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2008年10月自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

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2008年10月自考英语(二)试题.doc.doc

自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题12008年10月自考英语(二)试题照着GIF图片格式的打的,难免有错误,敬请谅解.4juan站长,老周.I.VocabularyandStructure1.Ifyou____inignoringmyinstructions,Ishallhavetopunishyou.A.existB.resisteC.persistD.insist2.Economics,studentneedsandournewunderstandingsofhowpeoplelearnare____tobreakthetraditionaleducationmonopoly.A.temptedB.boundC.obligedD.determined3.Ishallcometothemeeting.Icantstaytilltheend,_____.A.thoughB.somehowC.thereforeD.otherwise4.Theysaidhewas_____ofholdingpublicoffice,sotheydecidedtodeprivehimofhispost.A.irrelevantB.irresponsibleC.incapable自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题2D.indifferent5.Thesadconditionofwomenworkingasdomestics_____muchmediaattention.A.receivedB.perceivedC.inspectedD.suspected6.Themassescannot____hunting,forverysoontherewouldbenoanimalslefttohunt.A.gothroughB.goinforC.gooverD.gointo7.Notuntilquitedrecently_____thatlanguagewascloselyrelatedtoculture.A.IrealizedB.didrealizeIC.realizedID.didIrealize8.Robotsareprogrammedtotakeoversuchjobs_____weldingandpainting.A.forB.likeC.ofD.as10.Lotsofdependentbabiesare______ofaliabilitythannumbersoftheinactiveaged.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题3A.betterB.moreC.largerD.greaterII.ClozeTestChoiseistheopportunitytoselectamongalternatives.Ifthereisnochoise,thereisnodecisiontobemade.Decision__11__istheprocessofchoosing,andmanydecisionshaveabroadrangeofchlise.Forexample,astudent__12__beabletochooseamonganumberofdifferentcoursesinordertoimplementthedecisiontoobtainacollegedegree.Formanager,everydecisionhasconstraintsbasedonpolicies,procedures,laws,precedents,andthe__13__.Theseconstraintsexist__14__alllevelsoftheorganization.Alternativesarethepossiblecousesofaction__15__choicescanbemade.Iftherearenoalternatives,thereisnochoiceand,therefore,__16__decision.__17__noalternativesareseen,oftenitmeansthatathoroughjobofexaminingtheproblemshasnotbeendone.Forexample,managerssometimes__18__problemsinaneither/orfashionthisistheirwayofsimplifyingcomplexproblems.Butthetendencyto__19__blindsthemtootheralternatives.Atthemanageriallevel,decisionmakingincludeslimitingalternativesaswellasidentifyingthem,andtherangeisfromhighlylimited__20__practicallyunlimited.11.A.madeB.makingC.makeD.tomake12.A.mustB.canC.mayD.should13.A.similarB.sameC.soonD.like14.A.atB.forC.onD.over15.A.amongwhatB.betweenthemC.ofthatD.fromwhich16.A.somewhatB.someC.noD.any17.A.AsB.IfC.WhileD.Though18.A.treatB.meetC.faceD.deal自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题419.A.satisfyB.simplifyC.identifyD.modify20.A.beforeB.inC.toD.afterPassageOneInrecentyearsmanycompaniesoftheworldhavebeenfacedwiththeproblemofhowtomaketheirworkersmoreproductive.Someexpertsclaimtheansweristomakejobsmorevaried.ButdomorevariedjobsleadtogreaterproductivityThereisevidencetosuggestthatwhilevarietycertainlymakestheworkerslifemoreenjoyable,itdoesnotactuallymakehimworkharder.Asfarasincreasingproductivityisconcerned,varietyisnotanimportantfactor.Otherexpertsfeelthatgivingtheworkerfreedomtodohisjobinhisownwayisimportantandthereisnodoubtthatthisistrue.Theproblemisthatthiskindoffreedomcannoteasilybegiveninthemodernfactorywithitscomplicatedmachineswhichmustbeusedinafixedway.Thuswhilefreedomofchoicemaybeimportant,thereisusuallyverylittlethatcanbedonetocreateit.Anotherimportantconsiderationishowmucheachworkercontributestotheproductheismaking.Inmostfactoriestheworkerseesonlyonesmallpartoftheproduct.Somecarfactoriesarenowexperimentingwithhavingmanysmallproductionlinesratherthanonelargeone,sothateachworkercontributesmoretotheproductionofthecarsonhisline.Itwouldseemthatnotonlyisthedegreeofworkerscontributionanimportantfactor,therefore,butitisalsoonewecandosomethingabout.TowhatextentdoesmoremoneyleadtogreaterproductivityTheworkersthemselvescertainlythinkthisisimportant.Butperhapstheywantmoremoneyonlybecausetheworktheydoissoboring.Moneyjustletsthemenjoytheirsparetimemore.Asimilarargumentmayexplaindemandsforshorterworkinghours.Perhapsifwesucceedinmakingtheirjobsmoreinteresting,theywillneitherwantmoremoney,norwillshorterwirkinghoursbesoimportanttothem.21.Thepassageismainlyabouthowto____.A.promoteworkerscompetition自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题5B.meetworkersneedforvarietyC.ensureworkersrightofchoiceD.improveworkersperformance22.Accordingtothewriter,varietyenablesaworkerto_____.A.derivemoreenjoymentfromlifeB.workinhisownwaymorefreelyC.fulfillhisjobrequirementsbetterD.undertakegreaterresponsibilities23.Welearnfromthepassagethatfreedomofchoice_____.A.canhardlyfunctioninaflexiblemannerB.canhardlyleadtoincreasedproductivityC.ishardlyseenaseffectivebycompaniesD.ishardlyavailableinthemodernfactory24.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat,comparedwithlargeproductionlines,smalleronesgiveworkers____.A.agreatervarietyofinterestingtasksB.astrongersenseofaccomplishmentC.abetterideaofthemodernindustryD.aclearerpictureofessentialfactors25.Accordingtothewriter,higherpaycan_____.A.maketiringworkmoreinterestingB.makeupforlongerworkinghoursC.helpworkerstolivemorehappilyD.helptocreategreaterprocuctivityPassageTwo自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题6Weliveinatechnologicalsociety.Almosteveryaspectoflifeinthemodernworldisinfluencedforbetterorworsebytechnology.Communications,transportation,manufacturing,miningandexploration,theserviceindustries,medicine,agricultureallaredominatedbymethodsandapparatuswhicharetheresultsoftechnologicaladvances.Thebasisoftechnologyisscience.withoutthefundamentaldiscoveriesandunderstandingprovidedbyscience,technologywouldbehitormiss随意的affair,lackingdirectionandmakinglittleprogress.Onecanarguethatoursocietyisbeginningtosufferfromtoomuchtechnology,butwewillneverreturntotheprimitivelifeofourancestors–technologyiswithusanditwillremainwithus.Justasitisimportanttostudyhistorysothatwecanappreciatehowtheworldcametoitspresentstate,itisimportanttolearnsomeofthebasicconceptsofsciencesothatwecanappreciatetherolethattechnologyplaysinmodernsociety.Forwithoutsomeknowledgeofthescientificprinciplesbywhichtechnologyoperates,onecanneightercopewithtechnologynorassistindirectingitintotheproperchannels.Inrecenttimes,wehavehadthegeneralattitudethatwhateveristechnologicallypossibleshouldbedone.Itisnowbecomingincreasinglyapparentthatourscientificandtechnologicalprogresshasoutstripped超越ourcapacitytoperformorabsorbeverythingthatispossible.Moreandmore,weweillhavedecisionstomakeinwhatdirectionsshouldthethrustofournewdiscoveriesbemadeThesituationrequiresthatwemakeintelligentdecisions–decisionsbasedinaknowledgeandanunderstandingofwhatcanbedone,whatwillbethebenefits,andwhatweillbethecomsequences.Scientistsdonotmakethesedecisionspeoplemakethem.Itisthereforeincumbent义不容辞的oneveryindividualtoacquirethebasicknowledgethatweillpermithimtoparticipateintelligentlyindirectingthecourseofourtechnologicaladvancement.26.Accordingtothepassage,technologycan____.A.producebadeffectsonsocietyB.sufferfromhitormissaffairsC.influencethecourseofscienceD.restorelifeoftheprimitiveage27.Accordingtothepassage,onemustlearnbasicconceptsofscienceinorderto____.A.assistindirectingscienceinaproperwayB.contributetotheorientationoftechnology自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题7C.discovertheprogressofscienceinhistoryD.findoutabouttheexistenceoftechnology28.Becausethehumancapaitytoperformorabsorbeverythingthatispossiblehasbeenoutstripped,itistimeforpeopleto____.A.slowdownthedevelopmentoftechnologyB.reducetheroleofscienceinmoderntimesC.takeanewpointofviewabouttechnologyD.reevaluatethelifestyleofhumanancestors29.Accordingtothewrite,itiseveryonesresponsibilitytoparticipateindecidingon____.A.howfastscientificadvancementshouldbeB.howfasttechnologicalprogressshouldbeC.whattoacquireandwhattoskipinscienceD.whattodoandwhattoavoidintechnology30.Thepassageismainlyabout_____.A.theinfluenceoftechnologyonmodernsocietyB.theimportanceoflearningscientificprinciplesC.theimpactofscientificprogressoncivilizationD.thedifferencebetweenscienceandtechnologyPassageThreeSincewearesocialbeings,thequalityofourlivesdependsinlargemeasureonoutinterpesonalrelationships.Onestrengthofthehumanconditionisourtendencytogiveandreceivesupportfromoneanotherunderstressfulcircumstances.Socialsupportconsistsoftheexchangeofresourcesamongpeoplebasedontheirinterpersonalties.Thoseofuswithstrongsupportsystemsappearbetterabletocopewithmajorlifechangesanddailyproblems.Peoplewithstrongsocialtieslivelongerandhavebetterhealththanthosewithoutsuchties.Studiesoverarangeofillnesses,fromdepressiontoheartdisease,revealthatthe自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题8presenceofsocialsupporthelpspeoplefightoffillness,andtheabsenceofsuchsupportmakespoorhealthmorelikely.Socialsupportcushionsstressinanumberofways.First,friends,relatives,andcoworkersmayletusknowthattheyvalueus.Ourselfrespectisstrengthenedwhenwefeelacceptedbyothersdespiteourfaultsanddifficulites.Second,otherpeopleoftenprovideuswithinformationalsupport.Theyhelpustodefineandunderstandourproblemsandfindsolutionstothem.Third,wetypicallyfindsocialcompanionshipsupportive.Engaginginleisuretimeactivitieswithothershelpsustomeetoursocialneedswhileatthesametimedistractingusfromourworriesandtroubles.Finally,otherpeoplemaygiveusinstrumentalsupport–financialaid,materialresources,andneededservices–thatreducesstressbyhelpingusresolveandcopewithourproblems.31.Welearnfromthepassagethatinterpersonalrelationshipsareimportantbecause_____.A.theyareessentialtopeoplessocialwellbeing.B.theyarousepeoplesdesireforcommunicationC.theydealwithproblemsintheinformatoineraD.theyareeffectiveincuringarangeofdiseases32.Researchshowsthatpeoplesphysicalandmentalhealth_____.A.isrelatedtostressfulconditionsB.isrelatedtosupportfromothersC.reliesonsoicalwelfaresystemsD.reliesontheseverityofdiseases33.Theunderlinedwordcushionsparagraph2mostprobablymeans____.A.addsuptoB.doesawaywithC.lessenstheeffectofD.laysthefoundationfor34.Socialcompanionshipisbeneficialinthat_____.A.itenablespeopletoeliminatetheirmistakes自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)2008年10月自考英语(二)试题9B.ithelpspeopletounderstandtheirproblemsC.itaddsanewmeaningtopeoplessociallifed.itcreatesanewfocusofattentionforpeople35.Helpingasickneighborwithsomerepairworkisanexampleof____.A.instrumentalsupportB.informationalsupportC.socialcompanionshipD.increasingselfrespect第二部分非选择题IV.WordSpelling36.增长,增加v.i_______37.想象料想vt.i______38.特征相貌n.f______39.贵重的,有价值的adj.v_______40.寂静沉默n.s______41.散布,传播v.s_____42.放松缓和n.r_________43.暗示,含有...的意思vt.i____44.敏感的,灵敏的adj.s________45.护照n.p_______46.感情,情绪n.s________47.批评的,紧要的adj.c_______48.城市的,都市的adj.u____49.运输vt.t________50.大约的,近似的adj.a__________

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