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2009年4月自考全国英语(一)真题答案.doc.doc

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2009年4月自考全国英语(一)真题答案.doc.doc

2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案12009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案一、VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeach1.I_____him150dollarsandmustpayhimbacktomorrow.A.lendB.borrowC.oweD.own答案C2.Weallknowaboutthe_____thatsmokingcandotoourhealth.A.hurtB.injuryC.harmD.wound答案C3.Thehouseconsisted_____threebedrooms,akitchen,andabathroom.A.byB.inC.aboutD.of答案D4.Janeisrestlesssheis_____animportantphonecallfromherparents.A.waitingB.expectingC.hopingD.wishing答案B5.Roundthecornerwasabuilding_____windowswereallbroken.A.withitsB.whoseC.whichD.those答案B6.We______togotothesupermarketbecausewehadplentyoffood.A.needntB.dontneed2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案2C.needednotD.didntneed答案D7.Thereisnopoint______takingFrenchlessonsifyoudontwanttolearnthelanguage.A.atB.inC.onD.of答案B8.FindingHarrietshouse______tobemoredifficultthanNickhadexpected.A.turnedinB.turnedupC.turnedoverD.turnedout答案D9.Whenwereturnedfromourvacation,ournextdoorneighborswere______anewgaragebuilt.A.havingB.goingC.makingD.putting答案A10.Iwouldverymuch______tovisitsomeoftheplacesthatIhavebeenreadingabout.A.likeB.enjoyC.delightD.appreciate答案A二、ClozeTest10points,1pointforeach1.Inthepast,Americanfamiliestendedtobequitelarge.Familieswithfiveormorechildrenwere1.Overtheyearsthesizeofthefamilyhas2.Onereasonforthisisanincreaseinthecostofliving.3average,childrenattendschoolsformoreyearsthantheyusedto.4,childrennowadaysarebetterdressedandhavemoremoneyto5onentertainment.Parentsusuallytaketheresponsibilityforalltheexpenses.2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案3Atthesametime,familiesarelessclosethanthey6.Thedivorcerateisnowontherise.Thebreakupofthefamilyoccurs7theparentsdivorce.AlotofchildrenintheUnitedStateslivepartoftheiryoungliveswithonlyoneparent.Brokenfamilies8resultinproblems.Childrengrowup9uneasyastheymovebackandforthbetweenparents.Singleparentsoften10othersingleparents.Inthistypeoffamilies,childrenoftenhavedifficultiesinestablishingnewrelationshipswiththeirstepbrothersorstepsisters.1.A.commonB.regularC.unusualD.extraordinary答案A2.A.increasedB.decreasedC.droppedD.risen答案B3.A.OnB.InC.ToD.At答案A4.A.AccordinglyB.HoweverC.ThereforeD.Moreover答案D5.A.takeB.spendC.costD.waste答案B2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案46.A.usetobeB.usedtobeC.areusedtobeD.wereusedtobe答案B7.A.whenB.asC.whereD.since答案A8.A.rarelyB.seldomC.usuallyD.always答案C9.A.feelB.tofeelC.feelingD.felt答案C10.A.preferB.dislikeC.attractD.marry答案D三、ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeach1.PrincewasanintelligentdogandaslavetoWilliams.Frommorningtillnight,whenWilliamswasathome,Princeneverlefthissight.Thedoghadanumberofclearlydefinedduties,forwhichWilliamshadpatientlytrainedhimand,likethegoodpupilhewas,Princelivedforthechancetodemonstratehisabilities.WhenWilliamswantedtoputonhisboots,hewouldmurmurBootsandwithinsecondsthedogwoulddropthemathisfeet.AtnineeverymorningPrinceranofftothegeneral2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案5storeinthevillage,returningshortlynotonlywithWilliamsdailypaperbutalsowithahalfouncepacketofWilliamsfavoritetobacco.Agundogbybreed,Princepossessedalargesoftmouthspeciallyevolvedforthesafecarryingofhuntedcreatures,sothepaperandthetobaccocametonoharm,neverevenshowingatoothmark.Williamswasarailwayman,andheworeablueuniformthatsmelledofoilfuel.Hehadtoworkatoddtimes,days,latedaysornights.OvertheyearsPrincegottoknowtheseperiodsofworkandrest,andknewwhenhismasterwouldleavethehouseandreturn.IfWilliamsoverslept,Princebarkedatthebedroomdooruntilhewoke,muchtotheannoyanceofthefamily.AcuriousthinghappenedtoWilliamsduringthesnowandiceoflastwinter.Oneeveningheslippedandfellontheicypavementsomewherebetweenthevillageandhishome.Hewassobadlyshakenthathestayedinbedforthreedaysandnotuntilhegotupanddressedagaindidhediscoverthathehadlosthiswallet.Thehousewasturnedupsidedowninthesearch,butthewalletwasnotfound.Twodayslater,PrincedroppedthewalletintoWilliamshand.Verymuddy,stainedandwetthrough,thelittlecasestillcontainedfiftythreepounds,hisdrivinglicenseandafewotherpapers.Noonecouldtellwherethedoghadfoundit.Perhapshehadfounditbythefaintoilysmellonthewornleather.1.Thedogperformedhisduties.A.outofcuriosityB.outofdevotionC.toshowhisabilitiesD.togetsomethingtoeat答案C2.Thepassagetellsusthatgundogs.A.areeasilytrainedB.carrythingssafelyC.havenosharpteethD.arethefastestrunners答案B3.Thewordannoyanceline5,para.2impliesthatWilliamsfamilyfelt.A.veryamazedB.abitangryC.verypleasedD.abitdisappointed答案B4.Williamseventuallyfoundthathehadlosthiswalletafter.2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案6A.twodaysB.threedaysC.fourdaysD.fivedays答案B5.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat.A.WilliamswashardonhisdogB.WilliamswasalovingdogownerC.PrincewasintelligentandfaithfulD.Princewastrustworthybutannoying答案C2.In1945,Reuben,a12yearoldboy,sawsomethinginashopwindowthatsethisheartracing.Thepricefivedollarswasbeyondhismeans,buthewentinsidetheshopanyway.Standingproudandstraightinhisfloursack面粉袋shirtandwashedouttrousers,heaskedtheshopkeepertoholditforhimforsometime.Illtry,theshopkeepersmiled.Reubendecidedtoraisethefivedollars.Hearingthesoundofhammeringfromasidestreet,hesuddenlyhadanidea.PeoplebuilttheirownhomesinBayRoberts,usingnailspurchasedinsacksfromalocalfactory.ThesacksweresometimesdiscardedandReubenknewhecouldsellthembacktothefactoryforfivecentsapiece.Everydayafterschool,Reubenwentaroundthetown,collectingnailsacks.Whentheschoolclosedforthesummer,Reubenwanderedaroundthetown,searchingforhistreasures.Oftenhewastiredandhungry,butthethoughtoftheobjectintheshopwindowkepthimgoing.SometimeshismotherDorawouldaskReuben,wherewereyouWewerewaitingforyoutohavedinner.Playing,Mum.Sorry.Dorawouldlookathisfaceandshakeherhead.Boys.Onedayinspring,hecountedthecoinsandfoundthatheneeded20centsmore.CouldtherebeanysacksleftanywhereintownHehadtofindfourandsellthembeforethedayended.WhenReubenarrivedatthefactoryinthelateafternoon,thesackbuyerwasabouttolockup.MisterPleasedontcloseupyet.ThemanturnedandsawReuben,dirtyandsweatstained.Withfourmorecoinsinhispocket,Reubenheadedfortheshopandgotwhathewanted.Racinghome,heburstthroughthefrontdoor.Here,MumHereHeexclaimedasherantoherside.Heplacedasmallboxinherworkroughenedhand.Doraunwrappeditcarefully,tosavethepaper.Abluevelvetjewelboxappeared.Sheliftedthelidandsawanalmondshapedbrooch胸针withthewordMother.ItwasMothersDay,1946.Dorahadnojewelsexceptherweddingring.Speechless,shesmiledradiantlyandgatheredhersonintoherarms.2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案71.Theboywasexcitedbecausehesawintheshopwindowsomethinghewantedfor.A.himselfB.hisbrotherC.hisfatherD.hismother答案D2.ThewayReubensclothesaredescribedshowsthathewasfrom.A.arichfamilyB.apoorfamilyC.amiddleclassfamilyD.adivorcedfamily答案B3.ThewordBoyspara.5impliesthat.A.boysarelikethatB.boysoftentellliesC.themotherwasangryD.themotherdisbelievedReuben答案A4.Thewordtreasures(line3,para.3)refersto.A.coinsB.sacksC.ringsD.brooches答案B5.Thepassageismainlyabout.A.alovingboyB.atolerantmotherC.akindsackbuyerD.agenerousshopkeeper答案A3.BasictoanyunderstandingofCanadainthe20yearsaftertheSecondWorldWaristhecountrysimpressivepopulationgrowth.ForeverythreeCanadiansin1945,therewereoverfivein1966.InSeptember1966Canadaspopulationpassedthe20millionmark.Mostofthissurginggrowthcamefromnaturalincrease.Thedepressionofthe1930sandthewarhadheldbackmarriages,andthecatchingupprocessbeganafter1945.Thebabyboom出生高峰期continuedthroughthedecadeofthe1950s,producingapopulationincreaseofnearlyfifteenpercentinthefiveyearsfrom2009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案81951to1956.ThisrateofincreasehadbeenexceededonlyoncebeforeinCanadashistory,inthedecadebefore1911,whentheprairieswerebeingsettled.Undoubtedly,thegoodeconomicconditionsofthe1950ssupportedagrowthinthepopulation,buttheexpansionwasalsotheresultofearliermarriagesandanincreaseintheaveragesizeoffamilies.In1957theCanadianbirthratestoodat28perthousand,oneofthehighestintheworld.Afterthepeakyearof1957,thebirthrateinCanadabegantodecline.Itcontinuedfallinguntil1966.PartlythisdeclinereflectedchangesinCanadiansociety.Youngpeoplewerestayingatschoollongermorewomenwereworkingyoungmarriedcoupleswerebuyingautomobilesorhousesbeforestartingfamiliesandrisinglivingstandardswerecuttingdownthesizeoffamilies.ItappearedthatCanadawasoncemorefallingintostepwiththetrendtowardsmallerfamiliesthathadoccurredallthroughtheWesternworldsincethetimeoftheIndustrialRevolution.AlthoughthegrowthinCanadaspopulationhadsloweddownby1966,anotherlargepopulationwavewascomingoverthehorizon.Itwouldbecomposedofthechildrenwhowerebornduringtheperiodofthehighbirthratepriorto1957.1.Thepassagemainlydiscusses.A.educationalchangesinCanadaB.CanadaduringtheSecondWorldWarC.populationchangesinpostwarCanadaD.theinfluenceofpopulationonCanadiansociety答案C2.Accordingtothepassage,Canadasbabyboombegan.A.inthe1920sB.inthe1930sC.after1945D.after1966答案C3.Thephraseimpressivepopulationgrowthline2,para.1canbebestreplacedby.A.rapidincreaseinpopulationB.steadydeclineinpopulationC.strikingchangesinpopulationD.noticeabledecreaseinpopulation答案A4.Canadaspopulationincreasedatthehighestrate.A.between1957and1966B.between1951and19562009年4月全国自考英语(一)真题参考答案9C.inthedecadeafter1945D.inthedecadebefore1911答案D5.Accordingtothepassage,risinglivingstandardsmayleadto.A.longerlifespanB.bettereducationC.closerrelationshipsD.smallerfamilies答案D四、WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords1.将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.答案五、WordForm10points,1pointforeach1.Canyoutellusmore___precisewhathappenedlastnight答案precisely2.MaryacceptedDavids___invitetojoinhimforlunch.答案invitation3.Thetwinsaresoalikethatitsalmost___possibletotellthemapart.答案impossible4.Theplantsneedsandwitha___deepofatleast10to15cmtogrow.

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