEADC、PREFERSCOMPLEXSCULPTURED、FEELSSHAPESIMPLYASSHAPE34THEUNDERLINEDPHRASE“THELITERARYIDEA”PARAGRAPH3CANBESTBEREPLACEDBY______A、THEIMAGINATIONB、THEIMPLICATIONC、THESIMPLEFACTD、THENATURALLAW35ACCORDINGTOTHEWRITER,THESCULPTORCANACTUALLY_______A、GETTHESOLIDSHAPEINHISHEADB、PUTTHE

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