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2007年4月自考英语(二)试题试卷.doc.doc

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2007年4月自考英语(二)试题试卷.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)(课程代码0015)Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10pointeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itisdifficultto__theimplicationbetweenthelines.A.gettoB.getwithC.getatD.getdown2.Thevolleyballmatchwastelevised__onCCTV.A.aliveB.lifeC.liveD.lively3.Thenewspaperwillhavetoclosedownifitcannotincreaseits__considerabiA.distributionB.contributionC.prescriptionD.circulatiol4.Thecentraltheatrehasaseating__ofmorethan3,000people.A.capabilityB.capacityC.abilityD.facility5.Thefurnitureinherbedroomisquitedifferentfrom__inthelivingroom.A.thatB.itC.oneD.which6.Becauseofthebadweather,thesportsmeethadtobe__.A.shutdownB.doneawayC.takenoffD.calledoff7.Jennycomplainedthatthehospital_hertoomuchforthetreatment.A.expendedB.paidC.costD.charged8.Havingdecidedtorentaflat,we__contactinghousingagenciesinthecity.A.setaboutB.setdownC.setoutD.setup自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)9.Thebookfairhasreceivedapositive__fromreaders.A.resultB.responseC.settlementD.solution10.Iftheoperation__carefullyprepared,itwouldnothavebeensuccessful.A.wasnotB.hasnotbeenC.hadnotbeenD.werenotⅡ.ClozeTest10pointeachThebasicprincipleofradarisillustratedbywhathappenswhenoneshoutsinae.Theechooftheshouting11thewallshelpsapersondeterminethesizeoficave.Withradar,however,thewavesareradiowavesinsteadof12waves.diowavestravel13thespeedoflight,about300,000kilometersinasecond.Alarset14ashortburstofradiowaves.Thenitreceivestheechoes15whenwavesbounceSiltoffobjects.Bydeterminingthetimeit16fortheechoestoimitotheradarset,atrainedtechnician17determinethedistancebetweenthearsetandotherobjects.Thewordradar,18,getsitsnamefromthetermdiodetectionandranging.Rangingisthetermfordetectionofthe19betweenobjectandtheradarset.Besidesbeingofcriticalimportancetopilot,radaris20forairtrafficcontrol,trackingshipsatsea,andfortrackingweathersystemsandstorms.11.A.throughB.forC.onD.against12.A.soundB.lightC.heatD.tide13.A.inB.atC.overD.on14.A.sendsoutB.worksoutC.figuresoutD.putsout15.A.producingB.producedC.produceD.produces自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)16.A.spendsB.takesC.killsD.makes17.A.canB.mustC.oughttoD.hasto18.A.incaseB.inturnC.inshortD.infact19.A.lengthB.widthC.distanceD.space20.A.EventualB.internalC.externalD.essentialⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointseach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Amongthecompanywasalawyer,ayoungmanofabouttwentyfive.Onbeingaskedhisopinion,hesaid,Capitalpunishmentandlifeimprisonmentareequallyimmoral.IfIweretomakeachoicebetweenthem,IwouldratherchoosethelatterAnyway,itsbettertolivethannottoliveatall.Alivelydiscussionfollowed.Abanker,whowasthenyoungerandmorenervousthanthelawyer,suddenlylosthistemperandcriedout,Itsalie.Ibetyoutwomillion.Youwouldntstickinacellevenforfiveyears.Ifyoumeanit,repliedtheyounglawyer,IbetIllstaytherelongermakeitfifteeninsteadoffive.FifteenDonecriedthebanker.Gentleman,Ibetyoutwomillions.Agreed.Twomillionsformyfreedom,saidthelawyer.Sothiswild,ridiculousbetcametopass.ThebankercouldnothidehisexcitementDuringsupperhesaidtothelawyerjokingly,Cometoyoursenses,youngman,beforeitstoolate.Twomillionsarenothingtome,butyoustandtolosethreeorfourofthebestyearsofyourlife.IsaythreeorfourbecauseyoullneverstickitoutanylongerDontforgetthatvoluntaryimprisonmentismuchhardertoputupwiththanaenforcedone.Theideathatyouhavetherighttofreeyourselfanymomentwillpoisonyourlifeinthecell.Ipityyou.Andnowthebanker,pacingfromcomertocomer,recalledallthisandaskedhimself,WhydidImakethisbetWhatsthegoodThelawyerlostfifteenyearsofhilifeandIthrewawaytwomillions.Willitconvincepeoplethatcapitalpunishmentisworseorbetterthanimprisonmentfor自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)lifeNo,noRubbishOnmypart,itwasthecaprice(心血来潮)ofawellfedmillionaireonthelawyerspart,itsthepuregreedcgold.21.Thelawyerwouldchooselifeimprisonmentbecause.A.hewasyoungerthanthebankerB.capitalpunishmentwasimmoralC.itwasbetterthancapitalpunishmentD.thebankerwouldgivehim200,00022.Theauthorconsidersthebetbetweenthelawyerandthebanker.A.interestingB.ridiculousC.capriciousD.instructive23.Thewordcompanyinthefirstparagraphrefersto__.A.companionsB.bankersC.lawyersD.prisoners24.Thebankerwasextremelyexcitedbecause__.A.hewastoorichtocareforthemoneyB.hewassureofhiswinningthebetC.thelawyerwouldgiveupin15yearsD.thelawyerwouldgiveupbefore5years25.Intheend,thebankerconsidershisbetwiththelawyer__.A.rationalB.reasonableC.beneficialD.unreasonablePassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Onlinelearningisalsocalleddistanceeducation,whichhelpsstudentswhotakeclassesbycomputerovertheInternettolearncertaincoursesandearnadegree.Andithasbecomemoreandmorepopularwithbothyoungpeopleandeducationalinstitutions.TheSchoolofContinuingandProfessionalStudiesofNewYorkUniversityinManhattanbeganonlineclassesin1992.ItsVirtualSchoolhastaughtmorethan10,000studentsfromacrosstheUnitedStatesandothercountries.Lastyear,theschoollaunchedNYUOnline.ItoffersNYUsfirstonlineProgramsforabachelorsdegree.ProgramsareofferedinthreeareasleadershipAndmanagement,informationsystemsmanagementandsocialsciences.Theclassesarehighlyinteractivewherestudentscommunicatewitheachotherandtheirteachers.SomeclassesrequirestudentstologinatthesametimesotheycanattendlivelecturesbyaprofessorStudentscanalsoaskquestionsandworktogetheronteamprojects.ThecosttoattendNYUOnlinedependsonhowmanyclassesastudentistotakeItcostsasmuchasfifteenthousanddollarsayear.NYUoffersnofinancialaidforinternationalstudentsinthisprogram.Ifyouareinterestedintheprogram,youcangelmoredetailsatthewebsite自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)www..nyu.edu.Manyotherschools,too,offeronlineeducation.Studentsshouldbeespeciallycarefulofprogramsthatofferadegreeinreturnforlittleornowork.Theseareknownasdiplomamills,andareillegalintheUnitedStates.Educationaladvisersalsosaythatbeforeyouenteranyprogram,makesuretheworkwillberecognizedinyourcountry.Youshouldalsomakesuretheschoolsyouareconsideringareofficiallyapproved.26.Thethirdparagraphismainlyaboutthe__oftheprogramsoftheSchool.A.academicgoalandsystemB.coursesandlearningmodeC.learningmethodsandclassesD.coursesandrequirements27.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatinternationalstudentsintheprograms__.A.getfullscholarshipB.paynotuitionC.getnofinancialsupportD.earnmoremoney28.ManyAmericanschoolsofferonlineprograms,andinternationalstudents__.A.shouldbecarefulofbeingcheatedB.arecertaintoearnadegreeC.shouldknowaboutprogrammingD.arefacedwithmanydifficulties29.Thewordworkinthesecondlineofthelastparagraphmostprobablymeans.A.whatastudenthaswrittenatschoolB.whatastudenthaslearnedatschoolC.whatastudenthasreadatschoolD.whatastudenthasachievedacademically30.ThepaymentforonlineprogramsofNYUisbasedon.A.thenumberofclassesastudentattendsB.thenumberofstudentsaprofessorinstructsC.thenumberofsemestersastudentspendsD.thenumberofpresentationsastudentmakesPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Anunderstandingofmanseffectonthebalanceofnatureiscrucial关键的tobeingabletofindtheappropriateremedialaction.Itisaverycommonbeliefthattheproblemsofthepopulationexplosionarecausedmainlybypoorpeoplelivinginpoorcountrieswhodonotknowenoughtolimittheirreproduction.Thisisnottrue.Theactualnumberofpeopleinanareaisnotasimportantastheeffecttheyhaveonnature.Developingcountriesdohaveaneffectontheirenvironment,butitisthepopulationsofrichercountriesthathaveafargreaterimpactontheearthasawhole.Forexample,tropicalforestsareknowntobeessentialtothebalanceofnature,yetwearedestroyingthematagreatrate.Theyarebeingclearednottobenefitthenativesofthatcountry,buttosatisfytheneedsofrichcountries.CentralAmericanforestsarebeingdestroyedforgrasslandtomakepetfoodintheUnitedStatescheaperinPapuaslewGuinea,forestsare自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)destroyedtosupplycheapercardboardpackagingforJapaneseelectronicproductsinBurmaandThailand,forestshavebeendestroyedtoproducemoreattractivefurnitureinSingaporeandHongKong.Therefore,arichpersonlivingthousandsofmilesawaymaycausemoretropicalforestdestructionthanapoorpersonlivingintheforestitself.Inshort,itiseverybodysdutytosafeguardthefutureofmankindnotonlythroughpopulationcontrol,butbybeingmoreawareoftheeffecthisactionshaveonnature.Natureisbothfragileandpowerful.Itisveryeasilydestroyedontheotherhand,itcaneasilydestroyitsmostdangerousenemyman.31.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,peopleusuallybelievethat.A.poorpeopleinpoorcountriescontributetotheimbalanceofnatureB.richpeopleknowhowtoprotecttheenvironmentbytakingactionsC.peopleinpoorareasknowalotaboutthebirthcontrolD.richpeopleinrichcountrieshavedonealottobalancenature32.Intheauthorsopinion,__.A.developingcountriesshouldberesponsibleforenvironmentalproblemsB.overpopulationintheworldiscreatedbythedevelopedcountriesC.richcountriesexerciseworseinfluenceonenvironmentthanpoorcountriesD.allcountriesshouldbringthepopulationgrowthundercontrol33.Thepurposeofthesecondparagraphismainlytoillustrate__.A.howtheforestsintheU.S.arebeingdestroyedB.whichcountriesarethevictimsoftheimbalanceofnatureC.whatJapanhasdonetodevelopitsowneconomyD.howSouthAsiancountriesmakequalityfurniture34.Natureisveryeasilydestroyedby__.A.richpeopleB.poorpeopleC.naturaldisastersD.mankind35.Thetopicofthepassageisthat__.A.thecontrolofpopulationisessentialtothedevelopmentofanationB.naturalresourcesareimportanttotheeconomicdevelopmentofacountryC.awarenessoftheeffectsofmansactionsisasimportantaspopulationcontrolD.developedcountriesshoulddomoretoprotectnaturalenvironmentontheearthIV.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.到国外在国外ad.a37.相反的不利的a.a38.帝国自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)n.e39.典礼,仪式n.c40.环境境遇n.c41.密集度,稠密度n.d42.出现,涌现v.e43.扩大,放大n.e44.特征,特色n.f45.杂志n.m46.移民,侨民n.i47.许可执照n.l48.同时,其间n.m自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)49.需要,必需品n.n50.服从,听从v.o51.四月a.A52.根本的,激进的a.r53.狡猾的难处理的a.t54.策略,战略n.s55.宇宙的,普遍的a.uV.WordForm10points,1pointeach将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Smallshopsofferproductsthatrangefrominexpensivetoexpensive,__dependontheshop.57.Ourtrainingprogramcoversarangeof__effectmanagementtechniques.58.Largesumsofmoneyhaveto__spendeachyearonrailwayconstruction.59.Hesawaletterlyingonthetable__addresstohim.60.Itishighly__desirethatthegovernmentgivethecompanymorefinancialsupport.61.Shehadanoutward__appear,butdeepdownshewasreallyworried.62.Therearea__surpriselargenumberofmistakesinthetestpaper.63.Weather__permit,thefootballmatchwillbeplayedonWednesday.64.Helayperfectlystilland__playdeadtoescapecapturebytheenemy.65.Wearesupposed__followtheteachers9instructions,VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointseach将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.当人类对周围的环境开始发问时,科学就诞生了。67.他尽管病得很重,但还是参加了会议。68.这项研究结果表明白日梦有助于提高一个人适应新环境的能力。自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)69.直到这次求职面试失败,他才意识到英语学习的重要性。70.随着经济发展和社会进步,人们越来越关心生活质量。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15pointsWhenyouturnonthetelevision,putonyourshoesordrivetoastore,youreusingenergy.Energyisoneofthemostfundamentalforcesintheworld.Animalsuseenergytowalkandrun.Treesandplantsuseenergytogrow.Peopleuseittoworkandplay.Energyiseverywhereinnatureinthelightofthesun,inthewind,intheforest,inwatercurrentsanderuptingvolcanoes.Withoutenergy,thereisnolife.Weuseourownenergyconstantlyandwecontinuallymakeuseofallkindsofenergy.Energycanbedividedintotwodifferenttypesstoredenergyanddynamicenergy.Storedenergyiscalledpotentialenergy,andthelatterreferstoenergyinmotion.Ifyoustretchoutarubberband,thisproducespotentialenergy.Ifyouletitgo,itmovesanproducesthedynamicenergy.并产生动能。

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