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2007年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2007年10月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2007年10月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830I.DirectionsReadeachofthefollowingstatementscarefully.DecidewhichoneofthefourchoicesbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterA,B,C,orDinthebrackets.210201.Designfeaturesrefertothedefiningpropertiesofhumanlanguagethatdistinguishitfromany_______________systemofcommunication.A.artificialB.nonlinguisticC.animalD.abstract2.Ifyouputafingerineachearandsayzzzzz,youcanfeelthevibrationsofthe_______________.A.glottisB.windpipeC.larynxD.vocalcords3.Inthewordsuitable,ableisa_______________morpheme.A.derivationalB.inflectionalC.rootD.stem4._______________isasubfieldoflinguisticsthatstudiesthesentencestructureoflanguage,i.e.howwordsarearrangedinasentenceandinwhatorder.A.MorphologyB.SyntaxC.PhonologyD.Semantics5.Whetherasentenceissemanticallymeaningfulisgovernedbyrulescalled_______________.A.selectionalrestrictionsB.grammaticalrulesC.phrasestructurerulesD.phonologicalrules6.Ifasentenceisregardedaswhatpeopleactuallyutterinthecourseofcommunication,itbecomesan_______________.A.clauseB.speechC.utteranceD.predication7.ThediscoveryofIndoEuropeanbeganwiththeworkof____________,whodeliveredanimportantpaperin1786inwhichhesuggestedthatSanskritboreastrongeraffinitytoGreekandLatin.A.theBritishscholarSirWilliamJonesB.theGermanlinguistFranzBoppC.theDanishscholarRasmusRaskD.theGermanscholarJacobGrimm8.Theimportantcharacteristicofaspeechcommunityisthatthemembersofthegroupmust,insomereasonableway,interact_______________withothermembersofthecommunity.A.geographicallyB.linguisticallyC.sociallyD.psycholinguistically9.Theviewthathumanbrainisthesourceofhumanlanguageandcognitiongoesback_______.A.lessthan1000yearsB.over2000yearsC.lessthan2000yearsD.over3000years10.Languageacquisitionisprimarilytheacquisitionofthe_________systemoflanguage.A.phonologicalB.semanticC.grammaticalD.communicativeII.DirectionsFillintheblankineachofthefollowingstatementswithoneword,thefirstletterofwhichisalreadygivenasaclue.NotethatyouaretofillinONEwordonly,andyouarenotallowedtochangethelettergiven.1自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站101011.Lisgenerallyknownasthescientificandsystematicstudyoflanguage.12.Speechsoundscanbedescribedinphysicaloraterms.Physically,soundsaretransmittedthroughtheairfromonepersontoanother.13.Themorphemesthatareindependentunitsofmeaningandcanbeusedfreelyallbythemselvesarecalledfmorphemes.14.Asimplesentenceconsistsofasinglecwhichcontainsasubjectandapredicateandstandsaloneasitsownsentence.15.Canalysisisbaseduponthebeliefthatthemeaningofawordcanbedividedintomeaningcomponents.16.AccordingtoSearle,sactsfallintofivegeneralcategories,i.e.,therearefivegeneraltypesofthingswedowithlanguage.17.Inhistoricallinguistics,languagechangereferstothestudyofthedprocessesofchangeinlanguageelementsandlanguagesystems.18.Dialectaldiversitydevelopswhenpeopleareseparatedfromeachothergandsocially.Thechangesthatoccurinthelanguagespokeninoneareaorgroupdonotnecessarilyspreadtoanother.19.Languagefunctionsarebelievedtobelateralizedprimarilyinthe1hemisphereofthebrain.20.Forthevastmajorityofchildren,languagedevelopmentoccursspontaneouslyandrequireslittleconsciousionthepartofadults.llI.DirectionsJudgewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.PutaTfortrueorFforfalseinthebracketsinfrontofeachstatement.Ifyouthinkastatementisfalse,youmustexplainwhyyouthinksoandgivethecorrectversion.2102021.Languageisasystemofarbitraryvocalsymbolsusedforhumancommunication.22.Weusedarkattheendofawordafteravowelorbeforeaconsonant,suchasfeelfiandlittlelIt,andclear1beforeavowel,suchasloaflυf.Fromthephonologicalpointofview,darkandclear1arethetwodifferentsounds.23.Theoreticallyspeaking,acompoundcanbeacombinationoftwowordsofanypartsofspeech.自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站24.Thelevelofsyntacticrepresentationbeforetheoperationofnecessarymovementiswhatwecalldeepstructure.25.Senseandreferenceareofthesamethinginmeaningstudy.26.PaulGricethoughtthatinmakingconversation,theparticipantsmustfirstofallbewillingtocooperate.27.Thewordknightoncemeantyouth,butwaselevatedinmeaningintimefortheageofchivalry.Thisisanexampleofsemanticbroadening.28.Inmedievaltimes,atradelanguagecameintouseintheMediterraneanports.ItconsistedofItalianmixedwithFrench,Spanish,Greek,Arabic,andTurkish,anditwascalledLinguaFranca,Frankishlanguage.Thetermlinguafrancawasgeneralizedtootherlanguagessimilarlyused.Thus,anylanguagecanbealinguafranca.29.Aristotlesuggestedthatthoughtwasthesoulsdiscoursewithitself.30.Somelanguagesaremorechallengingtoacquireasafirstlanguage.Ⅳ.DirectionsExplainthefollowingterms,usingoneortwoexamplesforillustration.3103031.duality32.producrivity33.fricative34.affix35.recursiveness36.thenamingtheory37.complementaryantonyms38.conversationalimplicature39.languageplanning40.psycholinguisticsV.Answerthefollowingquestions.1022041.ExplaintheGreatVowelShiftinthehistoryofEnglish,andgiveatleasttwoexamplesofbothMiddleEnglishandModernEnglishinphonetictranscription.42.Discussthedifferenttheoriesofchildlanguageacquisitionwithreferencetothebehavioristlearningmodelandthenativistbiologicalmodel.

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