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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(二)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(二)及答案.doc.doc

2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷二一、VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Thecompositioniswellwritten______afewspellingerrors.A.exceptB.butC.withoutD.exceptfor答案D2.Alife______withoutfantasyanddaydreamingisaseriouslyimpoverishedone.A.liveB.livedC.livingD.lively答案B3.Theimportancepeopleattachto______holidaysandtherapiddevelopmentofservicesformassentertainmentandrecreationaresignsofthisincreasingconcern.A.payingB.paidC.paysD.havingpaid答案B4.Itis______thisdivisionthatapartheidrests.A.onB.withC.forD.to答案A5.Thereisagrowingbodyofevidencetosupportthefactthatmostpeoplesufferfromalackofdaydreaming______anexcessofit.A.otherthanB.ratherthanC.inplaceofD.instead答案B6.Thereistheapparent______thattheeffectivecauseofthehighproportionoftheoldisbirthsratherthandeaths.A.parableB.paradeC.paradiseD.paradox答案D7.Whenit______tothelatestresearchesintoheartdisease,Ihaventtheslightestidea.A.talksB.speaksC.tellsD.comes答案D8.Itisvery______ofyoutosendmeabirthdaycard.A.considerateB.considerationC.considerableD.considerably答案A9.Einstein______thatmatterandenergyareinterchangeable.A.blamedB.flamedC.claimedD.bloomed答案C10.Ablackhole_____astronggravitationalpullandyetithasnomatter.A.extendsB.exertsC.exportsD.exposes答案B解析Bextend延长,延伸exert产生,发挥export出口expose暴露,揭露。二、ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Mostyoungpeopleenjoysomeformofphysicalactivity.Itmaybewalking,bicycling,orswimming,orinwinter,skatingorskiing.Itmaybeagameofsome1football,hockey,golfortennis.Itmaybemountaineering.Thosewhohaveapassionforclimbinghighanddifficultmountainsareoften2withastonishment.Whyaremenandwomenwillingtosuffercoldandhardship,andtotakerisksonhighmountainsThisastonishmentiscaused,3,bythedifferencebetweenmountaineeringandotherformsofactivitytowhichmengivetheirleisure.Mountaineeringisasportand4agame.Therearenomanmaderules,asthereareforsuchgamesasgolfandfootball.There,5,rulesofadifferentkindwhichitwouldbedangeroustoignore,butitisthisfreedomfrommanmaderulesthatmakesmountaineering6tomanypeople.Thosewhoclimbmountainsarefreetousetheirownmethods.Ifwecomparemountaineeringandothermore7sports,wemightthinkthatonebigdifferenceisthatmountaineeringisnotateamgame.Weshouldbemistaken8this.Thereare,itistrue,nomatchesbetweenteamofclimbers,butwhenclimbersareonarockfacelinkedbyaropeonwhichtheirlivesmaydepend,thereis9teamwork.Themountainclimberknowsthathemayhavetofightforcesthatarestrongerandmorepowerfulthanman.Hehastofighttheforcesof10.Hissportrequireshighmentalandphysicalqualities.1.A.partB.sortsC.sportD.kind答案D2.A.dealtB.lookeduponC.copedD.disgusted答案B3.A.probablyB.preciselyC.logicallyD.strongly答案A4.A.butB.notC.alsoD.is答案B5.A.forexampleB.perhapsC.thenD.ofcourse答案D6.A.luxuriousB.painfulC.attractiveD.noticeable答案C7.A.familiarB.similarC.regularD.thirty答案A8.A.byB.inC.fromD.against答案B9.A.obviouslyB.basicallyC.alreadyD.conversely答案A10.A.mountainB.windC.natureD.snow答案C9三、ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Observethedilemmaofthefungus真菌itisaplant,butitpossessesnochlorophyll叶绿素whileallotherplantsputthesunsenergytoworkforthemcombiningthenutrientsofgroundandairintobodystructure,thechlorophyllessfungusmustlookelsewhereforanenergysupply.Itfindsitinthoseotherplantswhich,havingreceivedtheirsfreefromthesun,relinquishitatsomepointintheircircleeithertootheranimalsortofungi.Inthissearchforenergythefungushasbecometheearthsmajorsourceofrotanddecay.Whereveryouseemoldformingonapieceofbread,orapileofleavesturningtocompost堆肥,orablowndowntreebecomingpulpontheground,youarewatchingafunguseating.Withoutfungusactiontheearthwouldbepiledhighwiththedeadplantlifeofpastcenturies.Infactcertainplantswhichcontainresins树脂,松香thataretoxictofungiwilllastindefinitelyspecimensoftheredwood,forinstancecanstillbefoundrestingontheforestfloorcenturiesafterhavingbeenblowndown.1.Thetitlebelowthatbestexpressestheideasofthispassageis_______.A.LifewithoutChlorophyllB.TheStrangeWorldoftheFungusC.TheHarmfulQualitiesofFungiD.UtilizationoftheSunsEnergy答案A2.Thestatementyouarewatchingafunguseatingisbestdescribedas_______.A.figurativeB.ironicalC.jokingD.contradictory答案A3.Theauthorimpliesthatfungi_______.A.areresponsibleforalltheworldsrotanddecayB.cannotlivecompletelyapartfromotherplantsC.arepoisonoustoresinproducingplantsD.cansurviveindefinitelyunderfavorableconditions答案B4.Theauthorusestheworddilemmainthefirstsentencetoindicatethat_______.A.thefungusisbothhelpfulandharmfulinitseffectsB.fungiarenotreallyplantsC.thefunctionofchlorophyllisapuzzletoscientistsD.thefungusseemstohaveitsownbiologicallaws答案B5.WhichwordbestdescribesthefungusasdepictedinthepassageA.DiligentB.Enigmatic莫名其妙的.C.Parasitic寄生的.D.Slothful懒散的.答案C2.Inthepasttwoyears,millionsofAmericanshavesuddenlytakenaninterestinthebicycleasifitwereastartlingnewinvention.Annualbikesalesdoubledbetween1960and1970,andtherearenearly70millionbikesintheUnitedStatestoday.Thatsmorethantwoforeverythreeautomobiles.Ofcourse,thebikehasbeenaroundformorethan150years,andthisistAmericasfirstbicycleboom(兴旺).Awaveofbikeenthusiasmsweptthelandinthelate1800sandbicycleproductionhittwomillionunitsin1897.Thenwiththecomingoftheauto,bicyclingdeclined,andfordecadesremainedpopularonlywithchildrenandafewadults.Now,nationalconcernwithairpollutionandphysicalfitnesshasbroughtthebikebacktotheforefrontparticularlywithadults.MorethaneightmillionbikesweresoldintheUnitedStateslastyearandathirdofthemwenttoadults.Theyearbefore,only15percentofnewbikesaleswereforadults.1.IntheUnitedStates,thebicycleis_______.A.becomingpopularagainB.creatingtrafficproblemsC.popularchieflywithchildrenD.replacingthefamilycar答案A2.Accordingtothepassage,thereare_______.A.morebicyclesthanautomobilesintheUnitedStatesB.moreautomobilesthanbicyclesintheUnitedStatesC.asmanybicyclesasautomobilesintheUnitedStatesD.fewerautomobilesthanbicyclesintheUnitedStates答案B3.WecaninferfromthepassagethatAmericansare______A.quicktofollowtheexampleofothersB.interestedincomfortandluxuryC.concernedwiththequalityoftheirlivesD.easytoacceptnewthings答案C4.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaccordingtothepassage_____.A.Moreandmoreadultsarebeginningtoacceptbicycle.B.Thebicyclehasbeenexistingformorethan150years.C.Theautomobileonceaffectedbicycleproduction.D.Americanshavefoundthebicycleabettermeansoftransportation.答案D5.Itcanbeconcludedthatifpeoplecontinuetoconcernthemselveswithairpollutionandphysicalfitness______.A.stricterairstandardwillbeenforcedB.fewerautomobileswillbesoldC.AmericanswillenjoybetterhealthD.bicyclesaleswillcontinuetorise答案C3.Studentswhoscorehighinachievementneedstendtomakehighergradesincollegethanthosewhoscorelow.Whendegreeaptitudeforcollegework,asindicatedbyCollegeEntranceExaminationBoardTests,isconstant,engineeringstudentswhoscorehighinachievementneedstendtomakehighergradesincollegethantheaptitudetestscoreswouldindicate.Wecandefinethisneedasthehabitualdesiretodousefulworkwell.Itisasalientinfluencecharacteristicofthosewhoneedlittlesupervision.Theirdesireforaccomplishmentisastrongermotivationthananystimulationthesupervisioncanprovide.Individualswhofunctionintermsofthisdrivedonotbluffinregardtoajobthattheyfailtodowell.Someemployeeshaveastrongdriveforsuccessintheirworkothersaresatisfiedwhentheymakealiving.Thosewhowanttofeelthattheyaresuccesseshavehighaspirationforthemselves.Thoughtsconcerningtheachievementdriveareoftenprominentintheevaluationsmadebythetypicalemploymentinterviewerwhointerviewscollegeseniorsforexecutivetraining.Hewantstofindoutwhethertheseniorhasastrongdrivetogetaheadormerelytoholdajob.Researchindicatesthatsomewhodogetaheadhaveanevenstrongerdrivetoavoidfailure.1.WhatisthemainsubjectofthispassageA.Studentgradesincollege.B.Individualmotivationforwork.C.Theachievementneedsofengineeringstudents.D.Successfulinterviewtechniques.答案B2.WhatisinterestingaboutengineeringstudentswhoscorehighinachievementneedsA.Theirgradestendtobehigherthanthoseofotherstudents.B.Theircollegegradesareoftenunusuallygood.C.Theyshowahighaptitudeforcollegework.D.TheyalsoachievehighscoresintheCollegeEntranceExaminationBoardTests.答案A3.Accordingtothepassage,individualswithastrongdrivetosucceed_______.A.acceptresponsibilityforthemselvesB.blameothersiftheyfailC.aremotivatedbystimulationfromasupervisorD.pretendedtheyhaventfailedwhentheyhave答案A4.WhatqualitydoemploymentinterviewerslookforincollegeseniorsforexecutivetrainingA.Abilitytoholddownajob.B.Highachievementneeds.C.Capacitytoworkhard.D.Constantaptitudeforwork.答案B5.WhatmotivatessomeseniorstosucceedA.Theyareafraidoffailing.B.Theylikelivingwell.C.Theywanttobecomeexecutives.D.Theywishtodoresearchwork.答案A四、WordSpelling20points,0.5pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.天文学家n.a答案astronomer2.最小的最少的a.m答案minimum3.误导的引起误解的a.m答案misleading4.完成v.a答案accomplish5.放松休养n.r答案relaxation6.无责任感的不负责的a.i答案irresponsible7.谈判协商n.n答案negotiation8.保守的守旧的a.c答案conservative9.文明的开化的a.c答案civilized10.冲击影响n.i答案impact11.毒性n.t答案toxicity12.例外的异常的a.e答案exceptional13.软管电子管地铁n.t答案tube14.幸运地幸亏ad.F答案fortunately

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