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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(四)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(四)及答案.doc.doc

2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷四一、VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Sincethebossescannotdo______profit,workershaveanedge.A.withB.forC.butD.without答案D2.______thecontrary,therapidgrowthinenrollmentoverthelast40yearshascometoanend.A.ToB.ByC.InD.On答案D3.Thedegreetowhichandthewaysinwhichaschoolencouragesparticipationingames,sportsandculturalpursuitsarelikelytocontributetotheshapingofleisureattitudes______thepartofthestudents.A.byB.inC.withD.on答案D4.Whatdevelopedwasamusicreadily______variousformsandcapableofanalmostlimitlessrangeofexpression.A.takinginB.takingonC.takingoffD.takingto答案B5.Thehormonecortisol,whichcontrolssaltandwaterexcretion,ismadeinthemorning,______thebodyis.A.whereB.nowhereC.everywhereD.wherever答案D6.Thereistheapparentparadoxthattheeffectivecauseofthehighproportionoftheoldisbirths______deaths.A.morethanB.thanC.otherthanD.ratherthan答案D7.Ourspaceandtimelawsdont_____toobjectsintheareaofablackhole.A.supplyB.applyC.deployD.employ答案B8.Hisdogischainedinthedaytime,butis_______atnight.A.atlargeB.solargeC.verylargeD.inlarge答案A9.Itwasthere,policebelieve,______Weinsteinwasabletoactivatetherecordershekeptinherbag.A.B.whichC.whereD.that答案D10.Theycannotgotothetheatretogetherbecausehisfreetimenever______withhers.A.cooperateB.corporateC.coincideD.coincident答案C二、ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Astheplanecircledovertheairport,everyonesensedthatsomethingwaswrong.Theplanewasmovingunsteadilythroughtheair,andalthoughthepassengershad1theirseatbelts,theyweresuddenly2forward.Atthatmoment,theairhostessappeared.Shelookedverypale,butwasquitecalm.3quicklybutalmostinawhisper,sheinformedeveryonethatthepilothadfaintedandasked4anyofthepassengersknewanythingaboutmachinesoratleasthowtodriveacar.5amomentshesitation,amangotupandfollowedthestewardess空中小姐intothepilotscabin.Movingthepilotaside,themantook6andlistenedcarefullytotheurgentinstructionsthatwerebeingsentbyradiofromtheairport7.Theplanewasnowdangerouslyclosetotheground,buttoeveryonesrelief,itsoonbegantoclimb.Theman8circletheairportseveraltimesinordertobecomefamiliarwiththecontrols.Followinginstructions,themanguidedplanetowardstheairfield.Itshook9asittouchedthegroundandthenmovedrapidlyacrossthefield,butafteralongrunitstoppedsafely.Outside,acrowdofpeoplewho10anxiously,rushedforwardtocongratulatethepilotonaperfectlanding.1.A.installedB.fastenedC.connectedD.held答案B2.A.struckB.pulledC.thrownD.falling答案C3.A.SpeakingB.BreathingC.WalkingD.Shouting答案A4.A.supposeB.ifC.wasthereD.perhaps答案B5.A.AfterB.TakingC.ForD.In答案A6.A.placeB.flightC.offD.hisseat答案D7.A.underB.downC.belowD.ahead答案C8.A.mustB.hadtoC.usedtoD.needed答案9.A.themomentB.steadilyC.heavilyD.violently答案D..10.A.werewatchingB.hadwatchedC.waswatchingD.hadbeenwatching答案D三、ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.RecentlytheDepartmentofplanningofNewYorkissuedareportwhichlaidbareafullscaleofchangeofthecity.In1970,18percentofthecityspopulationwasforeignborn.By1995,thefigurehadrisento33percent,andanother20percentweretheUSbornoffspringsofimmigrants.Soimmigrantsandtheirchildrennowformamajorityofthecityspopulation.WhoaretheseNewYorkersWhydotheycomehereWherearetheyfromOK,timetodropthethey.Imoneofthem.Thelastquestionatleastiseasytoanswerwecomefromeverywhere.Inthelistofthetop20sourcenationsofthosesendingimmigrantstoNewYorkbetween1990and1994aresixcountriesinAsia,fiveintheCaribbean,fourinLatinAmerica,threeinEurope,plusIsraelandtheformerSoveitUnion.Andwhenweimmigrantsgetherewerollupoursleeves.IfyouarenotreadytoworkwhenyougettoNewYork,saysafriendofmone,youdbetterhittheroad.ThemayorofNewYorkoncesaid,ImmigrantioncontinuestoshapetheuniquecharteranddrivetheeconomicengineofNewYorkCity.HebelievesthatimmigrantsareattheheartofwhatmakesNewYorkgreat.InEurope,bycontrast,itismuchmorecommontohearpoliticiansworryaboutthelossofunitythatimmigrationbringstotheirsocieties.Inthequartercenturysince1970,theUnitedStatesadmittedabout12.5millionlegalimmigrants,andhasabsorbedthemintoitssocialstructureswithaneasebeyondtheimmaginationofothernations.Sincetheseimmigrantsarepurposefulandhardworking,theywillhelpAmericatomakeafreshstartinthenextcentury.1.ThereportissuedbytheDepartmentofplanningofNewYork_______.A.putforwardwaystocontrolNewYorkspopulation.B.concerneditselfwiththegrowthofNewYorkspopulation.C.studiedthestructureofNewYorkspopulation.D.suggestedwaystoincrenseNewYorkspopulation.答案C2.Accordingtothesecondparagraph,whichofthefollowingistrueoftheimmigrantsinNewYork_____...A.OnecannotfindhisplaceinNewYorkunlessheisreadytowork.B.TheyfoundlifeinNewYorkharderthanintheirowncountries.C.Mostofthemhavedifficultyfindingjobs.D.Onecanliveonwelfareifhedoesnotwanttowork.答案A3.ThemayorofNewYorkconsidersimmigrantiontobe______.A.abigprobleminthemanagementofthecity.B.apushneedetodevelopthecity.C.acauseofdisintegrationofthecityssocialstructure.D.anobstacletothedevelopmentofthecity.答案B4.WherearethenewNewYorkersfrom______A.Asia.B.Europe.C.Allovertheworld.D.LatinAmerica.答案C5.WhatistheauthorsattitudetowardsimmigrationtoNewYork______.A.Negative.B.Worried.C.Indifferent.D.Positive.答案D2.WhatarethespecifictraitsthatwillassistexecutivestoclimbtheladderofsuccessOpinionsvarywidely.Givenapproximatelyequalqualificationsandcircumstances,someclaimthesuccessfactorislargelyamatterofluckbeingintherightplaceattherighttime.Othersspeakofanalmostcrazydevotiontowork,combinedwithadegreeofruthlessness.Oneexpertmaintainsthatitsundoubtedlyamatterofhowmucheducationyourmotherhad.Tomakeitbig,executivesmustpossessfourbasicskillsFirst,drive.Businesssuccesstakesanunusualamountofenergy.Asuccessfulexecutivealmostbydefinitionisastriver.Hewillgettensewhenheisnotstriving.Second,peoplesense.SomesaybeingabletojudgepeopleismoreimportantthanahighIQ.Theskillcanbeinstinctual本能的,butinmostcasesitispainstakinglylearned.Third,communicationsability.Differentexecutivesmakethemselvesunderstoodindifferentways.Sometransmitideasbestfacetofaceothersaremastersofthe..telephonecallstillothersarepersuasivewriters.Onewayoranother,theyallcommunicateclearly.Fourth,calmunderpressure.Nobusinessmanwillgetveryfarifhechokesup.1.Somepeopleclaimthatbesideshardwork,thesuccessalsorequires_______.A.equalqualificationsB.specifictraitsC.mucheducationD.adegreeofcruelty答案D2.Accordingtothepassage,ahighIQis_______.A.instinctualB.painstakinglylearntC.inbornD.moretrivialthanpeoplesense答案D3.Thesuccessfulexecutivesmust_______.A.transmitideasfacetofaceB.dependontelephonesC.bepersuasivewritersD.expressthemselvesdistinctly答案D4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.Everybusinessmanpossessesthesefourskills.B.Whenastriverstopshisdevotiontowork,hewillfeelquiteatease.C.Thesebasicskillsarenotinstinctualatall.D.Motherseducationhasundoubtedeffectonherchildssuccess.答案D5.WhatsthemainideaofthepassageA.Fourskillsforsuccessfulexecutives.B.Someopinionsaboutthesuccess.C.Specifictraitsforsuccessfulexecutives.D.Qualificationsandcircumstancesforclimbingtheladder.答案C3.Soccerisplayedbymillionsofpeopleallovertheworld,buttherehaveonlybeenafewplayerswhoweretrulygreat.Howdidtheseplayersgetthatwaywasitthroughtrainingandpractice,oraregreatplayersborn,notmade..First,theseplayerscomefromplacesthathavehadfamousstarsinthepastplayersthatayoungboycanlookuptoandtrytoimitate.Inthehistoryofsoccer,onlysixcountrieshaveeverwontheWorldCupthreefromSouthAmericaandthreefromwesternEurope.TherehasneverbeenagreatnationalteamorareallygreatplayerfromNorthAmericaorfromAsia.Second,theseplayershaveallhadyearsofpracticeinthegame.AlfredoDiStefanowasthesonofasoccerplayer,aswasPele.Mostplayersbeginplayingthegameattheageofthreeorfour.Finally,manygreatplayerscomefromthesamekindofneighbourhoodapoor,crowdedareawhereaboysdreamisnottobeadoctor,lawyer,orbusinessman,buttobecomearich,famousathleteorentertainer.Forexample,Liverpool,whichproducedtheBeatles,hadoneofthebestEnglishsoccerteamsinrecentyears.Pelepracticedinthestreetwithaballmadeofrags.AndGeorgeBestlearnedthetricksthatmadehimfamousbybouncingtheballoffawallintheslumsofBelfast.Allgreatplayershavealotincommon,butthatdoesntexplainwhytheyaregreat.HundredsofboysplayedinthoseBrazilianstreets,butonlyonebecamePele.Thegreatestplayersarebornwithuniquequalitythatsetsthemapartfromalltheothers.1.Accordingtotheauthor,whichofthefollowingstatementsistrueA.Soccerispopularallovertheworld,buttrulygreatplayersarerare.B.Millionsofpeopleallovertheworldareplayingsoccer,butonlysixcountrieshaveeverhadfamousstars.C.Soccerisplayedbymillionsofpeopleallovertheworld,butonlysixcountriesfromSouthAmericaandwesternEuropehaveeverhadgreatnationalteams.D.Allovertheworldsoccerisoneofthemostpopulargames,butitseemsleastpopularinNorthAmericaorAsia.答案A2.ThewordtricksattheendofPara.2isclosestinmeaningto_______.A.experienceB.cheatingC.skillsD.training答案C3.LiverpoolandBrazilianstreetsaretwogeographictermsusedtoillustrate_______.A.wheresoccerplayersgettheirwayB.howneighbourhoodaffectsasoccerplayerssuccessC.whytheycanproducethebestsoccerteams..D.whatapoor,crowdedareawillprovideafuturesoccerplayerwith答案D4.Inthelastparagraphthestatement...butonlyonebecamePeleindicatesthat_______.A.PeleisthegreatestsoccerplayerB.thegreatestplayersarebornwithsomeuniquequalityC.PelesbirthplacesetshimapartfromalltheothersD.thesuccessofasoccerplayerhaseverythingtodowiththefamilybackground答案B5.Togetthewayforagreatplayer,aseriesoffactorsaredirectlymentioned,except_______.A..ageandbirthB.familyandneighbourhoodC.trainingandpracticeD.personalityandcharacter答案D四、WordSpelling20points,0.5pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.音乐家作曲家n.m答案musician2.逻辑(学)逻辑性n.l答案logic3.意识到的神志清醒的a.c答案conscious4.标准准则n.c答案criterion5.严重性重力n.g答案gravity6.欣赏感激v.a答案appreciate7.特权特别待遇n.p答案privilege

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