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2006年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2006年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2006年10月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830Ⅰ.DirectionsReadeachofthefollowingstatementscarefully.DecidewhichoneofthefourchoicesbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterA,B,C,orDinthebrackets.210201.Vibrationofthevocalcordsresultsinaqualityofspeechsoundscalledvoicing,whichisafeatureof()A.allconsonantsB.vowelsonlyC.allconsonantsandsomevowelsD.allvowelsandsomeconsonants2.ThenegativeprefixininEnglish,whenaddedtotheadjectivepossible,isactuallypronounced/im/,andspeltasim.Thisistheresultofthe______________ruleatwork.()A.deletionB.assimilationC.phoneticD.sequential3.Thewordecologyisatwomorphemeclusterthatcontains_______________.()A.tworootsB.arootandasuffixC.arootandafreemorphemeD.aprefixandaroot4.WhenwemovetheadverbialphraseeverydayinthesentenceEveryday,westudyEnglishtotheendofthesentence,wearenow______________thephrasetotheright.()A.rewritingB.preposingC.postposingD.maintaining5.Antonymsaredividedintoseveralkinds.WhichofthefollowingisNOTakindofantonyms()A.complementaryB.relationalC.superordinateD.gradable6.Intermsofpredicationanalysis,theutteranceIsitgoingtosnowthisafternoonisa______________()A.oneplacepredicationB.twoplacepredicationC.threeplacepredicationD.noplacepredication7.InOldEnglish,wordorderwasfreerbecausethecaseendingswererich.SoinOldEnglish,wordordersincludedSVO,VSO,SOVandOSV.However,ModernEnglishhasamuchweakercasesystem,soitssentenceshavetofollowabasicwordorderof________________.()A.SOVB.SVOC.VSOD.OSV8.BlackEnglishisakindof_______________dialect.()自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站A.regionalB.standardC.ethnicD.situational9.Thecriticalperiodforlanguageacquisitionreferstotheshortperiodof_____________yearsoldinoneslife,duringwhichthehumanbrainismostreadytoacquireaparticularlanguage.()A.12B.212C.112D.131810.Inasense,humanscanbesaidtobebiologicallyprogrammedtoacquireatleastonelanguage.Whatismeantbythis______________viewoflanguageacquisitionisthathumansareequippedwiththeneuralprerequisitesforlanguageandlanguageuse.()A.behavioristB.nativistC.mentalistD.empiricistⅡ.DirectionsFillintheblankineachofthefollowingstatementswithoneword,thefirstletterofwhichisalreadygivenasaclue.NotethatyouaretofillinONEwordonly,andyouarenotallowedtochangethelettergiven.1101011.Ascientificstudyoflanguageisbasedonthes________________investigationoflanguagedata.12.Thelimitedrangeofsoundswhicharemeaningfulinhumanlinguisticcommunicationandareofinteresttolinguisticstudiesarecalledthep________________mediumoflanguage.13.phrasestructurerulescangenerateaninfinitenumberofsentenceswithinfinitelength,duetotheirr________________properties.14.Af_________________clauseisaclausethattakesasubjectandamainverb,andatthesametimestandsstructurallyalone.15.Intermsoftruthcondition,ifXistrue,Yisfalse,andifXisfalse,Yistrue.TherelationshipbetweenXandYisi_________________16.InAustinsearlyspeechacttheory,c________________werestatementsthateitherstateordescribe,andwerethusverifiable.17.Inthehistoricaldevelopmentoflanguage,soundchangeisinevitable,suchassoundloss,sounda________________andsoundmovement.18.Slangisoftenperceivedasaloworvulgarformoflanguageandisdeemedtobeundesirableinf_________________stylesoflanguage.19.D_________________listeningtestsinvolvesimultaneouslypresenting,throughearphones,twodifferentauditory自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站signals,onetotherightearandtheothertotheleftear.20.Atchildrenslanguagedevelopment,onewordutterancescanbeusedtoexpressaconceptorpredicationsimilartoasentenceinadultspeech.Forexample,achildmightusetheworddadatomeanDada,comehere,moretomeanGivememorecandy.Thoseutterancescanalsobecalledh_________________sentences.Ⅲ.DirectionsJudgewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.PutaTfortrueorFforfalseinthebracketinfrontofeachstatement.Ifyouthinkastatementisfalse,youmustexplainwhyyouthinksoandgivethecorrectversion.2102021.Languagecanbestudiedbothsynchronicallyanddiachronically.Thetwoapproachesareequallyfavoredbymodernlinguists.22.Stressisasuprasegmentalfeaturethatisexclusivelyusedwithwords,notwithsentences.23.Acompoundcanbewrittenasonewordwithorwithoutahyphenbetweenitscomponents,orastwoseparatewords.Itissimplyamatterofconvention.24.Majorlexicalcategoriesareclosedcategoriesbecausethenumberoflexicalitemsinthesecategoriesisfixedandnonewmembersareallowedfor.25.Theimportantcriteriatodistinguishpolysemyfromhomonymyaretheetymologyofthewordsinquestionandtheclosenessoftherelationshipbetweenthemeaningsinquestion.26.ThesignificanceofGricesCooperativePrincipleliesinthatitexplainshowitispossibleforthespeakertoconveymorethanisliterallysaid.27.Theinventionofsteampoweredboatsgavetheverbsailanopportunitytoextenditsmeaningtoboatswithoutsails.Thisexampleindicatesthatthemeaningorsemanticrepresentationofwordsmaybecomebroader.28.Anofficiallanguageisinfactanationallanguage.29.Generallyspeaking,lefthandedpeoplehavetheirlanguagecentersinthelefthemisphereofthebrain.30.AchildborntoaChineseorEnglishspeakingfamilytakesaboutthesamenumberofyearstoacquiretheirnativetongue,regardlessoftheirgeneralintelligence.Ⅳ.DirectionsExplainthefollowingterms,usingoneortwoexamplesforillustration.3103031.phonemiccontrast32.freemorphemes33.hierarchicalstructure34.cohyponyms35.utterancemeaning36.perlocutionaryact自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站37.internalborrowing38.subvocalspeech39.contrastiveanalysis40.caretakerspeechⅤ.Answerthefollowingquestions.1022041.DiscussanyFOURofthefeaturesofhumanlanguagethatdistinguishitfromanimalcommunicationsystem.42.WhatisbilingualismWhatisabilingualcommunityWhatdoesitmeanthatmostbilingualcommunitieshaveonethingincommon

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