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2006年4月自考英语(一)试题.doc.doc

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2006年4月自考英语(一)试题.doc.doc

www.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题1做试题,没答案上自考365,网校名师为你详细解答2006年4月自考英语(一)试题第一部分选择题共50分I.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.______thesun,themoonlooksthebiggestobjectinthesky.A.ExceptforB.BesidesC.ExceptD.Otherthan2.Whentheyjointheworkforce,theiremployersandassociatesalikewillsoonrealizethatthebehavioroftheserudeyoungpeopleiscloserto______ofanimalsthancivilizedindividuals.A.thoseB.whichC.whatD.that3.Althoughthereisnodoubtthat_____peoplebenefitfromheartsurgery,criticsofourhealthcaresystemspointoutthattheemphasisonthesurgicaltreatmentofthediseasehasthreecleardisadvantages.A.agreatdealofB.agreatamountofC.agreatnumberofD.thenumberof4.IfI______alittleearlier,Iwouldhavecaughtthetrain.A.leftB.wouldleaveC.leaveD.hadleft5._______theircommonaimmayseemgood,peopleprobablydonotrealizethatdietingcandoharmtotheirhealth.A.AsB.ThoughC.IfD.Since6.Weshouldbe______oftheviewsofothers,evenifwedisagreewiththem.A.kindB.considerateC.tolerantD.capablewww.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题27.Rudepeoplearethosewhosebehaviorshowslittlerespectfortherulesthatthemajority_____.A.haveB.ownC.followD.like8.Thereisgreatpleasureinwatchingwildlifeinnaturalornearnaturalenvironments,andtourismcan_____theincomeofcountries.A.addtoB.taketoC.keeptoD.seeto9.HehelpedmeandIhopeIcandosomethingforhim______.A.inturnB.forreturnC.byturnD.inreturn10.Wecancometothe_____thatthemorewepractice,themoreskillfulwewillbe.A.traditionB.generationC.conclusionD.factII.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeach下列短文中有十个空格,每个空格有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。Family–thewordhaddifferentmeaningsfordifferentpeople,andeventhedictionarygivesusseveraldefinitionsagroupofpeoplerelated__11__bloodormarriage,twoadultsandtheirchildren,allthosepeople__12__fromacommonancestor,ahousehold,andsoon.Somepeoplethinkofafamily__13__amother,afather,andtheirchildrenothersincludegrandparents,aunts,uncles,andcousins.For__14__ofus,familymeansthegroupofrelatives__15__farawayfromhome.Forothers,havinga__16__simplymeanshavingchildren.Somefamilieshavelonghistories,__17__othersknowverylittleabouttheirancestors.No__18__ifitisyoungorold,largeorsmall,traditionalormodern,everyfamilyhasasenseofwhatafamilyis.Itisthatfeelingof__19__,ofloveandsecurity__20__comesfromlivingtogether,helpingandsharing.11.A.toB.forC.afterD.by12.A.derivedB.separatedC.distinguishedD.descendedwww.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题313.A.byB.asC.fromD.for14.A.someB.otherC.mostD.one15.A.liveB.livingC.livedD.tolive16.A.parentB.relativeC.familyD.house17.A.whileB.whyC.whereD.which18.A.problemB.thingC.matterD.question19.A.belongB.belongingC.belongedD.havingbelonged20.A.whatB.thisC.thatD.suchIIIReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Mygenerationthegenerationthatcameofageinthe1950sand1960smaybethelastonetoknowthefeelingofbeingsurroundedbymillionsofwordsthatweretheproductsofyearsofworkbyauthorsfamousandobscure.Fornowweareseeingasubtlebutunmistakableturningawayfromsuchthings.ThehousesofAmerica,Ifear,maysoonincludenoroomforlibraries.Thehardcoverbookthatsymbolofthepermanenceofthought,thehandingdownofwisdomfromoneagetothenextmaybeanewadditiontoourlistofendangeredspecies.IhaveafriendwhorunsabookstoreinaMidwesterncollegetown.Hehasfoundthathecannotsellhardcoverbookspaperbackbooksarehisstockintrade,andeventhoseareadisappointmenttohim.Youknowhowweusedtoseepeoplecarryingaroundbookbagshetellsme.Well,nowIlookoutofthewindowofmyshop,andallIseearestudentscarryingboxesfromtherecordstores.Thestudentsarentreadinganymore.Theyrelisteningtoalbums唱片集。Andindeedhemayberight.Storiesofproblemsyoungpeoplehavewithreadingarenotnew,butthetrendseemstobeworsening.RecentlythepresidentofauniversityinNewYorksaidthat10percentofthefreshmen大学一年级学生atthisuniversitycouldreadnowww.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题4betterthantheaverageeighthgrader.Thereisanevenmoreworryingaspecttoitofthosecollegefreshmenwhosereadingskillswereequivalenttothesixthtoeighthgradelevel,thepresidentreportedthatmanyhadrankedinthetophalfoftheirhighschoolclasses.21.TheunderlinedwordobscureParagraph1mostprobablymeans____.A.notwellpaidB.notwellmadeC.notwelltrainedD.notwellknown22.Thehardcoverbookmaybecomeanendangeredspeciesbecause_______.A.hardcoverbooksarescarcertodayB.peoplearetiredofhardcoverbooksC.thehabitofreadingbooksisdyingoutD.thepermanenceofthoughtischallenged23.Thewritermentionshisfriendsbookstoretoshowthat_______.A.thereisagraduallackofinterestinseriousreadingB.thereisasubtleincreaseinthepopularityofmusicC.hardcoverbooksgreatlyaffecthisfriendsbusinessD.paperbackbooksareadisappointmenttohisfriend24.Asaresultoftheworseningtrendofturningawayfromreading____.A.manycollegestudentsenjoylisteningtoalbumsB.studentsfailtoreadaswellastheyarerequiredtoC.manyhighschoolstudentsfailtoenteruniversitiesD.highschoolstudentshavebecomethebestreaders25.Thepassageismainlyabout_______.A.thechangesinpeoplesattitudetowardsreadingB.thetroublesencounteredbytheownerofabookstoreC.thetrendofreadinginthe1950sand1960sD.theproblemsthatcollegestudentshavewithreadingPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Thefirstastronaut航天员towalkinspace,Leonov,andhiscompanion,Belaiev,beganmakingpreparationsforthewalkassoonastheirspaceshipwaslaunched.Thewww.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题5spaceshipwasequippedwithadoubledoor,whichwasfittedwithabellowsbetweentheshipandtheoutside.Thismadeitpossiblefortheastronaut,inhisspacesuitwithoxygensupply,togofirstfromtheairfilledshiptothebellows.Thentheairwasletoutofthebellows,andwhilethemansteppedoutside,theairinsidetheshipremainedatnormalpressure.Ifthedoorhadopeneddirectlyintospace,theairintheshipwouldhaverushedoutandbeenlostwhenthedooropened.LeonovandBalaievpracticedtestingthedoorsseveraltimesaftertheyhadbegunmovingaroundtheearth.WhenthetimecameforLeonovtogoout,hiscompanionhelpedhimattachthecablethatwastokeephimfromfloatingawayfromtheship.ThenLeonoventeredthebellows,andthedoorclosedbehindhim.Whentherewasnoairleftinthebellows,theouterdooropenedandLeonovcouldseetheblacknessofspaceandtheblindinglightofthesun.Iftheskyappearsbluetousonearth,itisbecausetheearthsatmosphereabsorbsacertainnumberofblueraysofsunlight.Outwherethereisnoair,thisphenomenondoesnottakeplace.Ontheearth,ouratmospherespreadslightsothat,whenthesunisup,lightseemstobeeverywhere.However,intheairlessouterspace,stronglights,suchasthesun,existsidebysidewithadarksimilartotheblackestnight.Theabsenceofairalsoexplainswhythestarsdonotseemtotwinkle闪烁inspace,astheydofromtheearth.26.Thespaceshipwasfurnishedwithabellowsinorderto________.A.keepairintheshipwhenitsdoorwasopenedB.preventthespaceshipfromfloatinginspaceC.makeitpossiblefortheastronautstowalkinspaceD.providetheastronautswithairundernormalpressure27.Immediatelybeforegoingoutofthespaceship,theastronautshaveto______.A.checkthespaceshipdoorsB.walkthroughthebellowsC.attacheachotherwithacableD.dosomewarmupexercises28.Whenhesteppedoutofthespaceship,Leonovsaw______.www.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题6A.blackspacewithoutlightB.thesunfirstandthendarknessC.darknessturningintoblindinglightD.darknessandlightatthesametime29.Duringthedaypeoplecanseelighteverywhere,becausewhenthesunisup______.A.itgivesofflightB.itabsorbslightC.theearthsatmospheregivesofflightD.theearthsatmosphereabsorbssunlight30.Inouterspace,theabsenceofairisresponsiblefor______.A.thebrightnessofspaceB.thebrightnessofstarsC.thecoexistenceofstarsandstrongerlightsD.thecoexistenceofbrightnessanddarknessPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Awayatmedicalschool,23yearoldSwatienjoyedherselfinhernewfoundfreedom.Shedrankandexperimentedwithdrugs.Whenhergradesgotworse,herfatherimmediatelyhiredaprivateeyetoinvestigateher.Beforelong,herparentshadadetailedreport.Iwasworried,saysSwatismother.Wereamodernfamilybutstilltraditional.Weworriedaboutherreputation名声–ourreputation.MoreandmoreIndianparentshavebegunturningtoprivatedetectives侦探tofollowtheirchildren.Indeed,IndiasfirstMTVgenerationistakingfulladvantageoftheexplosionofpartiesandbarsthathaveemergedoverthepastdecadeasthecountryhasopenedup.Weseeupperandmiddleclassparentsincreasinglybeingdeceivedandcheatedbytheirchildren,saysBrindaAdige,aresearcherattheChildDevelopmentCenter.ThatsgoodnewsforIndiasprivatedetectiveindustry.Sofar,thereareabout100firmsthroughoutthenation,mostlyinthebigcities.Eachfirmnowhandlesasmanyasawww.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题7dozencaseseverymonth.Detectivereportsdontcomecheap1,000aweekisstandard.ItsalotinIndia,saysadetective.ButwhenIpointoutwhattheyspendontheirchildseducationandmarriage,theyacceptitssmallpricetopaytoprotecttheirinvestment.Thechoiceisariskyone.Mostprivatedetectiveswarnparentsagainstrevealingthattheyhavemonitoredtheirchildren.Somekidsfindoutanyway–eitherfromparentsunabletocontaintheirrageorthroughthedetectivesfoolishness.Itsaverydangerousstrategy,saysAdige.Itsapermanentdamagetotrustbytheparents.Theresnowaybackoncethechildknowstheirparentshavepaidsomeonetofollowthem.Butitcanalsobesurprisinglyeffective.Swatibeganbehavingbetteraftershewaschallengedbyheranxiousparents.31.Swatisparentshiredaprivatedetectivebecause.A.shedrankalotB.sheuseddrugsC.herhealthwaspoorD.herstudiessuffered32.Welearnfromthepassagethatthechildrenbeingfollowedbydetectivesaremainlyfrom.A.richfamiliesB.smallfamiliesC.wellknownfamiliesD.singleparentfamilies33.TheunderlinedphrasetheirinvestmentPara.3referstothemoney.A.theyhopetogetbackfromtheirchildsschoolB.theyaregoingtoleavetotheirchildafterdeathC.theypayfortheirchildseducationandmarriageD.theypayaprivatedetectivetofollowtheirchild34.Hiringaprivatedetectiveisariskystrategyinthatitcandoharmto.A.thefamilyinvestmentB.thefamilyrelationshipC.thechildsreputationD.thechildshappiness35.Thepassageismainlyabout.A.asuccessfulapproachtodealingwithdishonestchildrenB.anewwayofIndianparentstodisciplinetheirchildrenC.whyIndianchildrenbehaveagainsttheirparentswishesD.whyhiringaprivatedetectiveisbothriskyandeffective.第二部分非选择题材共50分www.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题8IV.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。36.n.进步p_______37.v.坚持i_____38.adj.睡着的a_____39.n.镜子m_____40.adj.直接的d_____41.v.提供p______42.n.洪水f____43.v.探险e______44.n.压力p_______45.adj.冷漠的i__________46.n.话题t____47.v.争吵d______48.adj.相像的a____49.n.气候c______50.adj.无止境的e______51.n.欧洲人E_______52.n.享受e________53.v.适应a____54.num.十四f_______55.adj.安全的s___V.WordForm10points,1pointforeach将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空格56.Americansoftenprotestthatthegovernment________usetheirtaxdollarsinthewrongway.57.Curiouslyenough,sleepwalkershaveanunusualwayof_______avoidtheirowntrapswhentheysleepwalk.www.4juan.com各类考试历年试题免费免注册下载超过2万套word文档试题和答案2006年4月自考英语(一)试题958.Experimentshaveto________makeundercarefullycontrolledconditions.59.Youcanbuildyourvocabularywithout________useadictionaryeachtimel.60.Ontheaverage,malesscore________highthanfemalesonteststhatmeasuremathematicalreasoning,mechanicalability,andproblemsolvingskills.61.Suchprogrammescouldteachthelocalpeoplehowtoselecttreesworthexportingandtocutonlythosetreesdownwhile______leavetherest.62.Successfullanguagelearnersfinditeasy________practiceusingthelanguageregularlybecausetheywanttolearnwithit.63.How______surprisethepeoplewhothoughttomatoespoisonouswouldbeiftheycouldknowthatmillionsofpoundsoftomatoesweresuppliedtosoldiersoverseasduringWorldWarII.64.Ifheacceptsthejob,he________getmoremoneyrightaway.65.Itisreportedthatthereareatleastthreesignsthatindicateaperson_______sufferfromapanicattackratherthanaheartattack.VI.CETranslation15points,3pointsforeach将下列各句译成英语。66.大西洋有那么多水,很难想象出有多少。67.科学家们知道极度高温和高压的共同作用把碳carbon变成钻石。68.买东西的人心底里总是暗自希望找到价值高而又便宜的东西。69.自然环境正在急剧变化的例子不胜枚举。70.你必须认识到肢体语言与文化密切相连。VII.ECTranslation15points将下列短文译成汉语。71.Organizationalsomakesadifferenceinourabilitytoremember.HowusefulwouldalibrarybeifthebookswerekeptinrandomorderMaterialthatisorganizedisbetterrememberedthanjumbledinformation.Oneexampleoforganizationischunking.Chunkingconsistsofgroupingseparatebitsofinformation.Forexample,thenumber4671363ismoreeasilyrememberedifitischunkedas467,13,63.Categorizingisanothermeansoforganization.Supposeyouareaskedtorememberthefollowinglistofwordsman,bench,

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