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2009年1月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

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2009年1月自学考试现代语言学试题.doc

自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站全国2009年1月高等教育自学考试现代语言学试题课程代码00830I.DirectionsReadeachofthefollowingstatementscarefully.DecidewhichoneofthefourchoicesbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterA,B,C,orDinthebrackets.21020%1.Phoneticsprovidesthemeanstodescribethespeechsounds,showinghowtheydifferphonologytellsusthattheyfunctionas______,actingtocontrastwords.A.soundsunitsB.soundfeaturesC.phonemesD.allophones2.Alphabeticspellingrepresentsthepronunciationofwordsbutitisoftenthecasethatthesoundsofthewordsinalanguageareratherunsystematicallyrepresentedby______A.writingB.orthographyC.transcriptionD.phonology3.______morphemesarethosethatcannotbeusedindependentlybuthavetobecombinedwithothermorphemes,eitherfreeorbound,toformaword.A.BoundB.FreeC.InflectionalD.Derivational4._______categoriesrefertocombinationofwordsofdifferentcategories,suchasnounphrasesNP,verbphrasesVPinEnglish.A.LexicalB.PhrasalC.SemanticD.Logical5.Insemanticanalysisofasentence,an______isalogicalparticipantinapredication,largelyidenticalwiththenominalelementsinasentence.A.argumentB.subjectC.objectD.attribute6.Ofthethreespeechactsaspeakermightbeperformingsimultaneouslywhenspeaking,linguistsaremostinterestedinthe______actbecauseitisidenticalwiththespeakersintention.A.performativeB.constativeC.illocutionaryD.perlocutionary7.MiddleEnglishbeganwiththearrivaloftheNormanFrenchinvadersinEnglandunderWilliamtheConquerorin1066.ForaboutacenturyandahalfaftertheNormanConquest,MiddleEnglishwasheavilyinfluencedbyFrench,mostnoticeablyinlargeandcentralareasof______.A.vocabularyB.pronunciation自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站C.morphologyD.syntax8.Dependingonthedemandsofaparticularcommunicativesituation,bilingualormultilingualspeakersmaychangebetweenlanguagevarietiesinthemiddleofspeechoreveninthemiddleofasentence.Suchasituationisknownas______.A.bilingualismB.multilingualismC.diglossiaD.codeswitching9.Languagedisorderresultingfromadamageto______areainthebrainrevealswordfindingdifficultiesandproblemswithsyntax.A.WernickesB.BrocasC.GagesD.Genies10.StudiesontheeffectsofformalinstructiononsecondlanguageacquisitionshowthatformalinstructionmayhelplearnersperformsometypesoftasksEXCEPT______.A.plannedspeechB.writingC.careerorientedexamD.casualandspontaneousconversationII.DirectionsFillintheblankineachofthefollowingstatementswithoneword,thefirstletterofwhichisalreadygivenasaclue.NotethatyouaretofillinONEwordonly,andyouarenotallowedtochangethelettergiven.11010l1.Mlinguistics,unlikethelinguisticstudynormallyknownasgrammarwhichsetsmodelsandrulesforlanguageuserstofollow,ismostlydescriptive,i.e.,itattemptstodescribethelanguagepeopleactuallyuse,beitcorrectornot.12.Manylanguages,includingEnglish,havevowelscalledd,whichcouldalsobedescribedasasequenceoftwovowels.13.Arisoftenseenaspartofaworditcanneverstandbyitselfalthoughitbearsclear,definitemeaningitmustbecombinedwithanothersimilarformoranaffixtoformaword.14.Inacomplexsentence,theincorporated,orsubordinate,clauseisnormallycalledaneclause.15.IntheEnglishvocabularytherearetwocategoriesofwordsnwordsandborrowedwords.16.Yourmoneyoryourlifeaimstothreaten,anditisaspecificinstanceofd17.Backformationreferstoaprocessbywhichnewwordsarecoinedfromalreadyexistingwordsbytakingawayanathoughttobepartoftheoldword,forexample,editderivedfromeditoronthemistakenassumptionthatorwastheagentivesuffix.18.Inthe1969editionoftheAmericanHeritageDictionary,examplesusedtoillustratethemeaningofwordsincludemanlycourageandmasculinecharm.Womendonotfareaswell.asexemplifiedbywomanishtearsandfeminine自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站wiles.Thisindicatesthatlanguagereflectssinsociety.19.Thecperiodhypothesisreferstoaperiodinoneslifeextendingfromaboutagetwotopuberty,duringwhichthehumanbrainismostreadytoacquireaparticularlanguage.20.Althoughtheylackgrammaticalmorphemes,tsentencesinthemultiwordstagearenotsimplywordsrandomlystrungtogether,butfollowtheprinciplesofsentenceformation.III.DirectionsJudgewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.PutaTfortrueorFforfalseinthebracketsinfrontofeachstatement.Ifyouthinkastatementisfalse,youmustexplainwhyyouthinksoandthengivethecorrectversion.21020%21.Animalcommunicationsystemalsopossessesthefeatureofdisplacement.Inotherwords,itcanbeusedtorefertocontextsremovedfromtheimmediatesituations.22.Vowelsusuallyconstitutethenucleusofsyllable,sotheyaretypicallysyllabic.Consonantscannotbesyllabic.ThesameistrueofEnglishconsonants.23.Xbartheoryandphrasestructurerulesaresimilar,andtheyplaythesamerolesinexplainingtheinternalstructuresoflanguage.24.Transformationalrulesaretherulesthatweusetogeneralizethesyntacticmovementthatoccurswhenaconstituentinasentencemovesoutofitsoriginalplacetoanewposition.25.Agrammaticallywellformedsentencemaybeasemanticallyillformedsentence.26.WhileconversationparticipantsnearlyalwaysobservetheCooperativePrinciple,theydonotalwaysobservethesemaximsstrictly.27.TheGreatVowelShiftdidnotleadtothediscrepanciesbetweenthepronunciationandthespellingsystemofModenEnglish.28.Diglossiadescribesanystablelinguisticsituation,inwhichthereexistsastrictgrammaticaldifferentiationbetweenahighvarietyorHvarietyandalowvarietyorLvariety.29.Languagefunctionsarebelievedtobelateralizedprimarilyintherighthemisphereofthebrain.30.Nolanguageisinferiororsuperiortoanyotherlanguage,andnosinglehuman,exceptthosewithmentalorphysicalimpairments,isabetterorworselanguageacquirerthananyotherhuman.IV.DirectionsExplainthefollowingterms,usingoneortwoexamplesforillustration,ifnecessary.3%1030%31.arbitrariness32.distinctivefeatures33.UniversalGrammar34.Move自考网络培训班http//net.thea.cn/zk/kc/精品课程在线免费试听═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════联展自考网http//net.thea.cn/zk/ks/中国最好的自考辅导资料网站35.contextualism36.comparativereconstruction37.speechcommunity38.interpersonalcommunication39.1inguisticdeterminismandrelativism40.1anguageacquisitionV.DirectionsAnswerthefollowingquestions.10%220%41.Useappropriatephrasestructurerulestodrawalabeledconstituentstructuretreediagramforeachofthefollowingsentences.1Thenaughtyboycheatedhisteacher.2Theoldmanputthebookonthetable.3IthinkthatyouarefromtheSouth.42.Distinguishsentencemeaningandutterancemeaningbyusingexamples.

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