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2006年10月全国自考自学考试“英语(二)”历年试卷试题(北京卷).doc.doc

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2006年10月全国自考自学考试“英语(二)”历年试卷试题(北京卷).doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)第一部分选择题I.VocabularyandStructure1.Thefixedstarwasaplanet.A.madeofB.madefromC.madeupforD.mistakenfor2.Somestudentsfromaskingquestionsinclass.A.shyawayB.blowawayC.doawayD.carryaway3.Mrs.Weinsteinbravelyandpersistentlyusedeveryskillandpowershehadtoherattackertosimplytakehercarandnotherlife.A.trustB.creditC.convinceD.believe4.Letspersonalfeelingsinmakingjudgment.A.setoffB.setasideC.setbackD.setup5.Agoodworkerinakeyspotcould,hekeptupproduction,takeallthecoffeebreakshewanted,andthebosseswouldverylikelylooktheotherway.A.aslongasB.asthoughC.assoonasD.asif6.thebossescannotdowithoutprofit,workershaveanedge.A.ThoughB.ForC.SinceD.So7.Decisionmakersmusthavesomewayofdeterminingofseveralalternativesisbest.A.thatB.itC.oneD.which8.InAugust1977,asatellitetogatherdataaboutthe10millionblackholeswhicharethoughttobeintheMilkyWay.A.launchedB.waslaunchedC.hasbeenlaunchedD.islaunched9.Instudiorecordings,newtechniquesmadepossibleeffectsthatnotevenanelectronicbandcouldproduce.A.liveB.aliveC.livelyD.living10.Itisessentialthateverythinginadvance.A.shoulddecideB.bedecidedC.decidedD.willbedecided.II.ClozeTestThemoneyandthetimewespendonpetsissimplynotourowntospendaswelikeinatimeofwidespreadwantandstarvation.A11organizationadvertisesthatfor33amonththeycangivehospitalcaretoachildsufferingfromkwashiorkortheseveredeficiencydisease12issimplyastarvingforprotein.Doing13suchapet,andthensendingthemoneysavedtoarelieforganizationwouldmean14alifeovertheyears,severalhumanlives.Childrennot15fromsuchagravediseasecouldbefedwithhalfthatamountnotonadietlikeours,butonplain,basic,lifesustainingfood.Itisnotunreasonabletobelieve16theamountofmoneywespendontheaveragepetdogcouldkeepachild17inaregionofgreatpoverty.18whatwewouldspendonacatmightnotfeedachild,butit19probablypayforhismedicalcareorbasiceducation.Thepointneedsno20.Thatisallthatneedbesaid.11.A.reliedB.fundC.domesticD.medical12.A.whyB.whenC.whereD.which13.A.withB.forC.againstD.without14.A.tosaveB.savingC.saveD.saved15.A.recoveringB.havingC.sufferingD.infecting16.A.whichB.whatC.thatD.where自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)17.A.aliveB.lifeC.liveD.survive18.A.GivingB.TogiveC.GivenD.Give19.A.wouldB.shouldC.mustD.need20.A.doingB.operatingC.laboringD.functioningIII.ReadingComprehensionPassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Wecanmakemistakesatanyage.Somemistakeswemakeareaboutmoney.Butmostmistakesareaboutpeople.DidJerryreallycarewhenIbrokeupwithHelenWhenIgotthatgreatjob,didJimreallyfeelgoodaboutit,asafriendOrdidheenvymyluckWhydidntIrealizethatPaulwasfriendlyjustbecauseIhadacarWhenwelookback,doubtslikethesecanmakeupfeelbad.Butwhenwelookback,itstoolate.WhydowegowrongaboutourfriendsorourenemiesSometimeswhatpeoplesayhidestheirrealmeaning.Ifwedontreallylisten,wemissthefeelingbehindthewords.Supposesomeonetellsyou,Yourealuckydog.IshereallyonyoursideIfhesays,YourealuckyboyorYourealuckygirl,thatsbeingfriendly.Buttheresabitofenvyinluckydog.Maybehedoesntseeithimself.Butbringinginthedogbitputsyoudownalittle.Whathemaybesayingisthathedoesntthinkyoudeserveyourluck.Justthinkofallthethingsyouhavetobethankfulforisanothernoisethatsaysonethingandmeansanother.Itcouldmeanthatthespeakeristryingtogetyoutoseeyourproblemaspartofyourlifeasawhole.ButisheWrappedupinthisphraseisthethoughtthatyourproblemisntimportant.ItstellingyoutothinkofallthestarvingpeopleintheworldwhenyouhaventgotadateforSaturdaynight.HowcanyoutelltherealmeaningbehindsomeoneswordsOnewayistotakeagoodlookatthepersontalking.DohiswordsfitthewayhelooksDoeswhathesayssquarewiththetoneofvoiceHisgestureThelookinhiseyesStopandthink.Theminuteyouspendthinkingabouttherealmeaningofwhatpeoplesaytoyoumanysaveanothermistake.21.Accordingtothewriter,whenpeoplelookbackitistoolate,because.A.mistakeshavealreadybeenmadeB.mistakescanmadethemfeelbadC.theyareunawareoftheirmistakesD.theyaredoubtfuloftheirfriends22.PeoplemakemistakeswhentheyfailtoA.dealwithotherswithduefriendlinessB.hidetheirtruefeelingsinwhattheysayC.realizetheydeservewhattheyhavegotD.seetherealmeaningofwhatotherssay23.Judgingfromthephrasejustthinkofallthethingsyouhavetobethankfulfor,itisclearthatthespeakeractuallylacks.A.optimismB.sympathyC.motivationD.courage24.Tobeasuccessfullistener,oneisadvisedto1.A.askthespeakerasmanyquestionsashecan2.B.observethespeakerascarefullyaspossible3.C.listentothespeakerasattentivelyashecan4.D.challengethespeakerasactivelyaspossible25.Thepassageaimstotellreadershowto.A.interpretwhatpeoplesayB.interpretwhatmoneymeans自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)C.avoidmistakesaboutpeopleD.avoidmistakesaboutmoneyPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Doctorshavelongknownthateatingfishhelpsprotectagainstheartdisease.Whattheydontknowiswhyfisharebeneficial.Foryearstheyfigureditwasasimplequestionofsubstitutionfolkswhoreplaceredmeatwithfisharenaturallycuttingdowntheirintakeofsaturated饱和的fat.Butagrowingbodyofevidencecollectedoverthepast30yearssuggestsfishcontainhealthfulelementscalledomega3fattyacids.Omega3fattyacidsbelongtoagroupofcompoundsknownaspolyunsaturatedfats.Thesefatsserveastherawmaterialforawholehostofessentialstructuresinthebody,frombraincellstomolecules分子thatregulatebloodpressure.Sinceourbodiescannotmanufacturetheirownsupplyofomega3s,wehavetogetthemfromthefoodweeat,mostlyfromfishbutalsofromplantsourceslikesoybeans大豆.TheAmericanHeartAssociationhasrecommendedthateveryoneeattwo85gservingsoffattyfishaweek.ButtheA.H.Asexpertpanelwasntreadytodeclarethattakingomega3pillswillprotectyourheart.Itsjusttooeasytogetmoreomega3thanyouneedfrompills,andthepanelwasworriedthatanexcesscouldcauseserioussideeffects,suchasinternalbleeding.TheU.S.FoodandDrugAdministration,however,allowedmanufacturesofomega3pillsandfishoilstoadvertisethefatsbenefitsaslongasthelabeldoesnotsuggesttakingmorethantwogramsperday.Onethingisclearwhetheryougetyouromega3sfrompills,oilsorfishtheyarenotcurealls.YoustillhavetoeatawellbalanceddietthatslowerintotalfatthanmostAmericanscurrentlyconsume.Otherwise,yourefishingfortrouble.26.Doctorshavelongbeenpuzzledby.A.whyredmeatisharmfulB.howbeneficialfishareC.whatmakesfishhealthfulD.howredmeatisreplaced27.Wecanlearnfromthepassagethat.1.A.humanbeingsgetomega3sfromtheirfood2.B.omega3sareonlyfoundinfishandsoybeans3.C.omega3saretherawmaterialforsaturatedfats4.D.polyunsaturatedfatsconstitutehumanmolecules28.TheA.H.A.didntrecommendomega3pills,because1.A.ithadnoknowledgeofthesafedoseofomega32.B.ithadnoevidencethattheycanprotecttheheart3.C.thepillscontaintoolittleomega3tobehelpful4.D.oneislikelytogettoomuchomega3fromthepills29.TheFDAallowedmanufacturersofomega3pillsandfishoilstoadvertiseomega3sbenefitsonconditionthat1.A.theirsuggesteddoseisprintedonthelabel2.B.theirsuggesteddoseiswithinthesafetylimit3.C.thefatspotentialsideeffectsarementioned4.D.theproductscontainsideeffectsarementioned30.Thewriterseemstosuggestthat1.A.omega3scanbalanceonesdiet自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2.B.omega3scanserveasasupplement3.C.anunbalanceddietismadeworsebyomega3s4.D.awellbalanceddietcontainsenoughomega3sPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Itwasaterribletragedy,sixtimesmoredeadlythantheTitanic泰坦尼克号.WhentheGermanshipWilhelmGustloffwashitbytorpedoes鱼雷firedfromaRussiansubmarine潜水艇inthefinalwinterofWorldWarII,morethan10,000peoplemostlywomen,childrenandoldpeoplefleeingthefinalRedArmypushintoGermanywerepackedaboard.Anicestormhadturnedthedicksintofrozensheetsthatsenthundredsoffamiliesslidingintoseaastheshiplistedandbegantogodown.Othersdesperatelytriedtoputlifeboatsdown.Somewhosucceededfoughtoffthoseinthewaterwhohadthestrengthtotrytogetaboard.Mostpeoplefrozeimmediately.Illneverforgetthescreams,saysChristaNutzmann,87,oneofthe1,200survivors.Sherecallswatchingtheship,brightlylit,slippingintoitsdarkgraveandrarelymentionedformorethanhalfacentury.ThelongsilenceaboutthesinkingoftheWilhelmGustloffwasprobablyunavoidableandnecessary.ByunreservedlyconfessingtheircountryshorriblecrimesGermanshavemanagedtowinacceptanceabroadandmakepeacewiththeirneighbors.TodaysunifiedGermanyismoreprosperousandstablethanatanytimeinitslong,troubledhistory.Forthat,ahalfcenturyofwillfulforgettingaboutpainfulmemoriesliketheGermanTitanicwasperhapsareasonablepricetopay.ButeventhemostpoliticallycorrectGermansbelievethattheyvenowearnedtherighttodiscussthefullhistoricalrecord.NottoidentifyGermansufferingwiththatofitsvictims,butsimplytoacknowledgeaterribletragedy.31.TheWilhelmGustloffwentdownbecause1.A.itranintoanicestorm2.B.itwashitbyanothership3.C.itcrashedintoasubmarine4.D.itwasattackedbytorpedoes32.MostpassengersonboardtheWilhelmGustlofftookthevoyageto1.A.tastetheluxuryoftheship2.B.seekprotectioninanotherplace3.C.escapethecoldwinterbackhome4.D.enjoytheirholidaysabroad33.Astheshipbegantosink,somepassengers1.A.setthedecksonfireasasignalforhelp2.B.foughtfiercelyonthedecksforlifeboats3.C.jumpedintoseaandswamtoanearbyship4.D.preventedothersfromgettingontheirlifeboats34.TheWilhelmGustlofftragedyremainsanearsecretformorethanhalfacenturybecauseGermans1.A.preferredtosaynothingaboutit2.B.wererequestedtokeepsilentaboutit3.C.sparednotefforttocoverupthestory4.D.weredeniedaccesstothewholestory自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)35.ItcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatGermansnolongerthinkthat1.A.itistooearlytoclaimresponsibilityfortheWilhelmGustlofftragedy2.B.theGermantragedyisareasonablepricetopayforthenationspast3.C.theywillbemisunderstoodiftheytalkabouttheGermantragedy4.D.GermanyisresponsibleforthehorrorsitcausedduringWorldWarII第二部分非选择题IV.WordSpelling36.结果,成果n.37.分享,股份n.38.愿意的,乐意的adj.39.警告,告诫v.40.表达,表情n.41.多样性n.42.预算n43.衡量,测量n.44.保证,担保v.45.家庭的,国内的adj.46.发源,发起v.47.应用,用具n.48.激发,作为.的动机v.49.可行的,可能的adj.50.欣赏,感激n.51.战略,策略n.52.精制,使精美v.53.面对,对抗v.54.一致,相符v.55.最后的,最终的adj.V.WordForm56.Donotletthissayofyou.Itshowsanunattractiveindifferencetoyouremployerandtoyourjob.57.Thetheoryofblackholesinspaceacceptbymanyseriousscientistsandastronomers.58.Ifyouhadbeeninbetterhealth,weallowyoutojointheminthework.59.Althoughtheyagreethatlifeisimportantandshouldberespected,theyfeelthatthequalityoflifeshouldnotignore.60.Iwouldratheryoucometomorrow.61.Onehundredmilesbetoofartotravelonfoot.62.Robots,becomeincreasinglyprevalentinfactoriesandindustrialplantsthroughoutthedevelopedworld,areprogrammedandengineeredtoperformindustrialtaskswithouthumanintervention.63.Everyboyandgirltreatinthesameway.64.Hetookhisumbrellawithhimlestitrain.65.Manyothernewtechniquesarenowavailablethatenablemoreresearchdointhetesttubetoseeifchemicalsproduceharmfulbiologicaleffects.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish66.他孤注一掷用自己的积蓄开了一家小商店。67.时差反应是每个国际旅行者可能遇到的问题。68.有人提出管理过程就是决策过程。69.每个人都是平等的,不管他是总统还是马路清洁工。70.不用说,我们现在已不是生活在传统时期。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese71.Betweenlaborandplaystandswork.Amanisaworkerifheispersonallyinterestedinthejob自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)whichsocietypayshimtodowhatfromthepointofviewofsocietyisnecessarylaborisfromhisownpointofviewvoluntaryplay.Whetherajobistobeclassifiedaslabororworkdepends,notonthejobitself,butonthetastesoftheindividualwhoundertakesit.Thedifferencedoesnot,forexample,coincidewiththedifferencebetweenamanualandamentaljobagardeneroracobblermaybeaworker,abankclerkalaborer.Whichamaniscanbeseenfromhisattitudetowardleisure.Toaworker,leisuremeanssimplythehourheneedstorelaxandrestinordertoworkefficiently.Heisthereforemorelikelytotaketoolittleleisurethantoomuchworkersdieofcoronariesandforgettheirwivesbirthdays.Tothelaborer,ontheotherhand,leisuremeansfreedomfromcompulsion,sothatitisnaturalforhimtoimaginethatthefewerhourshehastospendlaboring,andthemorehoursheisfreetoplay,thebetter.以上资料由百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部杨尚杰为你精心编辑

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