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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(六)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(六)及答案.doc.doc

2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷六一、VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Thereistheapparentparadox______theeffectivecauseofthehighproportionoftheoldisbirthsratherthandeaths.A.whichB.thatC.whatD.why答案B2.ChineseandRussianscientistshavereportedthatinplaces______stressisbuildingup,theradonlevelsofthewaterbuilduptoo.A.whatB.thatC.whichD.where答案D3.______byguardswithguns,theyraisedtheirlegsinunisonandmadetheirwaytotheedgeofthehighway,Interstate65.A.WatchingoverB.WatchonC.WatchedoverD.Bewatchedover答案C4.Workerscanputtheiraggressionintotheirwork,______itphysicalliketheworkofasmith,ormentalliketheworkofascientistoranartist.A.beB.isC.beingD.been答案A5.Their______CollSmithsays,Animalresearchisirrelevanttoourhealthanditcanoftenproducemisleadingresults.A.spokesmanB.spokemanC.speakingmanD.spokenman答案A..6.Parents,teachersinschools,workassociatesandcommunicatorsinorusingthemassmediaareallcapableof______ourpotentialinterests.A.arousingB.arisingC.risingD.raising答案A7.Ourlikesand______areallrelatedtosocialcontextsandlearningexperiences.A.unlikesB.dislikesC.alikesD.nonlikes答案B8.Acaraccident______himfromplayingfootball.A.enabledB.abledC.disabledD.unabled答案C9.Doyouthinkthereisaperiodinoneslifewhenoneisparticularly______sickness,accidentordisastersofotherkindsA.sensitivetoB.availableforC.vulnerabletoD.readyfor答案C解析Csensitiveto对敏感vulnerableto易受攻击的易受伤害的。availablefor可用的,可得到的readyfor准备好的。10.Driversare_____toaspeedof80kilometeresinthehighway.A.refinedB.restrictedC.revolvedD.reproduced答案B..解析Brefine精致的,优雅的restrict限制revolve旋转,转动reproduce复制,重现。二、ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Henrysjobwastoexaminecarswhichcrossedthefrontiertomakesurethattheywerenotsmugglinganythingintothecountry.Everymorning,exceptatweekends,he1seeafactoryworkercomingupthehilltowardsthefrontier,2abicyclewithabigloadofoldstrawonit.Whenthebicyclearrivedthefrontier,Henryusedtostopthemanandorderhimtotakethestrawoff.Thenhewouldexaminethestrawverycarefullytosee3hecouldfindanything,afterwhichhewouldlookinallthemanspocketsbeforehelethimtiethestrawupagain.Themanwouldthenputitonhisbicycleandgooffdownthehillwithit.AlthoughHenrywasalways4tofindgoldorjewelryorothervaluablethingshiddeninthestraw,heneverfound5,eventhoughheexamineditverycarefully.Hewassurethatthemanwassmugglingsomething,buthewasnot6toimaginewhatitcouldbe.Thenoneevening,afterhehadlookedthroughthestrawandemptiedthefactoryworkerspockets7usual,hesaidtohim,Listen,Iknowthatyouaresmugglingthings8thisfrontier.WontyoutellmewhatitisthatyourebringingintothecountrysosuccessfullyImanoldman,andtodaysmylastdayonthejob.TomorrowImgoingto9.IpromisethatIshallnottellanyoneifyoutellmewhatyouvebeensmuggling.Thefactoryworkerdidnotsayanythingfor10.Thenhesmiled,turnedtoHenryandsaidquietlyBicycles.1.A.shouldB.mightC.wouldD.must答案C2.A.pushingB.fillingC.pullingD.carrying答案A3.A.thatB.howC.whereD.whether答案D4.A.luckyB.suspectingC.expectingD.insisting答案C5.A.nothingB.everythingC.somethingD.anything答案D6.A.capableB.ableC.possibleD.clever答案B7.A.thenB.asC.moreD.like答案B8.A.crossB.acrossC.behindD.into答案B9...A.returnB.retireC.retreatD.rest答案B10.A.longtimeB.momentC.periodD.sometime答案D..三、ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Duringtheearlyyearsofthiscentury,wheatwasseenastheverylifebloodofWesternCanada.Whenthecropsweregood,theeconomywasgoodwhenthecropsfailed,therewasdepression.Peopleoncitystreetswatchedtheyieldsandthepriceofwheatwithalmostasmuchfeelingasiftheyweregrowers.Themarketingofwheatbecameanincreasinglyfavoritetopicofconversation.Warsetthestageforthemostdramaticeventsinmarketingthewesterncrop.Foryearsfarmersmistrustedspeculative投机的grainsellingascarriedonthroughtheWinnipegGrainExchange.Wheatpricesweregenerallylowintheautumn,butfarmerscouldnotwaitformarketstoimprove.Ithadhappenedtoooftenthattheysoldtheirwheatsoonafterharvestwhenfarmdebtswerecomingdue,onlytoseepricesrisingandspeculatorsgettingrich.Onvariousoccasions,producergroupsaskedforfirmercontrols,butgovernmentshadnowishtobecomeinvolved,atleastnotuntilwartimewheatpricesthreatenedtorunwild.Anxioustocheckinflation通货膨胀andrisinglivingcosts,thefederalgovernmentappointedaboardofgrainsupervisors监视员tohandledeliveriesfromthecropsof1917and1918.GrainExchangetradingwassuspended,andfarmerssoldatpricesfixedbytheboard.Tohandlethecropof1919,thegovernmentappointedthefirstCanadianWheatBoard,withfullauthoritytobuy,sell,andsetprices.1.Theauthorusesthetermlifebloodtoindicatethatwheatwas_______.A.difficulttoproduceinlargequantitiesB.susceptibletomanyparasites寄生虫C.essentialtothehealthofthecountryD.expensivetogatherandtransport答案C..2.Accordingtothepassage,mostfarmersdebtshadtobepaid_______.A.whentheautumnharvesthadjustbeencompletedB.becausewheatpriceswerehighC.assoonastheWinnipegGrainExchangedemandedpaymentD.whencropfailurecauseddepression答案A3.Accordingtothepassage,wheatpricesbecameunmanageablebecauseofconditionscausedby_______.A..farmersB.supervisorsC.weatherD.war答案D4.InPara.3,thewordcheckcouldbestbereplacedbywhichofthefollowingA.controlB.investigateC.financeD.reinforce答案A5.Accordingtothepassage,apreliminarystepinthecreationoftheCanadianWheatBoardwastheappointmentof_______.A.theWinnipegGrainExchangeB.aboardofsupervisorsC.severalproducergroupsD.anewgovernment答案B2.ItisnowcommonlyknownthatAIDSisadeadlydisease.Itdoesgreatdamagetohumanbeingsimmunesystem,weakeningresistancetodiseaseandleadingtodeathduetoutterweakness.Tothisday,therearenoexistingdrugsthatcankilltheAIDSvirus.ItisadeadlybattlebetweenscienceandAIDS.Thisisonlyonesideofthestory.Althoughitcannotbecured,AIDSispreventable.Forthosewhohavenotcaughtthedisease,theknowledgeofpreventivemeasuresseemstobethemostpowerfulweaponathand.SincethediscoveryofthefirstAIDSpatientin1985,thenumberofHIVcarriersisonanalarmingriseinChinaandstatisticsshowthatyoungpeoplearethemorelikelyvictimsofAIDS.Nationwidethereare214millionpeoplebetweentheagesof13and22,mostofwhomarestudents.Ifnomeasuresaretakentoprotecttheseyoungpeople,itisalmostcertainbthatthethreatofAIDSwillbeveryrealto..them.TherehasbeenagreatdealofmisinformationconcerningthetransmissionofAIDS.OneofthemostingmisleadingmythsisthatAIDScanbetransmittedbycasualphysicalcontactsuchaskissing,shakinghandsorsharingfoodcontainers.SurveysandinvestigationsconductedinsomeuniversitiesandcollegesshowthathalfofthosepeoplequestionedarenotclearabouthowAIDSistransmitted,nottomentionhowitisprevented.ThisisthedrivingforcebehindtheStateEducationCommissionsdecisiontospreadAIDSawarenessinformationamongcollegestudentsandlatertohighschoolstudentsandprimaryschoolstudents.1.WhydoesthepassagesaythatAIDSisadeadlydisease________.A.Becauseitdestroystheimmunesystemofthehumanbody.B.BecausetheAIDSpatientscannotresistdiseasesanddie.C.BecausethedoctorcanfindnomedicinetocureAIDS.D.Alloftheabove.答案D2.BywritingThisisonlyonesideofthestory,theauthorsuggeststhat______.A.althoughwecantcureAIDS,wecanmanagetopreventit.B.AIDSisverydangerous,butweshouldnotbescaredbyit.C.AIDSisnotcurable,butdoctorsshouldnotgiveupfightingagainstit.D.althoughthedoctorcannotcurethedisease,yethecanhelpimprovethepatientshealth.答案A3.Whatcanbeconcludedfromthesurveysandinvestigationmentionedinthepassage______.A.50percentofcollegestudentshavenoideahowpeoplebecomeAIDSvictims.B.50percentofcollegestudentsdonotknowhowtopreventAIDS.C.ManycollegestudentsarenotawarehowpeoplebecomeAIDSvictims.D.ManycollegestudentsdidnotmentionAIDSpreventioninthesurveysandinvestigations.答案C4.Whichofthefollowingdoyouchooseasthepropertitleofpassage______.A.ChinaFightsAIDS..B.YoungPeopleMostLikelyAIDSVictimsC.AIDSInformationisNecessaryD.AIDSADeadlyDisease答案C5.Whatisthetoneoftheauthor_____A.indifferentB.worriedC.caringforD.ironic答案B3.Certainanimalsandplantsdevelopcharacteristics特性thathelpthemcopewiththeirenvironmentbetterthanothersoftheirkind.Thisnaturalbiologicalprocessiscalledadaptation适应性.Amongthesuperiorcharacteristicsdevelopedthroughadaptationarethosethatmayhelpingettingfoodorshelter,inprovidingprotection,andinproducingandprotectingtheyoung.Thatresultsintheevolutionofmoreandmoreorganismsthatarebetterfittedtotheirenvironments.Eachlivingthingisadaptedtoitswayoflifeinageneralway,buteachisadaptedespeciallytoitsowndistinctclass.Aplant,forexample,dependsuponitsrootstofixitselffirmlyandtoabsorbwaterandinorganicchemicals.Itdependsuponitsgreenleavesforusingthesunsenergytomakefoodfrominorganicchemicals.Thesearegeneraladaptations,commontomostplants.Inaddition,therearespecialadaptationsthatonlycertainkindsofplantshave.Manyanimalshaveadaptationsthathelpthemescapefromtheirenemies.Someinsectsarehiddenbytheirbodycolororshape,andmanylooklikealeaforalittlebranch.Thecoatsofdeerarecoloredtomixwiththesurroundings.Manyanimalshavetheabilitytoremaincompletelystillwhenanenemyisnear.Organismshaveagreatvarietyofwaysforadapting.Theymayadaptintheirstructure,function,andgenetics遗传素质intheirdevelopmentandproductionoftheyoungandinotherrespects.Anorganismmaycreateitsownenvironment,asdowarmbloodedmammals,whichhavetheabilitytoadjustbodyheatexactlytomaintaintheiridealtemperaturedespitechangingweather.Usuallyadaptationsareanadvantage,butsometimesanorganismissowelladaptedtoaparticularenvironmentthat,ifconditionschange,itfindsitdifficultorimpossibletoreadapttothenewconditions.1.Someplantsandanimalsdevelopsuperiorcharacteristicssothattheymay_______.A.helpothersoftheirkindgetfood,shelterandotherthingsneededB.getintothebiologicalprocessofadaptation..C.becomebetteradaptedtotheenvironmentsthanothersoftheirkindD.leadtotheevolutionandproductionofmoreandmoreorganisms答案C2.Someanimalshavecoloredandspottedcoatssothattheymay_______.A.appearfrighteningtotheenemiesB.looklikeleavesorbranchesC.keepmotionlesswhenanenemyiscomingD.mixwiththesurroundingsforsafety答案D3.Allofthefollowingadaptationsoflivingthingsarementionedinthepassageexceptthatintheir_______.A.structureB.waystodevelopthesurvivalskillsoftheyoungC.productionoftheyoungD.workingsystemofthebody答案B4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthewarmbloodedmammalsistrueaccordingtothetextA.Theycanchangetheirenvironments.B.Theycanadjustbodyheattokeeptheiridealtemperature.C.Theycanmakefoodfromchemicals.D.Theygetmostoftheirheatfromtheenvironment.答案B5.Thepassageismainlyadiscussionof_______.A.theadaptationsoforganismstotheirenvironmentsB.thereasonswhyorganismshavetheirparticularshapesandcolorsC.thespecialwayoflifeofeachlivingthingD.thehowsandwhysofthestructuresoforganisms答案A四、WordSpelling20points,0.5pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.组织(上)的a.o答案organizational2.(使)恶化v.d答案deteriorate

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