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2006年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2006年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KC/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KS/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2006年10月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830ⅠDIRECTIONSREADEACHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSCAREFULLYDECIDEWHICHONEOFTHEFOURCHOICESBESTCOMPLETESTHESTATEMENTANDPUTTHELETTERA,B,C,ORDINTHEBRACKETS210201.VIBRATIONOFTHEVOCALCORDSRESULTSINAQUALITYOFSPEECHSOUNDSCALLEDVOICING,WHICHISAFEATUREOF()A.ALLCONSONANTSB.VOWELSONLYC.ALLCONSONANTSANDSOMEVOWELSD.ALLVOWELSANDSOMECONSONANTS2.THENEGATIVEPREFIX“IN”INENGLISH,WHENADDEDTOTHEADJECTIVE“POSSIBLE”,ISACTUALLYPRONOUNCED/IM/,ANDSPELTAS“IM”THISISTHERESULTOFTHE______________RULEATWORK()A.DELETIONB.ASSIMILATIONC.PHONETICD.SEQUENTIAL3.THEWORD“ECOLOGY”ISATWOMORPHEMECLUSTERTHATCONTAINS_______________()A.TWOROOTSB.AROOTANDASUFFIXC.AROOTANDAFREEMORPHEMED.APREFIXANDAROOT4.WHENWEMOVETHEADVERBIALPHRASE“EVERYDAY”INTHESENTENCE“EVERYDAY,WESTUDYENGLISH”TOTHEENDOFTHESENTENCE,WEARENOW______________THEPHRASETOTHERIGHT()A.REWRITINGB.PREPOSINGC.POSTPOSINGD.MAINTAINING5.ANTONYMSAREDIVIDEDINTOSEVERALKINDSWHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTAKINDOFANTONYMS()A.COMPLEMENTARYB.RELATIONALC.SUPERORDINATED.GRADABLE6.INTERMSOFPREDICATIONANALYSIS,THEUTTERANCE“ISITGOINGTOSNOWTHISAFTERNOON”ISA______________()A.ONEPLACEPREDICATIONB.TWOPLACEPREDICATIONC.THREEPLACEPREDICATIOND.NOPLACEPREDICATION7.INOLDENGLISH,WORDORDERWASFREERBECAUSETHECASEENDINGSWERERICHSOINOLDENGLISH,WORDORDERSINCLUDEDSVO,VSO,SOVANDOSVHOWEVER,MODERNENGLISHHASAMUCHWEAKERCASESYSTEM,SOITSSENTENCESHAVETOFOLLOWABASICWORDORDEROF________________()A.SOVB.SVOC.VSOD.OSV8.BLACKENGLISHISAKINDOF_______________DIALECT()自考网络培训班HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KC/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KS/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站A.REGIONALB.STANDARDC.ETHNICD.SITUATIONAL9.THECRITICALPERIODFORLANGUAGEACQUISITIONREFERSTOTHESHORTPERIODOF_____________YEARSOLDINONE’SLIFE,DURINGWHICHTHEHUMANBRAINISMOSTREADYTOACQUIREAPARTICULARLANGUAGE()A.12B.212C.112D.131810.INASENSE,HUMANSCANBESAIDTOBEBIOLOGICALLYPROGRAMMEDTOACQUIREATLEASTONELANGUAGEWHATISMEANTBYTHIS______________VIEWOFLANGUAGEACQUISITIONISTHATHUMANSAREEQUIPPEDWITHTHENEURALPREREQUISITESFORLANGUAGEANDLANGUAGEUSE()A.BEHAVIORISTB.NATIVISTC.MENTALISTD.EMPIRICISTⅡDIRECTIONSFILLINTHEBLANKINEACHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSWITHONEWORD,THEFIRSTLETTEROFWHICHISALREADYGIVENASACLUENOTETHATYOUARETOFILLINONEWORDONLY,ANDYOUARENOTALLOWEDTOCHANGETHELETTERGIVEN1101011ASCIENTIFICSTUDYOFLANGUAGEISBASEDONTHES________________INVESTIGATIONOFLANGUAGEDATA12THELIMITEDRANGEOFSOUNDSWHICHAREMEANINGFULINHUMANLINGUISTICCOMMUNICATIONANDAREOFINTERESTTOLINGUISTICSTUDIESARECALLEDTHEP________________MEDIUMOFLANGUAGE13PHRASESTRUCTURERULESCANGENERATEANINFINITENUMBEROFSENTENCESWITHINFINITELENGTH,DUETOTHEIRR________________PROPERTIES14AF_________________CLAUSEISACLAUSETHATTAKESASUBJECTANDAMAINVERB,ANDATTHESAMETIMESTANDSSTRUCTURALLYALONE15INTERMSOFTRUTHCONDITION,IFXISTRUE,YISFALSE,ANDIFXISFALSE,YISTRUETHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENXANDYISI_________________16INAUSTIN’SEARLYSPEECHACTTHEORY,C________________WERESTATEMENTSTHATEITHERSTATEORDESCRIBE,ANDWERETHUSVERIFIABLE17INTHEHISTORICALDEVELOPMENTOFLANGUAGE,SOUNDCHANGEISINEVITABLE,SUCHASSOUNDLOSS,SOUNDA________________ANDSOUNDMOVEMENT18SLANGISOFTENPERCEIVEDASALOWORVULGARFORMOFLANGUAGEANDISDEEMEDTOBEUNDESIRABLEINF_________________STYLESOFLANGUAGE19D_________________LISTENINGTESTSINVOLVESIMULTANEOUSLYPRESENTING,THROUGHEARPHONES,TWODIFFERENTAUDITORY自考网络培训班HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KC/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网HTTP//NETTHEACN/ZK/KS/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站SIGNALS,ONETOTHERIGHTEARANDTHEOTHERTOTHELEFTEAR20ATCHILDREN’SLANGUAGEDEVELOPMENT,ONEWORDUTTERANCESCANBEUSEDTOEXPRESSACONCEPTORPREDICATIONSIMILARTOASENTENCEINADULTSPEECHFOREXAMPLE,ACHILDMIGHTUSETHEWORD“DADA”TOMEAN“DADA,COMEHERE”,“MORE”TOMEAN“GIVEMEMORECANDY”THOSEUTTERANCESCANALSOBECALLEDH_________________SENTENCESⅢDIRECTIONSJUDGEWHETHEREACHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEORFALSEPUTATFORTRUEORFFORFALSEINTHEBRACKETINFRONTOFEACHSTATEMENTIFYOUTHINKASTATEMENTISFALSE,YOUMUSTEXPLAINWHYYOUTHINKSOANDGIVETHECORRECTVERSION2102021LANGUAGECANBESTUDIEDBOTHSYNCHRONICALLYANDDIACHRONICALLYTHETWOAPPROACHESAREEQUALLYFAVOREDBYMODERNLINGUISTS22STRESSISASUPRASEGMENTALFEATURETHATISEXCLUSIVELYUSEDWITHWORDS,NOTWITHSENTENCES23ACOMPOUNDCANBEWRITTENASONEWORDWITHORWITHOUTAHYPHENBETWEENITSCOMPONENTS,ORASTWOSEPARATEWORDSITISSIMPLYAMATTEROFCONVENTION24MAJORLEXICALCATEGORIESARECLOSEDCATEGORIESBECAUSETHENUMBEROFLEXICALITEMSINTHESECATEGORIESISFIXEDANDNONEWMEMBERSAREALLOWEDFOR25THEIMPORTANTCRITERIATODISTINGUISHPOLYSEMYFROMHOMONYMYARETHEETYMOLOGYOFTHEWORDSINQUESTIONANDTHECLOSENESSOFTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENTHEMEANINGSINQUESTION26THESIGNIFICANCEOFGRICE’SCOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLELIESINTHATITEXPLAINSHOWITISPOSSIBLEFORTHESPEAKERTOCONVEYMORETHANISLITERALLYSAID27THEINVENTIONOFSTEAMPOWEREDBOATSGAVETHEVERBSAILANOPPORTUNITYTOEXTENDITSMEANINGTOBOATSWITHOUTSAILSTHISEXAMPLEINDICATESTHATTHEMEANINGORSEMANTICREPRESENTATIONOFWORDSMAYBECOMEBROA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